Varieties of Democracy Dataset - Version 9

This study is part of the collection Varieties of Democracy

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Lisa Gastaldi - University of Gothenburg

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Nina Ilchenko - University of Gothenburg

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Laura Maxwell - University of Gothenburg

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Subject area

Responsible department/unit

University of Gothenburg, V-Dem Institute

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Lisa Gastaldi - University of Gothenburg

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Nina Ilchenko - University of Gothenburg

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Laura Maxwell - University of Gothenburg

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. We provide a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. The V-Dem project distinguishes between five high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and egalitarian, and collects data to measure these principles.

Language

English

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31 — 2018-12-31

Geographic spread

Lowest geographic unit

Country

Highest geographic unit

Country

Population

Countries

Sampling procedure

Other

Subject area

Publications

Sort by name | Sort by year

Coppedge, Michael, John Gerring, David Altman, Michael Bernhard, Steven Fish, Allen Hicken, Matthew Kroenig et al. "Conceptualizing and measuring democracy: A new approach." Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 2 (2011): 247-267.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592711000880

Lührmann, Anna, Sandra Grahn, Richard Morgan, Shreeya Pillai, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "State of the world 2018: democracy facing global challenges." Democratization (2019): 1-21.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2019.1613980

Pemstein, Daniel, Kyle L. Marquardt, Eitan Tzelgov, Yi-ting Wang, Joshua Krusell, and Farhad Miri. "The V-Dem measurement model: latent variable analysis for cross-national and cross-temporal expert-coded data​." V-Dem Working Paper 21 (2018).

Teorell, Jan, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Beyond democracy-dictatorship measures: a new framework capturing executive bases of power, 1789–2016." Perspectives on Politics 17, no. 1 (2019): 66-84.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592718002098

Teorell, Jan, Michael Coppedge, Staffan Lindberg, and Svend-Erik Skaaning. "Measuring polyarchy across the globe, 1900–2017." Studies in Comparative International Development 54, no. 1 (2019): 71-95.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12116-018-9268-z

Lührmann, Anna, Marcus Tannenberg, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Regimes of the World (RoW): Opening New Avenues for the Comparative Study of Political Regimes." Politics & Governance 6, no. 1 (2018).

Coppedge, Michael, John Gerring, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Joshua Krusell, Juraj Medzihorsky, Josefine Pernes, Svend-Erik Skaaning et al. "The Methodology of “Varieties of Democracy”(V-Dem)." Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique 143, no. 1 (2019): 107-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0759106319854989

Coppedge, Michael, Staffan Lindberg, Svend-Erik Skaaning, and Jan Teorell. "Measuring high level democratic principles using the V-Dem data." International Political Science Review 37, no. 5 (2016): 580-593.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0192512115622046

Sigman, Rachel, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Democracy for all: Conceptualizing and measuring egalitarian democracy." Political Science Research and Methods 7, no. 3 (2019): 595-612.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/psrm.2018.6

Sundström, Aksel, Pamela Paxton, Yi-Ting Wang, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Women’s political empowerment: A new global index, 1900–2012." World Development 94 (2017): 321-335.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.01.016

Bernhard, Michael, Dong-Joon Jung, Eitan Tzelgov, Michael Coppedge, and Staffan I. Lindberg. "Making embedded knowledge transparent: How the V-Dem dataset opens new vistas in civil society research." Perspectives on Politics 15, no. 2 (2017): 342-360.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1537592717000056

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s).


If you are responsible for the catalogue entry, you can update the metadata/data description in DORIS.

License

Creative Commons License

Dataset 1

Country-Year: V-Dem Full+Others

URL

https://www.v-dem.net/en/data/data-version-9/

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Lisa Gastaldi - University of Gothenburg

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Nina Ilchenko - University of Gothenburg

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Laura Maxwell - University of Gothenburg

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Data collection

Time period(s) for data collection:

Source of the data: Research data: Published, Population group, Other

Time period(s) investigated

1789-12-31 — 2018-12-31

Variables

3888

Number of individuals/objects

26834

License

Creative Commons License

Dataset 2

Country-Date: V-Dem

URL

https://www.v-dem.net/en/data/data-version-9/

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Lisa Gastaldi - University of Gothenburg

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Nina Ilchenko - University of Gothenburg

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Laura Maxwell - University of Gothenburg

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Data collection

Time period(s) for data collection:

Source of the data: Research data: Published, Population group, Other

Time period(s) investigated

1789-01-01 — 2018-12-31

Variables

3679

Number of individuals/objects

72839

License

Creative Commons License

Dataset 3

Coder-Level

URL

https://www.v-dem.net/en/data/data-version-9/

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Michael Coppedge - University of Notre Dame, Kellogg Institute for International Studies orcid

John Gerring - University of Texas at Austin, Department of Government orcid

Carl Henrik Knutsen - University of Oslo orcid

Staffan I. Lindberg - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Jan Teorell - Lund University orcid

Altman David - Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile orcid

Michael Bernhard - University of Florida, Department of Political Science orcid

M. Steven Fish - University of California-Berkeley, Department of Political Science

Adam Glynn - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Allen Hicken - University of Michigan orcid

Anna Lührmann - University of Gothenburg orcid

Kyle L. Marquardt - National Research University Higher School of Economics orcid

Kelly McMann - Case Western Reserve University orcid

Pamela Paxton - University of Texas at Austin orcid

Daniel Pemstein - North Dakota State University orcid

Brigitte Seim - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Rachel Sigman - Postgraduate Naval School

Svend-Erik Skaaning - Aarhus University orcid

Jeffrey Staton - Emory University, Department of Political Science

Steven Wilson - The University of Nevada at Reno orcid

Agnes Cornell - Lund University orcid

Lisa Gastaldi - University of Gothenburg

Haakon Gjerløw - University of Oslo orcid

Nina Ilchenko - University of Gothenburg

Joshua Krussel - University of Gothenburg

Laura Maxwell - University of Gothenburg

Valeriya Mechkova - University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science orcid

Juraj Medzihorsky - University of Gothenburg orcid

Josefine Pernes - University of Gothenburg

Johannes von Römer - University of Gothenburg

Natalia Stepanova - University of Gothenburg

Aksel Sundström - University of Gothenburg orcid

Eitan Tzelgov - University of East Anglia orcid

Yi-ting Wang - National Cheng Kung University orcid

Tore Wig - University of Oslo

Daniel Ziblatt - Harvard University

Description

V-Dem draws on theoretical and methodological expertise from its worldwide team to produce data in the most objective and reliable way possible. Approximately half of the indicators in the V-Dem dataset are based on factual information obtainable from offcial documents such as constitutions and government records. The other half consists of evaluative indicators on topics like political practices and compliance with de jure rules. On such issues, typically five experts provide ratings.

V-Dem wo

... Show more..

Data format / data structure

Numeric

Data collection

Time period(s) for data collection: 2019-01-01 — 2019-01-31

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated

1789-01-01 — 2018-12-31

Variables

1070

Number of individuals/objects

357661

Published: 2020-03-09
Last updated: 2020-04-07