Attitudes to inequality 1991 - A Swedish survey

SND-ID: SND 0297

This study is part of the collection ISSP - International Social Survey Programme

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Stefan Svallfors - Umeå University, Department of Sociology


The survey deals with Swede's attitudes towards inequality. Questions asked are mainly taken from the 1987 'Social inequality' module of the International Social Survey Program (ISSP). Respondents were asked to specify how important different background factors are for the opportunities to get ahead in life. Furthermore they had to state what they believe people in different occupations actually earn, as well as what they considered they should earn. Other questions dealt with income inequalities; factors important when deciding the salary; taxes and how they affect different groups; and how big opposition there are between different social groups in Sweden. Demographic data on respondents such as age, sex, employment, income, marital status, education, religion, political affiliation, and trade union membership also are provided. Questions were also asked about the occupation of the respondent's father and the respondent was asked to compare the status of his/her own occupation with the father's.




Research principal, contributors, and funding

Research principal

Umeå University

Responsible department/unit

Department of Sociology

Protection and ethical review

Data contains personal data


Method and time period

Unit of analysis


Individuals aged 18-74 years and residing in Sweden.

Sampling procedure

Probability: Simple random

Time period(s) investigated

1991-04-14 – 1991-07-11

Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Sweden

Lowest geographic unit

County (NUTS3)

Highest geographic unit


Topic and keywords

Research area

Income, property and investment/saving, Equality, inequality and social exclusion, Social behaviour and attitudes, Social conditions and indicators (CESSDA Topic Classification)
Social Sciences, Sociology (The Swedish standard of fields of research 2011)


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Stenberg, K., & Svallfors, S. (1992) Attitudes to inequality - a Swedish survey. Codebook for machine-readable datafile. Umeå: Department of Sociology.

Stenberg, K., & Svallfors, S. (1992) Åsikter om den offentliga sektorn. Kodbok för maskinläsbar datafil. Umeå: Department of Sociology.
ISBN: 9179240410

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Attitudes to inequality 1991 - A Swedish survey

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Stefan Svallfors. Umeå University (2009). Attitudes to inequality 1991 - A Swedish survey. Swedish National Data Service. Version 1.1.

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Data format / data structure


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Stefan Svallfors - Umeå University, Department of Sociology

Data collection 1

  • Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 1991-02–1991-04
  • Sample size: 1498
  • Non response size: 583
  • Source of the data: Population group

Data collection 2

  • Mode of collection: Telephone interview
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 1991-04–1991-04
  • Source of the data: Population group


A subsample was drawn among those who had still not responded after two subsequent reminders. 50% of them were selected for telephone interviewing, following the normal practices of Statistics Sweden. All respondents in the subsample has accordingly been given the weight 2. In order to keep the representativeness of the sample, all calculations should be made using the weight.



Number of individuals/objects


Response rate/participation rate


Published: 1992-01-01
Last updated: 2019-11-18