Funerary practices in the 1990s

Principal investigator(s):

Göran Gustafsson - Lund University, Department of Theology

Abstract:

Already at the planning stage of the “Funerary Practices – A Study of Social Differences after Death” project, the fundamental idea was that the main data for the study would be provided by a broad survey of the large majority of all Church of Sweden funerals. It is well-known that the weakening of Christian customs related to service attendance and the use of other Christian practices (baptism, confirmation, and church weddings) is less pronounced when it comes to church funerals. The ritual form of the church funeral is largely defined through the order of service for funerals in Den svenska kyrkohandboken [approx. The Swedish Church Manual]. However, for several points in the service, the handbook offers alternative forms and the possibility of leaving them out, and the final part of the service mainly depends on whether there will be an earth burial or a cremation. There is hardly any information from previous studies regarding the formulation of the funeral service, and there is no individual information about what happens to the coffin with the deceased after the service. These facts alo

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Principal organisation:

Study number:

Principal investigator(s):

Göran Gustafsson - Lund University, Department of Theology

Principal organisation:

Purpose:

During the second and third quarter of 1997 were an extensive survey material concerning funerals collected at the Department of Theology at University of Lund. The collection was part of a research project on "Funeral Customs - the study of social differences after death" conducted with funding from the Social Science Research Council (SFR). The survey forms provide information on many matters concerning funeral customs of modern Sweden. The questions sought to capture both the social events surrounding the funerals as well as the ritual events of the funeral church services.

Abstract:

Already at the planning stage of the “Funerary Practices – A Study of Social Differences after Death” project, the fundamental idea was that the main data for the study would be provided by a broad survey of the large majority of all Church of Sweden funerals. It is well-known that the weakening of Christian customs related to service attendance and the use of other Christian practices (baptism, confirmation, and church weddings) is less pronounced when it comes to church funerals. The ritual form of the church funeral is largely defined through the order of service for funerals in Den svenska kyrkohandboken [approx. The Swedish Church Manual]. However, for several points in the service, the handbook offers alternative forms and the possibility of leaving them out, and the final part of the service mainly depends on whether there will be an earth burial or a cremation. There is hardly any information from previous studies regarding the formulation of the funeral service, and there is no individual information about what happens to the coffin with the deceased after the service. These facts alo

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Time period(s) investigated:

1997-05 — 1997-12

Collection events:

1997-04 — 1997-12 (Self-administered questionnaire: paper)

Data collector: Lund University, Lund University Church History Archive

Geographic location:

Lowest geographic unit:

Parish

Unit of analysis:

Universe/Population:

Parish priests

Kind of data format:

Text

Time Method/Study design:

Sampling procedure:

Total universe/Complete enumeration

Seen as a survey of parish priests, the study would constitute a census. Accordingly, the questionnaire should have been sent to 3,132 priests. Those who stated that they were on leave, and thus could not be expected to officiate at funerals, were excluded from the population, giving a total of 3,035 priests. For a number of pastorates, the position as rector was reported to be vacant. All the letters with questionnaires were sent to individuals and not to someone holding a particular position. This was unproblematic to the extent that other active priests were substituting for a vacant position, but not when a retired priest did so. The result was that the funeral practices of a few pastorates in thinly populated areas, each with the position as rector vacant at the time of the survey, were not included. Whether “kontraksadjunkter” (approx. deanery curates) should be included in the population was doubtful. They appear to have somewhat different positions in the various dioceses. Apart from any special functions, many of them also have a parish connection; the Finnish-language parish work wit

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Publications

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Gustafsson, Göran (2001). Begravningssed på 1990-talet : materialredovisning och resultatöversikt. Lunds universitets kyrkohistoriska arkiv
Swepub Till lärosätets (lu) databas

Gustafsson, Göran (2003). När det sociala kapitalet växlas in: om begravningar och deltagandet i begravningar. Centrum för teologi och religionsvetenskap, Univ.
Swepub Till lärosätets (lu) databas

Dahlgren, Curt och Jan Hermanson (2006). "Här ska min aska vila". Nya platser och riter för gravsättning av aska på andra platser än begravningsplats. Kring begravningar i nutid: tre studier. Curt Dahlgren och Göran Gustafsson (red.). Centrum för teologi och religionsvetenskap, 7-56.
Swepub Publication database of Lund Uni.

Davidsson Bremborg, Anna (2006). Mat och minnen. En studie av samlingar efter begravning.Kring begravningar i nutid: tre studier. Curt Dahlgren och Göran Gustafsson (eds.). Centrum för teologi och religionsvetenskap, 57-84.
Swepub Publication database of Lund Uni

Gustafsson, Göran (2006). Kände prästen den döda? Känner sorgehusen prästen? Om personliga relationer vid begravningar. Kring begravningar i nutid: tre studier. Curt Dahlgren och Göran Gustafsson (eds.). Centrum för teologi och religionsvetenskap, 85-132.
Swepub Publication database of Lund Uni.

Evertsson, Anna J. (2002). "Gå vi till paradis med sång": psalmers funktion i begravningsgudstjänster. Lund Uni.

Gustafsson, Göran (1998). Begravningssamtalet - en studie i kyrklig praxis under 1990-talet. Begravning. Jan-Olof Aggedal (red.). Svenska kyrkans forskningsråd, 129-162.

If you have published anything based on this study, please send a notification with a reference to your publication(s) to snd@snd.gu.se.

Version 2.0:

2013-11-04 doi:10.5878/001581

Version 1.0:

2013-07-22 doi:10.5878/001551

Funerary practices in the 1990s

Citation:

Göran Gustafsson. Lund University, Department of Theology (2013). Funerary practices in the 1990s. Swedish National Data Service. Version 2.0. https://doi.org/10.5878/001581

Description:

The dataset is comprised of an SPSS file, containing coded answers to the study's questionnaire.

Collection events:

1997-04 - 1997-12 (Self-administered questionnaire: paper)

Time period(s) investigated:

1997-05 — 1997-12

Variables:

129

Number of individuals/objects:

3035

Response rate:

73,1%

Languages:

Data: Swedish