Lifecycle climate impact and primary energy use of electric and biofuel cargo trucks
SND-ID: 2023-3-1. Version: 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5878/0h1w-e950
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Roger Sathre - Linnaeus University, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology
Leif Gustavsson - Linnaeus University, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology
Linnaeus University - Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology
Heavy trucks contribute significantly to climate change, and in 2020 were responsible for 7% of total Swedish GHG emissions and 5% of total global CO2 emissions. Here we study the full lifecycle of cargo trucks powered by different energy pathways, comparing their biomass feedstock use, primary energy use, net biogenic and fossil CO2 emission, and cumulative radiative forcing. We analyse battery electric trucks with bioelectricity from standalone or combined heat and power (CHP) plants, and pathways where bioelectricity is integrated with wind and solar electricity. We analyse trucks operated on fossil diesel fuel and on dimethyl ether (DME). All energy pathways are analysed with and without carbon capture and storage (CCS). Bioelectricity and DME are produced from forest harvest residues. Forest biomass is a limited resource, so in a scenario analysis we allocate a fixed amount of biomass to power Swedish truck transport. Battery lifespan and chemistry, the technology level of energy supply, and the biomass source and transport distance are all varied to understand how sensitive the results a... Show more..
This dataset contains data on 4 metrics (primary energy use, biomass feedstock use, cumulative CO2 emissions, and cumulative radiative forcing) resulting from scenario modeling of cargo truck use in Sweden powered by different energy pathways. The energy pathways include battery electric trucks powered by bioelectricity, solar photovoltaic electricity and wind electricity, and internal combustion trucks powered by fossil diesel and dimethyl ether. The scenario spans 100 years into the future.
The Excel sheet "tables" contains input data for the scenario modeling, with sources listed where applicable. The remaining sheets contains the modeled results and generated figures that are also a published in the associated article Sathre & Gustavsson (2023). Refer to the method description and reference list in the included documentation files for details. Show less..
Data contains personal data
Data format / data structure
- Mode of collection: Simulation
- Description of the mode of collection: Scenario modeling
- Time period(s) for data collection: 2022-01-01 – 2022-08-31
Geographic location: Sweden
Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology
Climate research (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Environmental sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Transport systems and logistics (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Forest science (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Renewable bioenergy research (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Sathre, R., Gustavsson, L. (2023). Lifecycle climate impact and primary energy use of electric and biofuel cargo trucks. Global Change Biology Bioenergy.
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