The International Negotiations Survey

SND-ID: EXT 0213

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Björn-Ola Linnér - Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema


The International Negotiations Survey is a research program with the aim to advance interdisciplinary knowledge using questionnaire data collected at international negotiations.

The International Negotiations Survey team has conducted questionnaire studies since 2007. The database now contains around 9000 responses from delegates to the Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), partici­pants in side events, as well as side-event organ­izers. The survey, which is undertaken with the agreement of the UNFCCC Secretariat, has been on-going since the climate change negotiations in Bali 2007.

The survey measures individual preferences on a variety of topics at the negotiations, such as the role of non-state actors, leadership, the effectiveness of various solutions to tackle climate change, principles for effort sharing of commitments, and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA) by developing countries. It includes a number of questions held constant over time as well as questions that vary from year to year. The dataset thereby offers un

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Research principal, contributors, and funding

Research principal

Linköping University


  • Funding agency: Swedish Research Council
Protection and ethical review

Data contains personal data


Method and time period

Unit of analysis


Participants at the UN climate conferences

Sampling procedure

Non-probability: Quota sample

Time period(s) investigated

2007 – ongoing

Geographic coverage
Link to publication list:

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Contact for questions about the data

Björn-Ola Linnér

Published: 2017-01-31
Last updated: 2021-04-12