The Salut Programme - Student Health Survey
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Anneli Ivarsson - Umeå University, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health
Eva Eurenius - Umeå University, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health
Marie Lindkvist - Umeå University, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health
Umeå University - Department of Epidemiology and Global Health
In 2005, the health authorities of Region Västerbotten initiated the Salut Programme. The initiative got its name from the word “salutogenic” as the basic idea is to promote processes that give children and their parents an opportunity to increase control over their health and ability to improve it. Since 2009/2010 it is a countywide ongoing universal health promotion intervention in a variety of sectors for parents and children 0-18 years, starting already during pregnancy. The Programme has been implemented since 2006 onwards, prompted by alarming reports of child overweight/obesity and trends of increased dental caries, already during preschool age. The programme has been developed and implemented in close collaboration with antenatal care, child health care, dental services, open preschools and schools.
The Programme aims to support and strengthen initiated and ongoing health promotion interventions, and universal preventive interventions to improve health and lifestyle among expectant parents and children. The main focus areas are: to promote healthy eating habits, physical activity and g
The Programme aims to support and strengthen initiated and ongoing health promotion interventions, and universal preventive interventions to improve health and lifestyle among expectant parents and children. The main focus areas are: to promote healthy eating habits, physical activity and good psychosocial health, and to prevent obesity and caries. In other words, the Programme combines both health promotion and universal prevention interventions in order to improve health and well-being, as well as to avoid ill health and disease for the whole population. To achieve the aforementioned aims, the Salut Programme includes a package of interventions using a family-centred approach. The interventions are integrated within ordinary public services. Programme development, implementation and dissemination have been carried out stepwise, with respect to geography, which facilitates evaluation efforts. The Programme has stepwise become a quite unique infrastructure to research on children, their parents and their living conditions. The Programme is followed and evaluated using registers, surveys, interviews, observations and records, and has generated 3 doctoral thesis and 20 international peer-reviewed articles.
One of the aims is to evaluate the short and long-term results of the Salut Programme in relation to the public health policy goals: maximizing public health and improving health equity while obtaining value for the money. Another aim is to pave the way for children's right to good and equal health by increasing the knowledge regarding preschool children's social-emotional problems.
All children attending compulsory school and upper secondary school (grades F, 4, 7 and 1 corresponding to age 6, 10, 13 and 16) in Västerbotten County are invited to participate in an ongoing school-based online survey. Since 2016/2017 the municipalities Umeå and then Skellefteå introduced the surveys incrementally. The survey includes questions about self-reported health, BMI, lifestyle and well-being at school.
The questionnaires are available in Swedish only: https://www.regionvasterbotten.se/folkhalsa/salut-satsningen-for-barn-och-ungas-halsa/salut-i-skolan Show less..
Data contains personal data
Unit of analysis
The population in the Salut Programme includes all children and adolescents 0-18 years in Västerbotten county and all parents-to-be during pregnancy.
Time period(s) investigated
2016 – Ongoing
Number of individuals/objects
Response rate/participation rate
Data format / data structure
Geographic location: Västerbotten County
Department of Epidemiology and Global Health
- Funding agency: Swedish Research Council for Heath, Workning Life and Walfare
- Funding agency: Public Health Agency of Sweden
- Funding agency: Region Västerbotten
- Funding agency: Umeå University
Medical and health sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Health sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Public health, global health, social medicine and epidemiology (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)
Health (CESSDA Topic Classification)
General health and well-being (CESSDA Topic Classification)
Public health (CESSDA Topic Classification)
Health, Public health, Mental health, Health services, Dental care, Life style, Interview, Exercise, Diet, Alcohol drinking, Child, Family, Obesity, Pregnancy, Health, Food habits, Oral health, Mental health, Education, Occupations, Midwives, Parent participation, Social networks, Delivery, obstetric, Lifestyle factors, Social living conditions
Kristina Edvardsson, Anneli Ivarsson, Rickard Garvare, Eva Eurenius, Marie Lindkvist, Ingrid Mogren, Rhonda Small, Monica E Nyström. Improving child health promotion practices in multiple sectors - outcomes of the Swedish Salut Programme. BMC Public Health 2012, 12:920.
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Masoud Vaezghasemi, Marie Lindkvist, Anneli Ivarsson, Eva Eurenius. Overweight and lifestyle among 13 to 15 year olds: A cross-sectional study in northern Sweden. Scand J Public Health 2012;40:221–228.
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Kristina Edvardsson, Rickard Garvare, Eva Eurenius, Anneli Ivarsson, Ingrid Mogren och Monica Nyström. Sustainable practice change: Professionals’ experiences with a multisectoral child health promotion programme in Sweden. BMC Health Services Research 2011;11:61.
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Eva Eurenius, Marie Lindkvist, Magdalena Sundkvist, Anneli Ivarsson, Ingrid Mogren. Maternal and paternal self-rated health and BMI in relation to lifestyle in early pregnancy - the Salut Programme in Sweden. Scand J Public Health 2011;39:730-41.
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Kristina Edvardsson, Anneli Ivarsson, Eva Eurenius, Rickard Garvare, Monica E Nyström, Rhonda Small and Ingrid Mogren. Giving offspring a healthy start: parents’ experiences of health promotion and lifestyle change during pregnancy and early parenthood. BMC Public Health 2011;11:936
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Kristina Edvardsson, Marie Lindkvist, Eva Eurenius, Ingrid Mogren, Rhonda Small, Anneli Ivarsson. A poulation-based study of overweight and obesity in expectant parents: socio-demographic patterns and within-couple associations. BMC Public Health 2013:13(1):923.
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Lindqvist M, Lindkvist M, Eurenius E, Persson M, Ivarsson A, Mogren I. Leisure time physical activity among pregnant women and its associations with maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare 2016;9:14-20. Doi: 10.1016/j.srhc.2016.03.006.
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Wilson I, Eurenius E, Lindkvist M, Edin K, Edvardsson K. Is there an association between pregnant women's experience of violence and their partner's drinking? A Swedish population-based study. Midwifery 2018;69:84-91.
Eurenius E, Richter Sundberg L, Vaezghasemi M, Silfverdal SA, Ivarsson A, Lindkvist M. Social-emotional problems among three-year-olds differ based on the child’s gender and custody arrangement. Acta Pediatrica 2018;108:1087-95.
Vaezghasemi M, Eurenius E, Ivarsson A, Richter Sundberg L, Silfverdal SA, Lindkvist M. Social-emotional problems among Swedish three-year-olds: an Item Response Theory analysis of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional BMC Pediatrics 2020;20:149.
Feldman I, Eurenius E, Häggström J, Lindkvist M, Pulkki Brännström AM, Sampaio F, Ivarsson A. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Salut Programme: a universal health promotion intervention for parents and children - protocol of a register-based retrospective observational study. BMJ Open 2016;6:e011202.
Häggström J, Sampaio F, Eurenius E, Pulkki Brännström AM, Ivarsson A, Lindkvist M, Feldman I. Is the Salut Programme an effective and cost-effective universal health promotion intervention for parents and their children? A register-based retrospective observational study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e016732.
Pulkki Brännström AM, Lindkvist M, Eurenius E, Häggström J, Ivarsson A, Sampaio F, Feldman I. The equity impact of a universal child health promotion programme. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2020;0:1-7.
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