Fire and herbivory driven consumer control in a savanna-like temperate wood-pasture: an experimental approach

SND-ID: 2021-193

Description Data and documentation

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Karin Amsten - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Joris P. G. M. Cromsigt - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies

Dries P. J. Kuijper - Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences

Jenny M. Loberg - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health

Mats Niklasson - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Description

Fire and herbivory are fundamental top-down processes, structuring grass-tree ratios in ecosystems across a diversity of climates. Both are plant consumers that can strongly control the recruitment of woody seedlings or saplings to taller height classes. Without such ‘consumer control’, many grass-dominated ecosystems would convert into woodlands or forests. While extensively studied in savannas, few have explored the effects of these disturbance regimes on woody recruitment under temperate conditions.
We exposed saplings of the five most common European tree species to fire and herbivory in a full factorial experiment in a savanna-like wood-pasture on the Swedish west coast. After three years, we evaluated the effects of fire and herbivory on tree sapling survival and height increment. The tree species used, varying in traits and in expected response to fire and herbivory, were Scots pine Pinus sylvestris, Norway spruce Picea abies, European oak Quercus robur, Silver birch Betula pendula and Small-leaved lime Tilia cordata.
Fire and herbivory, and their combination, had a negative effect on

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Language

English

Research principal, contributors, and funding

Funding

  • Funding agency: Hasselblad Foundation
Protection and ethical review

Data contains personal data

No

Method

Time period(s) investigated

2015–2018

Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Sweden, Västra Götaland County, Sotenäs Municipality

Publications

Karin Amsten, Joris P. G. M. Cromsigt, Dries P. J. Kuijper, Jenny M. Loberg, Marcin Churski, Mats Niklasson (2021). Fire and herbivory driven consumer control in a savanna-like temperate wood-pasture: an experimental approach. Journal of Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13783
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13783

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Dataset
Data on effect of fire and herbivory on survival and height increment of saplings of five common European tree species.

Version 1

Citation

Karin Amsten, Joris P. G. M. Cromsigt, Dries P. J. Kuijper, Jenny M. Loberg, Mats Niklasson. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre (2021). <em>Data on effect of fire and herbivory on survival and height increment of saplings of five common European tree species.</em> Swedish National Data Service. Version 1. <a href="https://doi.org/10.5878/wd8j-2c36">https://doi.org/10.5878/wd8j-2c36</a>

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Data format / data structure

Numeric

Text

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Karin Amsten - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Joris P. G. M. Cromsigt - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies

Dries P. J. Kuijper - Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences

Jenny M. Loberg - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health

Mats Niklasson - Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Variables

23

Published: 2021-09-16
Last updated: 2021-10-14