The MONICA survey in Gothenburg

This study is part of the collection Swedish Cohort Consortium (Cohorts.se)

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Annika Rosengren - University of Gothenburg, Department of Emergency and Cardiovascular Medicine

Lars Wilhelmsen - University of Gothenburg, Department of Emergency and Cardiovascular Medicine

Description:

The MONICA study is a WHO supported international multicenter study of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (Multinational MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease), involving 38 populations in 21 different countries on four continents.
The study started in the beginning of the 1980s. The background was that younger persons have low risk factor levels (overweight, high blood pressure, high serum cholesterol), but the levels are increasing in higher ages. Several mechanisms are probably reasons for this. In Gothenburg a total of 4500 men and women were examined within the MONICA project in the ages 25-65. The surveys took place in 1985, 1990 and 1995.

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Annika Rosengren - University of Gothenburg, Department of Emergency and Cardiovascular Medicine

Lars Wilhelmsen - University of Gothenburg, Department of Emergency and Cardiovascular Medicine

Identifiers:

SND-ID: SND 0013

Purpose:

To measure the trends in cardiovascular mortality and coronary heart disease and stroke morbidity and to assess the extent to which these trends are related to changes in known risk factors, daily living habits, health care, or major socioeconomic features measured at the same time in defined communities in different countries.

Description:

The MONICA study is a WHO supported international multicenter study of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (Multinational MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease), involving 38 populations in 21 different countries on four continents.
The study started in the beginning of the 1980s. The background was that younger persons have low risk factor levels (overweight, high blood pressure, high serum cholesterol), but the levels are increasing in higher ages. Several mechanisms are probably reasons for this. In Gothenburg a total of 4500 men and women were examined within the MONICA project in the ages 25-65. The surveys took place in 1985, 1990 and 1995.

Language:

Swedish

Time period(s) investigated:

1985 — 1995

Geographic spread:

Geographic location: Sweden

Geographic description: The municipality of Gothenburg

Lowest geographic unit:

Municipality

Unit of analysis:

Population:

Women and men 25-64 years

Sampling procedure:

Probability: Stratified

Contact person for questions about the data:

Annika Rosengren

Publications

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Rosengren A, Dotevall A, Eriksson H, Wilhelmsen L. Optimal risk factors in the population: prognosis, prevalence, and secular trends; data from Goteborg population studies. Eur Heart J 2001;22:136-44.

Tunstall-Pedoe H, Kuulasmaa K, Amouyel P, Arveiler D, Rajakangas AM, Pajak A. Myocardial infarction and coronary deaths in the World Health Organization MONICA Project. Registration procedures, event rates, and case-fatality rates in 38 populations from 21 countries in four continents. Circulation. 1994 Jul;90(1):583-612.

Thorvaldsen P, Asplund K, Kuulasmaa K, Rajakangas AM, Schroll M. Stroke incidence, case fatality, and mortality in the WHO MONICA project. World Health Organization Monitoring Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease. Stroke. 1995 Mar;26(3):361-7.

Johansson S, Wilhelmsen L, Welin C, Eriksson H, Welin L, Rosengren A. Obesity, smoking and secular trends in cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged women: data from population studies in Göteborg from 1980 to 2003. J Intern Med. 2010 Dec;268(6):594-603

Wilhelmsen L, Johansson S, Rosengren A, Wallin I, Dotevall A, Lappas G. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease during the period 1985-1995 in Göteborg, Sweden. The GOT-MONICA Project. J Intern Med. 1997 Sep;242(3):199-211.

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s).

Available documentation:

Dataset SND 0013-001

MONICA 1985

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Physical measurements and tests

Time period(s) for data collection: 1985-01 — 1985-12

Source of the data: Population group, Biological samples

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 1985-01 — 1985-12

Source of the data: Population group, Biological samples

Variables:

164

Number of individuals/objects:

1393

Response rate/participation rate:

71%

Dataset SND 0013-002

MONICA 1990

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 1990-01 — 1990-12

Source of the data: Population group, Biological samples

Mode of collection: Physical measurements and tests

Time period(s) for data collection: 1990-01 — 1990-12

Source of the data: Population group, Biological samples

Variables:

327

Number of individuals/objects:

1574

Response rate/participation rate:

68%

Dataset SND 0013-003

MONICA 1995

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Physical measurements and tests

Time period(s) for data collection: 1995-01 — 1995-12

Source of the data: Population group, Biological samples

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 1995-01 — 1995-12

Source of the data: Population group, Biological samples

Variables:

358

Number of individuals/objects:

1628

Response rate/participation rate:

64%