Varieties of Democracy Dataset - Version 9

SND-ID: EXT 0311

This study is part of the collection Varieties of Democracy

Description Data and documentation

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

... Show more..

Description

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Language

English

Research principal, contributors, and funding
Protection and ethical review
Method and time period

Population

Countries

Sampling procedure

Other
V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31–2018-12-31

Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: North America, Asia, Africa, Europe, South America, Oceania

Lowest geographic unit

Country

Highest geographic unit

Country

Publications

Sort by name | Sort by year

Coppedge, Michael, John Gerring, David Altman, Michael Bernhard, Steven Fish, Allen Hicken, Matthew Kroenig et al. "Conceptualizing and measuring democracy: A new approach." Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 2 (2011): 247-267.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592711000880

Lührmann, Anna, Sandra Grahn, Richard Morgan, Shreeya Pillai, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "State of the world 2018: democracy facing global challenges." Democratization (2019): 1-21.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2019.1613980

Pemstein, Daniel, Kyle L. Marquardt, Eitan Tzelgov, Yi-ting Wang, Joshua Krusell, and Farhad Miri. "The V-Dem measurement model: latent variable analysis for cross-national and cross-temporal expert-coded data​." V-Dem Working Paper 21 (2018).

Teorell, Jan, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Beyond democracy-dictatorship measures: a new framework capturing executive bases of power, 1789–2016." Perspectives on Politics 17, no. 1 (2019): 66-84.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592718002098

Teorell, Jan, Michael Coppedge, Staffan Lindberg, and Svend-Erik Skaaning. "Measuring polyarchy across the globe, 1900–2017." Studies in Comparative International Development 54, no. 1 (2019): 71-95.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12116-018-9268-z

Lührmann, Anna, Marcus Tannenberg, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Regimes of the World (RoW): Opening New Avenues for the Comparative Study of Political Regimes." Politics & Governance 6, no. 1 (2018).

Coppedge, Michael, John Gerring, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Joshua Krusell, Juraj Medzihorsky, Josefine Pernes, Svend-Erik Skaaning et al. "The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy”(V-Dem)." Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique 143, no. 1 (2019): 107-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

Coppedge, Michael, Staffan Lindberg, Svend-Erik Skaaning, and Jan Teorell. "Measuring high level democratic principles using the V-Dem data." International Political Science Review 37, no. 5 (2016): 580-593.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0192512115622046

Sigman, Rachel, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Democracy for all: Conceptualizing and measuring egalitarian democracy." Political Science Research and Methods 7, no. 3 (2019): 595-612.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/psrm.2018.6

Sundström, Aksel, Pamela Paxton, Yi-Ting Wang, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Women’s political empowerment: A new global index, 1900–2012." World Development 94 (2017): 321-335.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.01.016

Bernhard, Michael, Dong-Joon Jung, Eitan Tzelgov, Michael Coppedge, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Making embedded knowledge transparent: How the V-Dem dataset opens new vistas in civil society research." Perspectives on Politics 15, no. 2 (2017): 342-360.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592717000056

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s). If you are responsible for the catalogue entry, you can update the metadata/data description in DORIS.

Access to data via

Dataset 1
Country-Year: V-Dem Full+Others

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31–2018-12-31

Data collection

  • Source of the data: Research data: Published, Population group, Other

Variables

3888

Number of individuals/objects

26834

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dataset 2
Country-Date: V-Dem

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-01-01–2018-12-31

Data collection

  • Source of the data: Research data: Published, Population group, Other

Variables

3679

Number of individuals/objects

72839

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Dataset 3
Coder-Level

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated

1789-01-01–2018-12-31

Data collection

  • Time period(s) for data collection: 2019-01-01–2019-01-31
  • Source of the data: Population group

Variables

1070

Number of individuals/objects

357661

License

Creative Commons  Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Published: 2020-03-09
Last updated: 2020-04-07