Swedish level of living survey

This study is part of the collection REWHARD - RElations, Work and Health across the life-course - A Research Data infrastructure

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Sten Johansson - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Robert Erikson - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Jan O. Jonsson - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Michael Tåhlin - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Description:

The first level of living survey started within the framework of a governmental commission set up to study the prevalence and problems of low incomes. Their task was broadly defined, so beside a range of studies on income and income distributions they also commissioned a group of sociologists, headed by Sten Johansson, to study the distribution of welfare in Sweden more generally. The study by Johansson and his colleagues, undertaken in 1968, came to be known as the Level of Living Survey. From the beginning it was not the longitudinal aspect that was the novelty, but rather the fact that a wide spectrum of living conditions was studied with the survey method as such.

The division of level of living into different components, inspired by the work within the UN, resulted in the following list of components included in the Swedish Level of Living Surveys: Health and access to care; Employment and working conditions; Economic resources; Educational resources; Family and social integration; Housing and neighbourhood facilities; Security of life and property; Recreation and culture; Political reso

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Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Sten Johansson - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Robert Erikson - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Jan O. Jonsson - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Michael Tåhlin - Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research

Identifiers:

SND-ID: EXT 0007

Description:

The first level of living survey started within the framework of a governmental commission set up to study the prevalence and problems of low incomes. Their task was broadly defined, so beside a range of studies on income and income distributions they also commissioned a group of sociologists, headed by Sten Johansson, to study the distribution of welfare in Sweden more generally. The study by Johansson and his colleagues, undertaken in 1968, came to be known as the Level of Living Survey. From the beginning it was not the longitudinal aspect that was the novelty, but rather the fact that a wide spectrum of living conditions was studied with the survey method as such.

The division of level of living into different components, inspired by the work within the UN, resulted in the following list of components included in the Swedish Level of Living Surveys: Health and access to care; Employment and working conditions; Economic resources; Educational resources; Family and social integration; Housing and neighbourhood facilities; Security of life and property; Recreation and culture; Political reso

... Show more..

Language:

German

English

Spanish

Finnish

Polish

Serbo-Croatian

Swedish

Time period(s) investigated:

1968-05-01 — 2000-12-30

Geographic spread:

Geographic location: Sweden

Unit of analysis:

Population:

1968: Individuals aged 15-75 years. - 1974: Individuals aged 15-75 years; 1) Individuals included in the 1968 survey, under the age of 76 and still living in Sweden, 2) A new addition of young individuals aged 15-20 years, 3) Individuals immigrating to

Sampling procedure:

The first survey was based on a 0.0001 random sample of the Swedish population aged 15 to 75 years of age. The 1968 survey was to be repeated in 1974, and the decision was made to stick to the original sample but also include new cohorts of young people and immigrants arriving to Sweden in between the survey periods. Dropped from the sample was those above 75 years of age and those who had either emigrated or died. In 1981 the third Level of Living Survey was conducted with the same sample design. The 1991 survey was conducted with basically the same design, except for the fact that the youngest age bracket now became 18 instead of 15.

Publications

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Erikson, R. (1993) Descriptions of inequality: The Swedish apporach to welfare research. In M.C. Nussbaum, & A. Sen, (eds.). The quality of life. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Erikson, R., & Uusitalo, H. (1987) The Scandinavian approach to welfare research. In R. Erikson, E.J. Hansen, S. Ringen, & H. Uusitalo, (eds.). The Scandinavian model: Welfare states and welfare research. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe.

Fritzell, J., & Lundberg, O. (eds.) (1994) Vardagens villkor. Levnadsförhållanden i Sverige under tre decennier. Stockholm: Brombergs förlag. ISBN: 9176086364.

Johansson, S. (1973) The level of living survey: A presentation. Acta Sociologica 16:211-219.

Johansson, S. (1979) Mot en teori för social rapportering. Stockholm: Swedish Institute for Social Research. ISBN: 99-0169631-3.
Libris

Johansson, S. (1970) Om levnadsnivåundersökningen. Stockholm: Allmänna förlaget.
Libris

Tåhlin, M. (1990) Politics, dynamics and individualism: The Swedish approach to level of living research. Social Indicators Research, 22.

Erikson, R., & Åberg, R. (red.) (1984) Välfärd i förändring. Levnadsvillkor i Sverige 1968-1981. Stockholm: Prisma. ISBN: 91-518-1657-1.

Erikson, R., & Åberg, R. (eds.) (1987) Welfare in Transition. A Survey on Living Conditions in Sweden 1968-1981. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Vuksanovic, M. (1979) Kodbok för 1974 års levnadsnivåundersökning : dokumentation av ett dataregister för välfärdsforskning. Stockholm : Swedish Institute for Social Research. ISBN: 91-7604-005-4.

Institutet för social forskning (1987) Bilder av välfärden : levnadsförhållanden i Sverige 1968-1981. Stockholm : Swedish Institute for Social Research. ISBN: 91-7540-047-2.

Fritzell, J., & Lundberg, O. (1993) Ett förlorat eller förlovat årtionde? : välfärdsutvecklingen mellan 1981 och 1991. Stockholm : Swedish Institute for Social Research. ISBN: 91-7604-052-6.

Bygren, M. (1995) Reliabiliteten i levnadsnivåundersökningen 1991. Stockholm : Swedish Institute for Social Research. ISBN: 91-7604-058-5.

Eriksson, R., Fritzell, J., & Jonsson, J. O. (1992) Questionnaire. Stockholm : Swedish institute for social research. ISBN: 91-7604-049-6.

Institutet för social forskning (1992) Instruktions- och övningsformulär. Stockholm : Swedish Institute for Social Research. ISBN: 91-7604-048-8.

Institutet för social forskning (1998) Kodbok för levnadsnivåundersökningen 1991. Stockholm : Swedish institute for social research.

Institutet för social forskning (1984) Variabler och koder för LNU 81. Stockholm : Swedish institute for social research. ISBN: 91-7604-007-0.

Institutet för social forskning (1981) Instruktions- och övningsformulär. Stockholm : Swedish Institute for Social Research.

Duncan, Greg J., Joshi, Heather & Mayer, Karl Ulrich (2005) An evaluation of the Swedish Level of Living Survey (LNU): a report. Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet
Libris


Libris

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s).

Dataset EXT 0007-001

LNU - Registerinformation on income

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Dataset EXT 0007-002

LNU - Register information on occupation, social class and education

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Dataset EXT 0007-003

LNU68 - Swedish level of living survey 1968

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Time period(s) for data collection: 1968-03 — 1968-11

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated:

1968-03 — 1968-11

Variables:

697

Number of individuals/objects:

6520

Dataset EXT 0007-004

LNU74 - Swedish level of living survey 1974

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Time period(s) for data collection: 1974-04 — 1974-12

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated:

1974-10 — 1974-12

Variables:

722

Number of individuals/objects:

6711

Dataset EXT 0007-005

LNU81 - Swedish level of living survey 1981

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Time period(s) for data collection: 1981-04-02 — 1981-12-18

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated:

1981-04-02 — 1981-12-18

Variables:

708

Number of individuals/objects:

6985

Dataset EXT 0007-006

LNU91 - Swedish level of living survey 1991

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Time period(s) for data collection: 1991-02-25 — 1991-11-12

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated:

1991-02-25 — 1991-11-12

Variables:

656

Number of individuals/objects:

6773

Dataset EXT 0007-007

LNU00 - Swedish level of living survey 2000

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Face-to-face interview

Time period(s) for data collection: 2000 — 2000

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated:

2000 — 2000

Variables:

834

Number of individuals/objects:

5142