FINNISH NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY 1991
                               SSD 0583

                        Principal investigators
             Pertti Pesonen, Risto Sänkiaho and Sami Borg
                 Research Institute for Social Science
                         University of Tampere

    

                  Swedish Social Science Data Service
                                Box 720
                          SE 405 30 Göteborg

    
                     ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF ASSISTANCE

    All manuscripts utilizing data made available through the
    Swedish Social Science Data Service (SSD) should acknowledge
    that fact as well as identify the original collector of the
    data. SSD urges all users of SSD data facilities to follow
    some adaption of this statement with the parantheses
    indicating items to be filled in appropriately or deleted by

                  Go to the variable list
    the individual user.

    The data (and tabulations) utilized in this (publication) were
    made available (in part) by the Swedish Social Science Data
    Service. The data for FINNISH NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY 1991
    were originally collected by Pertti Pesonen, Risto Sänkiaho
    and Sami Borg, Research Institute for Social Science,
    University of Tampere. Neither the collectors of the original
    data nor SSD bear any responsibility for the analyses or
    interpretations presented here.

    According to an agreement between the principal investigator
    and the Swedish Social Science Data Service this study can be
    disseminated to and analysed by researchers on condition that
    the usage is for research purpose. The code of ethics for
    humanities and social sciences research established by the
    Swedish Humanities and Social Sciences Research Council, and
    published in HSFR-ETIK, must be adhered to wherever applicable

    Data and/or documentation can not be made available to any
    third party without the written permission of SSD.

    Two copies of all reports based on these data shall be sent to
    the SSD, which will forward one copy to the principal
    investigator(s).

    
                             PUBLICATIONS

    Pesonen, P., Sänkiaho, R. and Borg, S. (1993): 'Vaalikansan
    ä}ivalta'. Helsinki: Werner Söderström

    
                         CODEBOOK INFORMATION

    The example below is a reproduction of information appearing
    in a machine-readable codebook for a typical variable. The
    numbers in brackets do not appear but are references to the
    descriptions which follow this example.

    (1) VAR 51   (2)POLITICAL INTEREST    17    (3)LOC 71 width 1
                                                (4)MD=9

      (5) PRE:17 How interested are you in politics?

      (6) ......................

           (7) (8)  (9)
           177  1.   Very interested
           537  2.   Somewhat interested
           534  3.   Not much interested
           221  4.   Not at all interested
             2  8.   DK
    
             1  9.   NA
     ............................................................

    (1) Variablenumber.
    (2) Variable name. An abbreviation of the question at issue
    (maximum of 24 characters).
    (3) Position. Indicates the starting location and width of the
    variable.
    (4) Missing data. Indicates the code values of missing data.
    (5) The full text (question) supplied by the investigator to
    describe the variable.
    (6) Additional comments or explanations appended to the
    variable description.
    (7) Frequency of occurrence of each code value.
    (8) Code values occurring in the data.
    (9) Textual definitions of the codes.

    
                           SSD DOCUMENTATION

    The documentation has been processed using a computer-based
    documentation system developed at the Swedish Social Science
    Data Service. The system is called ASIDE, Archival System for
    Interoperable Data Exchange.




Variable list


1 SSD Study NR 0583 2 SSD Edition NR 1 3 SSD Part NR 001 4 ID-number 5 Type of interview 6 Ethnic origin 7 Year of birth 8 Age 9 Gender 10 Main activity 11 Present occupation 12 Former occupation 13 Employer 14 Occupation 15 Branch of industry 16 Marital status 17 Occupation of spouse 18 Unemployment in family 19 Trade union membership 20 Trade union activity 21 Member of political party organization 22 Member of religious society 23 Member of cooperative or consumer's organization 24 Member of sports club 25 Member of women's organization 26 Member of veterans' organization 27 Member of environmental society 28 Member of local inhabitants' organization 29 Member of other organization 30 Other organization, 1 31 Other organization, 2 32 Other organization, 3 33 Daily newspaper reading 34 Daily newspaper, 1 35 Reading frequency daily newspaper, 1 36 Daily newspaper, 2 37 Reading frequency daily newspaper, 2 38 Daily newspaper, 3 39 Reading frequency daily newspaper, 3 40 Reading of letters to the editor 41 Reading of sport news 42 Reading of foreign news 43 Reading of Finnish politics 44 Reading of TV and radio programs 45 Reading of culture material 46 Radio news of the FBB 47 Local radio news 48 Evening news on TV 49 Current affairs programs on TV 50 News on cable-TV 51 Political interest 52 Willingness to do: Sign various petitions 53 Willingness to do: Join in boycotts 54 Willingness to do: Attend public demonstrations 55 Willingness to do: Paint slogans on walls 56 Willingness to do: Occupy buildings or factories 57 Frequency of political discussions 58 Work together with other people to solve local problems 59 Contact public officials or politicians 60 Convince friends to vote for the same party 61 Work for a party or a candidate 62 At least one party that always tries to further my interests 63 Parties are only interested in people's votes 64 Politics and government complicated 65 No say in what the government does 66 Yield one's own interests to protect the country's ability to compete internationally 67 People were happier earlier than nowadays 68 Science and technology will solve most of today's problems 69 One can trust that the government makes right decisions 70 Not vote if one thinks that election results are unimportant 71 Those we elect lose touch with the people pretty quickly 72 Understanding of important political questions 73 Feeling thermometer I: Small businessmen 74 Feeling thermometer I: Social Democratic Party 75 Feeling thermometer I: Women's Liberation Movement 76 Feeling thermometer I: Conservative Party 77 Feeling thermometer I: Center Party 78 Feeling thermometer I: Civil servants 79 Feeling thermometer I: Big business 80 Feeling thermometer I: Refugees 81 Feeling thermometer I: The Greens 82 Feeling thermometer I: Finnish Rural Party 83 Feeling thermometer I: The Church 84 Feeling thermometer I: Leftist Union 85 Feeling thermometer I: Liberal People's Party 86 Feeling thermometer I: Gypsies 87 Feeling thermometer I: Christian League 88 Feeling thermometer I: Swedish People's Party 89 Feeling thermometer I: The Parliament 90 Things are generally run for the benefit of all 91 Power: Trade union movement 92 Power: The army 93 Power: Parliament 94 Power: The government 95 Power: Church 96 Power: The press 97 Power: Banks 98 Power: Family 99 Power: Police 100 Power: Political parties 101 Power: Big business 102 Power: President of the Republic 103 Power: Employers' organization 104 Power: Civil servants 105 Power: Individual citizen 106 Power: Finnish Broadcasting Corporation 107 Power: Universities 108 Largest party in Parliament 109 Second largest party in Parliament 110 Third largest party in Parliament 111 Fourth largest party in Parliament 112 Parties currently in the government, 1 113 Parties currently in the government, 2 114 Parties currently in the government, 3 115 Parties currently in the government, 4 116 Parties currently in the government, 5 117 Feelings about the present government 118 Next presidential election 119 Next parliament election 120 Probability to vote in the next parliamentary election 121 Reason not to vote in parliamentary election 122 Reason to vote in parliamentary election, 1 123 Reason to vote in parliamentary election, 2 124 Intention for the time of voting 125 Party voted for if election tomorrow 126 Party closeness 127 Reason for party choice, 1 128 Reason for party choice, 2 129 Other party considered 130 Voted in the parliamentary election 1987 131 Party choice in parliamentary election 1987 132 Voted in the presidential election 1988 133 Candidate choice in presidential election 1988 134 Most important reason for party choice 135 Second most important reason for party choice 136 Third most important reason for party choice 137 Time of candidate choice 138 Left-right self placement 139 Religiosity 140 Financial situation now compared with 12 month ago 141 Financial situation now compared with 12 month forward 142 Proposal for issues in campaign, 1 143 Proposal for issues in campaign, 2 144 Proposal for issues in campaign, 3 145 Public sector needs to be cut down 146 Establish wage earner, company or training funds 147 Privatization of state enterprises 148 Reduced defence expenses 149 Reduced power of the banks 150 Reduced social benefits 151 Reduced aid to developing countries 152 Increased private health service 153 Prohibition of all pornography 154 Abolition of nuclear power 155 Most important: Clean environment or economic growth 156 Most important: Freedom or equality 157 Election result: Social Democratic Party of Finland 158 Election result: National coalition/Conservative Party 159 Election result: Finnish Center 160 Election result: Leftist Union 161 Election result: Swedish People's Party 162 Election result: Finnish Rural Party 163 Election result: Christian League of Finland 164 Election result: The Greens 165 Election result: Liberal People's Party 166 Father's occupation 167 Family situation financially when growing up 168 Party support of father when R was growing up 169 Party support of mother when R was growing up 170 Subjective class belonging 171 Class belonging to 172 Family income 173 Family size 174 Number of children less than 18 years old 175 Number of children less than 7 years old 176 Basic education 177 Vocational training 178 Willingness to participate in post-election interview 179 Post-election interview 180 Surprised by the election result 181 Surprising in election result 182 Interest in election campaign 183 Elections were interesting and exciting 184 The campaign was too tearing 185 Elections centred too much around party leaders 186 Party performances provided pertinent information 187 The parties avoided real problems in their campaign 188 Elections were overshadowed by foreign news 189 The campaign made clear party differences 190 Influence of international events 191 Elections influenced by international events 192 Government succeed 1 193 Government succeed 2 194 Government fail 1 195 Government fail 2 196 Government fail 3 197 Support to voting decision: Newspapers 198 Support to voting decision: Magazines 199 Support to voting decision: Radio programs 200 Support to voting decision: MTV election debate 201 Support to voting decision: TV's big election debate 202 Support to voting decision: News and current affairs programs on TV 203 Support to voting decision: Campaign hearings on TV 204 Support to voting decision: Campaign advertising in newspapers 205 Support to voting decision: Campaign commercials on local radio 206 Support to voting decision: Other campaign advertising 207 Support to voting decision: Campaign meetings 208 Support to voting decision: Friends 209 Discussed elections among family 210 Discussed elections at work 211 Discussed elections with friends 212 Discussed elections with other people 213 Participated in discussions prior to the elections 214 Others try to influence R's position 215 Campaign issue - party 1 216 Campaign issue 1 217 Campaign issue - party 2 218 Campaign issue 2 219 Campaign issue - party 3 220 Campaign issue 3 221 Campaign issue - party 4 222 Campaign issue 4 223 Watched the major election debate on television 224 Remember especially from the major TV debate, 1 225 Remember especially from the major TV debate, 2 226 Watched campaign hearings on television 227 Campaign hearings: Liberals and Women's movement 228 Campaign hearings: Green League and Pensioners' & Green Party 229 Campaign hearings: Pensioners' Party and Humanity Party 230 Campaign hearings: Conservatives and Left Union 231 Campaign hearings: Swedish People's Party 232 Campaign hearings: FRP and Ecology Party Greens 233 Campaign hearings: Center and Christians 234 Campaign hearings: SDP and Constitutional PP 235 Campaign hearings: Independent Pensioners and Communist Workers' Party 236 Remember especially from campaign hearing, 1 237 Remember especially from campaign hearing, 2 238 Listened to party hearings on radio 239 Followed election programs in Swedish 240 Followed the major election debate in Swedish 241 Followed the election hearings in Swedish 242 Heard election debates in Swedish 243 Voted in the parliament election 244 Main reason for voting 245 Influence to vote: Voting the only way people can have a say 246 Influence to vote: Influence accomplishments of things important to R 247 Influence to vote: Vote for a candidate R knew 248 Influence to vote: Voting is a civic duty 249 Influence to vote: Support to certain party 250 Influence to vote: Friend persuaded to vote 251 Influence to vote: Own financial interests 252 Influence to vote: Wanted to further the interests of R's social class 253 Influence to vote: A party or a person was recommended 254 Influence to vote: A custom to vote 255 Influence to vote: Appropriate to vote when participating in election study 256 Willingness to complement the most important reason for voting 257 Completed most important reason for voting 258 Voted on election day or in advance 259 Time voting on election day 260 Place of voting in advance 261 Reason to vote in advance 262 Voting company 263 Voting self-evident 264 Party choice in 1991 election 265 Second best party in election 1991 266 Easiness of party choice 267 Reason for party choice, 1 268 Reason for party choice, 2 269 Time of party choice 270 Influence: Party's performance in TV's election program 271 Influence: Furthers interests of occupation group 272 Influence: Party has a good chairman 273 Influence: Regular supporter of the party 274 Influence: Good line in many questions 275 Influence: Party has competent people 276 Influence: Party's ideology 277 Influence: Party's performance during the past election period 278 Influence: Stand on the party in refugee question 279 Time of candidate choice 280 Knowledge of candidate 281 Number of candidates considered seriously 282 Party or candidate most important 283 Voted for the same candidate earlier 284 Thought the candidate would get elected 285 Voted for man or woman 286 Most important reason for candidate choice, 1 287 Most important reason for candidate choice, 2 288 Importance: Candidate's stand in environmental issues 289 Importance: Candidate's stand in refugee question 290 Importance: Candidate's previous political experience 291 Importance: Candidate's efficient way of doing things 292 Importance: Candidate's reliability 293 Importance: Candidate's pleasantness 294 Importance: Candidate's gender 295 Importance: Candidate's local knowledge 296 Opinion on only one election day 297 Most important reason for not voting 298 Importance for non-voting: Difficult to find a suitable party 299 Importance for non-voting: Difficult to find a suitable candidate 300 Importance for non-voting: Work 301 Importance for non-voting: Travelling 302 Importance for non-voting: Illness 303 Importance for non-voting: Forgot to vote 304 Importance for non-voting: Did not bother 305 Importance for non-voting: Did not gain anything from voting 306 Importance for non-voting: Could not change the result 307 Importance for non-voting: Distrust politicians and politics in general 308 Importance for non-voting: Protest against politics and politicians 309 Importance for non-voting: No interest in politics 310 Completion not voted in election 311 Completion not voted in election 312 Would have liked to vote 313 Party choice if had voted 314 Easiness of party choice if had voted 315 Time for decision not to vote 316 Loss of second election day influence on non-voting 317 Return to two election days 318 Not vote if one thinks election results are unimportant 319 One vote does not mean anything 320 Election results do not mean much for the policies of our country 321 Party indifferent as long as it furthers important things 322 Lowered taxes even if it delays important social reforms 323 People's opinions heard through political parties 324 More equality would give much fewer problems 325 A law passed by parliament should be obeyed 326 Understands important political questions 327 Does not matter which parties are in government 328 Trust in Finnish politicians 329 Change in trust in Finnish politicians 330 Most important political goal 331 Second most important political goal 332 Third most important political goal 333 Index for political goals 334 Relationship to work 335 Rokeach values: Most important value 336 Rokeach values: Second most important value 337 Rokeach values: Third most important value 338 Rokeach values: Fourth most important value 339 Rokeach values: Fifth most important value 340 Rokeach values: Least important value 341 Feeling thermometer II: Trade unions 342 Feeling thermometer II: Police 343 Feeling thermometer II: Swedish-speaking Finns 344 Feeling thermometer II: Social Democratic Party 345 Feeling thermometer II: Conservative Party 346 Feeling thermometer II: Finnish Center 347 Feeling thermometer II: Leftist Union 348 Feeling thermometer II: Finnish Rural Party 349 Feeling thermometer II: Environmentalists 350 Feeling thermometer II: Commercial banks 351 Feeling thermometer II: Refugees 352 Feeling thermometer II: Estonians 353 Feeling thermometer II: New parliament 354 Satisfaction with financial situation 355 Satisfaction with life 356 Family's financial situation one year ahead 357 Social class identification, group 1 358 Social class identification, group 2 359 Neighbourhood when 10-18 years old 360 Number of movings 361 Year moved to present place of residence 362 Year moved to previous place of residence, 1 363 Year moved to previous place of residence, 2 364 Year moved to previous place of residence, 3 365 Year moved to previous place of residence, 4 366 Logo identification: Social Democratic Party of Finland 367 Logo identification: National Coalition/Conservative Party 368 Logo identification: Finnish Center 369 Logo identification: Finnish Rural Party 370 Logo identification: Swedish People's Party 371 Logo identification: Leftist Union 372 Logo identification: Number of right answers 373 Post-election mail questionnaire 374 Interest in campaign advertising: Newspaper ads 375 Interest in campaign advertising: Outdoor posters 376 Interest in campaign advertising: Local radio commercials 377 Interest in campaign advertising: Leaflets 378 Interest in campaign advertising: Commercials on cable-TV 379 Campaign influence: Newspaper ads 380 Campaign influence: Outdoor posters 381 Campaign influence: Local radio commercials 382 Campaign influence: Leaflets 383 Campaign influence: Commercials on cable-TV 384 Campaign advertising compared with information through mass media 385 Trust in newspapers 386 Trust in magazines 387 Trust in television 388 Trust in FBC radio programs 389 Trust in local radio 390 Trust in FBC evening news on television 391 Trust in MTV news on television 392 Attended campaign meeting 393 Campaign meeting - party 1 394 Campaign meeting - party 2 395 Campaign meeting - party 3 396 Campaign meeting - party 4 397 Campaign meeting - party 5 398 Campaign canvassing at home 399 Campaign canvassing - party 1 400 Campaign canvassing - party 2 401 Campaign canvassing - party 3 402 Choice of party: Employment issues 403 Choice of party: Environment issues 404 Choice of party: Taxation issues 405 Choice of party: Issues related to Finnish economy 406 Choice of party: Social security issues 407 Choice of party: Child care issues 408 Choice of party: Energy and nuclear power issues 409 Choice of party: Refugee question 410 Choice of party: European integration issues 411 Choice of party: Issues concerning the privatization of the public sector 412 Choice of party: Regional policy issues 413 Choice of party: Government policy during the past term 414 Choice of candidate: Influence in party 415 Choice of candidate: Fresh new talent to the parliament 416 Choice of candidate: Human closeness 417 Choice of candidate: Position on nuclear power issues 418 Choice of candidate: Ability as public performer 419 Choice of candidate: Known to the public 420 Choice of candidate: Age 421 Choice of candidate: Work and occupation 422 Choice of candidate: Political conviction 423 Choice of candidate: Education and expert knowledge 424 Choice of candidate: Cooperativeness 425 Choice of candidate: Independence in reaching decisions 426 Important issues: Looking after old people 427 Important issues: Equal rights for women and men 428 Important issues: Providing good medical care 429 Important issues: Providing adequate housing 430 Important issues: Fighting pollution 431 Important issues: Fight rising prices 432 Government handling: Looking after old people 433 Government handling: Equal rights for women and men 434 Government handling: Providing good medical care 435 Government handling: Providing adequate housing 436 Government handling: Fighting pollution 437 Government handling: Fight rising prices 438 At least one party furthers R's interests 439 Still class differences in society 440 Makes no sense to vote for a party without real influence 441 Voting does not help standard of living 442 Not voting a protest against parties and politics 443 Stay away from voting because things are well enough 444 Let only those vote who find it interesting 445 Vote only to be able to tell one voted 446 Computers give more advantages than disadvantages 447 More economic well-being add to our mental sickness 448 Advances in technology creates more problems than they solve 449 Increased equality of the sexes during the past few years 450 Social differences between people are acceptable 451 Finland should become member of the European Community 452 Democracy functions well 453 Only economic growth can provide continuous well-being 454 A fortune and a privilege to be Finnish 455 Established party preference 456 Conflict: Farm producers - Consumers 457 Conflict: Rich - Poor 458 Conflict: Manual workers - Mental workers 459 Conflict: Employers - Employees 460 Conflict: Politicians - The people 461 Conflict: Permanently employed - Unemployed 462 Conflict: Men - Women 463 Conflict: Socialists - Bourgeois 464 Conflict: Decision-makers in business - Environmentalists 465 Conflict: Finnish speakers - Swedish speakers 466 Security of Finland: Internal development of the Baltic countries 467 Security of Finland: Internal development of the Soviet Union 468 Security of Finland: Struggle for oil and borders in the Middle East 469 Security of Finland: Using nuclear power as a source of energy 470 Security of Finland: European economic integration 471 Security of Finland: Relation between the superpowers

VAR 1  SSD STUDY NR 0583                           Loc 1  width 4


Swedish Social Science Data Service study 0583


VAR 2 SSD EDITION NR 1 Loc 5 width 1 February 1999
VAR 3 SSD PART NR 001 Loc 6 width 3 Finnish National Election Study 1991
VAR 4 ID-NUMBER Loc 9 width 4 ID-number
VAR 5 TYPE OF INTERVIEW Loc 13 width 1 Type of interview 1130 1. Pre-election interview, post-election interview and post-election mail questionnaire 196 2. Pre-election interview and post-election interview 142 3. Pre-election interview 4 4. Pre-election interview and post-election mail questionnaire
VAR 6 ETHNIC ORIGIN Loc 14 width 1 Ethnic origin 1391 1. Finnish 81 2. Swedish
VAR 7 YEAR OF BIRTH Loc 15 width 2 Year of birth 15. 1915 . . 72. 1972 Kod: 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Frek: 10 7 13 13 9 22 23 16 21 18 26 12 23 19 14 19 30 22 Kod: 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Frek: 23 21 16 19 27 29 34 18 33 24 26 29 30 23 36 33 29 35 Kod: 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 Frek: 34 38 29 35 27 34 26 29 42 45 25 27 26 43 35 28 22 18 Kod: 69 70 71 72 Frek: 32 31 15 29
VAR 8 AGE Loc 17 width 2 Age 18. 18 years . . 75. 75 years Kod: 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Frek: 29 15 31 32 18 22 28 35 43 26 27 25 45 42 29 26 34 27 Kod: 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 Frek: 35 29 38 34 35 29 33 36 23 30 29 26 24 33 18 34 29 27 Kod: 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 Frek: 19 16 21 23 22 30 19 14 19 23 12 26 18 21 16 23 22 9 Kod: 72 73 74 75 Frek: 13 13 7 10
VAR 9 GENDER Loc 19 width 1 Gender 748 1. Male 724 2. Female
VAR 10 MAIN ACTIVITY 1 Loc 20 width 2 PRE:1 Which alternative on this card best describes your main activity at the moment? 743 01. Wage or salary earner 172 02. Entrepreneur in farming or other business, self-employed 4 03. Non-salaried work in family business 45 04. Unemployed, unpaid vacation 11 05. Military service 123 06. Student 83 07. Disability pension, permanently ill 232 08. Retired on account of age or working years 12 09. Unemployment pension 41 10. Take care of own home 6 11. Something else
VAR 11 PRESENT OCCUPATION 2 Loc 22 width 1 MD=0 PRE:2 What is your present occupation? 67 1. Farmer 81 2. Entrepreneur 189 3. White-collar worker - upper level 279 4. White-collar worker - lower level 310 5. Worker 546 0. INAP
VAR 12 FORMER OCCUPATION 3 Loc 23 width 1 MD=0 PRE:3 What was your occupation when you were employed? 64 1. Farmer 21 2. Entrepreneur 38 3. White-collar worker - upper level 64 4. White-collar worker - lower level 175 5. Worker 3 6. Student 9 8. Housewife 1098 0. INAP
VAR 13 EMPLOYER 4 Loc 24 width 2 MD= 0 PRE:4 Which alternative applies to your employer? 134 01. The state 255 02. Local government, congregation 42 03. State owned company 227 04. Private industrial company 223 05. Private service company 128 06. Other private company 114 07. Own farm 90 08. Own business enterprise 24 09. Other 51 10. Not working 184 00. INAP
VAR 14 SES - OCCUPATION Loc 26 width 2 Occupation 191 01. Upper level employee 278 02. Lower level employee 304 03. Workers 79 04. Entrepreneurs 67 05. Farmers 123 06. Students 232 07. Pensioners 41 08. House wives 45 09. Unemployed 112 10. Other
VAR 15 BRANCH OF INDUSTRY 5 Loc 28 width 2 MD= 0 PRE:5 In what branch of industry are/were you working? 148 01. Maatalous, kala- ja riistatalous 19 02. Metsätalous 0 03. Kaivos- ja kaivannaistoiminta 261 04. Teollisuus 16 05. Energia- ja vesihuolto 103 06. Rakentaminen 151 07. Kauppa 33 08. Majoitus- ja ravitsemustoiminta 75 09. Kuljetus 18 10. Tietoliikenne 29 11. Rahoitus- ja vakuutustoiminta 23 12. Kiinteistö-, puhtaus- ja vuokrauspalvelut 38 13. Tekninen palvelu ja palvelut liike-elämälle 62 14. Julkinen hallinto ja maanpuolustus 88 15. Koulutus ja tutkimus 159 16. Terveys- ja sosiaalipalvelut 17 17. Virkistys- ja kulttuuripalvelut 17 18. Järjestö- ja uskonnollinen toiminta 12 19. Muut palvelut 203 00. INAP
VAR 16 MARITAL STATUS 6 Loc 30 width 1 PRE:6 Are you: 272 1. Unmarried 188 2. Living together 845 3. Married 88 4. Divorced 79 5. Widowed
VAR 17 OCCUPATION OF SPOUSE 7 Loc 31 width 1 MD=0 PRE:7 (MARRIED OR LIVING TOGETHER) What kind of work does your spouse/partner do? 88 1. Farmer 78 2. Entrepreneur 180 3. White-collar worker - upper level 290 4. White-collar worker - lower level 298 5. Worker 36 6. Student 40 8. Housewife 462 0. INAP
VAR 18 UNEMPLOYMENT IN FAMILY 8 Loc 32 width 1 MD=9 PRE:8 Have you or has some member of your family been unemployed within the past two years during a continuous period of more than one month? 117 1. Yes, the respondent 91 2. Yes, family member 1253 5. No 4 8. DK 7 9. NA
VAR 19 TRADE UNION MEMBERSHIP 9 Loc 33 width 1 MD=9 PRE:9 Do you belong to some trade union? 381 1. SAK Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö (Confederation of trade unions) 170 2. TVK Toimihenkilö- ja Virkamiesjärjestöjen Keskusliitto (Central union of salaried employees and civil servants) 121 3. AKAVA (Occupations with higher education) 71 4. STTK Suomen Teknisten Toimihenkilöjärjestöjen Keskusliitto (Central union for salaried technical occupations) 55 5. MTK Maataloustuottajain Keskusliitto (Central union of agricultural producers) 20 6. SYKL Suomen Yrittäjien Keskusliitto (Central union of entrepreneurs) 46 7. Other occupation-based central organisation 604 8. Not a member 4 9. NA
VAR 20 TRADE UNION ACTIVITY 10 Loc 34 width 1 MD=0 PRE:10 (TRADE UNION MEMBER) Are you currently: 28 1. Very active 69 2. Somewhat active 761 3. Only a member 3 8. DK 611 0. INAP
VAR 21 MEMBER POL PARTY 11 Loc 35 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11 This card lists some other organizations. Which ones do you belong to? (IF BELONGS, ADDITIONAL QUESTION:) Are you very active, somewhat active, or only a member in this organization? PRE:11(1) Political party organization 28 1. Very active 29 2. Somewhat active 107 3. Only a member 1307 5. Does not belong 1 9. NA
VAR 22 MEMBER REL SOCIETY 11 Loc 36 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(2) <Member of> Religious society <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 25 1. Very active 33 2. Somewhat active 82 3. Only a member 1331 5. Does not belong 1 9. NA
VAR 23 MEMBER CONSUMER ORGAN 11 Loc 37 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(3) <Member of> Cooperative or consumer's organization <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 5 1. Very active 7 2. Somewhat active 241 3. Only a member 1218 5. Does not belong 1 9. NA
VAR 24 MEMBER SPORTS CLUB 11 Loc 38 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(4) <Member of> Athletic/sports club <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 72 1. Very active 90 2. Somewhat active 172 3. Only a member 1137 5. Does not belong 1 9. NA
VAR 25 MEMBER WOMEN ORG 11 Loc 39 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(5) <Member of> Women's organization <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 18 1. Very active 17 2. Somewhat active 24 3. Only a member 1411 5. Does not belong 2 9. NA
VAR 26 MEMBER VETERAN ORG 11 Loc 40 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(6) <Member of> Veterans' or reserve soldiers' organization <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 15 1. Very active 15 2. Somewhat active 82 3. Only a member 1358 5. Does not belong 2 9. NA
VAR 27 MEMBER ENVIRON SOCIET 11 Loc 41 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(7) <Member of> Nature or environmental society <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 3 1. Very active 13 2. Somewhat active 35 3. Only a member 1419 5. Does not belong 2 9. NA
VAR 28 MEMBER LOC INHAB ORG 11 Loc 42 width 1 MD=9 PRE:11(8) <Member of> Local inhabitants' organization <See PRE:11 for complete questiontext> 19 1. Very active 34 2. Somewhat active 64 3. Only a member 1353 5. Does not belong 2 9. NA
VAR 29 MEMBER OTHER ORG 12 Loc 43 width 1 PRE:12 Is there still some other organization in which you are very active or at least somewhat active? 357 1. Yes 1115 5. No
VAR 30 OTHER ORGANIZATION 1 12 Loc 44 width 1 MD=0 PRE:12(1) <Activity> Other organization, 1 <See PRE:12 for complete questiontext> 151 1. Very active 209 2. Somewhat active 1112 0. INAP
VAR 31 OTHER ORGANIZATION 2 12 Loc 45 width 1 MD=0 PRE:12(2) <Activity> Other organization, 2 <See PRE:12 for complete questiontext> 30 1. Very active 30 2. Somewhat active 1412 0. INAP
VAR 32 OTHER ORGANIZATION 3 12 Loc 46 width 1 MD=0 PRE:12(3) <Activity> Other organization, 3 <See PRE:12 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Very active 8 2. Somewhat active 1457 0. INAP
VAR 33 DAILY NEWSP READING 13 Loc 47 width 1 MD=9 PRE:13 Do you read a daily newspaper at least once a week? 1441 1. Yes 18 5. No 13 9. NA
VAR 34 DAILY NEWSPAPER 1 14 Loc 48 width 3 MD= 0 PRE:14 (READS A DAILY NEWSPAPER AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK) Please tell which paper you read and how many times a week you read it? Do not mention more than the three papers you read most? PRE:14(1.1) Daily newspaper, 1 541 001. Helsingin Sanomat 175 002. Ilta-Sanomat 277 003. Aamulehti 85 004. Turun Sanomat 31 005. Maaseudun Tulevaisuus 171 006. Kaleva 41 007. Iltalehti 15 008. Savon Sanomat 44 009. Kauppalehti 7 011. Uusi Suomi 56 012. Kotimaa 1 014. Hufvudstadsbladet 8 199. KVL-Sanomat 2 777. Other 18 000. INAP
VAR 35 READING FREQ NEWSP 1 14 Loc 51 width 1 MD=0 PRE:14(1.2) Reading frequency daily newspaper, 1 <See PRE:14 for complete questiontext> 105 1. One day 79 2. Two days 139 3. Three days 53 4. Four days 75 5. Five days 73 6. Six days 929 7. Seven days 19 0. INAP
VAR 36 DAILY NEWSPAPER 2 14 Loc 52 width 3 MD= 0 PRE:14(2.1) Daily newspaper, 2 <See PRE:14 for complete questiontext> 67 002. Ilta-Sanomat 222 003. Aamulehti 90 004. Turun Sanomat 59 005. Maaseudun Tulevaisuus 208 006. Kaleva 85 007. Iltalehti 50 008. Savon Sanomat 234 009. Kauppalehti 26 010. Keskisuomalainen 8 011. Uusi Suomi 34 012. Kotimaa 7 013. Etelä-Suomen Sanomat 5 140. Hyvinkään Uutiset 1 145. Kiruveden Sanomat 1 161. Raahelainen 1 170. Oulu Lehti 1 172. Oulun Sanomat 8 199. KVL-Sanomat 2 777. Other 363 000. INAP
VAR 37 READING FREQ NEWSP 2 14 Loc 55 width 1 MD=0 PRE:14(2.2) Reading frequency daily newspaper, 2 <See PRE:14 for complete questiontext> 107 1. One day 138 2. Two days 178 3. Three days 58 4. Four days 121 5. Five days 89 6. Six days 418 7. Seven days 363 0. INAP
VAR 38 DAILY NEWSPAPER 3 14 Loc 56 width 3 MD= 0 PRE:14(3.1) Daily newspaper, 3 <See PRE:14 for complete questiontext> 1 001. Helsingin Sanomat 12 002. Ilta-Sanomat 85 003. Aamulehti 82 004. Turun Sanomat 44 005. Maaseudun Tulevaisuus 56 006. Kaleva 82 007. Iltalehti 41 008. Savon Sanomat 185 009. Kauppalehti 34 010. Keskisuomalainen 5 011. Uusi Suomi 15 012. Kotimaa 9 013. Etelä-Suomen Sanomat 2 014. Hufvudstadsbladet 3 140. Hyvinkään Uutiset 1 159. Urjalan Lehti 4 161. Raahelainen 6 170. Oulu Lehti 1 199. KVL-Sanomat 804 000. INAP
VAR 39 READING FREQ NEWSP 3 14 Loc 59 width 1 MD=0 PRE:14(3.2) Reading frequency daily newspaper, 3 <See PRE:14 for complete questiontext> 68 1. One day 123 2. Two days 122 3. Three days 33 4. Four days 62 5. Five days 52 6. Six days 207 7. Seven days 805 0. INAP
VAR 40 READ LETTER TO EDITOR 15 Loc 60 width 1 MD=0 PRE:15 (READS A DAILY NEWSPAPER AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK) I'll mention a few areas covered in newspapers. Do you read them almost always, rather frequently, now and then, or never? 15(1) Letters to the editor 563 1. Almost always 345 2. Rather frequently 460 3. Now and then 85 4. Never 19 0. INAP
VAR 41 READ SPORT NEWS 15 Loc 61 width 1 MD=0 PRE:15(2) <Newspaper reading> Sport news <See PRE:15 for complete questiontext> 495 1. Almost always 206 2. Rather frequently 463 3. Now and then 289 4. Never 19 0. INAP
VAR 42 READ FOREIGN NEWS 15 Loc 62 width 1 MD=0 PRE:15(3) <Newspaper reading> Foreign news <See PRE:15 for complete questiontext> 628 1. Almost always 437 2. Rather frequently 334 3. Now and then 53 4. Never 1 8. DK 19 0. INAP
VAR 43 READ FINNISH POLITICS 15 Loc 63 width 1 MD=0 PRE:15(4) <Newspaper reading> News and articles on Finnish politics <See PRE:15 for complete questiontext> 339 1. Almost always 359 2. Rather frequently 588 3. Now and then 165 4. Never 3 8. DK 18 0. INAP
VAR 44 READ TV/RADIO PROGRAM 15 Loc 64 width 1 MD=0 PRE:15(5) <Newspaper reading> TV and radio programs <See PRE:15 for complete questiontext> 916 1. Almost always 225 2. Rather frequently 227 3. Now and then 84 4. Never 1 8. DK 19 0. INAP
VAR 45 READ CULTURE MATERIAL 15 Loc 65 width 1 MD=0 PRE:15(5) <Newspaper reading> Culture material <See PRE:15 for complete questiontext> 168 1. Almost always 271 2. Rather frequently 700 3. Now and then 309 4. Never 5 8. DK 19 0. INAP
VAR 46 RADIO NEWS OF FBB 16 Loc 66 width 1 MD=9 PRE:16a How often do you listen to radio news of the FBB? 772 1. 6-7 days a week 263 2. 3-5 days a week 296 3. 1-2 days a week 135 5. Never 5 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 47 LOCAL RADIO NEWS 16 Loc 67 width 1 MD=9 PRE:16b And how often to the news on local radio? 452 1. 6-7 days a week 336 2. 3-5 days a week 323 3. 1-2 days a week 328 5. Never 24 8. DK 9 9. NA
VAR 48 EVENING NEWS ON TV 16 Loc 68 width 1 MD=9 PRE:16c How often do you watch evening news on TV? 1160 1. 6-7 days a week 194 2. 3-5 days a week 75 3. 1-2 days a week 40 5. Never 2 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 49 CURRENT AFFAIRS ON TV 16 Loc 69 width 1 MD=9 PRE:16d What about current affairs programs on TV? 397 1. 6-7 days a week 615 2. 3-5 days a week 384 3. 1-2 days a week 67 5. Never 6 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 50 NEWS ON CABLE-TV 16 Loc 70 width 1 MD=9 PRE:16e And cable-TV's own news? 33 1. 6-7 days a week 42 2. 3-5 days a week 99 3. 1-2 days a week 1246 5. Never 49 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 51 POLITICAL INTEREST 17 Loc 71 width 1 MD=9 PRE:17 How interested are you in politics? 177 1. Very interested 537 2. Somewhat interested 534 3. Not much interested 221 4. Not at all interested 2 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 52 SIGN PETITIONS 18 Loc 72 width 1 PRE:18 Next I list some things people may do in order to have some influence. In each case, choose the appropriate alternative from this card. PRE:18(1) Sign various petitions 483 1. Have done 472 2. Would do if it were important 284 3. Might do 211 4. Would not do 22 8. DK
VAR 53 JOIN IN BOYCOTTS 18 Loc 73 width 1 MD=9 PRE:18(2) <Willingness to do> Join in boycotts <See PRE:18 for complete questiontext> 93 1. Have done 398 2. Would do if it were important 412 3. Might do 525 4. Would not do 43 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 54 ATTEND DEMONSTRATIONS 18 Loc 74 width 1 PRE:18(3) <Willingness to do> Attend public demonstrations <See PRE:18 for complete questiontext> 99 1. Have done 241 2. Would do if it were important 285 3. Might do 822 4. Would not do 25 8. DK
VAR 55 PAINT SLOGANS ON WALL 18 Loc 75 width 1 PRE:18(4) <Willingness to do> Paint slogans on walls <See PRE:18 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Have done 20 2. Would do if it were important 46 3. Might do 1391 4. Would not do 8 8. DK
VAR 56 OCCUPY BUILDINGS 18 Loc 76 width 1 MD=9 PRE:18(5) <Willingness to do> Occupy buildings or factories <See PRE:18 for complete questiontext> 2 1. Have done 40 2. Would do if it were important 63 3. Might do 1353 4. Would not do 11 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 57 POLITICAL DISCUSSIONS 19 Loc 77 width 1 PRE:19a How often do you discuss politics with other people: 250 1. Daily or almost daily 230 2. Often 434 3. Sometimes 441 4. Seldom 116 5. Never 1 8. DK
VAR 58 SOLVE LOCAL PROBLEMS 19 Loc 78 width 1 PRE:19b Next I'll list some kinds of participation in political activities: How often do you do each of them; often, sometimes, seldom or never? PRE:19b(1) How often do you work with other people to try to solve some local problem? 73 1. Often 278 2. Sometimes 445 3. Seldom 668 4. Never 8 8. DK
VAR 59 CONTACT PUB OFFICIALS 19 Loc 79 width 1 PRE:19b(2) Contact public officials or politicians in matters other than your job? <See PRE:19b for complete questiontext> 37 1. Often 170 2. Sometimes 373 3. Seldom 882 4. Never 10 8. DK
VAR 60 CONVINCE VOTE PARTY 19 Loc 80 width 1 PRE:19b(3) When you think about previous elections, how often do you try to convince friends to vote for the same party as you? <See PRE:19b for complete questiontext> 47 1. Often 92 2. Sometimes 112 3. Seldom 1193 4. Never 28 8. DK
VAR 61 WORK FOR PARTY/CAND 19 Loc 81 width 1 PRE:19b(4) How often do you spend time working for a political party or a candidate? <See PRE:19b for complete questiontext> 55 1. Often 69 2. Sometimes 85 3. Seldom 1246 4. Never 17 8. DK
VAR 62 FURTHER INTERESTS 20 Loc 82 width 1 PRE:20 Now I'd like to know, in accordance with the alternatives listed on card 9, how you feel about the following statements: PRE:20(1) There is at least one party that always tries to further my interests. 144 1. Agree strongly 504 2. Agree to some extent 339 3. Disagree to some extent 393 4. Disagree strongly 92 8. DK
VAR 63 VOTES ONLY INTEREST 20 Loc 83 width 1 PRE:20(2) Parties are only interested in people's votes, but not in their opinions. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 477 1. Agree strongly 589 2. Agree to some extent 290 3. Disagree to some extent 70 4. Disagree strongly 46 8. DK
VAR 64 POLITICS COMPLICATED 20 Loc 84 width 1 PRE:20(3) Sometimes politics and government seem so complicated that a person like me cannot really understand what is going on. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 642 1. Agree strongly 544 2. Agree to some extent 167 3. Disagree to some extent 93 4. Disagree strongly 26 8. DK
VAR 65 NO SAY IN GOVT DOES 20 Loc 85 width 1 PRE:20(4) People like me have no say in what the government does. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 637 1. Agree strongly 280 2. Agree to some extent 297 3. Disagree to some extent 220 4. Disagree strongly 38 8. DK
VAR 66 YIELD OWN INTERESTS 20 Loc 86 width 1 MD=9 PRE:20(5) We all should yield our own interests in order to protect our country's ability to compete internationally. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 344 1. Agree strongly 601 2. Agree to some extent 274 3. Disagree to some extent 177 4. Disagree strongly 74 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 67 HAPPIER EARLIER 20 Loc 87 width 1 PRE:20(6) People were happier earlier than nowadays. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 511 1. Agree strongly 414 2. Agree to some extent 268 3. Disagree to some extent 188 4. Disagree strongly 91 8. DK
VAR 68 SCIENCE SOLVE PROBLEM 20 Loc 88 width 1 PRE:20(7) In the future science and technology are capable of solving most of today's problems. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 253 1. Agree strongly 546 2. Agree to some extent 405 3. Disagree to some extent 208 4. Disagree strongly 60 8. DK
VAR 69 TRUST THE GOVERNMENT 20 Loc 89 width 1 MD=9 PRE:20(8) Generally speaking, one can trust that the government makes right decisions. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 69 1. Agree strongly 409 2. Agree to some extent 641 3. Disagree to some extent 319 4. Disagree strongly 32 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 70 ELECT RES UNIMPORTANT 20 Loc 90 width 1 MD=9 PRE:20(9) If somebody does not think that election results are important, he should not vote. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 307 1. Agree strongly 211 2. Agree to some extent 323 3. Disagree to some extent 548 4. Disagree strongly 82 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 71 ELECTED LOSE TOUCH 20 Loc 91 width 1 PRE:20(10) Those we elect to the parliament lose touch with the people pretty quickly. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 555 1. Agree strongly 604 2. Agree to some extent 211 3. Disagree to some extent 50 4. Disagree strongly 52 8. DK
VAR 72 POLITIC UNDERSTANDING 20 Loc 92 width 1 PRE:20(11) In my own opinion, I pretty well understand important political questions. <See PRE:20 for complete questiontext> 242 1. Agree strongly 545 2. Agree to some extent 413 3. Disagree to some extent 223 4. Disagree strongly 49 8. DK
VAR 73 FTI: SMALL BUSINESSM 21 Loc 93 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21 This card is a kind of feeling thermometer. If you feel sympathetic toward the groups I'll soon mention to you, in other words if you like the group, then give it a score between zero and plus 50. If you don't feel favourably toward the group, use the thermometer readings from zero to minus 50. PRE:21(1) Small businessmen 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 26 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 32 888. DK 1 999. NA Kod: 0 10 25 30 35 40 50 55 57 60 65 70 73 Frek: 1 3 2 3 1 7 26 4 1 47 5 128 1 Kod: 75 78 80 85 90 92 95 97 98 99 100 888 999 Frek: 122 1 247 37 315 1 46 2 2 1 436 32 1 Kod: 75 78 80 85 90 92 95 97 98 99 100 888 999 Frek: 122 1 247 37 315 1 46 2 2 1 436 32 1
VAR 74 FTI: SOCIAL DEM PARTY 21 Loc 96 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(2) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Social Democratic Party <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 289 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 107 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 1 3 5 10 15 20 22 25 30 31 35 40 Frek: 72 4 1 5 51 6 65 1 31 67 1 10 62 Kod: 45 48 49 50 51 52 54 55 56 58 59 60 65 Frek: 12 2 1 289 1 1 1 28 1 1 1 175 28 Kod: 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 138 94 96 12 59 6 40 107 3
VAR 75 FTI: WOMEN'S LIB 21 Loc 99 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(3) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Women's Liberation Movement <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 243 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 121 888. DK 2 999. NA Kod: 0 2 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 44 45 49 Frek: 38 1 3 20 2 26 9 41 5 53 1 9 2 Kod: 50 51 55 59 60 61 62 65 68 70 72 75 80 Frek: 243 1 52 1 198 1 2 28 1 170 1 87 149 Kod: 85 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 14 92 14 1 84 121 2
VAR 76 FTI: CONS PARTY 21 Loc 102 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(4) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Conservative Party <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 291 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 120 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 23 25 30 35 40 43 45 Frek: 85 1 3 38 5 45 1 23 52 15 85 1 9 Kod: 48 49 50 51 52 53 55 56 59 60 64 65 70 Frek: 1 2 291 4 1 1 37 2 1 180 1 26 153 Kod: 75 80 85 88 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 58 109 23 1 55 14 1 25 120 3
VAR 77 FTI: CENTER PARTY 21 Loc 105 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(5) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Center Party <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 315 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 119 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 49 50 Frek: 41 1 3 30 5 47 16 59 10 82 14 2 315 Kod: 51 52 53 55 56 57 60 65 67 70 71 75 80 Frek: 2 2 2 52 2 1 167 46 1 132 1 65 108 Kod: 85 90 92 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 7 63 1 14 2 57 119 3
VAR 78 FTI: CIVIL SERVANTS 21 Loc 108 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(6) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Civil servants <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 243 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 73 888. DK 1 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 43 45 46 Frek: 38 1 4 26 3 36 24 89 14 131 1 22 1 Kod: 48 50 51 52 54 55 57 58 59 60 62 63 65 Frek: 2 243 4 1 1 52 1 1 1 218 1 1 52 Kod: 66 68 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 2 1 162 69 107 10 47 5 27 73 1
VAR 79 FTI: BIG BUSINESS 21 Loc 111 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(7) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Big business <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 169 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 96 888. DK 1 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 36 40 41 45 Frek: 33 2 3 30 3 40 11 68 12 1 102 1 16 Kod: 48 50 51 52 53 54 55 60 62 65 68 70 75 Frek: 1 169 3 2 1 1 36 227 2 34 2 174 75 Kod: 80 82 85 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 156 1 21 91 3 1 53 96 1
VAR 80 FTI: REFUGEES 21 Loc 114 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(8) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Refugees <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 262 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 60 888. DK 2 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 48 49 Frek: 105 1 9 41 3 32 10 64 7 85 21 2 1 Kod: 50 51 52 54 55 58 60 62 65 67 70 75 80 Frek: 262 3 1 2 58 2 193 2 40 1 143 62 113 Kod: 85 88 90 92 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 14 1 59 1 13 1 58 60 2
VAR 81 FTI: THE GREENS 21 Loc 117 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(9) <Placement on feeling thermometer> The Greens <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 247 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 109 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 42 45 48 49 Frek: 40 2 19 3 24 9 52 9 74 1 18 1 1 Kod: 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 60 65 67 70 Frek: 247 4 1 2 1 73 2 1 1 248 48 1 160 Kod: 72 75 80 82 85 88 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 1 57 123 1 14 1 65 11 1 44 109 3
VAR 82 FTI: FIN RURAL PARTY 21 Loc 120 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(10) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Finnish Rural Party <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 370 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 129 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 36 40 45 48 49 Frek: 84 4 40 6 67 23 80 14 1 118 36 1 1 Kod: 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 60 61 62 65 70 Frek: 370 4 5 3 3 79 1 2 167 1 1 33 98 Kod: 74 75 80 83 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 1 24 40 1 1 11 2 18 129 3
VAR 83 FTI: THE CHURCH 21 Loc 123 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(11) <Placement on feeling thermometer> The Church <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 216 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 33 888. DK 2 999. NA Kod: 0 1 2 10 20 25 30 35 40 45 48 50 52 Frek: 35 1 1 9 17 3 23 3 48 8 1 216 4 Kod: 53 54 55 57 60 63 65 68 69 70 72 75 80 Frek: 1 1 61 1 187 1 45 1 1 185 1 68 171 Kod: 85 86 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 22 1 144 14 163 33 2
VAR 84 FTI: LEFTIST UNION 21 Loc 126 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(12) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Leftist Union <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 358 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 151 888. DK 4 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 32 35 38 40 45 Frek: 180 3 10 86 3 72 20 99 1 15 1 127 37 Kod: 48 49 50 53 55 57 58 60 61 65 68 70 73 Frek: 1 2 358 3 34 1 1 105 1 21 2 49 1 Kod: 75 80 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 24 30 2 15 3 10 151 4
VAR 85 FTI: LIBERAL PP 21 Loc 129 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(13) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Liberal People's Party <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 565 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 196 888. DK 4 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 41 45 46 47 Frek: 55 5 21 1 42 13 63 9 92 1 27 1 1 Kod: 48 50 51 52 53 55 58 60 62 64 65 70 75 Frek: 1 565 2 1 3 67 1 150 1 1 21 63 17 Kod: 80 85 87 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 28 2 1 11 2 1 3 196 4
VAR 86 FTI: GYPSIES 21 Loc 132 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(14) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Gypsies <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 364 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 79 888. DK 1 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 42 45 47 49 Frek: 72 7 32 4 38 9 71 8 108 1 45 2 3 Kod: 50 51 52 53 54 55 57 60 63 65 70 75 80 Frek: 364 4 6 3 1 80 2 216 1 31 113 31 62 Kod: 85 87 90 91 95 96 99 100 888 999 Frek: 9 1 27 1 8 1 1 30 79 1
VAR 87 FTI: CHRISTIAN LEAGUE 21 Loc 135 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(15) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Christian League <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 415 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 149 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 31 35 37 40 45 46 Frek: 49 3 25 3 35 12 51 1 12 1 74 25 1 Kod: 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 57 58 60 62 Frek: 1 2 2 415 3 5 1 1 86 1 1 196 1 Kod: 63 65 70 71 75 80 85 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 1 36 116 1 31 56 9 34 4 1 24 149 3 Kod: 63 65 70 71 75 80 85 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 1 36 116 1 31 56 9 34 4 1 24 149 3
VAR 88 FTI: SWEDISH PP 21 Loc 138 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(16) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Swedish People's Party <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 412 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 184 888. DK 3 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 48 49 50 Frek: 46 2 25 4 39 10 56 6 84 22 2 1 412 Kod: 51 52 53 55 57 59 60 65 68 70 74 75 80 Frek: 3 3 2 75 1 2 183 28 1 116 1 39 60 Kod: 85 90 93 95 100 888 999 Frek: 5 31 1 2 23 184 3
VAR 89 FTI: THE PARLIAMENT 21 Loc 141 width 3 MD=999 PRE:21(17) <Placement on feeling thermometer> The Parliament <See PRE:21 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 214 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 54 888. DK 1 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 47 49 Frek: 33 1 2 11 3 30 8 53 6 60 14 2 1 Kod: 50 51 52 55 56 57 60 62 64 65 66 70 75 Frek: 214 4 1 53 1 2 197 1 1 58 1 219 68 Kod: 80 82 85 90 95 98 99 100 888 999 Frek: 152 1 16 105 4 1 1 93 54 1
VAR 90 BENEFIT FOR ALL 22 Loc 144 width 1 MD=9 PRE:22 Are things in our country generally run for the benefit of a few interest groups only or for the benefit of all? 922 1. For the benefit of a few groups 450 5. For the benefit of all groups 99 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 91 POWER: TRADE UNION 23 Loc 145 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23 I shall now mention, in alphabetical order, several power holders in society. Please mention for each of them, how much power you think they have. PRE:23(1) Trade union movement 396 1. Too much 792 3. Right amount 213 5. Too little 70 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 92 POWER: THE ARMY 23 Loc 146 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(2) <Power in society> The Army <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 158 1. Too much 1164 3. Right amount 80 5. Too little 69 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 93 POWER: PARLIAMENT 23 Loc 147 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(3) <Power in society> Parliament <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 297 1. Too much 828 3. Right amount 286 5. Too little 59 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 94 POWER: THE GOVERNMENT 23 Loc 148 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(4) <Power in society> The government <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 568 1. Too much 780 3. Right amount 61 5. Too little 61 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 95 POWER: CHURCH 23 Loc 149 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(5) <Power in society> Church <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 279 1. Too much 1035 3. Right amount 101 5. Too little 56 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 96 POWER: THE PRESS 23 Loc 150 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(6) <Power in society> The press <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 522 1. Too much 760 3. Right amount 124 5. Too little 65 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 97 POWER: BANKS 23 Loc 151 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(7) <Power in society> Banks <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 1199 1. Too much 221 3. Right amount 11 5. Too little 39 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 98 POWER: FAMILY 23 Loc 152 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(8) <Power in society> Family <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 16 1. Too much 525 3. Right amount 862 5. Too little 67 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 99 POWER: POLICE 23 Loc 153 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(9) <Power in society> Police <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 120 1. Too much 954 3. Right amount 360 5. Too little 37 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 100 POWER: POL PARTIES 23 Loc 154 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(10) <Power in society> Political parties <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 657 1. Too much 652 3. Right amount 51 5. Too little 111 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 101 POWER: BIG BUSINESS 23 Loc 155 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(11) <Power in society> Big business <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 892 1. Too much 473 3. Right amount 24 5. Too little 81 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 102 POWER: PRESIDENT 23 Loc 156 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(12) <Power in society> President of the Republic <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 202 1. Too much 1083 3. Right amount 145 5. Too little 41 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 103 POWER: EMPLOYERS' ORG 23 Loc 157 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(13) <Power in society> Employers' organization <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 380 1. Too much 831 3. Right amount 120 5. Too little 138 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 104 POWER: CIVIL SERVANTS 23 Loc 158 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(14) <Power in society> Civil servants <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 580 1. Too much 715 3. Right amount 61 5. Too little 115 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 105 POWER: INDIVIDUAL 23 Loc 159 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(15) <Power in society> Individual citizen <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 6 1. Too much 286 3. Right amount 1141 5. Too little 38 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 106 POWER: BROADCAST CORP 23 Loc 160 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(16) <Power in society> Finnish Broadcasting Corporation <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 264 1. Too much 1039 3. Right amount 56 5. Too little 112 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 107 POWER: UNIVERSITIES 23 Loc 161 width 1 MD=9 PRE:23(17) <Power in society> Universities <See PRE:23 for complete questiontext> 39 1. Too much 828 3. Right amount 286 5. Too little 317 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 108 LARGEST PARTY IN PARL 24 Loc 162 width 1 MD=9 PRE:24 Would you know, which are the four largest parties in Parliament, in the order of their size? 24(1) Largest party in Parliament 1074 1. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 145 2. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 67 3. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 8 4. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 0 5. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 3 6. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 174 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 109 SECOND PARTY IN PARL 24 Loc 163 width 1 MD=9 PRE:24(2) Second largest party in Parliament <See PRE:24 for complete questiontext> 127 1. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 876 2. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 264 3. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 14 4. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 2 5. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 0 6. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 2 7. Other party 186 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 110 THIRD PARTY IN PARL 24 Loc 164 width 1 MD=9 PRE:24(3) Third largest party in Parliament <See PRE:24 for complete questiontext> 66 1. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 247 2. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 856 3. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 27 4. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 15 5. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 32 6. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 6 7. Other party 222 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 111 FOURTH PARTY IN PARL 24 Loc 165 width 1 MD=9 PRE:24(4) Fourth largest party in Parliament <See PRE:24 for complete questiontext> 11 1. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 8 2. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 27 3. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 514 4. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 274 5. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 184 6. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 58 7. Other party 395 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 112 PARTIES IN GOVERNM 1 25 Loc 166 width 2 MD=99 PRE:25 What parties are currently in the Government? PRE:25(1) Parties currently in the government, 1 1234 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 36 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 3 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 2 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 3 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 1 77. Other Party 192 88. DK 1 99. NA
VAR 113 PARTIES IN GOVERNM 2 25 Loc 168 width 2 MD=99 PRE:25(2) Parties currently in the government, 2 <See PRE:25 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 1200 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 42 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 5 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 7 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 3 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 1 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Vihreät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 6 88. DK 207 99. NA
VAR 114 PARTIES IN GOVERNM 3 25 Loc 170 width 2 MD=99 PRE:25(3) Parties currently in the government, 3 <See PRE:25 for complete questiontext> 198 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 58 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 675 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 54 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 10 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 9 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Vihreät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 3 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 1 12. Demokraattinen Vaihtoehto - Democratic Alternative 12 88. DK 452 99. NA
VAR 115 PARTIES IN GOVERNM 4 25 Loc 172 width 2 MD=99 PRE:25(4) Parties currently in the government, 4 <See PRE:25 for complete questiontext> 56 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 81 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 132 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 32 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 29 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Vihreät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 10 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 1 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 1 11. Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue - Finnish Pensioners's Party 1 77. Other party 4 88. DK 1125 99. NA
VAR 116 PARTIES IN GOVERNM 5 25 Loc 174 width 2 MD=99 PRE:25(5) Parties currently in the government, 5 <See PRE:25 for complete questiontext> 30 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 31 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 18 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 25 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Vihreät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 10 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 1 88. DK 1357 99. NA
VAR 117 FEELINGS PRES GOVT 26 Loc 176 width 1 MD=9 PRE:26 How do you feel about the present government led by Harri Holkeri? Are you very satisfied, rather satisfied, rather dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with the work of the government? 22 1. Very satisfied 551 2. Rather satisfied 594 3. Rather dissatisfied 200 4. Very dissatisfied 104 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 118 NEXT PRES ELECTION 27 Loc 177 width 1 MD=9 PRE:27 Do you remember in what year the next presidential election will take place? 23 1. 1991 313 2. 1992 232 3. 1993 626 4. 1994 22 5. 1995 19 6. 1996 234 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 119 NEXT PARL ELECTION 28 Loc 178 width 1 MD=9 PRE:28 Parliament elections are closer. Do you remember, when the new parliament will be elected? 231 1. In the middle of March 612 2. March 199 3. This spring 155 4. This year 107 5. Other 167 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 120 PROBABILITY VOTE 29 Loc 179 width 1 MD=9 PRE:29 To be exact, parliament elections will take place on Sunday, March 17th. How do you feel about these elections: 891 1. You will certainly vote 372 2. You are likely to vote 123 3. You will probably not vote 64 4. You are certainly not going to vote 21 8. DK 1 9. NA
VAR 121 REASON FOR NON-VOTING 30 Loc 180 width 1 MD=0 PRE:30 (WILL PROBABLY NOT VOTE/ARE CERTAINLY NOT GOING TO VOTE OR DON'T KNOW) Why is it that you might not vote this time? 34 1. Not interested in politics 38 2. Did not find a suitable candidate 48 3. Voting is of no use/has no significance 47 4. Political dissatisfaction or protest 9 5. Will be kept from voting 9 7. Did not find a suitable party 10 9. Some other reason 1277 0. INAP
VAR 122 REASON TO VOTE 1 31 Loc 181 width 1 MD=0 PRE:31 (WILL CERTAINLY VOTE/ARE LIKELY TO VOTE) Could you tell why is it that you intend to vote in these elections? PRE:31(1) Reason to vote in parliamentary election, 1 338 1. A duty/principle 68 2. A right 132 3. A habit/tradition/have always voted 100 4. Only way to have influence on politics 305 5. Wants to have influence in politics in general 129 6. Wants to have influence on a specific political issue 28 7. Gives right to criticise politics and politicians 72 8. Wants to vote for a certain candidate 44 9. Some other reason 256 0. INAP
VAR 123 REASON TO VOTE 2 31 Loc 182 width 1 MD=0 PRE:31(2) Reason to vote in parliamentary election, 2 <See PRE:31 for complete questiontext> 60 1. A duty/principle 24 2. A right 12 3. A habit/tradition/have always voted 15 4. Only way to have influence on politics 41 5. Wants to have influence in politics in general 12 6. Wants to have influence on a specific political issue 19 7. Gives right to criticize politics and politicians 13 8. Wants to vote for a certain candidate 1 9. Some other reason 1275 0. INAP
VAR 124 TIME OF VOTING INTENT 32 Loc 183 width 1 MD=0 PRE:32 (WILL CERTAINLY VOTE/ARE LIKELY TO VOTE) And do you think you will vote on election day or in advance? 991 1. Election day 237 2. In advance 36 8. DK 208 0. INAP
VAR 125 PARTY VOTE TOMORROW 33 Loc 184 width 2 MD=99 PRE:33 This list contains the parties that can nominate candidates in the March election. If the election would take place tomorrow, which party would you probably vote for? Just say the number given on the card. 286 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 234 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 250 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 71 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 57 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 34 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 28 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 129 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Vihreät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 12 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 2 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 27 11. Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue - Finnish Pensioners's Party 17 17. Other party 111 18. Does not want to answer 57 20. Does not intend to vote 155 88. DK 2 99. NA
VAR 126 PARTY CLOSENESS 34 Loc 186 width 1 MD=0 PRE:34 (PARTY MENTIONED) If you think about your own political opinions, how close do you feel to the party you mentioned: 154 1. Very close 738 3. Fairly close 213 5. Not very close 35 8. DK 332 0. INAP
VAR 127 REASON PARTY CHOICE 1 35 Loc 187 width 2 MD= 0 PRE:35 (PARTY MENTIONED) What is best about the party you rank first? PRE:35(1) Reason for party choice, 1 197 01. General reference to ideologies or to issues 34 02. Success in making specific policies 323 03. Own interest or interest of an own group 79 04. An argument related to party system 37 05. A specific political issue 142 06. Some adjective with positive content 48 07. Good candidates 42 08. A language party 70 09. An environmental party 22 10. Other argument 478 00. INAP
VAR 128 REASON PARTY CHOICE 2 35 Loc 189 width 1 MD=0 PRE:35(2) Reason for party choice, 2 <See PRE:35 for complete questiontext> 28 1. General reference to ideologies or to issues 6 2. Success in making specific policies 33 3. Own interest or interest of an own group 9 4. An argument related to party system 6 5. A specific political issue 22 6. Some adjective with positive content 11 7. Good candidates 1 8. A language party 4 9. An environmental party 1352 0. INAP
VAR 129 OTHER POSSIBLE PARTY 36 Loc 190 width 2 MD= 0 PRE:36 (PARTY MENTIONED) Do you have in mind some other party that you might consider? 100 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 92 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 120 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 29 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 44 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 52 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 30 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 117 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Vihreät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 26 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 4 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 42 11. Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue - Finnish Pensioners's Party 2 17. Other party 12 18. Does not want to answer 393 55. No other party 82 88. DK 327 00. INAP
VAR 130 VOTED PARL ELECT 1987 37 Loc 192 width 1 MD=9 37 Last parliamentary elections were held in March 1987. Did you vote then? 1182 1. Yes 158 5. No 1 6. Does not want to answer 109 7. No right to vote 20 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 131 PARTY CHOICE ELEC 87 38 Loc 193 width 2 MD= 0 PRE:38 (VOTED IN 1987) What party did you vote for then? Just name the number from this card. 299 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 262 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 213 03. Keskustapuolue - Center Party 74 04. SKDL - FPDU 48 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 30 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 22 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 31 08. Vihreät - The Greens 11 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 1 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 2 11. Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue - Finnish Pensioners's Party 5 12. Demokraattinen Vaihtoehto - Democratic Alternative 4 13. Åländsk Samling - Coalition of Aaland 7 17. Other party 130 18. Does not want to answer 42 88. DK 291 00. INAP
VAR 132 VOTED PRES ELEC 1988 39 Loc 195 width 1 MD=9 PRE:39 The president of the republic was last elected in the beginning of 1988. Did you vote in that presidential election? 1226 1. Yes 137 5. No 76 7. No right to vote 31 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 133 CAND PRES ELCTION 88 40 Loc 196 width 1 MD=0 PRE:40 (VOTED IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION 1988) Which of these candidates did you vote for? 149 1. Harri Holkeri 3 2. Jouko Kajanoja 93 3. Kalevi Kivistö 708 4. Mauno Koivisto 150 5. Paavo Väyrynen 84 6. Does not want to answer 37 8. DK 248 0. INAP
VAR 134 REASON PARTY CHOICE 1 41 Loc 197 width 1 MD=9 PRE:41 The following card lists some reasons why people choose their party. PRE:41A Which reason do you find most important? 280 1. The party furthers my interests 210 2. The party has good candidates in this constituency 302 3. The party has the right line in politics 460 4. The party is capable of taking care of general affairs 124 5. I am used to voting for this party 12 6. Some other reason 28 7. The reasons make no difference 49 8. DK 7 9. NA
VAR 135 REASON PARTY CHOICE 2 41 Loc 198 width 1 MD=9 PRE:41B And the second most important? <See PRE:41 for complete questiontext> 229 1. The party furthers my interests 232 2. The party has good candidates in this constituency 353 3. The party has the right line in politics 370 4. The party is capable of taking care of general affairs 118 5. I am used to voting for this party 5 6. Some other reason 23 7. The reasons make no difference 133 8. DK 9 9. NA
VAR 136 REASON PARTY CHOICE 3 41 Loc 199 width 1 MD=9 PRE:41C And the third most important? <See PRE:41 for complete questiontext> 253 1. The party furthers my interests 252 2. The party has good candidates in this constituency 233 3. The party has the right line in politics 220 4. The party is capable of taking care of general affairs 226 5. I am used to voting for this party 14 6. Some other reason 24 7. The reasons make no difference 241 8. DK 9 9. NA
VAR 137 TIME OF CAND CHOICE 42 Loc 200 width 1 MD=9 PRE:42 Have you already chosen the candidate you intend to vote for or do you choose him/her closer to the election, or only on election day? 242 1. Has chosen already 966 2. Closer to the election 96 3. On election day 112 5. Does not intend to vote 7 6. Does not want to answer 46 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 138 LEFT-RIGHT SELF PLACE 43 Loc 201 width 2 MD=99 PRE:43 People's political attitudes are traditionally described as being on the left or the right. Next I shall show a kind of left/right scale. Where would you place yourself on this 'scale'? 28 01. Left 57 02. 125 03. 138 04. 306 05. 236 06. 162 07. 205 08. 66 09. 60 10. Right 80 88. DK 5 98. Does not want to answer 4 99. NA
VAR 139 RELIGIOSITY 44 Loc 203 width 1 MD=9 PRE:44 What is your attitude towards religion? 155 1. Very religious 680 2. Somewhat religious 446 3. Only a little religious 180 4. Not at all religious 9 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 140 ECONOMY ONE YEAR AGO 45 Loc 204 width 1 MD=9 PRE:45 What is the financial situation of your own family now, if you compare it with the situation 12 month ago? Is it better, the same, or worse than a year ago? 43 1. Much better 260 2. Somewhat better 902 3. The same 190 4. Somewhat worse 64 5. Much worse 11 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 141 ECON ONE YEAR AHEAD 46 Loc 205 width 1 MD=9 PRE:46 What do you suppose your family's financial situation will be like 12 months from now, compared with the situation today? Do you think it will be better, the same or worse than it is at the moment? 47 1. Much better 234 2. Somewhat better 867 3. The same 214 4. Somewhat worse 22 5. Much worse 86 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 142 ISSUES IN CAMPAIGN 1 47 Loc 206 width 2 PRE:47 Before the election the parties take up many things. In your opinion, what should the parties deal with in their campaign ads and otherwise during the campaign? PRE:47(1) Proposal for issues in campaign, 1 171 01. Housing policy 58 02. Immigration policy 68 03. Taxation 118 04. Other financial policy 97 05. Employment policy 117 06. Environment policy 49 07. Foreign policy 48 08. Other policies 78 09. Pensioners issues 96 10. Issues concerning young people, students and families with young children 86 11. Hopes related to the quality of political campaigning 94 12. Critics towards parties; clarity to political campaigning 47 13. Not interested in advertising 13 14. Use of nuclear energy 90 15. Improvements to specific political issues 12 16. Some other thing 230 88. DK
VAR 143 ISSUES IN CAMPAIGN 2 47 Loc 208 width 2 PRE:47(2) Proposal for issues in campaign, 2 <See PRE:47 for complete questiontext> 111 01. Housing policy 56 02. Immigration policy 55 03. Taxation 142 04. Other financial policy 70 05. Employment policy 67 06. Environment policy 43 07. Foreign policy 84 08. Other policies 77 09. Pensioners issues 82 10. Issues concerning young people, students and families with young children 35 11. Hopes related to the quality of political campaigning 33 12. Critics towards parties; clarity to political campaigning 2 13. Not interested in advertising 11 14. Use of nuclear energy 79 15. Improvements to specific political issues 10 16. Some other thing 515 88. DK
VAR 144 ISSUES IN CAMPAIGN 3 47 Loc 210 width 2 PRE:47(3) Proposal for issues in campaign, 3 <See PRE:47 for complete questiontext> 69 01. Housing policy 60 02. Immigration policy 39 03. Taxation 79 04. Other financial policy 42 05. Employment policy 56 06. Environment policy 45 07. Foreign policy 68 08. Other policies 50 09. Pensioners issues 61 10. Issues concerning young people, students and families with young children 10 11. Hopes related to the quality of political campaigning 12 12. Critics towards parties; clarity to political campaigning 7 14. Use of nuclear energy 64 15. Improvements to specific political issues 13 16. Some other thing 797 88. DK
VAR 145 CUT DOWN PUB SECTOR 48 Loc 212 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48 Next I shall read some statements. Please mention each time you agree or disagree, or do you find the matter insignificant? PRE:48(1) The public sector needs to be cut down. 776 1. Agree 221 3. Does not care 312 5. Disagree 161 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 146 ESTABLISH FUNDS 48 Loc 213 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(2) Wage earner, company or training funds must be established. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 771 1. Agree 251 3. Does not care 226 5. Disagree 220 8. DK 4 9. NA
VAR 147 PRIV STATE ENTERPRISE 48 Loc 214 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(3) State enterprises must be privatized. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 295 1. Agree 163 3. Does not care 855 5. Disagree 157 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 148 REDUCED DEFENCE EXPEN 48 Loc 215 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(4) Defence expenses must be reduced. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 517 1. Agree 90 3. Does not care 761 5. Disagree 100 8. DK 4 9. NA
VAR 149 REDUCED POWER BANKS 48 Loc 216 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(5) The power of the banks must be reduced. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 1255 1. Agree 49 3. Does not care 107 5. Disagree 59 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 150 REDUCED SOC BENEFITS 48 Loc 217 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(6) Social benefits must be reduced. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 347 1. Agree 54 3. Does not care 971 5. Disagree 96 8. DK 4 9. NA
VAR 151 REDUCED AID DEV COUNT 48 Loc 218 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(7) Aid to developing countries must be reduced. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 349 1. Agree 109 3. Does not care 912 5. Disagree 99 8. DK 3 9. NA
VAR 152 INCR PRIV HEALTH SERV 48 Loc 219 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(8) Private health services must be increased. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 714 1. Agree 116 3. Does not care 563 5. Disagree 75 8. DK 4 9. NA
VAR 153 PROHIBIT PORNOGRAPHY 48 Loc 220 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(9) All pornography must be prohibited. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 329 1. Agree 269 3. Does not care 815 5. Disagree 55 8. DK 4 9. NA
VAR 154 ABOLISH NUCLEAR POWER 48 Loc 221 width 1 MD=9 PRE:48(10) Nuclear power must be abolished. <See PRE:48 for complete questiontext> 489 1. Agree 71 3. Does not care 758 5. Disagree 152 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 155 CLEAN ENV-ECON GROWTH 49 Loc 222 width 1 MD=9 PRE:49 It is often necessary in politics to make choices between conflicting goals. Which do you consider more important, clean environment or economic growth? 1266 1. Clean environment 122 2. Economic growth 82 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 156 FREEDOM-EQUALITY 50 Loc 223 width 1 MD=9 PRE:50 Which do you consider more important: freedom or equality? 897 1. Freedom 487 2. Equality 86 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 157 ELECT RES: SOCIAL DEM 51 Loc 224 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51 This card lists the parties that are now represented in the parliament. How do you suppose they will do in the coming parliament elections - which party will win and which will lose support? PRE:51(1) Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 247 1. Will win 646 3. No change 382 5. Will lose 191 8. DK 6 9. NA
VAR 158 ELECT RES: CONS PARTY 51 Loc 225 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(2) <Supposed election result> Kansallinen Kokoomus - National coalition/Conservative Party <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 156 1. Will win 376 3. No change 738 5. Will lose 197 8. DK 5 9. NA
VAR 159 ELECT RES: CENTER 51 Loc 226 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(3) <Supposed election result> Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 881 1. Will win 295 3. No change 90 5. Will lose 201 8. DK 5 9. NA
VAR 160 ELECT RES: LEFT UNION 51 Loc 227 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(4) <Supposed election result> Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union (FPDU) <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 81 1. Will win 279 3. No change 875 5. Will lose 229 8. DK 8 9. NA
VAR 161 ELECT RES: SW P PARTY 51 Loc 228 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(5) <Supposed election result> Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 193 1. Will win 846 3. No change 179 5. Will lose 244 8. DK 10 9. NA
VAR 162 ELECT RES: RURAL PART 51 Loc 229 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(6) <Supposed election result> Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 124 1. Will win 319 3. No change 799 5. Will lose 225 8. DK 5 9. NA
VAR 163 ELECT RES: CHR LEAGUE 51 Loc 230 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(7) <Supposed election result> Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 119 1. Will win 738 3. No change 371 5. Will lose 233 8. DK 11 9. NA
VAR 164 ELECT RES: THE GREENS 51 Loc 231 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(8) <Supposed election result> Vihreät - The Greens <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 938 1. Will win 207 3. No change 121 5. Will lose 200 8. DK 6 9. NA
VAR 165 ELECT RES: LIBERALS 51 Loc 232 width 1 MD=9 PRE:51(9) <Supposed election result> Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party <See PRE:51 for complete questiontext> 108 1. Will win 594 3. No change 471 5. Will lose 291 8. DK 8 9. NA
VAR 166 FATHERS OCCUPATION 52 Loc 233 width 1 MD=9 Finally, I should like to get some background information about you. PRE:52 What was your father's occupation in your youth, when you were 10-18 years old? 487 1. Farmer 133 2. Entrepreneur 111 3. White-collar worker - upper level 180 4. White-collar worker - lower level 513 5. Worker 10 8. Housewife 38 9. NA
VAR 167 FAM FINANC SITUATION 53 Loc 234 width 1 MD=9 PRE:53 When you were young, was your family: 182 1. Well-to-do 1004 2. Fairly well off 205 3. In financial difficulties 57 4. In great financial difficulties 19 8. DK 5 9. NA
VAR 168 FATHER PARTY SUPPORT 54 Loc 235 width 2 MD=99 PRE:54 Which political party did your father support when you were young? 232 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 156 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 279 03. Keskustapuolue - Center Party 93 04. Finnish peoples democratic league 44 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 33 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 4 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 2 08. Vihreät - The Greens 23 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 23 21. Leftist party + working class party 16 22. Right wing party 47 23. Independents 510 88. DK 6 98. Does not want to answer 4 99. NA
VAR 169 MOTHER PARTY SUPPORT 55 Loc 237 width 2 MD=99 PRE:55 And your mother? What party did she support? 221 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 150 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 281 03. Keskustapuolue - Center Party 59 04. Finnish peoples democratic league 50 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 21 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 10 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 3 08. Vihreät - The Greens 22 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 15 21. Leftist party + working class party 14 22. Right wing party 42 23. Independents 5 77. Other 573 88. DK 4 98. Does not want to answer 2 99. NA
VAR 170 SUBJ CLASS BELONGING 56 Loc 239 width 1 MD=9 PRE:56 Do you think of yourself as belonging to a particular social class? 684 1. Yes 584 5. No 202 8. DK 2 9. NA
VAR 171 CLASS BELONGING TO 57 Loc 240 width 2 MD=99 PRE:57 Which class is that? 584 01. In none social class 167 02. Working class 238 03. Lower middle class + middle class 33 04. Upper middle class + upper class 30 05. Small income 27 06. Medium income 16 07. High income 21 08. Wage earners 8 09. Entrepreneurs 24 10. Lower and upper status officials of the public sector 12 11. Rural people 14 12. Pensioners 17 13. Unemployed 8 14. People with high education 20 15. Students + young people 13 16. Some other 212 88. DK + do not want to say 28 99. NA
VAR 172 FAMILY INCOME 58 Loc 242 width 2 MD=99 PRE:58 Which income group does your family belong to, when the income of all family members are totalled, before taxes? Pick the number of the correct alternative. 24 01. No more than 24 000 FMK a year 91 02. 24 001 - 48 000 FMK 120 03. 48 001 - 72 000 FMK 133 04. 72 001 - 96 000 FMK 144 05. 96 001 - 120 000 FMK 121 06. 120 001 - 140 000 FMK 128 07. 140 001 - 168 000 FMK 126 08. 168 001 - 192 000 FMK 97 09. 192 001 - 216 000 FMK 74 10. 216 001 - 241 000 FMK 75 11. 241 001 - 264 000 FMK 41 12. 264 001 - 288 000 FMK 34 13. 288 001 - 312 000 FMK 17 14. 312 001 - 336 000 FMK 19 15. 336 001 - 360 000 FMK 51 16. More than 360 000 FMK a year 62 18. Does not want to answer 111 88. DK 4 99. NA
VAR 173 FAMILY SIZE 59 Loc 244 width 2 MD=99 PRE:59(1) How many persons are there in your family? 01. One person . . 18. 18 persons 5 99. NA Kod: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13 14 18 Frek: 254 471 295 281 120 28 8 1 5 1 1 1 1 Kod: 99 Frek: 5
VAR 174 CHILDREN UNDER 18 59 Loc 246 width 2 MD=99 PRE:59(2) How many of them are less than 18 years old? 963 00. None 01. One person . . 12. 12 persons 5 99. NA Kod: 0 1 2 3 4 5 7 9 10 12 99 Frek: 963 231 182 60 20 5 2 1 2 1 5
VAR 175 CHILDREN UNDER 7 59 Loc 248 width 2 MD=99 PRE:59(3) How many are less than 7 years old? 1178 00. None 01. One person . . 05. Five persons 5 99. NA Kod: 0 1 2 3 4 5 99 Frek: 1178 183 86 15 4 1 5
VAR 176 BASIC EDUCATION 60 Loc 250 width 1 MD=9 PRE:60 What basic education do you have? 680 1. Osa kansakoula, kansakoulu, kansalaisk - Elementary school 74 2. Osan keskikoulua tai peruskoulua - Part of comprehensive school 318 3. Keskikoulu, peruskoulu - Comprehensive school, junior high school 36 4. Osan lukiota - Some gymnasium (high school) 25 5. Lukio - High school 335 6. Ylioppilas - Matriculation examination 4 9. NA
VAR 177 VOCATIONAL TRAINING 61 Loc 251 width 1 MD=9 PRE:61 What is your vocational training? 398 1. No vocational training 318 2. Short vocational course or training in connection with work 368 3. Mid-level vocation school 235 4. Upper level vocation school 148 5. University degree 5 9. NA
VAR 178 PART POST-ELECT INT 62 Loc 252 width 1 MD=9 PRE:62 This survey will contain a second interview after the middle of March. May I contact you again when it is time to go through the other interview? 1391 1. Yes 76 5. No 5 9. NA
VAR 179 POST-ELECTION INTERVIEW Loc 253 width 1 Post-election interview 1326 1. Participated 146 5. Did not participate
VAR 180 ELEC RESULT SURPRISE 1 Loc 254 width 1 MD=9 POST:1 Parliament elections were just arranged in Finland. Did the result of the election surprise you in any way? 603 1. Yes 681 5. No 40 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 181 SURPRISING IN ELECTION 2 Loc 255 width 1 MD=9 POST:2 What was surprising to you about the election result? 681 1. The result was not a surprise 314 2. The Center win or the winning gap 118 3. The Center win and defeat of the government parties 81 4. Defeat of the government parties 34 5. Wins or defeats of other parties 50 6. Something other 43 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 182 INTEREST ELEC CAMPAIGN 3 Loc 256 width 1 MD=9 POST:3 How interested were you in this election campaign? Were you: 128 1. Very interested 522 2. Rather interested 468 3. Only a little interested 200 4. Not at all interested 154 9. NA
VAR 183 ELECTIONS INTERESTING 4 Loc 257 width 1 MD=9 POST:4 What general picture did you get about the events prior to the election? Please evaluate each statement separately, telling do you agree or disagree. POST:4(1) The elections were interesting and exciting. 200 1. Fully agree 575 2. Agree to some extent 310 3. Disagree to some extent 196 4. Fully disagree 45 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 184 CAMPAIGN TOO TEARING 4 Loc 258 width 1 MD=9 POST:4(2) The campaign was too tearing. <See POST:4 for complete questiontext> 73 1. Fully agree 230 2. Agree to some extent 489 3. Disagree to some extent 414 4. Fully disagree 119 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 185 CENTERED PARTY LEADERS 4 Loc 259 width 1 MD=9 POST:4(3) The elections centred too much around party leaders. <See POST:4 for complete questiontext> 286 1. Fully agree 530 2. Agree to some extent 290 3. Disagree to some extent 97 4. Fully disagree 122 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 186 PERTINENT INFORMATION 4 Loc 260 width 1 MD=9 POST:4(4) The performance of the parties provided pertinent information. <See POST:4 for complete questiontext> 107 1. Fully agree 436 2. Agree to some extent 463 3. Disagree to some extent 202 4. Fully disagree 116 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 187 AVOIDED REAL PROBLEMS 4 Loc 261 width 1 MD=9 POST:4(5) Parties avoided real problems of society in their campaign. <See POST:4 for complete questiontext> 439 1. Fully agree 549 2. Agree to some extent 190 3. Disagree to some extent 53 4. Fully disagree 94 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 188 FOREIGN NEWS OVERSHAD 4 Loc 262 width 1 MD=9 POST:4(6) Elections were overshadowed by foreign news. <See POST:4 for complete questiontext> 127 1. Fully agree 411 2. Agree to some extent 393 3. Disagree to some extent 320 4. Fully disagree 73 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 189 PARTY DIFFERENCES 4 Loc 263 width 1 MD=9 POST:4(7) The campaign made clear the differences between parties. <See POST:4 for complete questiontext> 171 1. Fully agree 354 2. Agree to some extent 414 3. Disagree to some extent 259 4. Fully disagree 127 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 190 INT EVENT INFLUENCE 5 Loc 264 width 1 MD=9 POST:5 In your opinion, did the Gulf war, Baltic situation and other international events influence these elections: 42 1. Very much 303 2. Rather much 550 3. Not very much 362 4. Not at all 68 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 191 INFLUENCE INT EVENTS 6 Loc 265 width 2 POST:6a (INTERNATIONAL EVENTS INFLUENCED THE ELECTION) How do you think international events influenced the elections? 362 01. No influence 87 02. Did have only little influence 50 03. They increased feelings of insecurity 96 04. The Gulf War dominated the media 83 05. Some specific issue 33 06. Immigration issue 165 07. Turnout / interest in elections decreased 26 08. The support of the government parties decreased 46 09. The support for certain specific party decreased 21 10. The support for certain specific party increased 29 11. They did have influence on electoral campaign 28 12. The situation between the Baltic countries and the Soviet Union did have some influence 56 13. Something other 390 14. DK/INAP
VAR 192 GOVERNMENT SUCCEED 1 6 Loc 267 width 2 POST:6b The government of Harri Holkeri functioned throughout the entire election period. In which matters did the government succeed? POST:6b(1) Government succeed 1 238 01. Did not fail at all 102 02. Only minor failures 63 03. Government or a certain government party succeeded 53 04. Co-operation between the government parties 118 05. Tax renewal 38 06. Financial policy 7 07. Employment policy 54 08. Social policy in general 8 09. Housing policy 12 10. Other policy sector 24 11. Foreign policy 16 12. Something other 739 88. DK/NA
VAR 193 GOVERNMENT SUCCEED 2 6 Loc 269 width 2 POST:6b(2) Government succeed 2 <See POST:6b for complete questiontext> 5 01. Did not fail at all 1 02. Only minor failures 10 03. Government or a certain government party succeeded 6 04. Co-operation between the government parties 14 05. Tax renewal 16 06. Financial policy 4 07. Employment policy 29 08. Social policy in general 4 09. Housing policy 6 10. Other policy sector 8 11. Foreign policy 10 12. Something other 1359 88. DK/NA
VAR 194 GOVERNMENT FAIL 1 6 Loc 271 width 2 POST:6c And in which matters did the government fail? POST:6c(1) Government fail 1 66 01. In all 36 02. Almost in all 71 03. Government or a certain government party failed 58 04. Media relations 315 05. Tax renewal 220 06. Financial policy 52 07. Employment policy 17 08. Social policy in general 124 09. Housing policy 28 10. Other policy sector 7 11. Foreign policy 18 12. Something other 460 88. DK/NA
VAR 195 GOVERNMENT FAIL 2 6 Loc 273 width 2 POST:6c(2) Government fail 2 <See POST:6c for complete questiontext> 1 01. In all 1 02. Almost in all 22 03. Government or a certain government party failed 19 04. Media relations 72 05. Tax renewal 126 06. Financial policy 38 07. Employment policy 31 08. Social policy in general 94 09. Housing policy 30 10. Other policy sector 7 11. Foreign policy 16 12. Something other 1015 88. DK/NA
VAR 196 GOVERNMENT FAIL 3 6 Loc 275 width 2 POST:6c(3) Government fail 3 <See POST:6c for complete questiontext> 0 01. In all 1 02. Almost in all 13 03. Government or a certain government party failed 2 04. Media relations 18 05. Tax renewal 51 06. Financial policy 24 07. Employment policy 22 08. Social policy in general 21 09. Housing policy 11 10. Other policy sector 9 11. Foreign policy 13 12. Something other 1287 88. DK/NA
VAR 197 VOTING: NEWSPAPERS 7 Loc 277 width 1 MD=9 POST:7 To what extent did information from the following sources provide support to your own voting decision? POST:7(1) Content of newspapers 164 1. Very much 479 2. Rather much 415 3. Rather little 256 4. Not at all 10 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 198 VOTING: MAGAZINES 7 Loc 278 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(2) <Support to voting decision> Content of magazines <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 9 1. Very much 102 2. Rather much 450 3. Rather little 746 4. Not at all 16 8. DK 149 9. NA
VAR 199 VOTING: RADIO PROGRAMS 7 Loc 279 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(3) <Support to voting decision> Radio programs dealing with the elections <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 70 1. Very much 339 2. Rather much 455 3. Rather little 445 4. Not at all 13 8. DK 150 9. NA
VAR 200 VOTING: MTV DEBATE 7 Loc 280 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(4) <Support to voting decision> MTV election debate on Channel 3, Saturday, 2 March and Sunday, 3 March <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 41 1. Very much 159 2. Rather much 216 3. Rather little 828 4. Not at all 80 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 201 VOTING: BIG DEBATE 7 Loc 281 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(5) <Support to voting decision> TV's big election debate on Thursday, 14 March <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 75 1. Very much 207 2. Rather much 355 3. Rather little 650 4. Not at all 33 8. DK 152 9. NA
VAR 202 VOTING: TV NEWS 7 Loc 282 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(6) <Support to voting decision> News and current affairs programs on TV <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 83 1. Very much 455 2. Rather much 424 3. Rather little 339 4. Not at all 21 8. DK 150 9. NA
VAR 203 VOTING: HEARINGS 7 Loc 283 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(7) <Support to voting decision> Campaign hearings of various parties on TV <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 39 1. Very much 227 2. Rather much 444 3. Rather little 586 4. Not at all 24 8. DK 152 9. NA
VAR 204 VOTING: ADVERTISING 7 Loc 284 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(8) <Support to voting decision> Campaign advertising in newspapers <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 52 1. Very much 256 2. Rather much 509 3. Rather little 489 4. Not at all 15 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 205 VOTING: COMMERCIALS 7 Loc 285 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(9) <Support to voting decision> Campaign commercials on local radio <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 24 1. Very much 106 2. Rather much 302 3. Rather little 865 4. Not at all 22 8. DK 153 9. NA
VAR 206 VOTING: OTHER ADVERT 7 Loc 286 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(10) <Support to voting decision> Other campaign advertising <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 23 1. Very much 119 2. Rather much 436 3. Rather little 714 4. Not at all 25 8. DK 155 9. NA
VAR 207 VOTING: MEETINGS 7 Loc 287 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(11) <Support to voting decision> Campaign meetings <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 9 1. Very much 52 2. Rather much 95 3. Rather little 1147 4. Not at all 18 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 208 VOTING: FRIENDS 7 Loc 288 width 1 MD=9 POST:7(12) <Support to voting decision> Friends, acquaintances, work mates or relatives <See POST:7 for complete questiontext> 36 1. Very much 100 2. Rather much 291 3. Rather little 881 4. Not at all 13 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 209 DISC ELECTIONS FAMILY 8 Loc 289 width 1 MD=9 POST:8 How often did you talk about the parliament elections: POST:8(1) Among your family 293 1. Almost daily 322 2. About once a week 424 3. More seldom 275 4. Not at all 10 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 210 DISC ELECTIONS AT WORK 8 Loc 290 width 1 MD=9 POST:8(2) <Discussed elections> At work <See POST:8 for complete questiontext> 196 1. Almost daily 221 2. About once a week 289 3. More seldom 540 4. Not at all 77 8. DK 149 9. NA
VAR 211 DISC ELECTIONS FRIENDS 8 Loc 291 width 1 MD=9 POST:8(3) <Discussed elections> With friends or acquaintances <See POST:8 for complete questiontext> 104 1. Almost daily 331 2. About once a week 547 3. More seldom 342 4. Not at all 1 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 212 DISC ELECTIONS OTHER 8 Loc 292 width 1 MD=9 POST:8(4) <Discussed elections> And with other people <See POST:8 for complete questiontext> 42 1. Almost daily 145 2. About once a week 484 3. More seldom 652 4. Not at all 3 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 213 PARTICIPATE DISCUSSION 9 Loc 293 width 1 MD=9 POST:9 Which of the following alternatives describes best how you participated in discussions prior to the election? 28 1. I told my opinions and often tried to influence the opinions of others 145 2. I told my own opinions, and occasionally tried to influence the opinion of others 624 3. I usually told my opinion, but did not attempt to influence others 336 4. I talked, but generally did not say my own opinions 180 5. Did not talk with anybody about elections 11 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 214 OTHERS TRY INFLUENCE 10 Loc 294 width 1 MD=9 POST:10 And, during conversations, did others try to influence your position? 73 1. Often 376 3. Seldom 689 5. Not at all 7 8. DK 327 9. NA
VAR 215 CAMP ISSUE PARTY 1 11 Loc 295 width 2 MD=99 POST:11 Political parties presented different issues and goals in this election. Which do you remember? POST:11(1.1) Campaign issue - party 1 865 00. No party 99 01. Several parties 129 02. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 19 03. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 39 04. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 10 05. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 34 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 107 07. Vihreä liitto - Green League 4 08. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 20 09. Other party 146 99. NA
VAR 216 CAMPAIGN ISSUE 1 11 Loc 297 width 2 POST:11(1.2) Campaign issue 1 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 252 01. Nothing 89 02. Housing policy 53 03. Immigration policy 41 04. Taxation 101 05. Financial policy 27 06. Prices, especially food prices 15 07. Rents and loans 16 08. Employment policy 11 09. Farming policy 104 10. Environmental policy 21 11. European integration 27 12. Energy policy in general 47 13. Use of nuclear energy, a neutral stand 10 14. Use of nuclear energy, a positive stand 28 15. Use of nuclear energy, a negative stand 27 16. Social policy in general 28 17. Pensioners issues 24 18. Issues of youngsters, students and families with small children 26 19. Similarity of political parties 11 20. Critics towards the government parties 29 21. Promises during the election campaigns and critics towards them 7 22. Other policy sector 37 23. Dissatisfaction to political debates 67 24. Something other 374 25. DK
VAR 217 CAMP ISSUE PARTY 2 11 Loc 299 width 2 MD=99 POST:11(2.1) Campaign issue - party 2 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 18 01. Several parties 109 02. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 38 03. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 19 04. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 10 05. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 66 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 17 07. Vihreä liitto - Green League 1049 88. DK 146 99. NA
VAR 218 CAMPAIGN ISSUE 2 11 Loc 301 width 2 POST:11(2.2) Campaign issue 2 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 11 01. Nothing 79 02. Housing policy 31 03. Immigration policy 39 04. Taxation 41 05. Financial policy 11 06. Prices, especially food prices 21 07. Rents and loans 24 08. Employment policy 18 09. Farming policy 49 10. Environmental policy 32 11. European integration 20 12. Energy policy in general 30 13. Use of nuclear energy, a neutral stand 7 14. Use of nuclear energy, a positive stand 17 15. Use of nuclear energy, a negative stand 30 16. Social policy in general 12 17. Pensioners issues 35 18. Issues of youngsters, students and families with small children 9 19. Similarity of political parties 16 20. Critics towards the government parties 5 21. Promises during the election campaigns and critics towards them 11 22. Other policy sector 16 23. Dissatisfaction to political debates 40 24. Something other 868 25. DK
VAR 219 CAMP ISSUE PARTY 3 11 Loc 303 width 2 MD=99 POST:11(3.1) Campaign issue - party 3 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 17 01. Several parties 62 02. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 20 03. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 15 04. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 4 05. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 40 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 7 07. Vihreä liitto - Green League 1161 88. DK 146 99. NA
VAR 220 CAMPAIGN ISSUE 3 11 Loc 305 width 2 POST:11(3.2) Campaign issue 3 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 2 01. Nothing 37 02. Housing policy 25 03. Immigration policy 23 04. Taxation 28 05. Financial policy 22 06. Prices, especially food prices 13 07. Rents and loans 17 08. Employment policy 9 09. Farming policy 31 10. Environmental policy 16 11. European integration 11 12. Energy policy in general 21 13. Use of nuclear energy, a neutral stand 5 14. Use of nuclear energy, a positive stand 10 15. Use of nuclear energy, a negative stand 17 16. Social policy in general 17 17. Pensioners issues 17 18. Issues of youngsters, students and families with small children 2 19. Similarity of political parties 3 20. Critics towards the government parties 6 21. Promises during the election campaigns and critics towards them 5 22. Other policy sector 8 23. Dissatisfaction to political debates 26 24. Something other 1101 88. DK
VAR 221 CAMP ISSUE PARTY 4 11 Loc 307 width 2 MD=99 POST:11(4.1) Campaign issue - party 4 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 7 01. Several parties 22 02. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 11 03. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 10 04. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 2 05. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 19 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 7 07. Vihreä liitto - Green League 1248 88. DK 146 99. NA
VAR 222 CAMPAIGN ISSUE 4 11 Loc 309 width 2 POST:11(4.2) Campaign issue 4 <See POST:11 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Nothing 17 02. Housing policy 16 03. Immigration policy 7 04. Taxation 7 05. Financial policy 6 06. Prices, especially food prices 5 07. Rents and loans 6 08. Employment policy 3 09. Farming policy 11 10. Environmental policy 14 11. European integration 5 12. Energy policy in general 8 13. Use of nuclear energy, a neutral stand 1 14. Use of nuclear energy, a positive stand 4 15. Use of nuclear energy, a negative stand 15 16. Social policy in general 3 17. Pensioners issues 9 18. Issues of youngsters, students and families with small children 1 19. Similarity of political parties 3 20. Critics towards the government parties 0 21. Promises during the election campaigns and critics towards them 3 22. Other policy sector 2 23. Dissatisfaction to political debates 21 24. Something other 1304 88. DK
VAR 223 WATCH MAJOR TV DEBATE 12 Loc 311 width 2 MD= 0 POST:12 Did you watch the big election debate in Finnish TV on Thursday, 14 March 237 01. Nothing 481 02. Bad debate, nothing new 574 03. Too many parties participating in the debate 34 04. Unevenness of the participants in the debate 0 05. Too much accusations 0 06. Critics towards the journalistic lines of the program 0 07. The Center party leader Esko Aho succeeded 0 08. A good debate 0 09. Success of certain party in the debate 0 10. A specific issue 0 11. Something other 0 88. DK 146 00. INAP
VAR 224 REMEMBER MAJ DEBATE 1 13 Loc 313 width 2 MD= 0 POST:13 (WATCHED DEBATE) What especially do you remember about the major election debate? POST:13(1) Remember especially from the major TV debate, 1 178 01. Nothing 41 02. Bad debate, nothing new 62 03. Too many parties participating in the debate 21 04. Unevenness of the participants in the debate 50 05. Too much accusations 69 06. Critics towards the journalistic lines of the program 36 07. The Center party leader Esko Aho succeeded 19 08. A good debate 49 09. Success of certain party in the debate 31 10. A specific issue 4 11. Something other 98 88. DK 814 00. INAP
VAR 225 REMEMBER MAJ DEBATE 2 13 Loc 315 width 2 MD= 0 POST:13(2) Remember especially from the major TV debate, 2 <See POST:13 for complete questiontext> 6 01. Nothing 17 02. Bad debate, nothing new 23 03. Too many parties participating in the debate 12 04. Unevenness of the participants in the debate 14 05. Too much accusations 34 06. Critics towards the journalistic lines of the program 10 07. The Center party leader Esko Aho succeeded 1 08. A good debate 34 09. Success of certain party in the debate 19 10. A specific issue 2 11. Something other 34 88. DK 1266 00. INAP
VAR 226 WATCH CAMP HEARINGS 14 Loc 317 width 1 MD=9 POST:14 Did you watch any campaign hearings in Finnish on TV between 25 February and 7 March? 753 1. Yes 536 5. No 37 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 227 LIB-WOMENS MOVEMENT 15 Loc 318 width 1 MD=9 POST:15 Which of the following campaign hearings did you see? POST:15(1) Monday 25.2, Liberals and Women's movement 300 1. Yes 880 5. No 75 8. DK 217 9. NA
VAR 228 GREEN LEAGUE-PENSION 15 Loc 319 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(2) Tuesday 26.2, Green League and Pensioners' & Green Party <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 393 1. Yes 798 5. No 73 8. DK 208 9. NA
VAR 229 PENSIONERS-HUMANITY 15 Loc 320 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(3) Wednesday 27.2, Pensioners' Party and Humanity Party <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 357 1. Yes 831 5. No 73 8. DK 211 9. NA
VAR 230 CONS-LEFT UNION 15 Loc 321 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(4) Thursday 28.2, Conservatives and Left Union <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 356 1. Yes 827 5. No 79 8. DK 210 9. NA
VAR 231 SWEDISH PEOPLES PARTY 15 Loc 322 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(5) Friday 1.3, Swedish People's Party <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 152 1. Yes 1016 5. No 83 8. DK 221 9. NA
VAR 232 FRP-ECOLOGY PARTY 15 Loc 323 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(6) Monday 4.3, FRP and Ecology Party Greens <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 315 1. Yes 868 5. No 77 8. DK 212 9. NA
VAR 233 CENTER-CHRISTIANS 15 Loc 324 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(7) Tuesday 5.3, Center and Christians <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 358 1. Yes 828 5. No 77 8. DK 209 9. NA
VAR 234 SDP-CONSTITUTIONAL PP 15 Loc 325 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(8) Wednesday 6.3, SDP and Constitutional PP <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 321 1. Yes 862 5. No 81 8. DK 208 9. NA
VAR 235 INDEP PENS-COM WORKER 15 Loc 326 width 1 MD=9 POST:15(9) Thursday 7.3, Independent Pensioners and Communist Workers' Party <See POST:15 for complete questiontext> 201 1. Yes 974 5. No 83 8. DK 214 9. NA
VAR 236 REMEMBER CAMP HEAR 1 16 Loc 327 width 2 MD= 0 POST:16 (WATCHED CAMPAIGN HEARINGS) What especially do you remember of these campaign hearings? POST:16(1) Remember especially from campaign hearing, 1 192 01. Nothing 73 02. Critics towards the journalistic lines of the debate 34 03. Too many parties; unevenness of the participants 50 04. Bad discussion 19 05. Small parties did not have anything to say 9 06. Good debates 24 07. Promises during the electoral campaigns 160 08. Performance of certain party 34 09. A specific issue 27 10. Something other 81 88. DK 769 00. INAP
VAR 237 REMEMBER CAMP HEAR 2 16 Loc 329 width 2 MD= 0 POST:16(2) Remember especially from campaign hearing, 2 <See POST:16 for complete questiontext> 3 01. Nothing 16 02. Critics towards the journalistic lines of the debate 14 03. Too many parties; unevenness of the participants 17 04. Bad discussion 3 05. Small parties did not have anything to say 4 06. Good debates 6 07. Promises during the electoral campaigns 76 08. Performance of certain party 16 09. A specific issue 11 10. Something other 1 88. DK 1305 00. INAP
VAR 238 PARTY HEARINGS RADIO 17 Loc 331 width 1 MD=9 POST:17 Did you listen to one or more party hearings on radio before the election? 341 1. Listened to several 89 2. Listened to one 858 5. Did not hear any 38 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 239 SWEDISH ELECTION PROG 18 Loc 332 width 1 MD=9 POST:18 Did you follow on TV or Radio one or more election programs in Swedish? 79 1. Yes 1241 5. No 6 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 240 MAJ DEBATE IN SWEDISH 19 Loc 333 width 1 MD=0 POST:19a (FOLLOWED PROGRAMS IN SWEDISH) Did you watch on TV the big election debate in Swedish on Saturday, 9 March? 37 1. Yes 32 5. No 6 8. DK 1397 0. INAP
VAR 241 HEARINGS IN SWEDISH 19 Loc 334 width 1 MD=0 POST:19b (FOLLOWED PROGRAMS IN SWEDISH) How about election hearings of the parties on TV before the election? 30 1. Yes 36 5. No 8 8. DK 1398 0. INAP
VAR 242 ELECTION DEBATE 19 Loc 335 width 1 MD=0 POST:19c (FOLLOWED PROGRAMS IN SWEDISH) And did you hear on radio at least one national election debate in Swedish? 17 1. Yes 50 5. No 6 8. DK 1399 0. INAP
VAR 243 VOTED IN ELECTION 21 Loc 336 width 1 MD=9 POST:21 Did you vote in these parliament elections in March? 1144 1. Yes 182 5. No 146 9. NA
VAR 244 MAIN REASON VOTE 22 Loc 337 width 2 MD= 0 POST:22 (VOTED) What was the main reason you voted in these elections? 390 01. A duty/principle 85 02. A right 134 03. A habit/tradition/have always voted 74 04. Only way to have influence on politics 154 05. Wanted to have influence in politics in general 52 06. Wanted to vote for a certain party 40 07. Gives right to criticise politics and politicians 47 08. Wants to vote for a certain candidate 14 09. First time (the youngest voters) 9 10. Own interest/interest of own social class 43 11. Wanted to change politics 19 12. Duty + gives right to criticise 8 13. Was asked to participate 29 14. Wanted to influence some specific political issue 17 19. Some other reason 27 88. DK 330 00. INAP
VAR 245 VOTE TO HAVE A SAY 23 Loc 339 width 1 MD=0 POST:23 (VOTED) Next, I shall list various reasons why people vote. To what extent did the following reasons influence your going to vote? POST:23(1) Voting is the only way that people can have a say about how the government runs things. 724 1. An important reason 336 3. Had some influence 78 5. Did not have any influence 5 8. DK 329 0. INAP
VAR 246 INFLUENCE IMP THINGS 23 Loc 340 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(2) <Influence to vote> I wanted to influence with my vote accomplishment in politics of things that are important to me <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 474 1. An important reason 390 3. Had some influence 264 5. Did not have any influence 14 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 247 VOTE FOR A CANDIDATE 23 Loc 341 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(3) <Influence to vote> I wanted to vote for a candidate I know <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 351 1. An important reason 251 3. Had some influence 535 5. Did not have any influence 5 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 248 VOTING CIVIC DUTY 23 Loc 342 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(4) <Influence to vote> In my opinion voting is a civic duty <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 949 1. An important reason 132 3. Had some influence 57 5. Did not have any influence 4 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 249 SUPPORT CERTAIN PARTY 23 Loc 343 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(5) <Influence to vote> I support a certain party and wanted to vote for its candidate <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 542 1. An important reason 225 3. Had some influence 368 5. Did not have any influence 8 8. DK 329 0. INAP
VAR 250 PERSUASION FRIEND 23 Loc 344 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(6) <Influence to vote> I support a certain party and wanted to vote for its candidate <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 33 1. An important reason 52 3. Had some influence 1053 5. Did not have any influence 5 8. DK 329 0. INAP
VAR 251 FINANCIAL INTERESTS 23 Loc 345 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(7) <Influence to vote> I thought that it was sensible to vote because of my own financial interests <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 274 1. An important reason 269 3. Had some influence 590 5. Did not have any influence 8 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 252 INTEREST SOCIAL CLASS 23 Loc 346 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(8) <Influence to vote> With my voting I wanted to further the interests of my own social class, together with others who belong to the same class <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 344 1. An important reason 370 3. Had some influence 413 5. Did not have any influence 13 8. DK 332 0. INAP
VAR 253 PARTY WAS RECOMMENDED 23 Loc 347 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(9) <Influence to vote> A party or a person was recommended to me <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 19 1. An important reason 49 3. Had some influence 1070 5. Did not have any influence 2 8. DK 332 0. INAP
VAR 254 CUSTOM TO VOTE 23 Loc 348 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(10) <Influence to vote> I have always voted and it has become a custom to vote <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 783 1. An important reason 181 3. Had some influence 160 5. Did not have any influence 17 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 255 VOTE BECAUSE OF STUDY 23 Loc 349 width 1 MD=0 POST:23(11) <Influence to vote> I thought it was appropriate to vote because I take part in this study <See POST:23 for complete questiontext> 88 1. An important reason 148 3. Had some influence 900 5. Did not have any influence 5 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 256 WILLINGNESS COMPLETE 24 Loc 350 width 1 MD=0 POST:24 Would you still like to complement your earlier answer to what was the most important reason you voted? 222 1. Yes 921 5. No 329 0. INAP
VAR 257 COMPL MOST IMP REASON 24 Loc 351 width 2 MD= 0 POST:24(1) Completed most important reason for voting <See POST:24 for complete questiontext> 49 01. A duty/principle 3 02. A right 12 03. A habit/tradition/have always voted 16 04. Only way to have influence on politics 18 05. Wanted to have influence in politics in general 20 06. Wanted to vote for a certain party 7 07. Gives right to criticise politics and politicians 20 08. Wants to vote for a certain candidate 8 10. Own interest/interest of own social class 9 11. Wanted to change politics 1 12. Duty + gives right to criticise 2 13. Was asked to participate 30 14. Wanted to influence some specific political issue 1 16. Tutkimuksessa mukana 7 19. Some other reason 3 88. DK 1266 00. INAP
VAR 258 VOTE IN ADVANCE 25 Loc 353 width 1 MD=0 POST:25 (VOTED) Did you vote on election day or in advance? 690 1. On election day 453 2. In advance 329 0. INAP
VAR 259 TIME ON ELECTION DAY 26 Loc 354 width 1 MD=0 POST:26 (VOTED ON ELECTION DAY) Did you vote before noon, in the afternoon between 12 and 18, or in the evening after 18 o'clock? 264 1. Morning between 9-12 333 2. Afternoon between 12-18 91 3. Evening between 18-20 2 8. DK 782 0. INAP
VAR 260 PLACE VOTE IN ADVANCE 27 Loc 355 width 1 MD=0 POST:27 (VOTED IN ADVANCE) Did you vote in advance in your own municipality or somewhere else? 396 1. Place of residence 56 2. Somewhere else 1020 0. INAP
VAR 261 REASON VOTE ADVANCE 28 Loc 356 width 1 MD=0 POST:28 (VOTED IN ADVANCE) Why did you vote in advance? 12 1. Knew about working commitments during the election day 84 2. Knew about other commitments during the election day 32 3. Supposed commitments during the election day 44 4. Wanted to secure voting in advance 166 5. Easiness of advance voting 8 6. Reasons related to own physical condition 35 7. Had moved to/studies in another municipality 11 8. A habit 25 9. No special reason 1055 0. INAP
VAR 262 VOTING COMPANY 29 Loc 357 width 1 MD=0 POST:29 (VOTED) Did you go to vote in the post office or at the voting station alone, with somebody else, or in the company of at least two persons? 456 1. Alone 551 2. With one other person 132 3. With more than one person 333 0. INAP
VAR 263 VOTING SELF-EVIDENT 30 Loc 358 width 1 MD=0 POST:30 (VOTED) Was voting self-evident to you or did you also consider non-voting? 891 1. Voting was self-evident to me 182 2. Non-voting crossed my mind, but I did not think seriously about it 70 3. I considered non-voting seriously 329 0. INAP
VAR 264 PARTY CHOICE 1991 31 Loc 359 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:31 (VOTED) Which party's candidate did you vote for? Answer with a number on the card. 226 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 205 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 257 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 68 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 57 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 25 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 34 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 86 08. Vihreä Liitto - The Green League 8 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 2 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 4 11. Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue - Finnish Pensioners's Party 2 12. Ekologinen Puolue Vihreät - Ecology Party Greens 2 13. Eläkkeensaajien ja Vihreä Yhteisvastuu Puolue - Pensioners' & Green Joint Responsibility 2 14. Ihmisyyspuolue - Humanity Party 5 15. Naisliike - Women's Movement 2 16. Rauhan ja Sosialismin puolesta/Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue - Peace and Socialism / Communist Workers' Party 1 17. Riippumattomat Sitoutumattomat Eläkeläiset - Independent Pensioners 7 18. Some other group 2 20. Voted blank 6 88. DK 330 00. INAP 141 99. NA
VAR 265 SECOND BEST PARTY 32 Loc 361 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:32 (VOTED) Which party would you have found second best in this election? 100 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 120 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 159 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 23 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 30 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 30 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 28 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 159 08. Vihreä Liitto - The Green League 20 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 5 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 3 11. Suomen Eläkeläisten Puolue - Finnish Pensioners's Party 12 12. Ekologinen Puolue Vihreät - Ecology Party Greens 2 13. Eläkkeensaajien ja Vihreä Yhteisvastuu Puolue - Pensioners' & Green Joint Responsibility 1 14. Ihmisyyspuolue - Humanity Party 15 15. Naisliike - Women's Movement 0 16. Rauhan ja Sosialismin puolesta/Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue - Peace and Socialism / Communist Workers' Party 1 17. Riippumattomat Sitoutumattomat Eläkeläiset - Independent Pensioners 9 18. Some other group 207 20. Voted blank 64 88. DK 480 00. INAP 4 99. NA
VAR 266 EASINESS PARTY CHOICE 33 Loc 363 width 1 MD=0 POST:33 (VOTED) How easy or difficult did you find choosing the party you voted for: 50 1. Very difficult 117 2. Rather difficult 296 3. Rather easy 661 4. Very easy 17 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 267 REASON PARTY CHOICE 1 34 Loc 364 width 2 MD= 0 POST:34 (VOTED) What was the main reason why you chose the party you voted for? POST:34(1) Reason for party choice, 1 173 01. A general argument related to ideologies or political issues 24 02. Success in making policies in general 191 03. Own interest or interest of own group 56 04. Argument related to the party system 39 05. Specific political issue 42 06. Some adjective with positive content 198 07. Good candidates 37 08. Language party 30 09. Environmental party 214 10. Party identification as a tradition 14 11. Political protest 16 12. No specific reason 37 13. Some other reason 61 88. DK/do not want to say 340 00. INAP
VAR 268 REASON PARTY CHOICE 2 34 Loc 366 width 2 MD= 0 POST:34(2) Reason for party choice, 2 <See POST:34 for complete questiontext> 41 01. A general argument related to ideologies or political issues 9 02. Success in making policies in general 26 03. Own interest or interest of own group 9 04. Argument related to the party system 7 05. Specific political issue 19 06. Some adjective with positive content 17 07. Good candidates 1 08. Language party 8 09. Environmental party 10 10. Party identification as a tradition 1 11. Political protest 4 13. Some other reason 1320 00. INAP
VAR 269 TIME OF PARTY CHOICE 35 Loc 368 width 1 MD=0 POST:35 (VOTED) When did you finally decide what party to vote for? 89 1. On the day I voted 120 2. Some days before voting 115 3. About a week or two before voting 127 4. About a month or two before voting 151 5. My decision was clear last year 531 6. The decision has been clear for many years 8 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 270 INFLUENCE: TV PERFORM 36 Loc 369 width 1 MD=0 POST:36 (VOTED) How much did the reasons I now list for you influence your choice of party in these parliament elections? POST:36(1) Party's performance in TV's election program 23 1. Decisive influence 71 2. Influenced much 259 3. Had some influence 771 4. Had no influence 14 8. DK 334 0. INAP
VAR 271 INFLUENCE: INTR OCCUP 36 Loc 370 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(2) <Influence on party choice> Party furthers the interests of the occupation group to which I belong <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 187 1. Decisive influence 174 2. Influenced much 322 3. Had some influence 424 4. Had no influence 29 8. DK 336 0. INAP
VAR 272 INFLUENCE: CHAIRMAN 36 Loc 371 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(3) <Influence on party choice> Party has a good chairman <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 94 1. Decisive influence 148 2. Influenced much 289 3. Had some influence 578 4. Had no influence 27 8. DK 336 0. INAP
VAR 273 INFLUENCE: SUPPORTER 36 Loc 372 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(4) <Influence on party choice> I am a regular supporter of the party <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 415 1. Decisive influence 146 2. Influenced much 169 3. Had some influence 390 4. Had no influence 16 8. DK 336 0. INAP
VAR 274 INFLUENCE: GOOD LINE 36 Loc 373 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(5) <Influence on party choice> Party has a good line in many questions that have been discussed recently <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 277 1. Decisive influence 296 2. Influenced much 358 3. Had some influence 162 4. Had no influence 43 8. DK 336 0. INAP
VAR 275 INFLUENCE: COMPETENCE 36 Loc 374 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(6) <Influence on party choice> Party has competent people to take care of politics in the country <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 279 1. Decisive influence 325 2. Influenced much 355 3. Had some influence 131 4. Had no influence 46 8. DK 336 0. INAP
VAR 276 INFLUENCE: IDEOLOGY 36 Loc 375 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(7) <Influence on party choice> Party's ideology corresponds to mine <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 378 1. Decisive influence 283 2. Influenced much 324 3. Had some influence 127 4. Had no influence 24 8. DK 336 0. INAP
VAR 277 INFLUENCE: PERFORM 36 Loc 376 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(8) <Influence on party choice> Performance of the party during the past election period <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 77 1. Decisive influence 197 2. Influenced much 412 3. Had some influence 409 4. Had no influence 39 8. DK 338 0. INAP
VAR 278 INFLUENCE: REFUGEE 36 Loc 377 width 1 MD=0 POST:36(9) <Influence on party choice> Stand on the party in refugee question <See POST:36 for complete questiontext> 51 1. Decisive influence 86 2. Influenced much 244 3. Had some influence 672 4. Had no influence 82 8. DK 337 0. INAP
VAR 279 TIME OF CAND CHOICE 37 Loc 378 width 1 MD=0 POST:37 (VOTED) When did you finally decide which candidate to vote for? 205 1. On the day I voted 242 2. Some days before voting 227 3. About a week or two before voting 208 4. About a month or two before voting 254 5. My decision was clear last year 5 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 280 KNOWLEDGE CANDIDATE 38 Loc 379 width 1 MD=0 We do not want to know the name of your candidate, but we'd like to know some characteristics of the candidate you voted for. POST:38 (VOTED) How well do you know the candidate? 295 1. I know him/her personally 116 2. My friend, acquaintance or relative knows him/her personally 433 3. I knew about the candidate through the mass media before his/her campaign advertising 136 4. I voted for him/her on account of campaign advertising 152 5. I chose a candidate not knowing him/her 10 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 281 NUMB CAND CONSIDERED 39 Loc 380 width 1 MD=0 POST:39 (VOTED) How many candidates did you consider seriously before your final voting decision? 384 1. I considered one candidate only 479 2. I considered several candidates of the same party 273 3. I considered candidates of many parties 6 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 282 PARTY OR CANDIDATE 40 Loc 381 width 1 MD=0 POST:40 (VOTED) What was finally more important to you when you voted: party or candidate? 584 1. Party 486 2. Candidate 71 8. DK 331 0. INAP
VAR 283 VOTED CAND EARLIER 41 Loc 382 width 1 MD=0 POST:41 (VOTED) Have you voted earlier for the same candidate you now voted for? 391 1. Yes 731 5. No 20 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 284 THOUGHT CAND ELECT 42 Loc 383 width 1 MD=0 POST:42 (VOTED) Did you think that your candidate will get elected? 383 1. Certainly 494 3. Possibly 215 5. Unlikely 40 7. I did not think about it 10 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 285 VOTED FOR MAN/WOMAN 43 Loc 384 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 POST:43 (VOTED) Did you vote for a man or a woman? 659 1. Man 466 2. Woman 2 8. Don't remember, DK 331 0. INAP 14 9. NA
VAR 286 REASON CAND CHOICE 1 44 Loc 385 width 2 MD= 0 POST:44 (VOTED) What was the most important reason beside the party why you chose your candidate? POST:44(1) Most important reason for candidate choice, 1 64 01. A familiar candidate 55 02. Ability to realize policies 49 03. Previous performance 25 04. Good education 69 05. A candidate with lot of experience and merits 53 06. Reliable 25 07. Good media skills 84 08. Smart and realistic 34 09. Efficient 27 10. Determined 9 11. Some other quality 20 12. Humanity 20 13. Pleasant 65 14. Ideologies of the candidate 39 15. Issues that the candidate stands for 91 16. A candidate from my area 52 17. Occupation 39 18. Candidate represents a specific social group 77 19. A woman 44 20. A young candidate 18 21. Advertising of the candidate 18 22. Appearance of the candidate 15 23. New person/Centralization of votes 17 24. Party choice dominated the voting decision 44 25. Something other 74 88. DK 345 00. INAP
VAR 287 REASON CAND CHOICE 2 44 Loc 387 width 2 MD= 0 POST:44(2) Most important reason for candidate choice, 2 <See POST:44 for complete questiontext> 7 01. A familiar candidate 24 02. Ability to realize policies 16 03. Previous performance 9 04. Good education 15 05. A candidate with lot of experience and merits 24 06. Reliable 22 07. Good media skills 35 08. Smart and realistic 18 09. Efficient 25 10. Determined 7 11. Some other quality 12 12. Humanity 11 13. Pleasant 33 14. Ideologies of the candidate 12 15. Issues that the candidate stands for 19 16. A candidate from my area 10 17. Occupation 15 18. Candidate represents a specific social group 32 19. A woman 12 20. A young candidate 6 21. Advertising of the candidate 5 22. Appearance of the candidate 8 23. New person/Centralization of votes 2 24. Party choice dominated the voting decision 19 25. Something other 1074 00. INAP
VAR 288 CAND: ENVIRONMENT 45 Loc 389 width 1 MD=0 POST:45 (VOTED) I shall still list some reasons for choosing a candidate. Please think each time how much it influenced your choice of candidate. POST:45(1) Candidate's stand in environmental issues 131 1. Decisive influence 236 2. Influenced much 438 3. Some influence 298 4. Did not influence at all 36 8. DK 333 0. INAP
VAR 289 CAND: REFUGEE QUEST 45 Loc 390 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(2) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate's stand in environmental issues <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 54 1. Decisive influence 103 2. Influenced much 311 3. Some influence 565 4. Did not influence at all 106 8. DK 333 0. INAP
VAR 290 CAND: EXPERIENCE 45 Loc 391 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(3) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate's previous experience in parliament or otherwise in politics <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 271 1. Decisive influence 283 2. Influenced much 235 3. Some influence 327 4. Did not influence at all 23 8. DK 333 0. INAP
VAR 291 CAND: EFFICIENCY 45 Loc 392 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(4) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate's efficient way of doing things <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 318 1. Decisive influence 421 2. Influenced much 238 3. Some influence 111 4. Did not influence at all 50 8. DK 334 0. INAP
VAR 292 CAND: RELIABILITY 45 Loc 393 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(5) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate's reliability <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 393 1. Decisive influence 420 2. Influenced much 195 3. Some influence 91 4. Did not influence at all 40 8. DK 333 0. INAP
VAR 293 CAND: PLEASANTNESS 45 Loc 394 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(6) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate's pleasantness <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 242 1. Decisive influence 359 2. Influenced much 291 3. Some influence 201 4. Did not influence at all 46 8. DK 333 0. INAP
VAR 294 CAND: GENDER 45 Loc 395 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(7) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate's gender <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 204 1. Decisive influence 127 2. Influenced much 161 3. Some influence 629 4. Did not influence at all 18 8. DK 333 0. INAP
VAR 295 CAND: LOCAL KNOWLEDGE 45 Loc 396 width 1 MD=0 POST:45(8) <Important when choosing candidate> Candidate knows the affairs of my home town <See POST:45 for complete questiontext> 322 1. Decisive influence 307 2. Influenced much 269 3. Some influence 214 4. Did not influence at all 26 8. DK 334 0. INAP
VAR 296 ONE ELECTION DAY 46 Loc 397 width 1 MD=0 POST:46 (VOTED) For the first time there was now only one election day. Did this reform inconvenience you: very much, rather much, rather little or not at all? 1 1. Caused very much inconvenience 12 2. Caused rather much inconvenience 32 3. Caused rather little inconvenience 1095 4. Did not cause any inconvenience at all 2 8. DK 330 0. INAP
VAR 297 REASON NOT TO VOTE 47 Loc 398 width 2 MD= 0 POST:47 (DID NOT VOTE) Could you describe, in your own words, why you did not vote this time? 29 01. Not interested in politics 28 02. Did not find a suitable candidate 11 03. Voting is of no use/has no significance 15 04. Political dissatisfaction or protest 14 05. Was kept from voting due to a travel 6 07. Did not find a suitable party 12 08. Illness/very old 7 09. Other obstacles that kept from voting 13 12. A change in place of residence made voting more difficult 11 13. Did not just bother to vote, laziness 11 14. Political protest 6 15. Did not remember 9 19. Some other reason 10 88. DK 1290 00. INAP
VAR 298 DIFFICULT FIND PARTY 48 Loc 400 width 1 MD=0 POST:48 (DID NOT VOTE) Next I'll mention several reasons for not voting. To what extent did the following reasons influence your not voting this time? POST:48(1) It was difficult to find a party that suits me 41 1. An important reason 41 3. Had some influence 97 5. Did not have any influence 3 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 299 DIFFICULT FIND CAND 48 Loc 401 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(2) <Important reason for not voting> It was difficult to find a candidate that suits me <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 61 1. An important reason 34 3. Had some influence 84 5. Did not have any influence 3 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 300 WORK KEPT FROM VOTING 48 Loc 402 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(3) <Important reason for not voting> My work kept me from voting <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 10 1. An important reason 6 3. Had some influence 166 5. Did not have any influence 1290 0. INAP
VAR 301 TRAVEL KEPT FROM VOTE 48 Loc 403 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(4) <Important reason for not voting> I could not vote because I was travelling <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 23 1. An important reason 9 3. Had some influence 150 5. Did not have any influence 1290 0. INAP
VAR 302 ILLNESS KEPT FROM VOT 48 Loc 404 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(5) <Important reason for not voting> I could not vote because of illness or high age <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 12 1. An important reason 2 3. Had some influence 168 5. Did not have any influence 1290 0. INAP
VAR 303 FORGOT TO VOTE 48 Loc 405 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(6) <Important reason for not voting> I did not remember to vote <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 11 1. An important reason 7 3. Had some influence 164 5. Did not have any influence 1290 0. INAP
VAR 304 DID NOT BOTHER VOTE 48 Loc 406 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(7) <Important reason for not voting> I just did not bother to vote <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 43 1. An important reason 43 3. Had some influence 94 5. Did not have any influence 2 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 305 DID NOT GAIN VOTING 48 Loc 407 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(8) <Important reason for not voting> I did not think I would gain anything from voting <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 48 1. An important reason 57 3. Had some influence 75 5. Did not have any influence 2 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 306 NOT CHANGE RESULT 48 Loc 408 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(9) <Important reason for not voting> In my opinion, one vote would not have changed the election results in any way <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 24 1. An important reason 34 3. Had some influence 123 5. Did not have any influence 1 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 307 DISTRUST POLITICS 48 Loc 409 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(10) <Important reason for not voting> I distrust politicians and politics in general <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 74 1. An important reason 48 3. Had some influence 56 5. Did not have any influence 4 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 308 PROTEST AGAINST POL 48 Loc 410 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(11) <Important reason for not voting> I wanted to protest against politics and politicians <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 40 1. An important reason 33 3. Had some influence 108 5. Did not have any influence 1 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 309 NO INTEREST POLITICS 48 Loc 411 width 1 MD=0 POST:48(12) <Important reason for not voting> Politics does not interest me and I do not care about voting <See POST:48 for complete questiontext> 44 1. An important reason 50 3. Had some influence 86 5. Did not have any influence 2 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 310 DID NOT VOTE COMPL 49 Loc 412 width 1 MD=0 POST:49 (DID NOT VOTE) Would you still like to add something to your earlier answer why you did not vote? 38 1. Yes 144 5. No 1290 0. INAP
VAR 311 DID NOT VOTE COMPL 49 Loc 413 width 2 MD= 0 POST:49(1) Completion not voted in election <See POST:49 for complete questiontext> 3 01. Not interested in politics 4 02. Did not find a suitable candidate 3 03. Voting is of no use/has no significance 7 04. Political dissatisfaction or protest 2 05. Was kept from voting due to a travel 1 09. Other obstacles that kept from voting 3 12. A change in place of residence made voting more difficult 1 13. Did not just bother to vote, laziness 3 14. Political protest 1 15. Did not remember 9 19. Some other reason 1435 00. INAP
VAR 312 WOULD LIKED TO VOTE 50 Loc 415 width 1 MD=0 POST:50 (DID NOT VOTE) Would you have liked to vote, although the reasons you mentioned kept you from voting? 101 1. Yes 81 5. No 1290 0. INAP
VAR 313 PARTY IF HAD VOTED 51 Loc 416 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:51 (WOULD HAVE LIKED TO VOTE) Which party would you have liked to vote for? 17 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 10 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 24 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 6 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 1 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 2 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 1 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 16 08. Vihreä Liitto - The Green League 5 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 3 15. Naisliike - Women's Movement 1 16. Rauhan ja Sosialismin puolesta/Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue - Peace and Socialism / Communist Workers' Party 2 18. Some other group 10 88. DK 1373 00. INAP 1 99. NA
VAR 314 EASINESS PARTY CHOICE 52 Loc 418 width 1 MD=0 POST:52 (WOULD HAVE LIKED TO VOTE) If you had voted, would it have been easy or difficult for you to choose a party? 18 1. Very difficult 21 2. Rather difficult 30 3. Rather easy 30 4. Very easy 2 8. DK 1371 0. INAP
VAR 315 TIME DECIDE NOT VOTE 53 Loc 419 width 1 MD=0 POST:53 (DID NOT VOTE) If you think about the situation before the elections, when did you finally decide not to vote? 43 1. I decided in good time, earlier than a couple of weeks before election day 15 2. A couple of weeks before, or during the week of election day 34 3. I decided on election day 86 4. I did not make any particular decision about not voting 3 8. DK 1291 0. INAP
VAR 316 LOSS SECOND ELEC DAY 54 Loc 420 width 1 MD=0 POST:54 (DID NOT VOTE) And to what extent did the loss of second election day influence your non-voting? 18 1. If Monday too would have been an election day, I certainly would have voted 25 2. If Monday too would have been an election day, I probably would have voted 21 3. Even if Monday would have been an election day, I probably would not have voted 115 4. Even if Monday would have been an election day, I would not have voted 3 8. DK 1290 0. INAP
VAR 317 RETURN TWO ELEC DAYS 56 Loc 421 width 1 MD=9 POST:56 Do you think we should return to the two election days? 123 1. Yes 95 3. It makes no difference 1093 5. No 13 8. DK 148 9. NA
VAR 318 NOT VOTE THINKS UNIMP 57 Loc 422 width 1 MD=9 POST:57 Please answer, using the alternatives on card 18, what you think about the following statements: POST:57(1) If somebody does not think that election results are important, he should not vote? 240 1. Fully agree 229 2. Agree to some extent 334 3. Disagree to some extent 476 4. Fully disagree 41 8. DK 152 9. NA
VAR 319 ONE VOTE MEANS NOTHIN 57 Loc 423 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(2) One vote does not mean anything <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 66 1. Fully agree 124 2. Agree to some extent 268 3. Disagree to some extent 850 4. Fully disagree 13 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 320 ELEC RESULT NOT MUCH 57 Loc 424 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(3) Election results do not mean much these days for the policies of our country <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 85 1. Fully agree 344 2. Agree to some extent 468 3. Disagree to some extent 380 4. Fully disagree 40 8. DK 155 9. NA
VAR 321 NO DIFF WHAT PARTY 57 Loc 425 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(4) It makes no difference what party I vote for as long as the party furthers things that are important for me <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 228 1. Fully agree 351 2. Agree to some extent 364 3. Disagree to some extent 329 4. Fully disagree 48 8. DK 152 9. NA
VAR 322 TAXES VS. SOCIAL REF 57 Loc 426 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(5) Taxes should be lowered even if that would delay some important social reforms <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 284 1. Fully agree 424 2. Agree to some extent 377 3. Disagree to some extent 155 4. Fully disagree 77 8. DK 155 9. NA
VAR 323 OPINION THROUGH PARTY 57 Loc 427 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(6) Through political parties people's opinions will get heard in decision-making <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 131 1. Fully agree 517 2. Agree to some extent 459 3. Disagree to some extent 157 4. Fully disagree 53 8. DK 155 9. NA
VAR 324 MORE EQUAL FEWER PROB 57 Loc 428 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(7) If people would be treated more equally in our country, we would have much fewer problems <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 386 1. Fully agree 514 2. Agree to some extent 264 3. Disagree to some extent 92 4. Fully disagree 65 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 325 MUST OBEY LAW 57 Loc 429 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(8) One should obey a law passed by parliament, even if one would disagree with its contents <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 551 1. Fully agree 352 2. Agree to some extent 271 3. Disagree to some extent 87 4. Fully disagree 59 8. DK 152 9. NA
VAR 326 UNDERSTANDS POLITICS 57 Loc 430 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(9) In my own opinion I understand pretty well important political questions <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 154 1. Fully agree 522 2. Agree to some extent 404 3. Disagree to some extent 182 4. Fully disagree 59 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 327 NO MATTER GOVT PARTY 57 Loc 431 width 1 MD=9 POST:57(10) It really does not matter which parties are in government, after all things will continue pretty much the same <See POST:57 for complete questiontext> 208 1. Fully agree 439 2. Agree to some extent 406 3. Disagree to some extent 237 4. Fully disagree 31 8. DK 151 9. NA
VAR 328 TRUST IN POLITICIANS 58 Loc 432 width 1 MD=9 PSOT:58 Generally speaking, how much do you trust Finnish politicians? Do you trust them: 19 1. Very much 489 2. Rather much 711 3. Rather little 79 4. Not at all 28 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 329 CHANGE IN POL TRUST 59 Loc 433 width 1 MD=9 POST:59 Has your trust in Finnish politicians increased, remained the same, or decreased within the past few years? 52 1. Increased 603 3. Remained the same 632 5. Decreased 39 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 330 MOST IMP POL GOAL 60 Loc 434 width 1 MD=9 POST:60 This card lists different political goals POST:60A Which goal seems most important to you? 335 1. Maintaining order in the nation 541 2. Give people more say in the decisions of the government 248 3. Fight rising prices 170 4. Protect freedom of speech 29 8. DK 149 9. NA
VAR 331 SECOND POLITICAL GOAL 60 Loc 435 width 1 MD=9 POST:60B Which goal would be your second choice? <See POST:60 for complete questiontext> 290 1. Maintaining order in the nation 326 2. Give people more say in the decisions of the government 316 3. Fight rising prices 346 4. Protect freedom of speech 45 8. DK 149 9. NA
VAR 332 THIRD POLITICAL GOAL 60 Loc 436 width 1 MD=9 POST:60C Which goal is the third most important? <See POST:60 for complete questiontext> 330 1. Maintaining order in the nation 237 2. Give people more say in the decisions of the government 293 3. Fight rising prices 385 4. Protect freedom of speech 78 8. DK 149 9. NA
VAR 333 INDEX POLITICAL GOAL 60 Loc 437 width 1 MD=9 POST:60(I) Index for political goals <See POST:60 for complete questiontext> 181 1. Materialists 403 2. Materialist oriented 438 3. Post-materialist oriented 269 4. Post-materialists 32 8. DK 149 9. NA
VAR 334 RELATIONSHIP TO WORK 61 Loc 438 width 1 MD=9 POST:61 Which of the following alternatives describes best your relationship to your work. How much say do you have in how and when you accomplish your tasks: 437 1. Much say 308 2. Some say 106 3. Only a little say 48 4. No say at all 420 7. Not employed 6 8. DK 147 9. NA
VAR 335 MOST IMPORTANT VALUE 62 Loc 439 width 2 MD=99 POST:62 This card lists in alphabetical order things that people value very differently. POST:62a Please give the numbers of the five most important values. Which thing do you value most? And second most, etc.? POST:62a(1) Rokeach values: Most important value 23 01. Accomplishing something significant 74 02. Good earnings 112 03. Good personal relationships 81 04. Preservation of unspoiled nature 257 05. Independence of our country 22 06. Abolishment of hunger in the world 231 07. Peace 56 08. The soul's salvation 20 09. Equality among the people 386 10. Good health 48 11. Work for everybody 12 88. DK 150 99. NA
VAR 336 SECOND IMP VALUE 62 Loc 441 width 2 MD=99 POST:62a(2) Rokeach values: Second most important value <See POST:62 for complete questiontext> 17 01. Accomplishing something significant 75 02. Good earnings 195 03. Good personal relationships 136 04. Preservation of unspoiled nature 171 05. Independence of our country 56 06. Abolishment of hunger in the world 293 07. Peace 12 08. The soul's salvation 53 09. Equality among the people 224 10. Good health 77 11. Work for everybody 14 88. DK 149 99. NA
VAR 337 THIRD IMP VALUE 62 Loc 443 width 2 MD=99 POST:62a(3) Rokeach values: Third most important value <See POST:62 for complete questiontext> 19 01. Accomplishing something significant 94 02. Good earnings 145 03. Good personal relationships 198 04. Preservation of unspoiled nature 177 05. Independence of our country 99 06. Abolishment of hunger in the world 172 07. Peace 8 08. The soul's salvation 119 09. Equality among the people 180 10. Good health 94 11. Work for everybody 18 88. DK 149 99. NA
VAR 338 FOURTH IMP VALUE 62 Loc 445 width 2 MD=99 POST:62a(4) Rokeach values: Fourth most important value <See POST:62 for complete questiontext> 18 01. Accomplishing something significant 80 02. Good earnings 163 03. Good personal relationships 230 04. Preservation of unspoiled nature 136 05. Independence of our country 115 06. Abolishment of hunger in the world 140 07. Peace 10 08. The soul's salvation 117 09. Equality among the people 130 10. Good health 160 11. Work for everybody 24 88. DK 149 99. NA
VAR 339 FIFTH IMP VALUE 62 Loc 447 width 2 MD=99 POST:62a(5) Rokeach values: Fifth most important value <See POST:62 for complete questiontext> 37 01. Accomplishing something significant 105 02. Good earnings 147 03. Good personal relationships 195 04. Preservation of unspoiled nature 104 05. Independence of our country 129 06. Abolishment of hunger in the world 111 07. Peace 15 08. The soul's salvation 154 09. Equality among the people 112 10. Good health 184 11. Work for everybody 29 88. DK 150 99. NA
VAR 340 LEAST IMPORTANT VALUE 62 Loc 449 width 2 MD=99 POST:62b And which of them do you find least important? 473 01. Accomplishing something significant 95 02. Good earnings 6 03. Good personal relationships 4 04. Preservation of unspoiled nature 5 05. Independence of our country 27 06. Abolishment of hunger in the world 172 07. Peace 474 08. The soul's salvation 32 09. Equality among the people 3 10. Good health 28 11. Work for everybody 153 99. NA
VAR 341 FTII: TRADE UNIONS 63 Loc 451 width 3 MD=999 POST:63 This card is a kind of feeling thermometer. If you feel sympathetic toward the groups I'll soon mention to you, in other words if you like the group, then give it a score between zero and plus 50. If you don't feel favourably toward the group, use the thermometer readings from zero to minus 50. POST:63(1) Trade unions 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 121 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 61 888. DK 150 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 46 48 Frek: 20 1 17 2 1 30 11 35 6 58 11 1 1 Kod: 49 50 51 52 53 55 58 59 60 65 70 75 79 Frek: 2 121 1 1 3 44 2 1 189 26 188 89 1 Kod: 80 85 88 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 173 22 1 102 19 82 61 150
VAR 342 FTII: POLICE 63 Loc 454 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(2) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Police <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 76 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 23 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 52 53 55 Frek: 13 3 4 3 3 1 2 22 5 76 3 1 23 Kod: 58 59 60 65 70 75 80 81 85 90 92 95 98 Frek: 2 2 169 35 199 89 234 1 25 191 1 28 1 Kod: 99 100 888 999 Frek: 2 160 23 151
VAR 343 FTII: SWEDISH-SPEAK 63 Loc 457 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(3) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Swedish-speaking Finns <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 305 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 80 888. DK 162 999. NA Kod: 0 1 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 44 45 47 48 Frek: 27 1 19 1 31 10 47 6 80 1 29 2 1 Kod: 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 58 59 60 62 65 68 Frek: 2 305 1 4 3 1 49 2 1 210 1 29 2 Kod: 70 75 80 85 90 95 98 99 100 888 999 Frek: 124 40 82 8 48 4 1 1 57 80 162
VAR 344 FTII: SOCIALDEM PARTY 63 Loc 460 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(4) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Social Democratic Party <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 271 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 73 888. DK 150 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 32 35 40 43 45 49 Frek: 38 3 35 2 19 6 47 1 11 95 1 22 2 Kod: 50 51 52 54 55 56 57 58 60 64 65 70 75 Frek: 271 4 6 2 46 1 2 1 189 1 42 128 59 Kod: 80 82 85 90 91 93 95 98 100 888 999 Frek: 83 1 19 63 1 1 6 1 40 73 150
VAR 345 FTII: CONS PARTY 63 Loc 463 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(5) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Conservative Party <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 235 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 72 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 20 25 30 34 35 40 43 44 45 48 Frek: 30 5 20 38 16 54 1 10 82 1 1 25 2 Kod: 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 60 62 63 65 70 75 Frek: 235 3 9 3 2 62 2 202 1 1 45 123 56 Kod: 77 80 82 85 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 1 99 1 15 59 9 1 35 72 151
VAR 346 FTII: FINNISH CENTER 63 Loc 466 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(6) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Finnish Center <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 219 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 60 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 42 45 46 48 Frek: 14 2 16 4 19 8 46 4 60 1 18 1 2 Kod: 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 60 65 68 70 73 Frek: 219 1 7 5 2 78 2 2 186 53 2 144 1 Kod: 74 75 78 80 83 85 87 90 93 95 99 100 888 Frek: 1 60 1 118 1 12 1 85 1 13 1 70 60 Kod: 999 Frek: 151
VAR 347 FTII: LEFTIST UNION 63 Loc 469 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(7) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Leftist Union <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 291 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 76 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 1 5 10 15 16 20 25 30 35 40 43 45 Frek: 86 3 15 56 3 1 83 15 94 14 139 2 38 Kod: 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 55 56 58 60 62 Frek: 2 1 5 2 291 3 2 4 64 1 1 112 1 Kod: 64 65 68 70 73 75 80 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 1 28 1 61 1 24 34 9 20 3 25 76 151 Kod: 64 65 68 70 73 75 80 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 1 28 1 61 1 24 34 9 20 3 25 76 151
VAR 348 FTII: FIN RURAL PARTY 63 Loc 472 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(8) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Finnish Rural Party <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 318 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 71 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 1 2 5 10 15 18 20 25 30 32 35 36 Frek: 70 1 1 4 45 2 1 56 14 100 1 14 1 Kod: 40 45 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 57 58 Frek: 122 33 3 5 2 318 4 6 3 1 89 4 3 Kod: 60 62 63 65 70 75 76 80 85 90 100 888 999 Frek: 172 1 2 28 70 15 1 36 4 12 6 71 151 Kod: 60 62 63 65 70 75 76 80 85 90 100 888 999 Frek: 172 1 2 28 70 15 1 36 4 12 6 71 151
VAR 349 FTII: ENVIRONMENT 63 Loc 475 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(9) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Environmentalists <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 116 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 30 888. DK 152 999. NA Kod: 0 1 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 47 49 50 Frek: 19 1 7 1 14 4 24 6 42 18 1 1 116 Kod: 51 52 53 54 55 57 58 59 60 62 65 70 75 Frek: 3 3 3 1 85 2 5 2 243 2 58 182 58 Kod: 80 81 85 88 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 173 1 14 1 104 8 88 30 152
VAR 350 FTII: COMMERC BANKS 63 Loc 478 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(10) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Commercial banks <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 242 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 77 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 13 15 20 21 25 30 35 40 41 45 Frek: 69 2 57 1 6 58 1 15 119 14 142 1 36 Kod: 47 48 49 50 51 52 54 55 58 60 65 66 70 Frek: 2 2 5 242 1 3 2 70 2 161 20 1 107 Kod: 73 75 80 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 1 24 55 3 11 2 9 77 151
VAR 351 FTII: REFUGEES 63 Loc 481 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(11) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Refugees <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 272 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 65 888. DK 152 999. NA Kod: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 47 49 50 Frek: 64 2 22 2 36 10 46 12 76 27 2 2 272 Kod: 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 60 65 68 70 74 75 Frek: 4 7 4 1 79 2 1 219 38 1 132 1 39 Kod: 78 80 85 90 95 99 100 888 999 Frek: 1 60 10 36 7 2 38 65 152
VAR 352 FTII: ESTONIANS 63 Loc 484 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(12) <Placement on feeling thermometer> Estonians <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 228 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 67 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 10 20 25 30 35 40 45 47 48 49 50 51 Frek: 20 6 15 3 15 3 45 21 1 2 1 228 2 Kod: 52 53 55 56 57 58 60 65 67 68 70 72 75 Frek: 8 3 80 2 1 1 247 50 1 2 198 1 41 Kod: 78 80 85 88 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 1 124 8 1 63 11 49 67 151
VAR 353 FTII: NEW PARLIAMENT 63 Loc 487 width 3 MD=999 POST:63(13) <Placement on feeling thermometer> The new parliament <See POST:63 for complete questiontext> 000. (-50) Very negative . . 049. ( -1) A little negative 280 050. ( 0) Neutral 051. ( +1) A little positive . . 100. (+50) Very positive 167 888. DK 151 999. NA Kod: 0 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 47 48 50 51 Frek: 5 2 2 6 5 12 3 21 6 1 2 280 3 Kod: 52 53 54 55 56 57 60 65 69 70 75 76 80 Frek: 3 1 2 58 1 2 187 43 1 147 67 1 145 Kod: 85 90 95 100 888 999 Frek: 11 75 18 44 167 151
VAR 354 SATISF FINANCIAL SIT 64 Loc 490 width 2 MD=99 POST:64 The following card has a scale from zero to ten. Zero means that you are completely dissatisfied and ten means that you are completely satisfied. POST:64A How satisfied are you with your financial situation? 41 00. Completely dissatisfied 28 01. 39 02. 66 03. 68 04. 222 05. 100 06. 219 07. 295 08. 103 09. 141 10. Completely satisfied 3 88. DK 147 99. NA
VAR 355 LIFE SATISFACTION 64 Loc 492 width 2 MD=99 POST:64B And over-all, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays? <See POST:64 for complete questiontext> 6 00. Completely dissatisfied 3 01. 7 02. 22 03. 18 04. 105 05. 55 06. 172 07. 385 08. 293 09. 251 10. Completely satisfied 8 88. DK 147 99. NA
VAR 356 FINANCE 1 YEAR AHEAD 65 Loc 494 width 1 MD=9 POST:65 What would you estimate your family's financial situation will be like 12 months from now, if you compare it with your present situation. Do you suppose it will be better, the same, or worse than now? 46 1. Much better 229 2. Somewhat better 833 3. The same 152 4. Somewhat worse 25 5. Much worse 41 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 357 IDENT SOCIAL CLASS 1 66 Loc 495 width 2 MD=99 POST:66 This card contains three different ways of grouping people. Please mention the group to which you think you belong to most of all. And to what group do you belong next? POST:66(1) Social class identification, group 1 246 11. Workers 126 12. Lower middle class 76 13. Upper middle class 2 14. Upper class 13 21. Employers 355 22. Wage and salary earners 125 23. Entrepreneurs 167 31. Small income group 169 32. Middle income group 2 33. High income group 43 88. DK 148 99. NA
VAR 358 IDENT SOCIAL CLASS 2 66 Loc 497 width 2 MD=99 POST:66(2) Social class identification, group 2 <See POST:66 for complete questiontext> 124 11. Workers 142 12. Lower middle class 70 13. Upper middle class 4 14. Upper class 17 21. Employers 240 22. Wage and salary earners 65 23. Entrepreneurs 161 31. Small income group 343 32. Middle income group 6 33. High income group 147 88. DK 153 99. NA
VAR 359 NEIGHBOURHOOD 10-18 67 Loc 499 width 1 MD=9 POST:67 What was your neighbourhood like when you were 10-18 years old? 564 1. Sparsely populated area 299 2. Densely populated rural area 48 3. City with less than 10 000 inhabitants 163 4. City with 10 000-35 000 inhabitants 249 5. City with more than 35 000 inhabitants 3 8. DK 146 9. NA
VAR 360 NUMBER OF MOVINGS 68 Loc 500 width 1 MD=9 POST:68 How many times have you moved to another place during your lifetime? Do not count your moving within the same municipality. 97 1. Six times or more 207 2. 4-5 times 395 3. 2-3 times 272 4. Once 355 5. Never, I have always lived here 146 9. NA
VAR 361 YEAR MOVE PRES PLACE 69 Loc 501 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:69 (MOVED) Let us next review your most recent moves. We do not want to list moves within the same municipality. POST:69(1) In what year did you move to your present place of residence? 20. 1920 . . 91. 1991 488 00. INAP 17 99. NA Kod: 20 22 26 29 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 Frek: 1 1 2 1 1 5 1 1 2 5 4 1 6 Kod: 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 Frek: 7 8 10 6 6 7 8 9 7 4 11 9 7 Kod: 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 Frek: 15 4 21 14 18 15 13 13 14 22 11 20 22 Kod: 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 Frek: 17 31 30 27 25 24 14 19 25 27 16 25 22 Kod: 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 0 99 Frek: 37 44 36 33 42 57 69 15 488 17
VAR 362 YEAR MOVE PRE PLACE 1 69 Loc 503 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:69(2) What was your previous place of residence? In which year did you move there? <See POST:69 for complete questiontext> 17. 1917 . . 90. 1990 562 00. INAP 160 99. NA Kod: 17 18 20 21 22 24 25 26 28 29 30 31 32 Frek: 1 1 1 1 2 1 4 1 1 1 3 1 1 Kod: 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Frek: 4 2 1 3 5 5 4 9 5 2 2 4 7 Kod: 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 Frek: 10 8 5 5 7 9 11 7 10 16 8 9 10 Kod: 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 Frek: 11 16 15 17 16 22 13 13 13 21 16 35 18 Kod: 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 Frek: 26 25 24 18 14 19 15 11 28 17 16 12 13 Kod: 85 86 87 88 89 90 0 99 Frek: 23 15 11 26 20 4 562 160
VAR 363 YEAR MOVE PRE PLACE 2 69 Loc 505 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:69(3) What place of residence did you have before that? When did you move there? <See POST:69 for complete questiontext> 15. 1915 . . 89. 1989 831 00. INAP 154 99. NA Kod: 15 19 20 22 24 26 30 31 33 34 35 36 37 Frek: 2 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 5 1 2 1 4 Kod: 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Frek: 4 6 7 3 4 6 8 9 6 9 8 4 7 Kod: 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 Frek: 7 3 8 6 11 8 2 8 9 11 8 13 10 Kod: 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 Frek: 6 13 16 13 10 23 18 14 14 18 8 11 8 Kod: 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 Frek: 9 6 10 6 9 10 7 9 13 10 7 4 5 Kod: 0 99 Frek: 831 154
VAR 364 YEAR MOVE PRE PLACE 3 69 Loc 507 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:69(4) What was your place of residence before that? When did you move there? <See POST:69 for complete questiontext> 18. 1918 . . 89. 1989 1067 00. INAP 115 99. NA Kod: 18 19 23 28 31 32 33 34 35 37 38 Frek: 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 5 1 3 Kod: 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 48 49 50 Frek: 8 8 5 4 1 6 5 5 4 6 7 Kod: 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 Frek: 2 8 3 3 2 8 6 11 8 8 4 Kod: 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 Frek: 8 3 8 5 6 8 9 7 11 12 12 Kod: 73 74 75 76 77 79 80 81 82 83 84 Frek: 2 6 4 3 4 5 5 5 3 3 4 Kod: 85 86 87 88 89 0 99 Frek: 3 3 2 1 2 1067 115
VAR 365 YEAR MOVE PRE PLACE 4 69 Loc 509 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 POST:69(5) And what was your place of residence before that? When did you move there? <See POST:69 for complete questiontext> 22. 1922 . . 88. 1988 1228 00. INAP 76 99. NA Kod: 22 26 27 28 30 32 34 35 36 37 39 Frek: 1 1 3 3 2 3 2 1 2 2 5 Kod: 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 50 51 Frek: 2 3 2 1 3 3 3 1 6 1 7 Kod: 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 62 63 Frek: 1 1 5 6 7 3 3 3 8 5 5 Kod: 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 74 75 Frek: 6 2 2 5 1 6 10 1 4 4 2 Kod: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 85 86 87 88 Frek: 1 2 1 2 2 4 2 3 2 1 1 Kod: 0 99 Frek: 1228 76
VAR 366 LOGO IDENT: SDP 70 Loc 511 width 1 MD=9 POST:70 Finally we would like you to identify the logos that six different parties used during this election campaign. To which party does each logo belong to? POST:70(1) SDP Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 977 1. Right 349 5. Wrong 146 9. NA
VAR 367 LOGO IDENT: CONS 70 Loc 512 width 1 MD=9 POST:70(2) <Logo identification> KOK Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party <See POST:70 for complete questiontext> 690 1. Right 636 5. Wrong 146 9. NA
VAR 368 LOGO IDENT: CENTER 70 Loc 513 width 1 MD=9 POST:70(3) <Logo identification> Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) <See POST:70 for complete questiontext> 1144 1. Right 182 5. Wrong 146 9. NA
VAR 369 LOGO IDENT: RURAL P 70 Loc 514 width 1 MD=9 POST:70(4) <Logo identification> Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party <See POST:70 for complete questiontext> 256 1. Right 1070 5. Wrong 146 9. NA
VAR 370 LOGO IDENT: SWED PP 70 Loc 515 width 1 MD=9 POST:70(5) <Logo identification> Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party <See POST:70 for complete questiontext> 265 1. Right 1061 5. Wrong 146 9. NA
VAR 371 LOGO IDENT: LEFTIST 70 Loc 516 width 1 MD=9 POST:70(6) <Logo identification> Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union <See POST:70 for complete questiontext> 213 1. Right 1113 5. Wrong 146 9. NA
VAR 372 LOGO IDENT: RIGHT ANS 70 Loc 517 width 1 MD=9 POST:70(7) <Logo identification> Number of right answers <See POST:70 for complete questiontext> 234 0. No right answers 298 1. 1 right answer 283 2. 2 right answers 275 3. 3 right answers 164 4. 4 right answers 72 5. 5 right answers 146 9. NA
VAR 373 POST-ELECTION MAIL QUEST Loc 518 width 1 Post-election mail questionnaire 1134 1. Answered 338 5. Did not answer
VAR 374 CAMP ADS: NEWSP ADS 1 Loc 519 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:1 With what kind of interest did you follow the campaign advertising of the parties and candidates before the election? For each item (a-e), just check the alternative that feels correct for you. MAIL:1a Newspaper ads of parties or candidates 37 1. Very interested 219 2. Somewhat interested 607 3. Not much interested 229 4. Not at all interested 18 7. Did not see or hear 12 8. DK 350 9. NA
VAR 375 CAMP ADS: POSTERS 1 Loc 520 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:1b <Interest in campaign advertising> Outdoor posters <See MAIL:1 for complete questiontext> 8 1. Very interested 65 2. Somewhat interested 452 3. Not much interested 531 4. Not at all interested 37 7. Did not see or hear 12 8. DK 367 9. NA
VAR 376 CAMP ADS: LOCAL RADIO 1 Loc 521 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:1c <Interest in campaign advertising> Local radio commercials by parties and candidates <See MAIL:1 for complete questiontext> 10 1. Very interested 84 2. Somewhat interested 279 3. Not much interested 419 4. Not at all interested 289 7. Did not see or hear 25 8. DK 366 9. NA
VAR 377 CAMP ADS: LEAFLETS 1 Loc 522 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:1d <Interest in campaign advertising> Leaflets sent out or personally distributed by parties and candidates <See MAIL:1 for complete questiontext> 13 1. Very interested 95 2. Somewhat interested 412 3. Not much interested 494 4. Not at all interested 77 7. Did not see or hear 16 8. DK 365 9. NA
VAR 378 CAMP ADS: CABLE-TV 1 Loc 523 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:1e <Interest in campaign advertising> Commercials on cable-TV by parties and candidates <See MAIL:1 for complete questiontext> 4 1. Very interested 18 2. Somewhat interested 90 3. Not much interested 257 4. Not at all interested 668 7. Did not see or hear 54 8. DK 381 9. NA
VAR 379 CAMP INFL: NEWSP ADS 2 Loc 524 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:2 (VOTED) How much real influence do you think the different forms of campaign advertising had on what party and candidate you voted for? Again check for each item (a-e) the alternative that sounds correct for you. MAIL:2a Newspaper ads of parties or candidates 26 1. Influenced much 289 3. Had some influence 568 5. Had no influence 14 7. Did not see or hear 16 8. DK 559 0. INAP
VAR 380 CAMP INFL: POSTERS 2 Loc 525 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:2b <Campaign influence> Outdoor posters <See MAIL:2 for complete questiontext> 6 1. Influenced much 111 3. Had some influence 734 5. Had no influence 26 7. Did not see or hear 20 8. DK 575 0. INAP
VAR 381 CAMP INFL: LOCAL RADIO 2 Loc 526 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:2c <Campaign influence> Local radio commercials by parties and candidates <See MAIL:2 for complete questiontext> 12 1. Influenced much 119 3. Had some influence 525 5. Had no influence 223 7. Did not see or hear 20 8. DK 573 0. INAP
VAR 382 CAMP INFL: LEAFLETS 2 Loc 527 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:2d <Campaign influence> Leaflets sent out or personally distributed by parties and candidates <See MAIL:2 for complete questiontext> 18 1. Influenced much 200 3. Had some influence 607 5. Had no influence 59 7. Did not see or hear 14 8. DK 574 0. INAP
VAR 383 CAMP INFL: CABLE-TV 2 Loc 528 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:2e <Campaign influence> Commercials on cable-TV by parties and candidates <See MAIL:2 for complete questiontext> 2 1. Influenced much 33 3. Had some influence 330 5. Had no influence 478 7. Did not see or hear 41 8. DK 588 0. INAP
VAR 384 CAMP ADS - MASS MEDIA 3 Loc 529 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:3 (VOTED) If you compare the information you got from campaign advertising with information you obtained through the mass media, which one had more influence on what party and candidate you voted for? 105 1. Campaign advertising 464 2. Other information obtained through mass media 288 8. DK 615 0. INAP
VAR 385 TRUST IN NEWSPAPERS 4 Loc 530 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4 How much do you trust the following sources of information? For each of them (a-g), please circle the correct alternative. MAIL:4a Newspapers 132 1. Very much 648 2. Rather much 283 3. Rather little 34 4. Not at all 16 8. DK 359 9. NA
VAR 386 TRUST IN MAGAZINES 4 Loc 531 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4b <Trust in sources of information> Magazines <See MAIL:4 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Very much 221 2. Rather much 599 3. Rather little 202 4. Not at all 66 8. DK 377 9. NA
VAR 387 TRUST IN TELEVISION 4 Loc 532 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4c <Trust in sources of information> Television <See MAIL:4 for complete questiontext> 158 1. Very much 644 2. Rather much 233 3. Rather little 36 4. Not at all 35 8. DK 366 9. NA
VAR 388 TRUST IN FBC RADIO PRG 4 Loc 533 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4d <Trust in sources of information> Radio programs of the FBC <See MAIL:4 for complete questiontext> 115 1. Very much 556 2. Rather much 290 3. Rather little 69 4. Not at all 67 8. DK 375 9. NA
VAR 389 TRUST IN LOCAL RADIO 4 Loc 534 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4e <Trust in sources of information> Local radio <See MAIL:4 for complete questiontext> 42 1. Very much 388 2. Rather much 399 3. Rather little 150 4. Not at all 123 8. DK 370 9. NA
VAR 390 TRUST IN FBC TV NEWS 4 Loc 535 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4f <Trust in sources of information> FBC evening news on TV at 20.30 <See MAIL:4 for complete questiontext> 348 1. Very much 550 2. Rather much 135 3. Rather little 31 4. Not at all 40 8. DK 368 9. NA
VAR 391 TRUST IN MTV TV NEWS 4 Loc 536 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:4g <Trust in sources of information> TV news of MTV at 22 <See MAIL:4 for complete questiontext> 278 1. Very much 543 2. Rather much 173 3. Rather little 54 4. Not at all 48 8. DK 376 9. NA
VAR 392 CAMPAIGN MEETING 5 Loc 537 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:5 Did you attend some party's campaign meeting before the election? 110 1. Yes 1010 5. No 352 9. NA
VAR 393 CAMP MEETING PARTY 1 6 Loc 538 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 MAIL:6 (ATTENDED CAMPAIGN MEETING) Please check from the following list the number of each party whose campaign meeting you attended. MAIL:6(1) Campaign meeting - party 1 30 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 19 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 38 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 11 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 4 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 2 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 2 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 1 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Viherät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 1 09. Liberaalinen Kansanpuolue - Liberal People's Party 2 18. Other 1360 00. INAP 2 99. NA
VAR 394 CAMP MEETING PARTY 2 6 Loc 540 width 2 MD= 0 MAIL:6(2) Campaign meeting - party 2 <See MAIL:6 for complete questiontext> 7 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 5 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 4 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 2 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 1 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 3 08. Vihreät (Vihreä liitto tai Ekologinen puolue Viherät) - The Greens (Green League or the Ecology Party Greens) 1 10. Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue - Constitutionalist People's Party 1 13. Pensioners' & Green Joint Responsibility 1448 00. INAP
VAR 395 CAMP MEETING PARTY 3 6 Loc 542 width 2 MD= 0 MAIL:6(3) Campaign meeting - party 3 <See MAIL:6 for complete questiontext> 4 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 1 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 4 08. Vihreä Liitto - The Green League 1 15. Naisliike - Women's Movement 1 17. Riippumattomat Sitoutumattomat Eläkeläiset - Independent Pensioners 1461 00. INAP
VAR 396 CAMP MEETING PARTY 4 6 Loc 544 width 2 MD= 0 MAIL:6(4) Campaign meeting - party 4 <See MAIL:6 for complete questiontext> 1 04. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 1 05. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 1 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 1 08. Vihreä Liitto - The Green League 1 16. Rauhan ja Sosialismin puolesta/Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue - Peace and Socialism / Communist Workers' Party 1467 00. INAP
VAR 397 CAMP MEETING PARTY 5 6 Loc 546 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:6(5) Campaign meeting - party 5 <See MAIL:6 for complete questiontext> 1 6. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 1 8. Vihreä Liitto - The Green League 1470 0. INAP
VAR 398 CANVASSING AT HOME 7 Loc 547 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:7 Did some party's campaign worker do personal canvassing at your doorstep or inside your home? 21 1. Yes 1112 5. No 339 9. NA
VAR 399 CANVASSING PARTY 1 8 Loc 548 width 2 MD= 0 MAIL:8 (CANVASSING AT HOME) Please check on this list the number of each party whose campaign worker visited your doorstep or home. MAIL:8(1) Campaign canvassing - party 1 7 01. Suomen Socialidemokraattinen Puolue - Social Democratic Party of Finland 6 02. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 2 03. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 1 06. Suomen Maaseudun Puolue - Finnish Rural Party 3 07. Suomen Kristillinen Liitto - Christian League of Finland 1 15. Naisliike - Women's Movement 1452 00. INAP
VAR 400 CANVASSING PARTY 2 8 Loc 550 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:8(2) Campaign canvassing - party 2 <See MAIL:8 for complete questiontext> 1 2. Kansallinen Kokoomus - National Coalition/Conservative Party 1 3. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 1 4. Vasemmistoliitto - Leftist Union 1469 0. INAP
VAR 401 CANVASSING PARTY 3 8 Loc 551 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:8(3) Campaign canvassing - party 3 <See MAIL:8 for complete questiontext> 1 3. Suomen Keskusta - Finnish Center (Party) 1 5. Ruotsalainen Kansanpuolue - Swedish People's Party 1470 0. INAP
VAR 402 PC REASON: EMPLOYMENT 9 Loc 552 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9 (VOTED) Please think once more about your choice of party in these elections. How important were the following things? For each item (a-l), check the closest alternative. MAIL:9a Employment issues 291 1. Very important 446 2. Somewhat important 133 3. Not very important 34 4. Not at all important 23 8. DK 545 0. INAP
VAR 403 PC REASON: ENVIRONMENT 9 Loc 553 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9b <Importance for party choice> Environment issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 239 1. Very important 489 2. Somewhat important 146 3. Not very important 23 4. Not at all important 25 8. DK 550 0. INAP
VAR 404 PC REASON: TAXATION 9 Loc 554 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9c <Importance for party choice> Taxation issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 360 1. Very important 434 2. Somewhat important 100 3. Not very important 7 4. Not at all important 28 8. DK 543 0. INAP
VAR 405 PC REASON: FIN ECONOMY 9 Loc 555 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9d <Importance for party choice> Issues related to Finnish economy <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 319 1. Very important 468 2. Somewhat important 93 3. Not very important 7 4. Not at all important 32 8. DK 553 0. INAP
VAR 406 PC REASON: SOC SECURIT 9 Loc 556 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9e <Importance for party choice> Social security issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 256 1. Very important 448 2. Somewhat important 177 3. Not very important 20 4. Not at all important 20 8. DK 551 0. INAP
VAR 407 PC REASON: CHILD CARE 9 Loc 557 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9f <Importance for party choice> Child care issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 170 1. Very important 298 2. Somewhat important 287 3. Not very important 107 4. Not at all important 53 8. DK 557 0. INAP
VAR 408 PC REASON: ENERGY 9 Loc 558 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9g <Importance for party choice> Energy and nuclear power issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 190 1. Very important 442 2. Somewhat important 200 3. Not very important 39 4. Not at all important 46 8. DK 555 0. INAP
VAR 409 PC REASON: REFUGEE 9 Loc 559 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9h <Importance for party choice> Refugee question <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 81 1. Very important 276 2. Somewhat important 395 3. Not very important 115 4. Not at all important 65 8. DK 540 0. INAP
VAR 410 PC REASON: EURO INTEGR 9 Loc 560 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9i <Importance for party choice> European integration issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 130 1. Very important 357 2. Somewhat important 279 3. Not very important 68 4. Not at all important 94 8. DK 544 0. INAP
VAR 411 PC REASON: PRIV PUB 9 Loc 561 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9j <Importance for party choice> Issues concerning the privatization of the public sector <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 80 1. Very important 217 2. Somewhat important 401 3. Not very important 125 4. Not at all important 107 8. DK 542 0. INAP
VAR 412 PC REASON: REGIONAL 9 Loc 562 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9k <Importance for party choice> Regional policy issues <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 96 1. Very important 319 2. Somewhat important 342 3. Not very important 85 4. Not at all important 94 8. DK 536 0. INAP
VAR 413 PC REASON: GOVT POLICY 9 Loc 563 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:9l <Importance for party choice> Government policy during the past term <See MAIL:9 for complete questiontext> 131 1. Very important 351 2. Somewhat important 257 3. Not very important 95 4. Not at all important 102 8. DK 536 0. INAP
VAR 414 CC REASON: INFLUENCE 10 Loc 564 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10 (VOTED) The following list offers some reasons why people choose their candidate. Please think for each item how much influence it had on which candidate you voted for? Check for every item (a-l) the alternative that you feel is correct. MAIL:10a Candidate's influence in his own party 60 1. Decisive influence 180 2. Much influence 317 3. Some influence 325 4. No influence at all 53 8. DK 537 0. INAP
VAR 415 CC REASON: NEW TALENT 10 Loc 565 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10b <Importance for candidate choice> Desire to get fresh new talent to the parliament <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 172 1. Decisive influence 224 2. Much influence 234 3. Some influence 293 4. No influence at all 23 8. DK 526 0. INAP
VAR 416 CC REASON: CLOSENESS 10 Loc 566 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10c <Importance for candidate choice> Human closeness of the candidate <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 143 1. Decisive influence 335 2. Much influence 282 3. Some influence 119 4. No influence at all 59 8. DK 534 0. INAP
VAR 417 CC REASON: NUCLEAR 10 Loc 567 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10d <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's position on nuclear power issues <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 65 1. Decisive influence 182 2. Much influence 256 3. Some influence 299 4. No influence at all 133 8. DK 537 0. INAP
VAR 418 CC REASON: PERFORM 10 Loc 568 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10e <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's ability as public performer <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 103 1. Decisive influence 288 2. Much influence 320 3. Some influence 161 4. No influence at all 68 8. DK 532 0. INAP
VAR 419 CC REASON: PUBL KNOWN 10 Loc 569 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10f <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate is widely known to the public <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 77 1. Decisive influence 154 2. Much influence 274 3. Some influence 391 4. No influence at all 39 8. DK 537 0. INAP
VAR 420 CC REASON: AGE 10 Loc 570 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10g <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's age <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 71 1. Decisive influence 187 2. Much influence 310 3. Some influence 340 4. No influence at all 33 8. DK 531 0. INAP
VAR 421 CC REASON: OCCUPATION 10 Loc 571 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10h <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's work and occupation <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 91 1. Decisive influence 214 2. Much influence 288 3. Some influence 304 4. No influence at all 39 8. DK 536 0. INAP
VAR 422 CC REASON: POL CONV 10 Loc 572 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10i <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's political convictions <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 234 1. Decisive influence 310 2. Much influence 231 3. Some influence 120 4. No influence at all 39 8. DK 538 0. INAP
VAR 423 CC REASON: EDUCATION 10 Loc 573 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10j <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's education and expert knowledge <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 160 1. Decisive influence 352 2. Much influence 274 3. Some influence 103 4. No influence at all 45 8. DK 538 0. INAP
VAR 424 CC REASON: COOPERAT 10 Loc 574 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10k <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's cooperativeness <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 121 1. Decisive influence 375 2. Much influence 243 3. Some influence 96 4. No influence at all 103 8. DK 534 0. INAP
VAR 425 CC REASON: INDEPEND 10 Loc 575 width 1 MD=0 MAIL:10l <Importance for candidate choice> Candidate's independence in reaching decisions <See MAIL:10 for complete questiontext> 144 1. Decisive influence 318 2. Much influence 247 3. Some influence 99 4. No influence at all 128 8. DK 536 0. INAP
VAR 426 IMP OLD AGE CARE 11 Loc 576 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:11 How important are the following issues and problems to you these days? For each item (a-f), please check the most appropriate alternative. MAIL:11a Looking after old people 389 1. Very important 560 2. Important 148 3. Not very important 32 4. Not at all important 5 8. DK 338 9. NA
VAR 427 IMP EQUAL RIGHTS 11 Loc 577 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:11b <Important issues> Equal rights for women and men <See MAIL:11 for complete questiontext> 176 1. Very important 517 2. Important 332 3. Not very important 81 4. Not at all important 20 8. DK 346 9. NA
VAR 428 IMP GOOD MEDICAL CARE 11 Loc 578 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:11c <Important issues> Providing good medical care <See MAIL:11 for complete questiontext> 477 1. Very important 589 2. Important 55 3. Not very important 4 4. Not at all important 347 9. NA
VAR 429 IMP ADEQUATE HOUSING 11 Loc 579 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:11d <Important issues> Providing adequate housing <See MAIL:11 for complete questiontext> 427 1. Very important 620 2. Important 67 3. Not very important 15 4. Not at all important 2 8. DK 341 9. NA
VAR 430 IMP FIGHT POLLUTION 11 Loc 580 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:11e <Important issues> Fighting pollution <See MAIL:11 for complete questiontext> 523 1. Very important 529 2. Important 61 3. Not very important 9 4. Not at all important 8 8. DK 342 9. NA
VAR 431 IMP FIGHT PRICE RISES 11 Loc 581 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:11f <Important issues> Fight rising prices <See MAIL:11 for complete questiontext> 428 1. Very important 535 2. Important 146 3. Not very important 14 4. Not at all important 8 8. DK 341 9. NA
VAR 432 GVT OLD AGE CARE 12 Loc 582 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:12 In your opinion, how well has the government handled these problems? For each item (a-f), check the most appropriate alternative. MAIL:12a Looking after old people 13 1. Very well 546 2. Well 434 3. Badly 54 4. Very badly 81 8. DK 344 9. NA
VAR 433 GVT EQUAL RIGHTS 12 Loc 583 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:12b <Government handling> Equal rights for women and men <See MAIL:12 for complete questiontext> 29 1. Very well 453 2. Well 413 3. Badly 53 4. Very badly 168 8. DK 356 9. NA
VAR 434 GVT GOOD MEDICAL CARE 12 Loc 584 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:12c <Government handling> Providing good medical care <See MAIL:12 for complete questiontext> 70 1. Very well 819 2. Well 172 3. Badly 24 4. Very badly 39 8. DK 348 9. NA
VAR 435 GVT ADEQUATE HOUSING 12 Loc 585 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:12d <Government handling> Providing adequate housing <See MAIL:12 for complete questiontext> 6 1. Very well 262 2. Well 557 3. Badly 225 4. Very badly 73 8. DK 349 9. NA
VAR 436 GVT FIGHT POLLUTION 12 Loc 586 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:12e <Government handling> Fighting pollution <See MAIL:12 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Very well 166 2. Well 655 3. Badly 176 4. Very badly 118 8. DK 350 9. NA
VAR 437 GVT FIGHT PRICE RISES 12 Loc 587 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:12f <Government handling> Fight rising prices <See MAIL:12 for complete questiontext> 4 1. Very well 72 2. Well 601 3. Badly 362 4. Very badly 86 8. DK 347 9. NA
VAR 438 FURTHER INTERESTS 13 Loc 588 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13 What do you think about the following statements? For each item (a-q), please check the most appropriate alternative. MAIL:13a There is at least one party that always tries to further my interests 149 1. Agree strongly 444 2. Agree to some extent 249 3. Disagree to some extent 152 4. Disagree strongly 135 8. DK 343 9. NA
VAR 439 CLASS DIFFERENCES 13 Loc 589 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13b Although many people speak to the contrary, our society still has clear class differences <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 206 1. Agree strongly 506 2. Agree to some extent 213 3. Disagree to some extent 78 4. Disagree strongly 118 8. DK 351 9. NA
VAR 440 NO SENSE VOTE NO INFL 13 Loc 590 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13c It does not make sense to vote for a party that is unable to have real influence <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 357 1. Agree strongly 315 2. Agree to some extent 56 3. Disagree to some extent 259 4. Disagree strongly 138 8. DK 347 9. NA
VAR 441 VOTING DOES NOT HELP 13 Loc 591 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13d Voting does not help at all my own standard of living <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 137 1. Agree strongly 245 2. Agree to some extent 343 3. Disagree to some extent 331 4. Disagree strongly 68 8. DK 348 9. NA
VAR 442 PROTEST NOT TO VOTE 13 Loc 592 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13e If I would not vote, generally that would be a protest against parties and politics <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 392 1. Agree strongly 237 2. Agree to some extent 129 3. Disagree to some extent 265 4. Disagree strongly 97 8. DK 352 9. NA
VAR 443 THINGS WELL ENOUGH 13 Loc 593 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13f I might as well stay away from voting, because things are well enough in our country <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 6 1. Agree strongly 54 2. Agree to some extent 176 3. Disagree to some extent 843 4. Disagree strongly 41 8. DK 352 9. NA
VAR 444 VOTE FIND INTERESTING 13 Loc 594 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13g Let only those people vote who find it interesting <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 59 1. Agree strongly 81 2. Agree to some extent 196 3. Disagree to some extent 739 4. Disagree strongly 41 8. DK 356 9. NA
VAR 445 VOTE ONLY TO SAY 13 Loc 595 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13h I generally vote only in order to be able to tell I voted, if someone happens to ask <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 26 1. Agree strongly 62 2. Agree to some extent 114 3. Disagree to some extent 878 4. Disagree strongly 37 8. DK 355 9. NA
VAR 446 ADVANTAGES COMPUTERS 13 Loc 596 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13i Although computers change much in our lives, they give more advantages than disadvantages <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 373 1. Agree strongly 434 2. Agree to some extent 109 3. Disagree to some extent 159 4. Disagree strongly 45 8. DK 352 9. NA
VAR 447 MORE ECON WELL-BEING 13 Loc 597 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13j More economic well-being would add to our mental sickness <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 222 1. Agree strongly 494 2. Agree to some extent 110 3. Disagree to some extent 184 4. Disagree strongly 112 8. DK 350 9. NA
VAR 448 ADV TECHN CREATE PROB 13 Loc 598 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13k Advances in technology have created more problems than they have succeeded in solving <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 160 1. Agree strongly 427 2. Agree to some extent 133 3. Disagree to some extent 293 4. Disagree strongly 107 8. DK 352 9. NA
VAR 449 INCREASED EQUAL SEXES 13 Loc 599 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13l Equality of the sexes has clearly increased in our country during the past few years <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 262 1. Agree strongly 525 2. Agree to some extent 197 3. Disagree to some extent 54 4. Disagree strongly 85 8. DK 349 9. NA
VAR 450 SOC DIFF ACCEPTABLE 13 Loc 600 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13m Social differences between people are acceptable because they show how good use people have made of their opportunities <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 65 1. Agree strongly 344 2. Agree to some extent 151 3. Disagree to some extent 303 4. Disagree strongly 250 8. DK 359 9. NA
VAR 451 FINLAND MEMBER OF EC 13 Loc 601 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13n Finland should become a member of the European Community <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 265 1. Agree strongly 281 2. Agree to some extent 332 3. Disagree to some extent 146 4. Disagree strongly 97 8. DK 351 9. NA
VAR 452 DEM FUNCTIONS WELL 13 Loc 602 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13o Democracy functions so well in Finland that talks about people's lack of influence are not justified <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 52 1. Agree strongly 194 2. Agree to some extent 149 3. Disagree to some extent 452 4. Disagree strongly 273 8. DK 352 9. NA
VAR 453 ONLY ECONOMIC GROWTH 13 Loc 603 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13p Only economic growth can provide continuous well-being for the people <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 132 1. Agree strongly 275 2. Agree to some extent 83 3. Disagree to some extent 402 4. Disagree strongly 225 8. DK 355 9. NA
VAR 454 PRIVILEGE BE FINNISH 13 Loc 604 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:13q It is a fortune and a privilege to be Finnish <See MAIL:13 for complete questiontext> 548 1. Agree strongly 348 2. Agree to some extent 135 3. Disagree to some extent 45 4. Disagree strongly 54 8. DK 342 9. NA
VAR 455 ESTABLISH PARTY PREF 14 Loc 605 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:14 How established would you say your party preference has become? 258 1. Absolutely well established 486 2. Rather established 204 3. Not very established 118 4. Not at all established 68 8. DK 338 9. NA
VAR 456 CONFL FARMER-CONSUMER 15 Loc 606 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15 People say that in Finland the interests of different groups, such as political groups, sexes etc., conflict each other. But all social conflicts are not equally strong. Please estimate how strong are the following conflicts between two groups. Check the most appropriate alternative for each item (a-j). MAIL:15a Farm producers / Consumers 163 1. Very strong 582 2. Rather strong 245 3. Rather weak 21 4. None at all 111 8. DK 350 9. NA
VAR 457 CONFL RICH-POOR 15 Loc 607 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15b <Conflicts between> The rich / The poor <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 346 1. Very strong 485 2. Rather strong 210 3. Rather weak 13 4. None at all 63 8. DK 355 9. NA
VAR 458 CONFL MANUAL-MENTAL 15 Loc 608 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15c <Conflicts between> Manual workers / Mental workers <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 88 1. Very strong 412 2. Rather strong 456 3. Rather weak 64 4. None at all 94 8. DK 358 9. NA
VAR 459 CONFL EMPLOYERS-EMPL 15 Loc 609 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15d <Conflicts between> Employers / Employees <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 179 1. Very strong 576 2. Rather strong 265 3. Rather weak 14 4. None at all 76 8. DK 362 9. NA
VAR 460 CONFL POL-THE PEOPLE 15 Loc 610 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15e <Conflicts between> Politicians / The people <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 255 1. Very strong 485 2. Rather strong 242 3. Rather weak 25 4. None at all 104 8. DK 361 9. NA
VAR 461 CONFL EMPL-UNEMPL 15 Loc 611 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15f <Conflicts between> Permanently employed - Unemployed <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 213 1. Very strong 418 2. Rather strong 316 3. Rather weak 40 4. None at all 121 8. DK 364 9. NA
VAR 462 CONFL MEN-WOMEN 15 Loc 612 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15g <Conflicts between> Men / Women <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 44 1. Very strong 308 2. Rather strong 519 3. Rather weak 139 4. None at all 98 8. DK 364 9. NA
VAR 463 CONFL SOC-BOURGEOIS 15 Loc 613 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15h <Conflicts between> Socialists / Bourgeois <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 161 1. Very strong 439 2. Rather strong 335 3. Rather weak 38 4. None at all 136 8. DK 363 9. NA
VAR 464 CONFL BUSINESS-ENVIR 15 Loc 614 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15i <Conflicts between> Decision-makers in business / Environmentalists <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 405 1. Very strong 511 2. Rather strong 89 3. Rather weak 9 4. None at all 99 8. DK 359 9. NA
VAR 465 CONFL FINNISH-SWEDISH 15 Loc 615 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:15j <Conflicts between> Finnish speakers / Swedish speakers <See MAIL:15 for complete questiontext> 126 1. Very strong 372 2. Rather strong 393 3. Rather weak 81 4. None at all 143 8. DK 357 9. NA
VAR 466 SECUR: BALTIC STATES 16 Loc 616 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:16 How significantly do you think the following things will increase or decrease the security of Finland and the Finns in the near future? Please check the most appropriate alternative for each item (a-f). MAIL:16a Internal development of the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) 70 1. Increases significantly 216 2. Increases somewhat 272 3. No influence at all 465 4. Decreases somewhat 57 5. Decreases significantly 392 9. NA
VAR 467 SECUR: SOVIET UNION 16 Loc 617 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:16b <Effect on Finnish security> Internal development of the Soviet Union <See MAIL:16 for complete questiontext> 119 1. Increases significantly 193 2. Increases somewhat 140 3. No influence at all 462 4. Decreases somewhat 169 5. Decreases significantly 389 9. NA
VAR 468 SECUR: MIDDLE EAST 16 Loc 618 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:16c <Effect on Finnish security> Struggle for oil and borders in the Middle East <See MAIL:16 for complete questiontext> 45 1. Increases significantly 149 2. Increases somewhat 459 3. No influence at all 395 4. Decreases somewhat 34 5. Decreases significantly 390 9. NA
VAR 469 SECUR: NUCLEAR POWER 16 Loc 619 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:16d <Effect on Finnish security> Using nuclear power as a source of energy <See MAIL:16 for complete questiontext> 67 1. Increases significantly 199 2. Increases somewhat 254 3. No influence at all 442 4. Decreases somewhat 123 5. Decreases significantly 387 9. NA
VAR 470 SECUR: EUR ECON INTEG 16 Loc 620 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:16e <Effect on Finnish security> European economic integration <See MAIL:16 for complete questiontext> 92 1. Increases significantly 372 2. Increases somewhat 233 3. No influence at all 284 4. Decreases somewhat 68 5. Decreases significantly 423 9. NA
VAR 471 SECUR: REL SUPERPOWER 16 Loc 621 width 1 MD=9 MAIL:16f <Effect on Finnish security> Development of the relations between the superpowers <See MAIL:16 for complete questiontext> 200 1. Increases significantly 406 2. Increases somewhat 195 3. No influence at all 205 4. Decreases somewhat 46 5. Decreases significantly 420 9. NA