Malmö Diet Cancer
1. To screen for dietary habits and genetic markers in order to predict incident cancers in the general population
2. To screen for cardiovascular risk factors and early atherosclerosis in a sub-sample.
The MDC was started in the early 1990s as a screening survey in the middle-aged population of Malmö, the third largest city of Sweden. 28000 subjects living in Malmö were during 1992-1996 invited by letter to a clinical examination, food-frequency questionnaire and blood sampling. The participation rate was 41%, 2/3 of the participants were women. In a random subsample (n= 6000) additional measurements of cardiovascular risk factors. After 15 years, during 2007-2009, a new clinical examination and blood sampling was performed (n=3300). Morbidity and mortality have been followed up by national registers.
Alcohol Drinking, Angina Pectoris, Anthropometry, Arteriosclerosis, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Asthma, Blood Specimen Collection, Body Weight, Body Weights and Measures, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cause of Death, Contraceptives, Oral, Diabetes Mellitus, Diet, Diet Surveys, Drug Utilization, Education, Emotions, EpiHealth, EpiHealth_Skåne, Epidemiologic Studies, Exercise, Food Habits, Genetic Markers, Goiter, Health Status, Heredity, Hypertension, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Kidney Calculi, Longitudinal Studies, Mass Screening, Medical History Taking, Menstruation, Mortality, Myocardial Infarction, Neoplasms, Occupations, Pain, Population Surveillance, Prospective Studies, Public Health, Registries, Risk Factors, Scania, Sleep, Smoking, Social Support, Socioeconomic Factors, Stomach Ulcer, Stroke, Swedish Cohort Consortium (SCC)
Time period covered:
1992 - ongoing
Mode of data collection:
1992 - 2009 (Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: paper)
1992 - 2009 (Physical measurements and tests)
1992 - 2009 (Other)
Unit of analysis:
Individuals at age 45-70 at first screening, living in Malmö, Sweden.
Time Method/Study design:
Longitudinal: Cohort: Prospective
Malmö Diet Cancer
Study level documentation:
Questionnaire MDC (Swedish)
Dataset 001 - Malmö Diet Cancer
Variable list MDC (Swedish)
Manjer J, Carlsson S, Elmståhl S, Gullberg B, Janzon L, Lindström M, Mattisson I, Berglund G. The Malmö Diet and Cancer Study: representativity, cancer incidence and mortality in participants and non-participants. Eur J Cancer Prev 2001;10:489-99.
Manjer J, Elmståhl S, Janzon L, Berglund G. Invitation to a population-based cohort study: differences between subjects recruited using various strategies. Scand J Public Health 2002;30:103-12.
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