Varieties of Democracy Dataset - Version 8

SND-ID: EXT 0309

This study is part of the collection Varieties of Democracy

Description Data and documentation

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

... Show more..

Description

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five highlevel principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Language

English

Research principal, contributors, and funding
Protection and ethical review
Method

Population

Countries

Time Method

Sampling procedure

Other

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31–2017-12-31

Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: North America, Asia, Africa, Europe, South America, Oceania

Lowest geographic unit

Country

Highest geographic unit

Country

Publications

Sort by name | Sort by year

Lührmann, Anna, Valeriya Mechkova, Sirianne Dahlum, Laura Maxwell, Moa Olin, Constanza Sanhueza Petrarca, Rachel Sigman, Matthew C. Wilson, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "State of the world 2017: autocratization and exclusion?." Democratization 25, no. 8 (2018): 1321-1340.

Blackwell, Matthew, and Adam N. Glynn. "How to make causal inferences with time-series cross-sectional data under selection on observables." American Political Science Review 112, no. 4 (2018): 1067-1082.

Wilson, Matthew Charles. "A Closer Look at the Limits of Consociationalism." Comparative Political Studies (2019): 1-34.

van Ham, Carolien, and Staffan Lindberg. "Reconsidering African Elections." Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. 25 Jun. 2019; Accessed 3 Sep. 2019. https://oxfordre-com.ezproxy.ub.gu.se/politics/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228637-e-861.

Lührmann, Anna, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "A third wave of autocratization is here: what is new about it?." Democratization (2019): 1-19.

Povitkina, Marina, and Ketevan Bolkvadze. "Fresh pipes with dirty water: How quality of government shapes the provision of public goods in democracies." European Journal of Political Research (2019).

Teorell, Jan, Michael Coppedge, Staffan Lindberg, and Svend-Erik Skaaning. "Measuring polyarchy across the globe, 1900–2017." Studies in Comparative International Development 54, no. 1 (2019): 71-95.

Sigman, Rachel, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Democracy for all: Conceptualizing and measuring egalitarian democracy." Political Science Research and Methods 7, no. 3 (2019): 595-612.

Wilson, Matthew Charles, and Josef Woldense. "Contested or established? A comparison of legislative powers across regimes." Democratization 26, no. 4 (2019): 585-605.

Marquardt, Kyle L., and Daniel Pemstein. "IRT models for expert-coded panel data." Political Analysis 26, no. 4 (2018): 431-456.

Lueders, Hans, and Ellen Lust. "Multiple measurements, elusive agreement, and unstable outcomes in the study of regime change." The Journal of Politics 80, no. 2 (2018): 736-741.

van Ham, Carolien, and Holly Ann Garnett. "Building impartial electoral management? Institutional design, independence and electoral integrity." International Political Science Review 40, no. 3 (2019): 313-334.

Maerz, Seraphine F. "Simulating pluralism: the language of democracy in hegemonic authoritarianism." Political Research Exchange (2019).
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/2474736X.2019.1605834

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s). If you are responsible for the catalogue entry, you can update the metadata/data description in DORIS.

Dataset 1
Varieties of Democracy Dataset - Version 8 Country-Year: V-Dem Extended

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31–2017-12-31

Variables

4641

Number of individuals/objects

26537

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dataset 2
Country-Date: V-Dem

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-01-01–2017-12-31

Variables

3781

Number of individuals/objects

64031

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dataset 3
Country-Year: V-Dem

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31–2017-12-31

Variables

2692

Number of individuals/objects

26537

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dataset 4
Country-Year: V-Dem Core

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31–2017-12-31

Variables

2021

Number of individuals/objects

26537

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Published: 2020-03-31
Last updated: 2020-04-07