Varieties of Democracy Dataset - Version 8

This study is part of the collection Varieties of Democracy

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Sirianne Dahlum - University of Oslo orcid

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Moa Olin - University of Gothenburg

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description:

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five highlevel principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Subject area:

Responsible department/unit:

University of Gothenburg, V-Dem Institute

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Sirianne Dahlum - University of Oslo orcid

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Moa Olin - University of Gothenburg

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description:

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five highlevel principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Language:

English

Time period(s) investigated:

1789-12-31 — 2017-12-31

Geographic spread:

Lowest geographic unit:

Country

Highest geographic unit:

Country

Population:

Countries

Time Method:

Sampling procedure:

Other

Subject area:

Contacts for questions about the data:

Anna Lührmann

Garry Hindle

Johannes von Römer

Josefine Pernes

Lisa Gastaldi

Natalia Stepanova

Nazifa Alizada

Nina Ilchenko

Staffan I. Lindberg

V-Dem Institute

Download metadata:

Publications

Sort by name | Sort by year

Lührmann, Anna, Valeriya Mechkova, Sirianne Dahlum, Laura Maxwell, Moa Olin, Constanza Sanhueza Petrarca, Rachel Sigman, Matthew C. Wilson, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "State of the world 2017: autocratization and exclusion?." Democratization 25, no. 8 (2018): 1321-1340.

Blackwell, Matthew, and Adam N. Glynn. "How to make causal inferences with time-series cross-sectional data under selection on observables." American Political Science Review 112, no. 4 (2018): 1067-1082.

Wilson, Matthew Charles. "A Closer Look at the Limits of Consociationalism." Comparative Political Studies (2019): 1-34.

van Ham, Carolien, and Staffan Lindberg. "Reconsidering African Elections." Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. 25 Jun. 2019; Accessed 3 Sep. 2019. https://oxfordre-com.ezproxy.ub.gu.se/politics/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228637-e-861.

Lührmann, Anna, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "A third wave of autocratization is here: what is new about it?." Democratization (2019): 1-19.

Povitkina, Marina, and Ketevan Bolkvadze. "Fresh pipes with dirty water: How quality of government shapes the provision of public goods in democracies." European Journal of Political Research (2019).

Teorell, Jan, Michael Coppedge, Staffan Lindberg, and Svend-Erik Skaaning. "Measuring polyarchy across the globe, 1900–2017." Studies in Comparative International Development 54, no. 1 (2019): 71-95.

Sigman, Rachel, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Democracy for all: Conceptualizing and measuring egalitarian democracy." Political Science Research and Methods 7, no. 3 (2019): 595-612.

Wilson, Matthew Charles, and Josef Woldense. "Contested or established? A comparison of legislative powers across regimes." Democratization 26, no. 4 (2019): 585-605.

Marquardt, Kyle L., and Daniel Pemstein. "IRT models for expert-coded panel data." Political Analysis 26, no. 4 (2018): 431-456.

Lueders, Hans, and Ellen Lust. "Multiple measurements, elusive agreement, and unstable outcomes in the study of regime change." The Journal of Politics 80, no. 2 (2018): 736-741.

van Ham, Carolien, and Holly Ann Garnett. "Building impartial electoral management? Institutional design, independence and electoral integrity." International Political Science Review 40, no. 3 (2019): 313-334.

Maerz, Seraphine F. "Simulating pluralism: the language of democracy in hegemonic authoritarianism." Political Research Exchange (2019).
DOI: 10.1080/2474736X.2019.1605834

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s).


If you are responsible for the catalogue entry, you can update the metadata/data description in DORIS.

License:

Creative Commons License

Dataset 1

Varieties of Democracy Dataset - Version 8 Country-Year: V-Dem Extended

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Sirianne Dahlum - University of Oslo orcid

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Moa Olin - University of Gothenburg

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description:

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Time period(s) investigated:

1789-12-31 — 2017-12-31

Variables:

4641

Number of individuals/objects:

26537

License:

Creative Commons License

Dataset 2

Country-Date: V-Dem

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Sirianne Dahlum - University of Oslo orcid

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Moa Olin - University of Gothenburg

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description:

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Time period(s) investigated:

1789-01-01 — 2017-12-31

Variables:

3781

Number of individuals/objects:

64031

License:

Creative Commons License

Dataset 3

Country-Year: V-Dem

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Sirianne Dahlum - University of Oslo orcid

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Moa Olin - University of Gothenburg

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description:

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Time period(s) investigated:

1789-12-31 — 2017-12-31

Variables:

2692

Number of individuals/objects:

26537

License:

Creative Commons License

Dataset 4

Country-Year: V-Dem Core

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Sirianne Dahlum - University of Oslo orcid

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Moa Olin - University of Gothenburg

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description:

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from official documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings. V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Time period(s) investigated:

1789-12-31 — 2017-12-31

Variables:

2021

Number of individuals/objects:

26537

Published: 2020-03-31
Last updated: 2020-04-07