ESS - European Social Survey

Responsible research principal(s) for data included in the collection


The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven cross-national survey that has been conducted every two years across Europe since 2001. The survey measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of diverse populations in more than thirty nations.

The questionnaire includes two main sections, a core module which remains relatively constant from round to round, plus two or more 'rotating' modules, repeated at intervals. The core module aims to monitor change and continuity in a wide range of social variables, including media use, social and public trust; political interest and participation; socio-political orientations, governance and efficacy; moral, political and social values; social exclusion, national, ethnic and religious allegiances; well-being, health and security; demographics and socio-economics. In addition, a supplementary questionnaire is presented to respondents at the end of the main interview. The first part of this questionnaire is a human values scale (part of the core), while the second is devoted to measures to help evaluate the reliability and validity of

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Kind of collection


Research area

Social Sciences, Sociology, Political Science, International Migration and Ethnic Relations (The Swedish standard of fields of research 2011)
Media, Employment, Political behaviour and attitudes, Elections, Social and occupational mobility, Gender and gender roles, Family life and marriage, Social behaviour and attitudes, Religion and values, Unemployment, Employee training, Working conditions, SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND GROUPINGS, Social conditions and indicators, Cultural activities and participation, Cultural and national identity (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Geographic location