Questions Concerning Religious Conceptions and Church Customs

SND-ID: SND 0923

Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Lund University, Lund University Church History Archive


When this study began in the 1940s the researchers set out with the view that a formerly more or less universal Swedish unitary ecclesiastic culture was in the process of dissolving. The socio-economic changes of the early 19th century were believed to have led to religious conceptions differentiating and customs not being taken for granted any more. The scientists held that only small parts remained of an earlier natural and unitary ecclesiastic culture.
Based on this view the researchers conducted an extensive project to gather information about those remains of this earlier church life that were still to be found, in the same way that general ethnography conducted research on customs in other areas of life. The researchers were of the opinion that earlier research had ignored the spiritual side of folk life and that this was problematic since it missed an important part of the daily life and ways of thinking of the population that were deeply rooted in Christianity.


To document those ecclesiastic customs and practices which at the time when the study was conducted were consider

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Research principal, contributors, and funding

Research principal

Lund University

Responsible department/unit

Lund University Church History Archive

Protection and ethical review

Data contains personal data


Method and time period

Unit of analysis


Persons born between 1820 and 1935 from all parts of Sweden

Time period(s) investigated

1942 – 1984

Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Sweden

Geographic description: The study covers Sweden's 13 dioceses.

Lowest geographic unit


Highest geographic unit



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Larsson, A. (2009). "Gå i frid och synda icke härefter". En undersökning om gifta och ogifta kvinnors barnafödande under 1800-talet. Bachelor Thesis. Högskolan i Kristianstad, Enheten för lärarutbildning.

Fredriksson, U. (2010). Att kultivera ett folk ; att leda det i rätt riktning; att stå emot. 2-year Master Thesis. Malmö: Malmö högskola/Lärarutbildningen.
Malmö University Electronic Publishing

Bringéus, N.-A. (2004). Frågelistorna och den kyrkliga seden. I,: Arkiv, fakultet, kyrka: festskrift till Ingmar Brohed, p. 413-422.

Gustavsson, A. (1975). En källkritisk granskning av folklivsuppteckningar. Lund: Gleerupska univ.-bokh.
ISBN: 91-7060-004-X

Pleijel, H. (1942). Kyrklig folklivsforskning : frågelista, 1. Meddelanden från Kyrkohistoriska arkivet i Lund. Lund.

Gustavsson, A. (1972). Kyrktagningsseden i Sverige. Diss. Lund: Lund University.

Bringéus, N-A. (1995). Hilding Pleijels frågelista "Kyrklig folklivsforskning". In: Hilding Pleijel symposium (1995). Hilding Pleijel symposium: 19 oktober 1893-19 oktober 1993 : ett hundraårsjubileum. Lund: Lund Univ. Press, p. 13-28.

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Questions concerning religious conceptions and church customs


About 5.600 text files containing free-text answers to the questions of the study from respondents from all parts of Sweden. The files are sorted according to diocese and parish. Also included is an accessions register in spreadsheet format. NOTE! The text files are encoded as UTF-8. If the Swedish characters å, ä and ö are not displayed properly you need to change the program's settings to UTF-8.

Version 1.0


Lund University, Lund University Church History Archive (2014). Questions concerning religious conceptions and church customs. Swedish National Data Service. Version 1.0.

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Data format / data structure


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Lund University, Lund University Church History Archive

Time period(s) investigated

1942 – 1984

Published: 2014-03-25
Last updated: 2020-02-07