DiACL - Diachronic Atlas of Comparative Linguistics

SND-ID: EXT 0269

Description Data and documentation

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Gerd Carling - Lund University, Center for Language and Literature


DiACL is an open access database with lexical and typological/morphosyntactic data for historical, comparative and phylogenetic linguistics. It contains data from 500 languages of 18 families, divided into three macro-areas: Eurasia, Pacific, and the Amazon. The database has the following content: 1) Lexical datasets with basic vocabularies (Swadesh lists), 2) Lexical datasets with culture vocabularies, focusing on subsistence system vocabulary, 3) Typological/morphosyntactic datasets including the main types Word Order, Alignment, and Nominal/ Verbal Morphology.
DiACL contains data from contemporary and historical languages, and, if possible, reconstructed languages. Data is derived from dictionaries, grammars, or by new fieldwork (in particular data from Caucasus and the Amazon). All data is sourced in scientifically reliable literature.


The aim of the database is to make datasets for evolutionary and comparative linguistics available open access. The datasets, which are comparative and complete, span over large geographic areas, containing data for typology/morphosyntax and lexic

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Research principal, contributors, and funding

Research principal

Lund University

Protection and ethical review

Time period(s) investigated


Geographic coverage

Carling, Gerd (ed.) 2017. Diachronic Atlas of Comparative Linguistics Online. Lund University.

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Access to data via

Diachronic Atlas of Comparative Linguistics


Data has been compiled by analyzing grammars and dictionaries and by means of fieldwork. The population of data into the database is controlled by matrix documents, questionnaires and careful instructions, in order to creat complete and comparable dtasets. The process of population has been supervised by the database editor (Gerd Carling) and language experts for each language group.

Cite as:
Carling, Gerd (ed.) 2016/2017. Diachronic Atlas of Comparative Linguistics Online. (Available at: https

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Data format / data structure




Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Gerd Carling - Lund University, Center for Language and Literature

Data collection

  • Mode of collection: Compilation/Synthesis
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 2012-06-01–ongoing
Published: 2017-03-27
Last updated: 2019-12-16