FISCAL AUSTERITY AND URBAN INNOVATION
                               SSD 0137

                        Principal investigator
                            Lars Strömberg
                    Department of Political Science
                          Göteborg university

    

                  Swedish Social Science Data Service
                                Box 720

                  Go to variable list
                          SE 405 30 Göteborg

    
                     ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF ASSISTANCE

    All manuscripts utilizing data made available through the
    Swedish Social Science Data Service (SSD) should acknowledge
    that fact as well as identify the original collector of the
    data. SSD urges all users of SSD data facilities to follow
    some adaption of this statement with the parantheses
    indicating items to be filled in appropriately or deleted by
    the individual user.

    The data (and tabulations) utilized in this (publication) were
    made available (in part) by the Swedish Social Science Data
    Service. The data for FISCAL AUSTERITY AND URBAN INNOVATION
    were originally collected by Lars Strömberg, Department of
    Political Science, Göteborg university. Neither the collector
    of the original data nor SSD bear any responsibility for the
    analyses or interpretations presented here.

    According to an agreement between the principal investigator
    and the Swedish Social Science Data Service data can be
    disseminated to and analysed by researchers on condition that
    the usage is for research purpose. The code of ethics for
    humanities and social sciences research established by the
    Swedish Humanities and Social Sciences Research Council, and
    published in HSFR-ETIK, must be adhered to wherever applicable

    Data and/or documentation can not be made available to any
    third party without the written permission of SSD.

    Two copies of all reports based on these data shall be sent to
    the SSD, which will forward one copy to the principal
    investigator(s).

    
                              BACKGROUND

    This study forms part of a larger international project . The
    purpose of the project is to study and analyse how and to what
    extent the tightening economic resources in society has
    resulted in changes and renewal within the scope of municipal
    operations. Denmark, Norway and the US are only a few examples
    of the countries participating in the project. All
    municipalities in Sweden are covered by the study. The
    questionnaire was directed to chief economic directors and
    contained seven different parts: Budgeting and the budgeting
    process; Changes within the municipality; Planning and working
    routines; The municipality's economic situation; Fiscal
    management strategies; Comparisons with other municipalities;
    and background information.

    
                             PUBLICATIONS

    Strömberg, L. and Bokenstrand, C. (1987): 'The Swedish Fiscal
    Austerity and Urban Innovation Project - Mail Survey with
    Chief Economic Administrators of Swedish Municipalities. Code
    Book and Frequencies'. Göteborg: Department of Political
    Science.
    Bokenstrand, C. (1991): 'Om krisen kommer ...
    Kommunalekonomisk åtstramning ur ett svenskt perspektiv.
    Göteborg: Department of Political Science.

    
                         CODEBOOK INFORMATION

    The example below is a reproduction of information appearing
    in a machine-readable codebook for a typical variable. The
    numbers in brackets do not appear but are references to the
    descriptions which follow this example.

    (1) VAR 92   (2)ECON DEVELOPM 80IES     19  (3)LOC 159 width 1
                                                (4)MD=0 or GE 9

      (5) 19 Which of the following statements is the most
          appropriate to describe your municipality's economic
          development during the 1980's?

      (6) ......................

           (7) (8)  (9)
            80  1.   The municipality's economy has improved
                     during the 1980's
            48  3.   The municipality's economy has neither
                     improved nor deteriorated during the 1980's
            95  5.   The municipality's economy has deterioriated
                     during the 1980's
    
            56  0.   Sample loss
             5  9.   NA
     ............................................................

    (1) Variablenumber.
    (2) Variable name. An abbreviation of the question at issue
    (maximum of 24 characters).
    (3) Position. Indicates the starting location and width of the
    variable.
    (4) Missing data. Indicates the code values of missing data.
    (5) The full text (question) supplied by the investigator to
    describe the variable.
    (6) Additional comments or explanations appended to the
    variable description.
    (7) Frequency of occurrence of each code value.
    (8) Code values occurring in the data.
    (9) Textual definitions of the codes.

    
                           SSD DOCUMENTATION

    The documentation has been processed using a computer-based
    documentation system developed at the Swedish Social Science
    Data Service. The system is called ASIDE, Archival System for
    Interoperable Data Exchange.




Variable list


1 SSD Study NR 0137 2 SSD Edition NR 1 3 SSD Part NR 001 4 ID-number 5 Municipality 6 Date of answer 7 Sample loss 8 Agreement framework and budget proposals 9 Exceed of central executive board's framework 10 Board exceeding the budget 1 11 Board 1: Activity 1 12 Board 1: Activity 2 13 Board exceeding the budget 2 14 Board 2: Activity 1 15 Board 2: Activity 2 16 Board exceeding the budget 3 17 Board 3: Activity 1 18 Board 3: Activity 2 19 Accepted excesses: Activity 1 20 Accepted excesses: Activity 2 21 Accepted excesses: Activity 3 22 Formation of the executive board's budget instructions 23 Demand alternative budget proposals 24 Yearly budget match the long term budget with regard to revenues 25 Yearly budget match the long term budget with regard to expenditures 26 Yearly budget match the long term budget with regard to investments 27 Point in time when the long term budget is decided 28 Long term budget, time for decision 29 Number of additional appropriations 1986 30 Additional appropriations 1: Activity 31 Additional appropriations 1: Amount 32 Additional appropriations 2: Activity 33 Additional appropriations 2: Amount 34 Additional appropriations 3: Activity 35 Additional appropriations 3: Amount 36 Reason for additional appropriations 37 Politically debated additional appropriations 38 Debated additional appropriations, 1 39 Grouping debated additional appropriation, 1 40 Debated additional appropriations, 2 41 Grouping debated additional appropriation, 2 42 Debated additional appropriations, 3 43 Grouping debated additional appropriation, 3 44 Reduction of appropriations during 1986 fiscal year 45 Reduction of appropriations, board 1 46 Reduction of appropriations, board 2 47 Experiments with zero base budgeting 48 Experiments with zero base budgeting, area 1 49 Experiments with zero base budgeting, area 2 50 First year zero base budgeting was used 51 Zero base budgeting used in the municipality 52 Reason for not using zero base budgeting 53 Zero base budgeting: Improved basis for decision 54 Zero base budgeting: More costs than savings 55 Zero base budgeting: Personnel more conscious about costs 56 Zero base budgeting: Too short range planning 57 Zero base budgeting: Politicians more conscientious in making priorities 58 Zero base budgeting: Easier to discover ineffective work routines and unnecessary costs 59 Initiate new programs 60 New programs: Area 1 61 New programs: Area 2 62 Increase the efforts within old programs 63 Increase the efforts within old programs: Area 1 64 Increase the efforts within old programs: Area 2 65 Reduce programs 66 Reduce programs: Area 1 67 Reduce programs: Area 2 68 Eliminate programs 69 Eliminate programs: Area 1 70 Eliminate programs: Area 2 71 Fundamental revision of municipal programs 72 Fundamental revision of municipal programs, area 1 73 Fundamental revision of municipal programs, area 2 74 Fundamental revision of municipal programs, area 3 75 Planning: Improved cooperation 76 Planning: Satisfies demands for information 77 Planning: Assert the municipality's rights against national authorities 78 Planning: Forces politicians to clarify their positions 79 Planning: Strengthens central executive board's position at the cost of other boards 80 Planning: Too strong influence for the administrators 81 Planning: Increased level of ambition 82 Planning: Benefits not worth the costs and efforts 83 Planning: Too concentrated on covering service demands 84 Planning: Increased party politicization within the municipal bodies 85 Local government work: Revenue forecasting 86 Local government work: Fiscal information system 87 Local government work: Performance measures 88 Local government work: Economic development impacts 89 Local government work: Reporting of the financial situation to the central executive board 90 Local government work: Reporting of the financial situation to the municipal council 91 The municipality's overall economic situation 92 The municipality's economic development during the 1980's 93 Year when the municipality's economy began to improve/deteriorate 94 Crisis in the municipality's economy 95 Municipality economy in a crisis, 1 96 Municipality economy in a crisis, 2 97 Specific factors resulting in important changes 98 Specific factor 1: Year 99 Specific factor 1 100 Specific factor 2: Year 101 Specific factor 2 102 Effect 1985-1986: Changes in the size of national government grants and subsidies 103 Effect 1985-1986: Changes in the demands which the national government places on the municipality's services 104 Effect 1985-1986: Changes in the taxbase 105 Effect 1985-1986: Population changes 106 Effect 1985-1986: Development of trade and industry 107 Effect 1985-1986: Development of personnel costs 108 Effect 1985-1986: Price and cost development 109 Effect 1985-1986: Development of employment situation 110 Effect 1985-1986: Changes in the ability to obtain loans 111 Effect 1987-1988: Changes in the size of national government grants and subsidies 112 Effect 1987-1988: Changes in the demands which the national government places on the municipality's services 113 Effect 1987-1988: Changes in the taxbase 114 Effect 1987-1988: Population changes 115 Effect 1987-1988: Development of trade and industry 116 Effect 1987-1988: Development of personnel costs 117 Effect 1987-1988: Price and cost development 118 Effect 1987-1988: Development of the employment situation 119 Effect 1987-1988: Changes in the ability to obtain loans 120 Importance for the economy: New political personnel in important positions 121 Importance for the economy: New personnel in leading administrative positions 122 Importance for the economy: Changes in public opinion 123 Importance for the economy: Changes in the political composition of the municipality's decision-making bodies 124 Importance for the economy: Policy changes within the leading political party or parties 125 Importance for the economy: Policy changes within the opposition party or parties 126 Importance for the economy: Changes in the municipal employees' willingness to make adjustments 127 Changing of taxation level 1986 128 Changing of taxation level 1987 129 Increase user fees and charges 1986 130 Increase user fees and charges 1987 131 Charging for previously free service 1986 132 Charging for previously free service 1987 133 Draw down surpluses 1986 134 Draw down surpluses 1987 135 Sell some assets 1986 136 Sell some assets 1987 137 Active borrowing policy 1986 138 Active borrowing policy 1987 139 Active investment policy 1986 140 Active investment policy 1987 141 Restructuring of payment routines 1986 142 Restructuring of payment routines 1987 143 Use of internal pricing 1986 144 Use of internal pricing 1987 145 Active budget follow-up 1986 146 Active budget follow-up 1987 147 Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 1986 148 Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 1987 149 Cut budget for selected departments 1986 150 Cut budget for selected departments 1987 151 Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments 1986 152 Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments 1987 153 Reduce administrative expenditures 1986 154 Reduce administrative expenditures 1987 155 Reduce expenditures for supplies, equipment 1986 156 Reduce expenditures for supplies, equipment 1987 157 Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 1986 158 Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 1987 159 Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 1986 160 Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 1987 161 Postpone previously planned investments 1986 162 Postpone previously planned investments 1987 163 Postpone previously planned expansion 1986 164 Postpone previously planned expansion 1987 165 Eliminate programs 1986 166 Eliminate programs 1987 167 Lay-off personnel 1986 168 Lay-off personnel 1987 169 Impose a hiring freeze 1986 170 Impose a hiring freeze 1987 171 Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1986 172 Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1987 173 Reduce the hiring of substitutes 1986 174 Reduce the hiring of substitutes 1987 175 Early retirements 1986 176 Early retirements 1987 177 Reduce overtimes 1986 178 Reduce overtimes 1987 179 Reduce employees participation in on-the-job training schemes 1986 180 Reduce employees participation in on-the-job training schemes 1987 181 Increased concentration of on-the-job training 1986 182 Increased concentration of on-the-job training 1987 183 Leadership training 1986 184 Leadership training 1987 185 Increased internal recruitment and transfer 1986 186 Increased internal recruitment and transfer 1987 187 Increased external recruitment 1986 188 Increased external recruitment 1987 189 Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 1986 190 Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 1987 191 Merging of boards 1986 192 Merging of boards 1987 193 Use of sub-local bodies 1986 194 Use of sub-local bodies 1987 195 Increased client influence 1986 196 Increased client influence 1987 197 Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 1986 198 Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 1987 199 Geographical decentralization 1986 200 Geographical decentralization 1987 201 Deregulation to reduce "red tape" 1986 202 Deregulation to reduce "red tape" 1987 203 Increased co-operation with national bodies in certain matters 1986 204 Increased co-operation with national bodies in certain matters 1987 205 Increased co-operation with the county 1986 206 Increased co-operation with the county 1987 207 Transfer of responsibility to organizations or associations 1986 208 Transfer of responsibility to organizations or associations 1987 209 Privatization 1986 210 Privatization 1987 211 Contract out services with private firms 1986 212 Contract out services with private firms 1987 213 Joint purchasing agreements 1986 214 Joint purchasing agreements 1987 215 Reorganization of the central administration 1986 216 Reorganization of the central administration 1987 217 Other measures 1, 1986 218 Other measures 1, 1987 219 Other measures 2, 1986 220 Other measures 2, 1987 221 Number of measures taken in 1986 222 Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986, 1 223 Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986, 2 224 Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986, 3 225 Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1987, 1 226 Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1987, 2 227 Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1987, 3 228 Particularly debated economic measure 229 Most debated economic measure 1 230 Most debated economic measure 2 231 Most debated economic measure 3 232 Groups between which the debate has taken place, 1 233 Groups between which the debate has taken place, 2 234 Groups between which the debate has taken place, 3 235 Comparison with other municipalities 236 Comparisons with other municipalities, example 1 237 Comparisons with other municipalities, example 2 238 Comparisons with other municipalities, example 3 239 Year of birth 240 Education 241 Years employed in the municipality 242 Present position 243 Number of years in present position 244 Name of municipality 245 Municipality - in alphabetical order 246 County 247 Part of the country 248 Population 1986 249 Population 1984 250 Population 1983 251 Population 1986 - four groups 252 Population 1984 - four groups 253 Share of the population below 15 years in 1986 254 Share of the population over 65 years in 1986 255 Share of the population below 15 years in 1984 256 Share of the population over 65 years in 1984 257 Share of the population below 15 years in 1983 258 Share of the population over 65 years in 1983 259 Changes of population 1976-1986 260 Tätortsgrad 1986 261 Tätortsgrad 1984 262 Tätortsgrad 1983 263 Political majority 1985 - 3 groups 264 Political majority 1985 - 2 groups 265 Majority 1985 266 Percent mandates - social democrats and left party communists 1985 267 Percent mandates - social democrats and left party communists 1982 268 Tax rate 1986 269 Tax rate 1985 270 Expenditure per capita in 1986 271 Expenditure per capita in 1985 272 Municipality expenditure in 1986 273 Municipality expenditure in 1984 274 Municipality expenditure in 1983 275 Local government employees in 1985 276 Local government employees in 1984 277 Local government employees in 1983 278 Liquidity 1986 279 Liquid funds 1986 280 Liquid funds 1984 281 Liquid funds 1983 282 Tax revenues 1986 283 Tax revenues 1984 284 Tax revenues 1983 285 Primary local authority imposition 1987 286 Primary local authority imposition 1986 287 Primary local authority imposition 1985 288 Primary local authority imposition 1984 289 Primary local authority imposition 1983 290 Tax changes 1986-1987 291 Tax changes 1985-1986 292 Financing 1986: Percent tax revenues 293 Financing 1986: Percent tax equalisation grants 294 Financing 1986: Percent fees and compensations 295 Financing 1986: Percent other government grants 296 Financing 1984: Percent tax revenues 297 Financing 1984: Percent tax equalisation grants 298 Financing 1984: Percent fees and compensations 299 Financing 1984: Percent other government grants 300 Financing 1983: Percent tax revenues 301 Financing 1983: Percent tax equalisation grants 302 Financing 1983: Percent fees and compensations 303 Financing 1983: Percent other government grants 304 Financing 1982: Percent tax revenues 305 Financing 1982: Percent other government grants 306 Egen skattekraft 1986 307 Egen skattekraft 1985 308 Egen skattekraft 1984 309 Egen skattekraft 1983 310 Egen skattekraft 1986, 4 klasser 311 Egen skattekraft 1984, 4 klasser 312 Tax equalisation grants 1986 313 Tax equalisation grants 1984 314 Tax equalisation grants 1983 315 Tax equalisation grants 1986 - 4 classes 316 Operating costs per capita 1985 317 Operating costs per capita 1982 318 Skattekraft i procent av medelskattekraften 1985 319 Skattekraft i percent av medelskattekraften 1984 320 Skattekraft i percent av medelskattekraften 1983 321 Skattekraft i percent av medelskattekraften 1985, 4 klasser 322 Grundgaranti 1986 323 Grundgaranti 1984 324 Grundgaranti 1983 325 Government operating grants 1983 326 Fiscal stress incl NEED, 4 classes 327 Total state grant 1986 - 4 classes

VAR 1  SSD STUDY NR 0137                           Loc 1  width 4


Swedish Social Science Data Service study 0137


VAR 2 SSD EDITION NR 1 Loc 5 width 1 December 1998
VAR 3 SSD PART NR 001 Loc 6 width 3 Fiscal austerity and urban innovation
VAR 4 ID-NUMBER Loc 9 width 3 ID-number
VAR 5 MUNICIPALITY Loc 12 width 4 Municipality 1 0114. Upplands-Väsby 1 0115. Vallentuna 1 0117. Österåker 1 0120. Värmdö 1 0123. Järfälla 1 0125. Ekerö 1 0126. Huddinge 1 0127. Botkyrka 1 0128. Salem 1 0136. Haninge 1 0138. Tyresö 1 0139. Upplands-Bro 1 0160. Täby 1 0162. Danderyd 1 0163. Sollentuna 1 0180. Stockholm 1 0181. Södertälje 1 0182. Nacka 1 0183. Sundbyberg 1 0184. Solna 1 0186. Lidingö 1 0187. Vaxholm 1 0188. Norrtälje 1 0191. Sigtuna 1 0192. Nynäshamn 1 0305. Håbo 1 0319. Älvkarleby 1 0360. Tierp 1 0380. Uppsala 1 0381. Enköping 1 0382. Östhammar 1 0428. Vingåker 1 0480. Nyköping 1 0481. Oxelösund 1 0482. Flen 1 0483. Katrineholm 1 0484. Eskilstuna 1 0486. Strängnäs 1 0509. Ödeshög 1 0512. Ydre 1 0513. Kinda 1 0560. Boxholm 1 0561. Åtvidaberg 1 0562. Finspång 1 0563. Valdemarsvik 1 0580. Linköping 1 0581. Norrköping 1 0582. Söderköping 1 0583. Motala 1 0584. Vadstena 1 0586. Mjölby 1 0604. Aneby 1 0617. Gnosjö 1 0662. Gislaved 1 0665. Vaggeryd 1 0680. Jönköping 1 0682. Nässjö 1 0683. Värnamo 1 0684. Sävsjö 1 0685. Vetlanda 1 0686. Eksjö 1 0687. Tranås 1 0760. Uppvidinge 1 0761. Lessebo 1 0763. Tingsryd 1 0764. Alvesta 1 0765. Älmhult 1 0767. Markaryd 1 0780. Växjö 1 0781. Ljungby 1 0821. Högsby 1 0834. Torsås 1 0840. Mörbylånga 1 0860. Hultsfred 1 0861. Mönsterås 1 0862. Emmaboda 1 0880. Kalmar 1 0881. Nybro 1 0882. Oskarshamn 1 0883. Västervik 1 0884. Vimmerby 1 0885. Borgholm 1 0980. Gotland 1 1060. Olofström 1 1080. Karlskrona 1 1081. Ronneby 1 1082. Karlshamn 1 1083. Sölvesborg 1 1121. Östra Göinge 1 1137. Örkelljunga 1 1160. Tomelilla 1 1162. Bromölla 1 1163. Osby 1 1165. Perstorp 1 1166. Klippan 1 1167. Åstorp 1 1168. Båstad 1 1180. Kristianstad 1 1181. Simrishamn 1 1182. Ängelholm 1 1183. Hässleholm 1 1214. Svalöv 1 1230. Staffanstorp 1 1231. Burlöv 1 1233. Vellinge 1 1260. Bjuv 1 1261. Kävlinge 1 1262. Lomma 1 1263. Svedala 1 1264. Skurup 1 1265. Sjöbo 1 1266. Hörby 1 1267. Höör 1 1280. Malmö 1 1281. Lund 1 1282. Landskrona 1 1283. Helsingborg 1 1284. Höganäs 1 1285. Eslöv 1 1286. Ystad 1 1287. Trelleborg 1 1315. Hylte 1 1380. Halmstad 1 1381. Laholm 1 1382. Falkenberg 1 1383. Varberg 1 1384. Kungsbacka 1 1401. Härryda 1 1402. Partille 1 1407. Öckerö 1 1415. Stenungsund 1 1419. Tjörn 1 1421. Orust 1 1427. Sotenäs 1 1430. Munkedal 1 1435. Tanum 1 1480. Göteborg 1 1481. Mölndal 1 1482. Kungälv 1 1484. Lysekil 1 1485. Uddevalla 1 1486. Strömstad 1 1504. Dals-Ed 1 1507. Färgelanda 1 1521. Ale 1 1524. Lerum 1 1527. Vårgårda 1 1552. Tranemo 1 1560. Bengtsfors 1 1561. Mellerud 1 1562. Lilla Edet 1 1563. Mark 1 1565. Svenljunga 1 1566. Herrljunga 1 1580. Vänersborg 1 1581. Trollhättan 1 1582. Alingsås 1 1583. Borås 1 1584. Ulricehamn 1 1585. Åmål 1 1602. Grästorp 1 1603. Essunga 1 1622. Mullsjö 1 1623. Habo 1 1637. Karlsborg 1 1643. Gullspång 1 1660. Vara 1 1661. Götene 1 1662. Tibro 1 1663. Töreboda 1 1680. Mariestad 1 1681. Lidköping 1 1682. Skara 1 1683. Skövde 1 1684. Hjo 1 1685. Tidaholm 1 1686. Falköping 1 1715. Kil 1 1730. Eda 1 1737. Torsby 1 1760. Storfors 1 1761. Hammarö 1 1762. Munkfors 1 1763. Forshaga 1 1764. Grums 1 1765. Årjäng 1 1766. Sunne 1 1780. Karlstad 1 1781. Kristinehamn 1 1782. Filipstad 1 1783. Hagfors 1 1784. Arvika 1 1785. Säffle 1 1860. Laxå 1 1861. Hallsberg 1 1862. Degerfors 1 1863. Hällefors 1 1864. Ljusnarsberg 1 1880. Örebro 1 1881. Kumla 1 1882. Askersund 1 1883. Karlskoga 1 1884. Nora 1 1885. Lindesberg 1 1904. Skinnskatteberg 1 1907. Surahammar 1 1917. Heby 1 1960. Kungsör 1 1961. Hallstahammar 1 1962. Norberg 1 1980. Västerås 1 1981. Sala 1 1982. Fagersta 1 1983. Köping 1 1984. Arboga 1 2021. Vansbro 1 2023. Malung 1 2026. Gagnef 1 2029. Leksand 1 2031. Rättvik 1 2034. Orsa 1 2039. Älvdalen 1 2061. Smedjebacken 1 2062. Mora 1 2080. Falun 1 2081. Borlänge 1 2082. Säter 1 2083. Hedemora 1 2084. Avesta 1 2085. Ludvika 1 2101. Ockelbo 1 2104. Hofors 1 2121. Ovanåker 1 2132. Nordanstig 1 2161. Ljusdal 1 2180. Gävle 1 2181. Sandviken 1 2182. Söderhamn 1 2183. Bollnäs 1 2184. Hudiksvall 1 2260. Ånge 1 2262. Timrå 1 2280. Härnösand 1 2281. Sundsvall 1 2282. Kramfors 1 2283. Sollefteå 1 2284. Örnsköldsvik 1 2303. Ragunda 1 2305. Bräcke 1 2309. Krokom 1 2313. Strömsund 1 2321. Åre 1 2326. Berg 1 2361. Härjedalen 1 2380. Östersund 1 2401. Nordmaling 1 2403. Bjurholm 1 2404. Vindeln 1 2409. Robertsfors 1 2417. Norsjö 1 2418. Malå 1 2421. Storuman 1 2422. Sorsele 1 2425. Dorotea 1 2460. Vännäs 1 2462. Vilhelmina 1 2463. Åsele 1 2480. Umeå 1 2481. Lycksele 1 2482. Skellefteå 1 2505. Arvidsjaur 1 2506. Arjeplog 1 2510. Jokkmokk 1 2513. Överkalix 1 2514. Kalix 1 2518. Övertorneå 1 2521. Pajala 1 2523. Gällivare 1 2560. Älvsbyn 1 2580. Luleå 1 2581. Piteå 1 2582. Boden 1 2583. Haparanda 1 2584. Kiruna
VAR 6 DATE OF ANSWER Loc 16 width 4 MD= 0 Date of answer 0102. 2 January 1987 . . 0430. 30 April 1987 1122. 22 November 1986 . . 1230. 30 December 1986 56 0000. Sample loss Kod: 102 107 108 109 112 114 116 121 128 129 130 Frek: 2 1 1 3 4 4 1 1 2 6 1 Kod: 202 203 204 205 206 210 218 226 304 305 306 Frek: 7 1 4 1 3 4 1 3 1 1 4 Kod: 309 310 311 313 316 319 320 331 403 410 429 Frek: 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 Kod: 430 1122 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 1201 1202 1203 1204 Frek: 1 10 1 1 16 16 10 8 6 9 7 Kod: 1205 1208 1209 1211 1215 1216 1218 1221 1229 1230 0 Frek: 5 5 9 9 2 13 6 7 9 7 56 Kod: 1205 1208 1209 1211 1215 1216 1218 1221 1229 1230 0 Frek: 5 5 9 9 2 13 6 7 9 7 56
VAR 7 SAMPLE LOSS Loc 20 width 1 Sample loss 228 1. The questionnaire is answered 56 5. The questionnaire is not answered
VAR 8 AGREEMENT FRAMEWORK 1 Loc 21 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 The following is a number of questions (1-13) which concerns budgeting and the budgeting process 1 If you look back at the years's budget process ... How would you judge the agreement between the central executive board's economic framework with the other boards' budget proposals? 32 1. Very good 117 2. Fairly good 63 3. Fairly bad 7 4. Very bad 3 6. The central executive board does not draw up framework 3 7. Other 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 9 EXCEED FRAMEWORK 2 Loc 22 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 2 Has any board exceeded the central executive board's framework in its budget proposal for 1987? 198 1. Yes 25 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 10 BOARD EXCEEDING BUDG 1 2 Loc 23 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2A (IF YES) Which board(s) has (have) the most considerable excess of the central executive board's budget framework? 2Aa(1) Board exceeding the budget 1 Codes 35-44 refers to county boards 1 03. Housing committee 4 05. Real estate commission 6 06. Recreation board 3 07. Street commission 8 09. Central executive board 5 11. Culture board 1 15. Personnel board 32 16. School board 122 17. Social welfare board 8 18. Technical board 2 25. Sub-local bodies i.e. neighbourhood councils 2 35. Medical services board 1 60. Other board 3 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 5 99. NA
VAR 11 BOARD 1: ACTIVITY 1 2 Loc 25 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Aa(2) Exceeding board 1: Activity 1 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 5 01. All subprograms 1 02. Some subprograms, unspec. 1 03. Measures to reduce unemployment 1 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 2 05. Operational costs 4 06. Personnel costs 1 08. Investments, in general 2 09. Premises, in general 8 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 1 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 3 14. Compensation for reductions of central government grants 2 16. Communications, local traffic 1 20. Recreation activities, in general 1 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 1 22. Tourist services 2 24. Theatre, art and libraries 11 30. Social services, in general 16 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 1 33. Compensation for care in private institutions 46 34. Day care and infant schools 26 35. Old aged care 15 40. School services, in general 4 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 1 42. Compensation for services managed by other communities 3 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 2 60. Other subprogram 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 42 99. NA
VAR 12 BOARD 1: ACTIVITY 2 2 Loc 27 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Aa(3) Exceeding board 1: Activity 2 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 1 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 2 06. Personnel costs 1 09. Premises, in general 2 14. Compensation for reductions of central government grants 1 16. Communications, local traffic 1 20. Recreation activities, in general 2 30. Social services, in general 6 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 3 33. Compensation for care in private institutions 9 34. Day care and infant schools 37 35. Old aged care 1 40. School services, in general 2 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 2 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 1 52. Refuse collection 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 132 99. NA
VAR 13 BOARD EXCEEDING BUDG 2 2 Loc 29 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Ab(1) Board exceeding the budget 2 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 1 01. Library board 4 02. Fire service board 1 03. Housing committee 6 05. Real estate commission 7 06. Recreation board 8 07. Street commission 9 09. Central executive board 15 11. Culture board 2 15. Personnel board 33 16. School board 25 17. Social welfare board 6 18. Technical board 1 19. Traffic board 1 21. Tourist board 1 22. Road board 2 25. Sub-local bodies i.e. neighbourhood councils 1 44. Dental service committee 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 80 99. NA
VAR 14 BOARD 2: ACTIVITY 1 2 Loc 31 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Ab(2) Exceeding board 2: Activity 1 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 2 01. All subprograms 1 02. Some subprograms, unspec. 2 03. Measures to reduce unemployment 1 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 3 06. Personnel costs 4 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 1 08. Investments, in general 4 09. Premises, in general 10 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 1 14. Compensation for reductions of central government grants 1 16. Communications, local traffic 2 20. Recreation activities, in general 4 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 2 22. Tourist services 3 23. Cultural services, in general 6 24. Theatre, art and libraries 5 30. Social services, in general 4 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 6 34. Day care and infant schools 6 35. Old aged care 7 40. School services, in general 5 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 1 42. Compensation for services managed by other communities 3 50. Technical services, in general 10 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 1 52. Refuse collection 2 60. Other subprogram 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 106 99. NA
VAR 15 BOARD 2: ACTIVITY 2 2 Loc 33 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 1Ab(3) Exceeding board 2: Activity 2 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 2 06. Personnel costs 1 08. Investments, in general 1 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 1 14. Compensation for reductions of central government grants 1 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 1 22. Tourist services 1 24. Theatre, art and libraries 2 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 1 34. Day care and infant schools 4 35. Old aged care 5 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 1 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 1 52. Refuse collection 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 181 99. NA
VAR 16 BOARD EXCEEDING BUDG 3 2 Loc 35 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Ac(1) Board exceeding the budget 3 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 1 02. Fire service board 7 05. Real estate commission 7 06. Recreation board 1 07. Street commission 2 09. Central executive board 6 11. Culture board 3 12. Public health board 6 15. Personnel board 11 16. School board 7 17. Social welfare board 3 18. Technical board 1 21. Tourist board 1 25. Sub-local bodies i.e. neighbourhood councils 1 39. School board for mentally retarded 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 145 99. NA
VAR 17 BOARD 3: ACTIVITY 1 2 Loc 37 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Ac(2) Exceeding board 3: Activity 1 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 1 02. Some subprograms, unspec. 3 05. Operational costs 4 06. Personnel costs 1 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 1 08. Investments, in general 3 09. Premises, in general 5 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 1 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 3 20. Recreation activities, in general 2 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 2 22. Tourist services 2 23. Cultural services, in general 1 24. Theatre, art and libraries 1 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 3 34. Day care and infant schools 1 35. Old aged care 2 40. School services, in general 1 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 2 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 1 53. Energy supply 1 54. Environmental protection 3 60. Other subprogram 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 159 99. NA
VAR 18 BOARD 3: ACTIVITY 2 2 Loc 39 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 2Ac(3) Exceeding board 3: Activity 2 <See 2A for complete questiontext> 2 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 1 09. Premises, in general 1 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 1 34. Day care and infant schools 2 35. Old aged care 1 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 56 00. Sample loss 25 90. INAP 195 99. NA
VAR 19 ACCEPTED: ACTIVITY 1 2 Loc 41 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 2B Have the excesses which you have mentioned above been accepted by the executive board? 2B(1) Department a) above 47 1. Accepted 124 3. Partially accepted 24 5. Not accepted 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 31 9. INAP/NA
VAR 20 ACCEPTED: ACTIVITY 2 2 Loc 42 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 2B(2) Department b) above <See 2B for complete questiontext> 29 1. Accepted 72 3. Partially accepted 24 5. Not accepted 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 102 9. INAP/NA
VAR 21 ACCEPTED: ACTIVITY 3 2 Loc 43 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 2B(3) Department c) above <See 2B for complete questiontext> 8 1. Accepted 34 3. Partially accepted 17 5. Not accepted 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 168 9. INAP/NA
VAR 22 FORMATION BUDGET INSTR 3 Loc 44 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 3 The executive board's budget instructions are more or less specified. Which of the following alternatives is most appropriate to describe the formation of the executive board's budget instructions in your municipality? 198 1. The instructions merely specify the economic framework within the budget must balance. Making priorities and resource allocation is left to each board 24 2. The instructions include not only the economic framework but also detailed directives for priorities and resource allocation 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 23 DEMAND BUDG ALTERN 4 Loc 45 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 4 Do the executive board's budget instructions demand that the boards work out alternative budget proposals for different levels of costs (for example 2% over or under the budget framework)? 51 1. Yes, the budget instructions demand the presentation of alternative budget proposals 173 5. No, the budget instructions do not demand budget alternatives 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 24 LONG-TERM: REVENUES 5 Loc 46 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 5 If you compare the (new) yearly budget for 1987 with the latest long term budget, how well does the yearly budget match the long term budget with regard to revenues, expenditures and investments? 5(1) With regard to revenues 75 1. The budget match the long term budget 85 3. Occasional larger discrepancies exist 29 5. Several larger discrepancies exist 18 7. No long term budget is made 56 0. Sample loss 21 9. NA
VAR 25 LONG-TERM: EXPENDITURE 5 Loc 47 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 5(2) With regard to expenditures <See 5 for complete questiontext> 36 1. The budget match the long term budget 110 3. Occasional larger discrepancies exist 50 5. Several larger discrepancies exist 20 7. No long term budget is made 56 0. Sample loss 12 9. NA
VAR 26 LONG-TERM: INVESTMENTS 5 Loc 48 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 5(3) With regard to investments <See 5 for complete questiontext> 55 1. The budget match the long term budget 79 3. Occasional larger discrepancies exist 63 5. Several larger discrepancies exist 17 7. No long term budget is made 56 0. Sample loss 14 9. NA
VAR 27 TIME LONG TERM BUDGET 6 Loc 49 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 6(1) When during the year does your municipality decide on the long term budget? 139 1. At the same time as the yearly budget is decided 71 2. At a different point in time 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 17 9. NA
VAR 28 LONG TERM BUDG: MONTH 6 Loc 50 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 6(2) At a different point in time, during the month of ... 3 01. January 2 02. February 21 03. March 22 04. April 17 05. May 2 06. June 1 07. July 2 12. December 3 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 138 90. INAP 17 99. NA
VAR 29 NUMBER ADD APPROPRIAT 7 Loc 52 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 7 During the fiscal year, it is fairly common that changes occur which require a revision of the original budget. Additional appropriations are sometimes necessary. Certain municipalities more readily accept the granting of additional appropriations while others are more restrictive. Approximately how many additional appropriations did the council in your municipality grant during the 1986 fiscal year? 3 1. No additional appropriations 58 2. 1-10 additional appropriations 138 3. 11-50 additional appropriations 27 4. More than 50 additional appropriations 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 30 ADD APPROPRIATIONS 1 8 Loc 53 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 The following three questions (8-10) are to be answered only if additional appropriations have been granted 8 Which programs have received the largest additional appropriations during the current fiscal year 1986 and how large have these increases been? 8(1.1) Larger additional appropriations have gone to, 1 7 03. Measures to reduce unemployment 4 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 24 06. Personnel costs 2 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 5 08. Investments, in general 14 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 9 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 1 12. Housing, repairs and maintenance of houses 12 13. Purchase of real estate, purchase of land 3 15. Purchase of computer equipment, computer training 3 16. Communications, local traffic 1 17. Refugee accommodation services 11 18. Share purchase and economic support to enterprises owned by local authorities 3 19. Redemption of guarantee 5 20. Recreation activities, in general 6 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 3 22. Tourist services 1 23. Cultural services, in general 16 30. Social services, in general 5 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 21 34. Day care and infant schools 10 35. Old aged care 8 40. School services, in general 1 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 2 50. Technical services, in general 10 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 6 53. Energy supply 7 60. Other subprogram 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 3 90. INAP 24 99. NA
VAR 31 AMOUNT ADD APPROPR 1 8 Loc 55 width 8 8(1.2) Approximate amount, additional appropriations 1 <See 8 for complete questiontext> 3 00000000. INAP 56 90000000. Sample loss 37 99999999. NA Valid-n=247 Min=0 Max=9e+07 Mean=23077517.2 St.Dev=36817780.2
VAR 32 ADD APPROPRIATIONS 2 8 Loc 63 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 8(2.1) Larger additional appropriations have gone to, 2 <See 8 for complete questiontext> 5 03. Measures to reduce unemployment 6 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 9 06. Personnel costs 3 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 1 08. Investments, in general 1 09. Premises, in general 14 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 12 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 1 12. Housing, repairs and maintenance of houses 4 13. Purchase of real estate, purchase of land 2 15. Purchase of computer equipment, computer training 1 16. Communications, local traffic 1 17. Refugee accommodation services 10 18. Share purchase and economic support to enterprises owned by local authorities 3 19. Redemption of guarantee 5 20. Recreation activities, in general 7 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 3 22. Tourist services 15 30. Social services, in general 5 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 1 32. Allowance for housing 10 34. Day care and infant schools 4 35. Old aged care 9 40. School services, in general 3 50. Technical services, in general 13 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 1 52. Refuse collection 3 53. Energy supply 1 54. Environmental protection 10 60. Other subprogram 56 00. Sample loss 3 90. INAP 62 99. NA
VAR 33 AMOUNT ADD APPROPR 2 8 Loc 65 width 8 8(2.2) Approximate amount, additional appropriations 2 <See 8 for complete questiontext> 3 00000000. INAP 56 90000000. Sample loss 67 99999999. NA Valid-n=217 Min=0 Max=9e+07 Mean=24578796.4 St.Dev=38765254.0
VAR 34 ADD APPROPRIATIONS 3 8 Loc 73 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 8(3.1) Larger additional appropriations have gone to, 3 <See 8 for complete questiontext> 2 03. Measures to reduce unemployment 6 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 2 05. Operational costs 5 06. Personnel costs 1 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 1 08. Investments, in general 1 09. Premises, in general 8 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 5 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 1 12. Housing, repairs and maintenance of houses 7 13. Purchase of real estate, purchase of land 1 14. Compensation for reductions of central government grants 1 15. Purchase of computer equipment, computer training 3 16. Communications, local traffic 1 17. Refugee accommodation services 7 18. Share purchase and economic support to enterprises owned by local authorities 2 19. Redemption of guarantee 4 20. Recreation activities, in general 3 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 1 22. Tourist services 1 24. Theatre, art and libraries 5 30. Social services, in general 1 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 7 34. Day care and infant schools 7 35. Old aged care 3 40. School services, in general 2 41. Textbooks, school buses, school meal services 1 46. 2 50. Technical services, in general 12 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 2 53. Energy supply 1 54. Environmental protection 8 60. Other subprogram 56 00. Sample loss 3 90. INAP 111 99. NA
VAR 35 AMOUNT ADD APPROPR 3 8 Loc 75 width 8 8(3.2) Approximate amount, additional appropriations 3 <See 8 for complete questiontext> 3 00000000. INAP 56 90000000. Sample loss 113 99999999. NA Valid-n=171 Min=0 Max=9e+07 Mean=30465541.5 St.Dev=41716401.4
VAR 36 REASON ADD APPROPRIAT 9 Loc 83 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 9 The additional appropriations have mainly been used to: 84 1. Cover increased costs for previously decided policy commitments 106 2. Finance new or increased policy commitments 28 3. Both alternatives 56 0. Sample loss 3 8. INAP 7 9. NA
VAR 37 DEB ADD APPROPRIATION 10 Loc 84 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 10(1) Have any of the additional appropriations during the fiscal year 1986 been politically debated or politically controversial? 46 1. Yes 171 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 11 9. NA
VAR 38 DEBATED ADD APPROP 1 10 Loc 85 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 10(2) (IF YES) Which additional appropriations are you referring to and between which groups has the debate been centered? 10a(1) Debated additional appropriations, 1 1 01. All subprograms 1 04. Stimulate establishment of industry 2 06. Personnel costs 2 07. Establish new posts within the municipality 3 09. Premises, in general 3 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 3 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 1 13. Purchase of real estate, purchase of land 4 18. Share purchase and economic support to enterprises owned by local authorities 9 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 1 30. Social services, in general 1 31. Social assistance, social welfare and security 3 34. Day care and infant schools 3 35. Old aged care 1 40. School services, in general 3 51. Streets, roads and green areas, maintenance and construction of, snow-clearance, water supply 1 53. Energy supply 3 60. Other subprogram 56 00. NA 173 90. INAP 10 99. Sample loss
VAR 39 ADD APPR 1: GROUPING 10 Loc 87 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 10a(2) Additional appropriation 1: Grouping <See 10(2) for complete questiontext> 31 1. Between the socialistic and the burgeois block 16 2. Between other groups than political blocks 56 0. Sample loss 174 8. INAP 7 9. NA
VAR 40 DEBATED ADD APPROP 2 10 Loc 88 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 10b(1) Debated additional appropriations, 2 <See 10(2) for complete questiontext> 1 05. Operational costs 2 10. Real estate management, repairs to premises etc. 1 11. New municipal premises e.g. schools, libraries etc. 1 22. Tourist services 2 60. Other subprogram 56 00. Sample loss 175 90. INAP 46 99. NA
VAR 41 ADD APPR 2: GROUPING 10 Loc 90 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 10b(2) Additional appropriation 2: Grouping <See 10(2) for complete questiontext> 2 1. Between the socialistic and the bourgeois block 5 2. Between other groups than political blocks 56 0. NA 175 8. INAP 46 9. Sample loss
VAR 42 DEBATED ADD APPROP 3 10 Loc 91 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 10c(1) Debated additional appropriations, 3 <See 10(2) for complete questiontext> 1 18. Share purchase and economic support to enterprises owned by local authorities 1 21. Economic support to voluntary organizations, clubs 56 00. Sample loss 175 90. INAP 51 99. NA
VAR 43 ADD APPR 3: GROUPING 10 Loc 93 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 10c(2) Additional appropriation 3: Grouping <See 10(2) for complete questiontext> 1 1. Between the socialistic and the bourgeois block 1 2. Between other groups than political blocks 56 0. NA 175 8. INAP 51 9. Sample loss
VAR 44 REDUCTION APPROP 1986 11 Loc 94 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 11(1) Has any board in your municipality received a reduction of appropriations during the current 1986 fiscal year? 12 1. Yes 215 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 45 REDUCED APPR: BOARD 1 11 Loc 95 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 11(2) (IF YES) Which boards have received a reduction of appropriations during the 1986 fiscal year 11a Reduction of appropriations, board 1 2 07. Street commission 1 16. School board 1 18. Technical board 8 50. All boards 56 00. Sample loss 215 90. INAP 1 99. NA
VAR 46 REDUCED APPR: BOARD 2 11 Loc 97 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 11b Reduction of appropriations, board 2 <See 11(1) for complete questiontext> 1 16. School board 1 18. Technical board 56 00. Sample loss 216 90. INAP 10 99. NA
VAR 47 ZERO BASE BUDGETING 12 Loc 99 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 12 New economic methods are occasionally presented. One of the most noted methods which has been introduced during the more recent past is zero base budgeting. Have any experiments with zero base budgeting been made in your municipality? 21 1. Yes, zero base budgeting has been used for the entire municipal operation 50 3. Yes, experiments with zero base budgeting has been made within certain areas 157 5. No, there has not been made any experiments with zero base budgeting 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 48 ZERO BASE BUDG AREA 1 12 Loc 100 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 12(1) Experiments with zero base budgeting, area 1 <See 12 for complete questiontext> 1 05. Real estate commission 10 06. Recreation board 2 07. Street commission 3 09. Central executive board 3 11. Culture board 1 14. Park- and nature conservancy committee, -administration 4 16. School board 6 17. Social welfare board 6 18. Technical board 3 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 179 90. INAP 10 99. NA
VAR 49 ZERO BASE BUDG AREA 2 12 Loc 102 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 12(2) Experiments with zero base budgeting, area 2 <See 12 for complete questiontext> 1 02. Fire service board 1 05. Real estate commission 5 06. Recreation board 2 07. Street commission 2 09. Central executive board 3 11. Culture board 2 14. Park- and nature conservancy committee, -administration 2 16. School board 3 17. Social welfare board 1 18. Technical board 56 00. Sample loss 179 90. INAP 27 99. NA
VAR 50 FIRST YEAR ZERO BASE 12 Loc 104 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 12A (IF YES) When was zero base budgeting used for the first time? <See 12 for complete questiontext> 2 79. 1979 1 80. 1980 4 81. 1981 7 82. 1982 11 83. 1983 10 84. 1984 13 85. 1985 11 86. 1986 3 87. 1987 56 00. Sample loss 157 90. INAP 9 99. NA
VAR 51 USES ZERO BASE BUDGET 12 Loc 106 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 12B(1) Is zero base budgeting used in the municipality today? <See 12 for complete questiontext> 35 1. Yes 30 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 161 9. INAP/NA
VAR 52 REASON NOT ZERO BASE 12 Loc 107 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 12B(2) (IF NO) Why? <See 12 for complete questiontext> 9 1. The method demands too much resources, time and labour. The benefit does not correspond to the costs. 4 2. Lack of interest/ability in politicians or in general 3 4. The municipality practises other methods 4 6. Other 8 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 200 9. INAP/NA
VAR 53 IMPR BASIS DECISION 13 Loc 108 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 To be answered only if zero base budgeting is, or has been used. 13 How well do the following statements fit with your experience of zero base budgeting 13(1) Zero base budgeting has led to an improved basis for decision 25 1. Strongly agree 36 2. Agree 2 3. Disagree 0 4. Strongly disagree 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 163 9. INAP/NA
VAR 54 Z-B BUDG COST-SAVING 13 Loc 109 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 13(2) Zero base budgeting has cost more than it has saved <See 13 for complete questiontext> 4 1. Strongly agree 14 2. Agree 33 3. Disagree 7 4. Strongly disagree 3 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 167 9. INAP/NA
VAR 55 PERSONNEL CONSC COSTS 13 Loc 110 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 13(3) Using zero base budgeting the personnel has become more conscious about costs <See 13 for complete questiontext> 22 1. Strongly agree 33 2. Agree 4 3. Disagree 0 4. Strongly disagree 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 168 9. INAP/NA
VAR 56 SHORT RANGE PLANNING 13 Loc 111 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 13(4) Zero base budgeting has resulted in too short range planning <See 13 for complete questiontext> 2 1. Strongly agree 14 2. Agree 32 3. Disagree 9 4. Strongly disagree 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 170 9. INAP/NA
VAR 57 CONSC MAKE PRIORITIES 13 Loc 112 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 13(5) Zero base budgeting has forced the politicians to be more conscientious in making priorities <See 13 for complete questiontext> 11 1. Strongly agree 36 2. Agree 9 3. Disagree 2 4. Strongly disagree 3 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 167 9. INAP/NA
VAR 58 DISC INEFFECTIVITY 13 Loc 113 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 13(6) Zero base budgeting has made it easier to discover ineffective work routines and unnecessary costs <See 13 for complete questiontext> 9 1. Strongly agree 33 2. Agree 15 3. Disagree 1 4. Strongly disagree 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 169 9. INAP/NA
VAR 59 INITIATE NEW PROGRAMS 14 Loc 114 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 Question 14 and 15 deal with changes in the municipality 14 Are you making, or planning to make, any more extensive changes of the following type in your municipality? 14(1) Initiate new programs 81 1. Yes 144 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 60 NEW PROGRAMS: AREA 1 14 Loc 115 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(1.1) Initiate new programs 1: If yes, what do you refer to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 6 01. Day care and infant school 12 02. Old aged care and restructuring of old age care 2 03. Other new social programs (not mentioned above) 7 04. Schools and education, new school premises and new lines of education 7 05. Recreation activities 4 06. Cultural services, libraries, theatres etc 3 07. Tourist services 2 08. Technical services, in general 2 09. Repairs and construction of premises, streets, parks 3 10. Energy, supply of energy 1 11. Housing 1 16. Personnel - establishing new posts. On-the-job training 2 18. Measures to reduce unemployment 12 19. Stimulate establishment of industry 9 20. Computer system, computer equipment, computer training 4 21. Organizational changes - sublocal units i.e neighbourhood councils, decentralization of responsibility to lower levels 2 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 144 90. INAP 5 99. NA
VAR 61 NEW PROGRAMS: AREA 2 14 Loc 117 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(1.2) Initiate new programs 2: If yes, what do you refer to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Day care and infant school 5 02. Old aged care and restructuring of old age care 1 03. Other new social programs (not mentioned above) 3 05. Recreation activities 2 06. Cultural services, libraries, theatres etc 1 08. Technical services, in general 1 09. Repairs and construction of premises, streets, parks 2 15. Refugee accommodation services 1 16. Personnel - establishing new posts. On-the-job training 1 17. Administration 2 19. Stimulate establishment of industry 2 20. Computer system, computer equipment, computer training 3 21. Organizational changes - sublocal units i.e neighbourhood councils, decentralization of responsibility to lower levels 2 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 144 90. INAP 57 99. NA
VAR 62 INCREASE EFFORTS 14 Loc 119 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 14(2) Increase the efforts within old programs <See 14 for complete questiontext> 173 1. Yes 53 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 63 INCR EFFORTS: AREA 1 14 Loc 120 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(2.1) Increased efforts within old programs 1: If yes, what do you refer to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 83 01. Day care and infant school 39 02. Old aged care and restructuring of old age care 5 03. Other new social programs (not mentioned above) 10 04. Schools and education, new school premises and new lines of education 2 05. Recreation activities 3 06. Cultural services, libraries, theatres etc 2 07. Tourist services 2 09. Repairs and construction of premises, streets, parks 1 11. Housing 1 14. Communications, local traffic 1 15. Refugee accommodation services 1 16. Personnel - establishing new posts. On-the-job training 1 18. Measures to reduce unemployment 8 19. Stimulate establishment of industry 7 20. Computer system, computer equipment, computer training 1 21. Organizational changes - sublocal units i.e neighbourhood councils, decentralization of responsibility to lower levels 4 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 53 90. INAP 4 99. NA
VAR 64 INCR EFFORTS: AREA 2 14 Loc 122 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(2.2) Increased efforts within old programs 2: If yes, what do you refer to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 17 01. Day care and infant school 65 02. Old aged care 2 03. Other social programs (not mentioned above) 8 04. Schools and education, new school premises and new lines of education 3 05. Recreation activities 3 06. Cultural services, libraries, theatres etc 3 07. Tourist services 1 09. Construction and repairs of premises, streets, parks 1 13. Environmental control 1 14. Communications, local traffic 1 18. Measures to reduce unemployment 3 19. Stimulate establishment of industry 3 20. Computer system, computer equipment, computer training 1 21. Organizational changes - sublocal units i.e neighbourhood councils, decentralization of responsibility to lower levels 56 00. Sample loss 53 90. INAP 63 99. NA
VAR 65 REDUCE PROGRAMS 14 Loc 124 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 14(3) Reduce programs <See 14 for complete questiontext> 81 1. Yes 147 5. No 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 66 REDUCE PROGR: AREA 1 14 Loc 125 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(3.1) Reduce programs 1: If yes, what are you referring to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Day care and infant school 1 02. Old aged care 17 04. Schools and education 3 05. Recreation activities 1 06. Cultural services 4 08. Technical services 9 09. Repairs and management of premises, streets, parks 2 12. Repairs and maintenance of houses 4 16. Personnel, reduction of personnel staff 8 17. Administration 1 18. Measures to reduce unemployment 3 21. Organizational changes e.g merging boards 21 50. Across-the-board in all departments 4 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 147 90. INAP 1 99. NA
VAR 67 REDUCE PROGR: AREA 2 14 Loc 127 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(3.2) Reduce programs 2: If yes, what are you referring to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 2 02. Old aged care 2 03. Other social programs (not mentioned above) 2 04. Schools and education 2 05. Recreation activities 3 06. Cultural services 2 08. Technical services 1 09. Repairs and management of premises, streets, parks 2 17. Administration 1 19. Stimulate establishment of industry 1 50. Across-the-board in all departments 1 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 147 90. INAP 62 99. NA
VAR 68 ELIMINATE PROGRAMS 14 Loc 129 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 14(4) Eliminate programs <See 14 for complete questiontext> 45 1. Yes 183 5. No 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 69 ELIMINATION: AREA 1 14 Loc 130 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(4.1) Eliminate programs 1: If yes, what are you referring to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 3 01. Day care and infant school 5 02. Old aged care 4 03. Other social programs (not mentioned above) 5 04. Schools and education 2 05. Recreation activities 2 06. Cultural services 2 07. Tourist services 2 09. Repairs and management of premises, streets, parks 2 10. Energy, supply of energy 5 12. Reduced real estate holding 6 22. Total or partial transfer of responsibilities for certain matters to private firms, organizations or associations 5 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 183 90. INAP 1 99. NA
VAR 70 ELIMINATION: AREA 2 14 Loc 132 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 14(4.2) Eliminate programs 2: If yes, what are you referring to? <See 14 for complete questiontext> 1 02. Old aged care 3 03. Other social programs (not mentioned above) 2 04. Schools and education 2 05. Recreation activities 3 12. Reduced real estate holding 1 22. Total or partial transfer of responsibilities for certain matters to private firms, organizations or associations 1 60. Other subprograms, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 183 90. INAP 32 99. NA
VAR 71 FUNDAMENTAL REVISION 15 Loc 134 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 15 If you examine the municipal organization and the municipal programs, are there any areas in which a more fundamental revision has taken place during the 1980's? 93 1. Yes, there have been noticeable changes in the following aspects 135 5. No, no particular area can be specified 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 72 FUNDAMENTAL REVISION1 15 Loc 135 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 15(1) Fundamental revision of municipal programs: Area 1 <See 15 for complete questiontext> 5 01. Old age care, in general 15 02. Old age care, increased efforts 8 04. Day care and infant schools, in general 3 05. Day care and infant schools, reorganization 5 06. Other social changes, not mentioned above 2 10. Extension of municipal programs in general e.g as a result of population growth 1 11. Increased efforts related to recreation activities 5 13. Stimulate establishment of industry 2 14. Measures to reduce unemployment 3 15. Increased efforts related to computer system, computer equipment, computer training 2 16. Increased efforts to improve the service in general 1 17. Increased efforts to improve the service in general 2 18. Increase efforts related to personnel e.g personnel training 1 20. Retrenchment in general 1 21. Cash-management 1 22. Efforts to improve the effectiveness of municipal operations 1 23. Changes within the budget process 4 25. Cut-backs related to administration 3 26. Cut-backs related to technical services and technical personnel 8 30. Decentralization of authorities and responsibilities to lower levels, geographical decentralization 0 31. Sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 6 32. Sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 4 34. Merging of boards, centralization 5 35. Privatization and transfer of responsibilities to organizations/associations 1 36. Sell some assets 3 41. Changed priorities between different programs, unspecified changes 3 60. Other changes, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 133 90. INAP
VAR 73 FUNDAMENTAL REVISION2 15 Loc 137 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 15(2) Fundamental revision of municipal programs: Area 2 <See 15 for complete questiontext> 7 01. Old age care, in general 9 02. Old age care, increased efforts 5 04. Day care and infant schools, in general 4 05. Day care and infant schools, reorganization 1 06. Other social changes, not mentioned above 1 12. Increased efforts related to cultural services 1 13. Stimulate establishment of industry 1 14. Measures to reduce unemployment 5 15. Increased efforts related to computer system, computer equipment, computer training 1 18. Increase efforts related to personnel e.g personnel training 1 21. Cash-management 2 22. Efforts to improve the effectiveness of municipal operations 1 23. Changes within the budget process 3 30. Decentralization of authorities and responsibilities to lower levels, geographical decentralization 2 32. Sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 2 33. Sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 1 34. Merging of boards, centralization 1 35. Privatization and transfer of responsibilities to organizations/associations 1 36. Sell some assets 1 37. Reorganization - transfer of responsibilities to enterprises owned by local authorities 5 60. Other changes, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 133 90. INAP 40 99. NA
VAR 74 FUNDAMENTAL REVISION3 15 Loc 139 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 15(3) Fundamental revision of municipal programs: Area 3 <See 15 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Old age care, in general 3 02. Old age care, increased efforts 1 11. Increased efforts related to recreation activities 1 12. Increased efforts related to cultural services 1 13. Stimulate establishment of industry 1 15. Increased efforts related to computer system, computer equipment, computer training 2 22. Efforts to improve the effectiveness of municipal operations 1 27. Cut-backs related to school and education 4 30. Decentralization of authorities and responsibilities to lower levels, geographical decentralization 1 32. Sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 1 34. Merging of boards, centralization 6 60. Other changes, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 133 90. INAP 72 99. NA
VAR 75 PLAN: IMPROVED COOP 16 Loc 141 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 The following questions, 16 and 17, concern planning and working routines 16 Planning is a necessary aspect of all municipal operations. What follows is a set of statements about planning. Would you please indicate by checking in the appropriate column to what extent you agree or disagree with each of them? 16(1) Planning has improved cooperation between various boards/departments 31 1. Strongly agree 157 2. Agree 15 3. Disagree 2 4. Strongly disagree 19 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 76 PLAN: DEMANDS INFO 16 Loc 142 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(2) Planning has served the purpose of satisfying national demands for information <See 16 for complete questiontext> 5 1. Strongly agree 45 2. Agree 92 3. Disagree 42 4. Strongly disagree 2 7. Other answer 35 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 7 9. NA
VAR 77 PLAN: ASSERT NAT AUTH 16 Loc 143 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(3) Planning had been imperative to enable the municipality to assert its rights against national authorities <See 16 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Strongly agree 70 2. Agree 54 3. Disagree 25 4. Strongly disagree 2 7. Other answer 64 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 78 PLAN: CLARIFY POS 16 Loc 144 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(4) Planning has forced politicians to clarify their positions <See 16 for complete questiontext> 27 1. Strongly agree 136 2. Agree 21 3. Disagree 5 4. Strongly disagree 2 7. Other answer 34 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 79 PLAN: STRENG EX BOARD 16 Loc 145 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(5) Planning has strengthened the central executive board's position at the cost of the other boards <See 16 for complete questiontext> 24 1. Strongly agree 94 2. Agree 54 3. Disagree 10 4. Strongly disagree 42 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 80 PLAN: ADMIN INFLUENCE 16 Loc 146 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(6) Planning has given the administrators a too strong influence <See 16 for complete questiontext> 1 1. Strongly agree 18 2. Agree 101 3. Disagree 40 4. Strongly disagree 2 7. Other answer 59 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 7 9. NA
VAR 81 PLAN: LEVEL AMBITION 16 Loc 147 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(7) Planning has caused an increased level of ambition within the municipal operations <See 16 for complete questiontext> 12 1. Strongly agree 82 2. Agree 68 3. Disagree 31 4. Strongly disagree 2 7. Other answer 27 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 82 PLAN: COSTS TOO MUCH 16 Loc 148 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(8) The benefits of the planning has not been worth the costs and efforts it has caused <See 16 for complete questiontext> 14 1. Strongly agree 36 2. Agree 95 3. Disagree 43 4. Strongly disagree 34 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 83 PLAN: COVER DEMANDS 16 Loc 149 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(9) The planning has concentrated too much on covering service demands without adequate attention given to the costs of implementation <See 16 for complete questiontext> 43 1. Strongly agree 83 2. Agree 67 3. Disagree 15 4. Strongly disagree 1 7. Other answer 13 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 84 PLAN: POLITICIZATION 16 Loc 150 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 16(10) Planning has created an increased party politicization within the municipal bodies <See 16 for complete questiontext> 14 1. Strongly agree 46 2. Agree 50 3. Disagree 30 4. Strongly disagree 1 7. Other answer 79 8. No opinion 56 0. Sample loss 8 9. NA
VAR 85 REVENUE FORECASTING 17 Loc 151 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 17 Where would you place your community on the following items? 17A Revenue forecasting 58 1. No formal forecast, we use last year plus or minus an increment 128 2. A separate forecast for each revenue source, with explicit criteria for each source 32 3. Multiyear as well as annual forecasting 8 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 86 FISCAL INFO SYSTEM 17 Loc 152 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 17B Fiscal information system <See 17 for complete questiontext> 1 1. Department expenditures are not reported to the corresponding board 79 2. Department expenditures are reported to the concerned political board a couple of times a year 146 3. Department expenditures are reported to the concerned political board quarterly or more often 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 87 PERFORMANCE MEASURES 17 Loc 153 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 17C Performance measures <See 17 for complete questiontext> 183 1. Less advanced methods of evaluation is used, i.e number of services performed and unit-cost 32 2. Besides more simple productivity measures, an evaluation of the quality of the services is made 7 3. Annually, an analysis of effectiveness is made for one or more subprograms 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 88 ECON DEVELOP IMPACTS 17 Loc 154 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 17D Economic development impacts <See 17 for complete questiontext> 9 1. No specific analysis done on the impacts on the economic development within the municipality 106 2. Changes in the economic structure are perceived through the politicians' personal contacts in the local trade and industry 106 3. The municipality's administrator for trade and industry performs continuous analysis of the municipality's economic development 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 89 REPORT CEN EXEC BOARD 17 Loc 155 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 17E Reporting of the financial situation to the central executive board <See 17 for complete questiontext> 17 1. A report is given to the executive board at budget time, just once a year 112 2. In addition, reports are given when discrepancies are discovered 77 3. Financial report made at virtually every meeting of the executive board 15 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 7 9. NA
VAR 90 REPORT MUNIC COUNCIL 17 Loc 156 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 17F Reporting of the financial situation to the municipal council <See 17 for complete questiontext> 158 1. A report is given to the council at budget time, just once a year 55 2. Reports are given quarterly 8 3. Financial report made at virtually every meeting of the executive board 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 91 ECONOMIC SITUATION 18 Loc 157 width 2 MD=98 or GE 99 The following seven questions (18-24) are concerning your municipality's overall economic situation today 18 We would like you, with help of the scale below, to give your opinion of your municipality's overall economic situation today. Where on this scale do you place your community? 00. The municipality's economy is problem-free . . 90. The municipality's economy suffers from considerable problems 56 98. Sample loss 2 99. NA Kod: 0 10 20 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 75 80 90 98 99 Frek: 5 15 26 40 1 36 1 26 29 26 1 13 7 56 2
VAR 92 ECON DEVELOPM 80IES 19 Loc 159 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 19(1) Which of the following statements is the most appropriate to describe your municipality's economic development during the 1980's? 80 1. The municipality's economy has improved during the 1980's 48 3. The municipality's economy has neither improved nor deteriorated during the 1980's 95 5. The municipality's economy has deteriorated during the 1980's 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 93 YEAR CHANGES ECONOMY 19 Loc 160 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 19(2) When, approximately, did your municipality's economy begin to improve/deteriorate? 67. 1967 . . 86. 1986 56 00. Sample loss 48 90. INAP 26 99. Sample loss Kod: 67 75 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 0 90 99 Frek: 1 1 2 6 7 15 18 23 24 27 26 4 56 48 26
VAR 94 CRISIS MUN ECONOMY 20 Loc 162 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 20(1) During the last years there has been considerable discussion about the municipalities' tight economic situation. "Crisis" is a word which often has been used to describe this serious situation. If you look back at the 1980's, have the leading political representatives in your municipality been of the opinion that the municipality's economy has been in a crisis? 40 1. Yes 186 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 95 MUN ECONOMY: CRISIS 1 20 Loc 163 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 20(2) (IF YES) What do the leading politicians mean when they speak of the municipality's economy as being in a crisis? 20(2.1) Municipality economy in a crisis, 1 5 01. Financial problems, in general 7 02. Budget deficit 1 03. Inflation 5 04. Shortage of liquid funds 1 05. High degree of financing by loans 1 07. Low economic growth rate 4 08. Decreasing taxbase 1 10. Reduced national grants and subsidies 1 11. National demands on municipal cut-back 3 12. Municipal tax increases 1 13. Service demands are not met 3 50. The term "crisis" is a propagandistic concept used by the opposition 3 60. Other meaning of the term "crisis", not mentioned above 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 186 90. INAP 5 99. NA
VAR 96 MUN ECONOMY: CRISIS 2 20 Loc 165 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 20(2.2) Municipality economy in a crisis, 2 <See 20(2) for complete questiontext> 1 03. Inflation 5 04. Shortage of liquid funds 2 05. High degree of financing by loans 2 06. Drained funds and reserves 2 07. Low economic growth rate 1 09. Dermination of enterprises 1 10. Reduced national grants and subsidies 1 11. National demands on municipal cut-back 2 12. Municipal tax increases 1 13. Service demands are not met 3 60. Other meaning of the term "crisis", not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 186 90. INAP 21 99. NA
VAR 97 SPECIFIC FACTORS 21 Loc 167 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 21 Are there any specific factors or events during the 1980's which have resulted in important changes in the politics of your municipality? 59 1. Yes, the following factors have been of importance in bringing about political change 163 5. No, there has not happened anything to speak of 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 98 YEAR SPEC FACTOR 1 21 Loc 168 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 21(1.1) <Specific factors resulting in important changes > Year, factor 1 <See 21 for complete questiontext> 72. 1972 . . 86. 1986 56 00. Sample loss 161 90. INAP 12 99. NA Kod: 72 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 0 90 99 Frek: 1 3 2 5 2 2 12 7 14 7 56 161 12 Kod: 72 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 0 90 99 Frek: 1 3 2 5 2 2 12 7 14 7 56 161 12
VAR 99 SPECIFIC FACTOR 1 21 Loc 170 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 21(1.2) <Specific factors resulting in important changes > Specific factor 1 <See 21 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Alteration of industrial structure, in general 10 02. Dermination of local industries, enterprises 1 03. Population growth 2 04. Decrease in population 1 05. Surplus of apartments (owned by local authorities) 1 10. Organizational changes, in general 1 11. The possibility of establish sub-local units i.e neighbourhood councils 4 12. Municipality split up 3 20. Change of majority, direction not specified 1 21. Change of majority - from socialist to non-socialist 1 22. Change of majority - from non-socialist to socialist 3 23. Change of majority - unstable majority 3 24. Individual changes in important political positions 1 25. Individual changes in important administrative positions 2 26. Changed age structure among politicians and/or administrators 2 30. Reduction of national grants and subsidies 3 31. National demands on municipal cut-backs 1 33. Municipal tax increases 4 34. Municipal tax decreases 1 35. Increased personnel costs 11 50. The respondent do not mention factors or events important for bringing about political changes but speaks in terms of new/changed policy 4 60. Other factors, events, not mentioned above 56 00. Sample loss 161 90. INAP 6 99. NA
VAR 100 YEAR SPEC FACTOR 2 21 Loc 172 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 21(2.1) <Specific factors resulting in important changes > Year, factor 2 <See 21 for complete questiontext> 50. 1950 . . 86. 1986 1 87. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 161 90. INAP 50 99. NA Kod: 50 77 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 0 90 99 Frek: 1 1 2 2 1 1 4 4 1 56 161 50
VAR 101 SPECIFIC FACTOR 2 21 Loc 174 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 21(2.2) <Specific factors resulting in important changes > Specific factor 2 <See 21 for complete questiontext> 4 02. Dermination of local industries, enterprises 1 05. Surplus of apartments (owned by local authorities) 2 21. Change of majority - from socialist to non-socialist 1 23. Change of majority - unstable majority 2 30. Reduction of national grants and subsidies 1 33. Municipal tax increases 1 34. Municipal tax decreases 4 50. The respondent do not mention factors or events important for bringing about political changes but speaks in terms of new/changed policy 56 00. Sample loss 161 90. INAP 51 99. NA
VAR 102 EFF85-86: GOV GRANTS 22 Loc 176 width 1 MD=0 22 The following list contains a number of factors which can be of importance for the municipality's economy. How have these factors affected your municipality's economy during 1985 and 1986? 22(1) Changes in the size of national government grants and subsidies 0 1. Very positively 4 2. Positively 21 3. Neither positively nor negatively 165 4. Negatively 37 5. Very negatively 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 103 EFF85-86: GOV DEMANDS 22 Loc 177 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(2) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Changes in the demands which the national government places on the municipality's services <See 22 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 9 2. Positively 84 3. Neither positively nor negatively 118 4. Negatively 11 5. Very negatively 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 104 EFF85-86: TAXBASE 22 Loc 178 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(3) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Changes in the taxbase <See 22 for complete questiontext> 4 1. Very positively 85 2. Positively 47 3. Neither positively nor negatively 76 4. Negatively 14 5. Very negatively 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 105 EFF85-86: POP CHANGES 22 Loc 179 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(4) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Population changes <See 22 for complete questiontext> 3 1. Very positively 50 2. Positively 54 3. Neither positively nor negatively 83 4. Negatively 37 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 106 EFF85-86: DEV TRADE 22 Loc 180 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(5) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Development of trade and industry in the municipality <See 22 for complete questiontext> 10 1. Very positively 61 2. Positively 93 3. Neither positively nor negatively 46 4. Negatively 14 5. Very negatively 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 107 EFF85-86: PERS COSTS 22 Loc 181 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(6) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Development of personnel costs <See 22 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 6 2. Positively 95 3. Neither positively nor negatively 119 4. Negatively 5 5. Very negatively 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 108 EFF85-86: PRICE DEV 22 Loc 182 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(7) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Price and cost development (excluding personnel costs) <See 22 for complete questiontext> 1 1. Very positively 24 2. Positively 96 3. Neither positively nor negatively 101 4. Negatively 4 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 109 EFF85-86: EMPLOYMENT 22 Loc 183 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 22(8) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Development of the employment situation in the municipality <See 22 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Very positively 58 2. Positively 76 3. Neither positively nor negatively 65 4. Negatively 21 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 110 EFF85-86: OBTAIN LOAN 22 Loc 184 width 1 MD=0 22(9) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1985 and 1986> Changes in the municipality's ability to obtain loans <See 22 for complete questiontext> 25 1. Very positively 91 2. Positively 109 3. Neither positively nor negatively 3 4. Negatively 0 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 111 EFF87-88: GOV GRANTS 23 Loc 185 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23 We would like you to make a forecast into the future. How do you believe that the following factors will affect your municipality's economy during the coming two years 1987 and 1988? 23(1) Changes in the size of national government grants and subsidies 0 1. Very positively 1 2. Positively 15 3. Neither positively nor negatively 161 4. Negatively 50 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 112 EFF87-88: GOV DEMANDS 23 Loc 186 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(2) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Changes in the demands which the national government places on the municipality's services <See 23 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 16 2. Positively 52 3. Neither positively nor negatively 134 4. Negatively 24 5. Very negatively 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 113 EFF87-88: TAXBASE 23 Loc 187 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(3) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Changes in the taxbase <See 23 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 60 2. Positively 59 3. Neither positively nor negatively 89 4. Negatively 19 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 114 EFF87-88: POP CHANGES 23 Loc 188 width 1 MD=0 23(4) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Population changes <See 23 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 51 2. Positively 72 3. Neither positively nor negatively 82 4. Negatively 22 5. Very negatively 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 115 EFF87-88: DEV TRADE 23 Loc 189 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(5) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Development of trade and industry in the municipality <See 23 for complete questiontext> 4 1. Very positively 70 2. Positively 102 3. Neither positively nor negatively 44 4. Negatively 5 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 116 EFF87-88: PERS COSTS 23 Loc 190 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(6) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Development of personnel costs <See 23 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 8 2. Positively 103 3. Neither positively nor negatively 107 4. Negatively 6 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 117 EFF87-88: PRICE DEV 23 Loc 191 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(7) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Price and cost development (excluding personnel costs) <See 23 for complete questiontext> 0 1. Very positively 18 2. Positively 121 3. Neither positively nor negatively 83 4. Negatively 2 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 118 EFF87-88: EMPLOYMENT 23 Loc 192 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(8) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Development of the employment situation in the municipality <See 23 for complete questiontext> 2 1. Very positively 68 2. Positively 88 3. Neither positively nor negatively 58 4. Negatively 11 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 119 EFF87-88: OBTAIN LOAN 23 Loc 193 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 23(9) <Effect on the municipality's economy 1987 and 1988> Changes in the municipality's ability to obtain loans <See 23 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Very positively 65 2. Positively 147 3. Neither positively nor negatively 7 4. Negatively 0 5. Very negatively 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 120 NEW POL PERSONNEL 24 Loc 194 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 24 What importance did the following changes have for your municipality's economy during the past two years? 24(1) New political personnel in important positions 17 1. Very important 64 3. Somewhat important 36 5. Unimportant 110 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 121 NEW ADM PERSONNEL 24 Loc 195 width 1 MD=0 24(2) <Importance for the municipality's economy> New personnel in leading administrative positions <See 24 for complete questiontext> 18 1. Very important 74 3. Somewhat important 49 5. Unimportant 87 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 122 CHANGE PUBLIC OPINION 24 Loc 196 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 24(3) <Importance for the municipality's economy> Changes in public opinion <See 24 for complete questiontext> 5 1. Very important 85 3. Somewhat important 53 5. Unimportant 82 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 123 CHANGE POLITICAL COMP 24 Loc 197 width 1 MD=0 24(4) <Importance for the municipality's economy> Changes in the political composition of the municipality's decision-making bodies <See 24 for complete questiontext> 15 1. Very important 62 3. Somewhat important 40 5. Unimportant 111 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 124 CHANGES POL MAJORITY 24 Loc 198 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 24(5) <Importance for the municipality's economy> Policy changes within the leading political party or parties <See 24 for complete questiontext> 17 1. Very important 70 3. Somewhat important 41 5. Unimportant 99 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 125 CHANGES OPPOSITION 24 Loc 199 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 24(6) <Importance for the municipality's economy> Policy changes within the opposition party or parties <See 24 for complete questiontext> 8 1. Very important 55 3. Somewhat important 68 5. Unimportant 96 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 126 CHANGE EMP ADJUSTMENT 24 Loc 200 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 24(7) <Importance for the municipality's economy> Changes in the municipal employees' willingness to make adjustments <See 24 for complete questiontext> 15 1. Very important 102 3. Somewhat important 42 5. Unimportant 66 7. Not relevant 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 127 CHANGE TAX LEVEL 1986 25 Loc 201 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 The following four questions (25-28) are dealing with different fiscal management strategies 25 The following list contains a number of measures which, in varying degrees, can be applied to obtain balance in the municipal budget. The measures concern municipal financing, activities, personnel and organization. State for each of these measures (1) if it has been used in your municipality during the current fiscal year, 1986, and (2) if it will be used during the coming fiscal year 1987. We are especially interested in measures which, according to the municipal yearly budget or long term budget, make up important parts of the municipality's short and long term strategies. 25(1.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Changing of taxation level 38 1. Yes 189 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 128 CHANGE TAX LEVEL 1987 25 Loc 202 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(1.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Changing of taxation level <See 25 for complete questiontext> 33 1. Yes 194 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 129 INCREASED FEES 1986 25 Loc 203 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(2.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Increase user fees and charges <See 25 for complete questiontext> 66 1. Yes 159 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 130 INCREASED FEES 1987 25 Loc 204 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(2.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Increase user fees and charges <See 25 for complete questiontext> 97 1. Yes 129 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 131 CHARGING 1986 25 Loc 205 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(3.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Charging for previously free service <See 25 for complete questiontext> 10 1. Yes 215 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 132 CHARGING 1987 25 Loc 206 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(3.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Charging for previously free service <See 25 for complete questiontext> 24 1. Yes 203 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 133 USE SURPLUSES 1986 25 Loc 207 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(4.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Draw down surpluses <See 25 for complete questiontext> 113 1. Yes 109 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 134 USE SURPLUSES 1987 25 Loc 208 width 1 MD=0 25(4.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Draw down surpluses <See 25 for complete questiontext> 125 1. Yes 102 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 135 SELL ASSETS 1986 25 Loc 209 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(5.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Sell some assets <See 25 for complete questiontext> 101 1. Yes 123 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 136 SELL ASSETS 1987 25 Loc 210 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(5.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Sell some assets <See 25 for complete questiontext> 127 1. Yes 96 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 137 BORROWING POLICY 1986 25 Loc 211 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(6.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Active borrowing policy <See 25 for complete questiontext> 130 1. Yes 94 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 138 BORROWING POLICY 1987 25 Loc 212 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(6.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Active borrowing policy <See 25 for complete questiontext> 140 1. Yes 85 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 139 INVESTMENT POL 1986 25 Loc 213 width 1 MD=0 25(7.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Active investment policy <See 25 for complete questiontext> 183 1. Yes 45 5. No 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 140 INVESTMENT POL 1987 25 Loc 214 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(7.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Active investment policy <See 25 for complete questiontext> 199 1. Yes 28 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 141 PAYMENT ROUTINES 1986 25 Loc 215 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(8.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Restructuring of payment routines <See 25 for complete questiontext> 80 1. Yes 143 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 142 PAYMENT ROUTINES 1987 25 Loc 216 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(8.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Restructuring of payment routines <See 25 for complete questiontext> 96 1. Yes 129 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 143 INTERNAL PRICING 1986 25 Loc 217 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(9.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Use of internal pricing <See 25 for complete questiontext> 78 1. Yes 146 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 144 INTERNAL PRICING 1987 25 Loc 218 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(9.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Use of internal pricing <See 25 for complete questiontext> 92 1. Yes 130 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 145 BUDGET FOLLOW-UP 1986 25 Loc 219 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(10.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Active budget follow-up <See 25 for complete questiontext> 176 1. Yes 48 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 146 BUDGET FOLLOW-UP 1987 25 Loc 220 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(10.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Active budget follow-up <See 25 for complete questiontext> 215 1. Yes 10 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 147 ESTABLISHMENT 1986 25 Loc 221 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(11.1) <Measures concerning financing> Been used during 1986: Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality <See 25 for complete questiontext> 181 1. Yes 41 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 148 ESTABLISHMENT 1987 25 Loc 222 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(11.2) <Measures concerning financing> Will be used during 1987: Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality <See 25 for complete questiontext> 188 1. Yes 35 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 149 SELECTED CUTS 1986 25 Loc 223 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(12.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Cut budget for selected departments (boards) <See 25 for complete questiontext> 90 1. Yes 136 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 150 SELECTED CUTS 1987 25 Loc 224 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(12.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Cut budget for selected departments (boards) <See 25 for complete questiontext> 119 1. Yes 107 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 151 ACROSS-BOARD CUT 1986 25 Loc 225 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(13.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) <See 25 for complete questiontext> 77 1. Yes 146 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 152 ACROSS-BOARD CUT 1987 25 Loc 226 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(13.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) <See 25 for complete questiontext> 91 1. Yes 132 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 153 REDUCE ADMINISTR 1986 25 Loc 227 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(14.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures <See 25 for complete questiontext> 64 1. Yes 160 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 154 REDUCE ADMINISTR 1987 25 Loc 228 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(14.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures <See 25 for complete questiontext> 86 1. Yes 139 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 155 REDUCE EXP SUPPL 1986 25 Loc 229 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(15.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Reduce expenditures for supplies, equipment <See 25 for complete questiontext> 51 1. Yes 172 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 156 REDUCE EXP SUPPL 1987 25 Loc 230 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(15.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Reduce expenditures for supplies, equipment <See 25 for complete questiontext> 66 1. Yes 158 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 157 EXP BELOW INFL 1986 25 Loc 231 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(16.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation <See 25 for complete questiontext> 112 1. Yes 111 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 158 EXP BELOW INFL 1987 25 Loc 232 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(16.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation <See 25 for complete questiontext> 137 1. Yes 86 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 159 RED. MAINTENANCE 1986 25 Loc 233 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(17.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems <See 25 for complete questiontext> 46 1. Yes 178 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 160 RED. MAINTENANCE 1987 25 Loc 234 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(17.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems <See 25 for complete questiontext> 59 1. Yes 165 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 161 POSTPONE INVESTM 1986 25 Loc 235 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(18.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Postpone previously planned investments <See 25 for complete questiontext> 85 1. Yes 140 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 162 POSTPONE INVESTM 1987 25 Loc 236 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(18.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Postpone previously planned investments <See 25 for complete questiontext> 105 1. Yes 120 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 163 POSTPONE EXPANS 1986 25 Loc 237 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(19.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Postpone previously planned expansion of programs <See 25 for complete questiontext> 53 1. Yes 172 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 164 POSTPONE EXPANS 1987 25 Loc 238 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(19.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Postpone previously planned expansion of programs <See 25 for complete questiontext> 73 1. Yes 150 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 165 ELIMINATE PROGR 1986 25 Loc 239 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(20.1) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Been used during 1986: Eliminate programs <See 25 for complete questiontext> 22 1. Yes 204 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 166 ELIMINATE PROGR 1987 25 Loc 240 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(20.2) <Measures concerning municipal activities> Will be used during 1987: Eliminate programs <See 25 for complete questiontext> 38 1. Yes 186 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 167 LAYOFF PERSONNEL 1986 25 Loc 241 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(21.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Lay-off personnel <See 25 for complete questiontext> 2 1. Yes 223 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 168 LAYOFF PERSONNEL 1987 25 Loc 242 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(21.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Lay-off personnel <See 25 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Yes 218 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 169 HIRING FREEZE 1986 25 Loc 243 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(22.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Impose a hiring freeze <See 25 for complete questiontext> 20 1. Yes 204 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 170 HIRING FREEZE 1987 25 Loc 244 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(22.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Impose a hiring freeze <See 25 for complete questiontext> 24 1. Yes 200 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 171 TEST EMPTY POS 1986 25 Loc 245 width 1 MD=0 25(23.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Test the necessity of filling empty positions <See 25 for complete questiontext> 179 1. Yes 48 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 172 TEST EMPTY POS 1987 25 Loc 246 width 1 MD=0 25(23.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Test the necessity of filling empty positions <See 25 for complete questiontext> 191 1. Yes 36 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 173 RED. SUBSTITUTE 1986 25 Loc 247 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(24.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Reduce the hiring of substitutes <See 25 for complete questiontext> 123 1. Yes 103 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 174 RED. SUBSTITUTE 1987 25 Loc 248 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(24.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Reduce the hiring of substitutes <See 25 for complete questiontext> 142 1. Yes 83 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 175 EARLY RETIREMENT 1986 25 Loc 249 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(25.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Early retirements <See 25 for complete questiontext> 15 1. Yes 210 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 176 EARLY RETIREMENT 1987 25 Loc 250 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(25.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Early retirements <See 25 for complete questiontext> 17 1. Yes 209 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 177 REDUCE OVERTIMES 1986 25 Loc 251 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(26.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Reduce overtimes <See 25 for complete questiontext> 36 1. Yes 187 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 178 REDUCE OVERTIMES 1987 25 Loc 252 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(26.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Reduce overtimes <See 25 for complete questiontext> 44 1. Yes 180 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 179 RED. TRAIN SCHEM 1986 25 Loc 253 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(27.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Reduce employees participation in on-the-job training schemes <See 25 for complete questiontext> 29 1. Yes 196 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 180 RED. TRAIN SCHEM 1987 25 Loc 254 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(27.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Reduce employees participation in on-the-job training schemes <See 25 for complete questiontext> 34 1. Yes 192 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 181 INCR. TRAINING 1986 25 Loc 255 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(28.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Increased concentration of on-the-job training <See 25 for complete questiontext> 112 1. Yes 113 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 182 INCR. TRAINING 1987 25 Loc 256 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(28.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Increased concentration of on-the-job training <See 25 for complete questiontext> 154 1. Yes 73 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 183 LEADERSHIP TRAIN 1986 25 Loc 257 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(29.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Leadership training <See 25 for complete questiontext> 101 1. Yes 120 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 184 LEADERSHIP TRAIN 1987 25 Loc 258 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(29.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Leadership training <See 25 for complete questiontext> 133 1. Yes 88 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 6 9. NA
VAR 185 INCR INTER RECR. 1986 25 Loc 259 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(30.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Increased internal recruitment and transfer <See 25 for complete questiontext> 86 1. Yes 137 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 186 INCR INTER RECR. 1987 25 Loc 260 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(30.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Increased internal recruitment and transfer <See 25 for complete questiontext> 108 1. Yes 116 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 187 INCR EXTER RECR. 1986 25 Loc 261 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(31.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Increased external recruitment <See 25 for complete questiontext> 7 1. Yes 215 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 188 INCR EXTER RECR. 1987 25 Loc 262 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 (31.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Increased external recruitment <See 25 for complete questiontext> 9 1. Yes 214 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 189 LABOUR SAV TECHN 1986 25 Loc 263 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(32.1) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Been used during 1986: Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques <See 25 for complete questiontext> 154 1. Yes 71 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 190 LABOUR SAV TECHN 1987 25 Loc 264 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(32.2) <Measures concerning municipal personnel> Will be used during 1987: Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques <See 25 for complete questiontext> 208 1. Yes 19 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 191 MERGING BOARDS 1986 25 Loc 265 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(33.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Merging of boards <See 25 for complete questiontext> 28 1. Yes 197 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 192 MERGING BOARDS 1987 25 Loc 266 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(33.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Merging of boards <See 25 for complete questiontext> 21 1. Yes 204 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 193 SUB-LOCAL BODIES 1986 25 Loc 267 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(34.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Use of sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils <See 25 for complete questiontext> 31 1. Yes 194 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 194 SUB-LOCAL BODIES 1987 25 Loc 268 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(34.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Use of sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils <See 25 for complete questiontext> 37 1. Yes 189 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 195 INCR CLIENT INFL 1986 25 Loc 269 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(35.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Increased client influence <See 25 for complete questiontext> 42 1. Yes 182 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 196 INCR CLIENT INFL 1987 25 Loc 270 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(35.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Increased client influence <See 25 for complete questiontext> 64 1. Yes 162 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 197 DEC BUDGET RESP 1986 25 Loc 271 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(36.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels <See 25 for complete questiontext> 115 1. Yes 110 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 198 DEC BUDGET RESP 1987 25 Loc 272 width 1 MD=0 25(36.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels <See 25 for complete questiontext> 181 1. Yes 46 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss
VAR 199 GEOGR DECENTR 1986 25 Loc 273 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(37.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Geographical decentralization <See 25 for complete questiontext> 28 1. Yes 197 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 200 GEOGR DECENTR 1987 25 Loc 274 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(37.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Geographical decentralization <See 25 for complete questiontext> 35 1. Yes 190 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 201 DEREGULATION 1986 25 Loc 275 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(38.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Deregulation to reduce "red tape" <See 25 for complete questiontext> 74 1. Yes 149 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 202 DEREGULATION 1987 25 Loc 276 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(38.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Deregulation to reduce "red tape" <See 25 for complete questiontext> 101 1. Yes 124 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 203 COOP NAT BODIES 1986 25 Loc 277 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(39.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Increased co-operation with national bodies in certain matters <See 25 for complete questiontext> 27 1. Yes 194 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 204 COOP NAT BODIES 1987 25 Loc 278 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(39.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Increased co-operation with national bodies in certain matters <See 25 for complete questiontext> 27 1. Yes 195 5. No 2 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 205 COOP COUNTY 1986 25 Loc 279 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(40.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters <See 25 for complete questiontext> 140 1. Yes 82 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 206 COOP COUNTY 1987 25 Loc 280 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(40.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters <See 25 for complete questiontext> 159 1. Yes 64 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 207 TRANS RESP ORG 1986 25 Loc 281 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(41.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations <See 25 for complete questiontext> 83 1. Yes 142 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 208 TRANS RESP ORG 1987 25 Loc 282 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(41.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations <See 25 for complete questiontext> 108 1. Yes 118 5. No 1 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 209 PRIVATIZATION 1986 25 Loc 283 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(42.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Privatization <See 25 for complete questiontext> 23 1. Yes 201 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 210 PRIVATIZATION 1987 25 Loc 284 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(42.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Privatization <See 25 for complete questiontext> 32 1. Yes 194 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 2 9. NA
VAR 211 PRIVATE FIRMS 1986 25 Loc 285 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(43.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Contract out services with private firms <See 25 for complete questiontext> 31 1. Yes 192 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 5 9. NA
VAR 212 PRIVATE FIRMS 1987 25 Loc 286 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(43.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Contract out services with private firms <See 25 for complete questiontext> 49 1. Yes 176 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 213 JOINT AGREEMENTS 1986 25 Loc 287 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(44.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Joint purchasing agreements <See 25 for complete questiontext> 64 1. Yes 161 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 214 JOINT AGREEMENTS 1987 25 Loc 288 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(44.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Joint purchasing agreements <See 25 for complete questiontext> 76 1. Yes 151 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 215 REORG CENTR ADM 1986 25 Loc 289 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(45.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Been used during 1986: Reorganization of the central administration - more support and less directives <See 25 for complete questiontext> 50 1. Yes 172 5. No 3 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 216 REORG CENTR ADM 1987 25 Loc 290 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(45.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's organization> Will be used during 1987: Reorganization of the central administration - more support and less directives <See 25 for complete questiontext> 96 1. Yes 128 5. No 3 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 1 9. NA
VAR 217 OTHER MEASURES 1 1986 25 Loc 291 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(46.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's financing, activities, personnel and organization> Been used during 1986: Other measures 1 <See 25 for complete questiontext> 10 1. Yes 1 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 217 9. NA
VAR 218 OTHER MEASURES 1 1987 25 Loc 292 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(46.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's financing, activities, personnel and organization> Will be used during 1987: Other measures 1 <See 25 for complete questiontext> 10 1. Yes 2 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 216 9. NA
VAR 219 OTHER MEASURES 2 1986 25 Loc 293 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(47.1) <Measures concerning the municipality's financing, activities, personnel and organization> Been used during 1986: Other measures 2 <See 25 for complete questiontext> 3 1. Yes 0 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 225 9. NA
VAR 220 OTHER MEASURES 2 1987 25 Loc 294 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 25(47.2) <Measures concerning the municipality's financing, activities, personnel and organization> Will be used during 1987: Other measures 2, 1987 <See 25 for complete questiontext> 3 1. Yes 1 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 224 9. NA
VAR 221 NUMBER MEASURES 1986 25 Loc 295 width 2 MD= 0 25(48) Number of measures taken in 1986 <See 25 for complete questiontext> 03. 3 measures taken . . 33. 33 measures taken 56 00. Sample loss Kod: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Frek: 2 6 10 4 5 6 10 12 17 18 12 11 15 16 10 17 11 8 Kod: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 33 0 Frek: 8 10 2 3 3 5 1 1 1 2 1 1 56
VAR 222 ECON MEASURE 1986, 1 26 Loc 297 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 26 Which measures during 1986, do you consider to be the most important with regard to the municipality's economy? In reference to the answers you gave in the previous question: (1) state these measures which you consider to have been of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986 and (2) describe more precisely what you mean with these different measures. 26(1) Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986, 1 24 01. Changing of taxation level 3 02. Increase user fees and charges 11 04. Draw down surpluses 22 05. Sell some assets 18 06. Active borrowing policy 15 07. Active investment policy 9 08. Restructuring of payment routines 12 10. Active budget follow-up 8 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 6 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 4 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 4 16. Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 1 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 5 18. Postpone previously planned investments 1 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1 24. Reduce the hiring of substitutes 2 28. Increased concentration of on-the -job training 2 29. Leadership training 5 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 2 34. Use of sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 1 35. Increased client influence 15 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 4 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 1 41. Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations 1 44. Joint purchasing agreements 4 46. Other measures, 1 4 60. Other measure not mentioned above 5 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 38 99. NA
VAR 223 ECON MEASURE 1986, 2 26 Loc 299 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 26(2) Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986, 2 <See 26 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Changing of taxation level 3 02. Increase user fees and charges 1 03. Charging for previously free services 6 04. Draw down surpluses 7 05. Sell some assets 12 06. Active borrowing policy 17 07. Active investment policy 4 08. Restructuring of payment routines 1 09. Use of internal pricing 12 10. Active budget follow-up 3 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 5 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 7 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 3 14. Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures 4 16. Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 3 18. Postpone previously planned investments 3 19. Postpone previously planned expansion of programs 1 20. Eliminate programs 1 22. Impose a hiring freeze 1 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1 24. Reduce the hiring of substitutes 5 28. Increased concentration of on-the -job training 4 29. Leadership training 2 30. Increased internal recruitment and transfer 11 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 1 34. Use of sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 1 35. Increased client influence 10 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 7 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 4 42. Privatization 1 44. Joint purchasing agreements 1 46. Other measures, 1 1 47. Other measures, 2 3 60. Other measure not mentioned above 2 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 79 99. NA
VAR 224 ECON MEASURE 1986, 3 26 Loc 301 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 26(3) Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1986, 3 <See 26 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Changing of taxation level 1 04. Draw down surpluses 4 05. Sell some assets 8 06. Active borrowing policy 6 07. Active investment policy 4 08. Restructuring of payment routines 11 10. Active budget follow-up 6 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 1 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 2 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 3 14. Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures 3 16. Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 2 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 3 18. Postpone previously planned investments 2 19. Postpone previously planned expansion of programs 1 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 3 28. Increased concentration of on-the -job training 4 29. Leadership training 11 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 6 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 1 37. Geographical decentralization 1 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 1 41. Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations 1 43. Contract out services with private firms 4 44. Joint purchasing agreements 1 45. Reorganization of the central administration - more support and less directives 2 46. Other measures, 1 3 60. Other measure not mentioned above 2 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 130 99. NA
VAR 225 ECON MEASURE 1987, 1 26 Loc 303 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 27 In the previous question you stated the measures which were especially important for the municipality's economy during 1986. In this question, we would like you to look into the future. In reference to the measures you answers in question 25: (1) state those measures judge to be of particular importance for your municipality's economy during 1987 and (2) describe more precisely what you mean with these different measures. 27(1) Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1987, 1 14 01. Changing of taxation level 5 02. Increase user fees and charges 11 04. Draw down surpluses 16 05. Sell some assets 7 06. Active borrowing policy 2 07. Active investment policy 3 08. Restructuring of payment routines 18 10. Active budget follow-up 7 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 7 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 3 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 2 14. Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures 5 16. Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 1 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 1 19. Postpone previously planned expansion of programs 1 22. Impose a hiring freeze 2 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1 24. Reduce the hiring of substitutes 5 28. Increased concentration of on-the -job training 1 29. Leadership training 15 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 1 33. Merging of boards 1 34. Use of sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 1 35. Increased client influence 24 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 7 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 1 41. Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations 1 43. Contract out services with private firms 4 44. Joint purchasing agreements 2 45. Reorganization of the central administration - more support and less directives 6 46. Other measures, 1 4 60. Other measure not mentioned above 5 70. Other answer. The municipality's economy is not mentioned. 6 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 38 99. NA
VAR 226 ECON MEASURE 1987, 2 26 Loc 305 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 27(2) Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1987, 2 <See 27 for complete questiontext> 4 01. Changing of taxation level 7 02. Increase user fees and charges 2 03. Charging for previously free services 4 04. Draw down surpluses 5 05. Sell some assets 7 06. Active borrowing policy 6 07. Active investment policy 1 08. Restructuring of payment routines 1 09. Use of internal pricing 8 10. Active budget follow-up 4 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 5 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 2 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 2 14. Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures 5 16. Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 2 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 1 18. Postpone previously planned investments 2 20. Eliminate programs 1 21. Lay-off personnel 1 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 3 28. Increased concentration of on-the -job training 6 29. Leadership training 1 30. Increased internal recruitment and transfer 15 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 2 34. Use of sub-local bodies i.e neighbourhood councils 4 35. Increased client influence 16 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 2 38. Deregulation to reduce "red tape" 4 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 5 44. Joint purchasing agreements 4 45. Reorganization of the central administration - more support and less directives 6 46. Other measures, 1 2 60. Other measure not mentioned above 4 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 84 99. NA
VAR 227 ECON MEASURE 1987, 3 26 Loc 307 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 27(3) Measures of special importance for the municipality's economy during 1987, 3 <See 27 for complete questiontext> 1 01. Changing of taxation level 1 03. Charging for previously free services 1 04. Draw down surpluses 2 05. Sell some assets 3 06. Active borrowing policy 5 07. Active investment policy 3 08. Restructuring of payment routines 4 10. Active budget follow-up 3 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 2 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 1 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 1 14. Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures 2 16. Keep expenditure increases below rate of inflation 2 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 2 18. Postpone previously planned investments 2 19. Postpone previously planned expansion of programs 3 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1 24. Reduce the hiring of substitutes 1 28. Increased concentration of on-the -job training 3 29. Leadership training 1 30. Increased internal recruitment and transfer 7 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 1 35. Increased client influence 13 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 1 37. Geographical decentralization 3 38. Deregulation to reduce "red tape" 8 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 1 41. Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations 1 42. Privatization 3 43. Contract out services with private firms 3 44. Joint purchasing agreements 3 45. Reorganization of the central administration - more support and less directives 3 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 137 99. NA
VAR 228 PART DEB ECON MEASURE 28 Loc 309 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 28 Have any of the municipality's measures been particularly debated during the year's budget process? 94 1. Yes 127 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 7 9. NA
VAR 229 DEBATED ECON MEASUR 1 28 Loc 310 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 28A (IF YES) Which three economic measures have been most debated during the year's budget process? 28Aa Most debated economic measure 1 23 01. Changing of taxation level 7 02. Increase user fees and charges 2 03. Charging for previously free services 2 04. Draw down surpluses 3 05. Sell some assets 2 06. Active borrowing policy 1 10. Active budget follow-up 7 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 8 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 1 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 1 18. Postpone previously planned investments 2 21. Lay-off personnel 1 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 1 41. Total or partial transfer of responsibility for certain matters to organizations or associations 5 60. Other measure not mentioned above 30 70. Other answer. The municipality's economy is not mentioned. 2 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 123 90. INAP 7 99. NA
VAR 230 DEBATED ECON MEASUR 2 28 Loc 312 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 28Ab Most debated economic measure 2 <See 28A for complete questiontext> 5 01. Changing of taxation level 5 02. Increase user fees and charges 2 03. Charging for previously free services 1 04. Draw down surpluses 0 05. Sell some assets 2 06. Active borrowing policy 1 09. Use of internal pricing 1 10. Active budget follow-up 1 11. Stimulate establishment of industry in the municipality 10 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 2 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 2 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 1 18. Postpone previously planned investments 1 23. Test the necessity of filling empty positions 2 36. Decentralization of budget responsibility to lower levels 1 40. Increased co-operation with the county in certain matters 1 42. Privatization 1 43. Contract out services with private firms 7 60. Other measure not mentioned above 28 70. Other answer. The municipality's economy is not mentioned. 2 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 123 90. INAP 29 99. NA
VAR 231 DEBATED ECON MEASUR 3 28 Loc 314 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 28Ac Most debated economic measure 3 <See 28A for complete questiontext> 6 01. Changing of taxation level 1 02. Increase user fees and charges 3 05. Sell some assets 2 06. Active borrowing policy 1 09. Use of internal pricing 6 12. Cut budget for selected departments (boards) 3 13. Impose across-the-board cuts in all departments (boards) 1 14. Reduce administrative (but not service) expenditures 1 17. Reduced maintenance of buildings, water and sewage systems 2 18. Postpone previously planned investments 1 32. Improve productivity by adopting labour-saving techniques 2 42. Privatization 2 43. Contract out services with private firms 1 46. Other measures, 1 5 60. Other measure not mentioned above 15 70. Other answer. The municipality's economy is not mentioned. 2 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 123 90. INAP 51 99. NA
VAR 232 GROUPS DEBATING 1 28 Loc 316 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 28B Between which groups has the debate regarding these measures, taken place? 28B(1) Groups between which the debate has taken place, 1 2 01. Between departments and central administration 38 02. Between the socialist and the bourgeois block 11 03. Between political groups other than the block division 0 04. Between representatives from different parts of the municipality 2 05. Between the municipality as employer and the employees 4 06. Between the central executive board and the other boards 4 07. Between the municipal authorities and the citizens 2 08. Between other groups 56 00. Sample loss 123 90. INAP 42 99. NA
VAR 233 GROUPS DEBATING 2 28 Loc 318 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 28B(2) Groups between which the debate has taken place, 2 <See 28B for complete questiontext> 4 01. Between departments and central administration 31 02. Between the socialist and the bourgeois block 6 03. Between political groups other than the block division 0 04. Between representatives from different parts of the municipality 3 05. Between the municipality as employer and the employees 2 06. Between the central executive board and the other boards 2 07. Between the municipal authorities and the citizens 2 08. Between other groups 56 00. Sample loss 123 90. INAP 55 99. NA
VAR 234 GROUPS DEBATING 3 28 Loc 320 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 90 28B(3) Groups between which the debate has taken place, 3 <See 28B for complete questiontext> 2 01. Between departments and central administration 14 02. Between the socialist and the bourgeois block 7 03. Between political groups other than the block division 2 04. Between representatives from different parts of the municipality 2 05. Between the municipality as employer and the employees 4 06. Between the central executive board and the other boards 6 07. Between the municipal authorities and the citizens 1 08. Between other groups 56 00. Sample loss 123 90. INAP 67 99. NA
VAR 235 COMPARISON OTH MUNIC 29 Loc 322 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 This question deals with comparisons with other municipalities 29 Do you usually compare your municipality with other municipalities with regard to the scope of the municipal activities, costs, organization etc? 135 1. Yes 90 5. No 56 0. Sample loss 3 9. NA
VAR 236 EXAMPLE COMPARISON 1 29 Loc 323 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 29(1) Comparisons with other municipalities, example 1 <See 29 for complete questiontext> 21 1. 78 2. 2 3. 12 4. 7 5. 7 6. 1 7. 56 0. Sample loss 86 8. INAP 14 9. NA
VAR 237 EXAMPLE COMPARISON 2 29 Loc 324 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 29(2) Comparisons with other municipalities, example 2 <See 29 for complete questiontext> 14 1. 7 2. 1 3. 16 4. 2 5. 2 6. 0 7. 56 0. Sample loss 86 8. INAP 100 9. NA
VAR 238 EXAMPLE COMPARISON 3 29 Loc 325 width 1 MD=0 or GE 8 29(2) Comparisons with other municipalities, example 3 <See 29 for complete questiontext> 9 1. 3 2. 1 3. 3 4. 0 5. 5 6. 0 7. 56 0. Sample loss 86 8. INAP 121 9. NA
VAR 239 YEAR OF BIRTH 31 Loc 326 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 To end with, we would like you to fill in a little information about yourself 31 Year of birth? 23. 1923 . . 63. 1963 56 00. Sample loss 5 99. NA Kod: 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Frek: 2 9 6 9 4 10 4 2 6 7 5 5 5 6 3 5 1 2 Kod: 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 Frek: 10 10 13 16 14 10 6 7 6 9 7 6 3 2 6 2 2 1 Kod: 62 63 0 99 Frek: 1 1 56 5
VAR 240 EDUCATION 32 Loc 328 width 1 MD=0 or GE 9 32 What education do you have? 144 1. Bachelor of public administration 9 2. Bachelor of business administration 27 3. Other academic education 32 4. Other education 12 7. Other answer 56 0. Sample loss 4 9. NA
VAR 241 YEARS EMPLOYED 33 Loc 329 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 33 Years employed in the municipality? 01. 1 year . . 43. 43 years 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 4 99. NA Kod: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Frek: 11 17 8 7 7 12 4 11 8 10 3 3 8 4 9 18 13 4 Kod: 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 37 Frek: 9 7 8 6 4 4 8 1 3 1 1 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 Kod: 40 42 43 77 0 99 Frek: 1 1 1 1 56 4
VAR 242 PRESENT POSITION 34 Loc 331 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 34 What is (1) your present position and (2) how many years have you been holding it? 34(1) Present position 164 01. Ekonomichef 6 02. Ekonomidirektör 12 03. Drätselkamrer 7 04. Drätselchef 3 05. Drätseldirektör 3 06. Budgetsekreterare 6 07. Budgetkamrer 2 08. Budgetchef 1 09. Finanschef 2 10. Planeringssekreterare 1 11. Planeringsledare 1 12. Planeringschef 1 13. Förvaltningskamrer 2 14. Administrativ 5 15. Kanslichef 1 17. 2 18. 2 20. Other position 5 30. The respondent has two of the positions above 56 00. Sample loss 2 99. NA
VAR 243 YEARS PRESENT POS 34 Loc 333 width 2 MD= 0 or GE 99 34(2) Number of years in present position <See 34 for complete questiontext> 01. 1 year . . 32. 32 years 1 77. Other answer 56 00. Sample loss 8 99. NA Kod: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Frek: 23 41 15 15 9 16 7 9 5 9 2 7 11 1 13 11 4 3 Kod: 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27 29 32 77 0 99 Frek: 2 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 56 8
VAR 244 NAME OF MUNICIPALITY Loc 335 width 8 alphabetic KNAMN - Name of municipality Detta är en alfabetisk variabel.
VAR 245 MUNICIPALITY ALPHABETIC Loc 343 width 3 KOMMUNNR - Municipality - in alphabetical order 1 001. Ale 1 002. Alingsås 1 003. Alvesta 1 004. Aneby 1 005. Arboga 1 006. Arjeplog 1 007. Arvidsjaur 1 008. Arvika 1 009. Askersund 1 010. Avesta 1 011. Bengtsfors 1 012. Berg 1 013. Bjursholm 1 014. Bjuv 1 015. Boden 1 016. Bollnäs 1 017. Borgholm 1 018. Borlänge 1 019. Borås 1 020. Botkyrka 1 021. Boxholm 1 022. Bromölla 1 023. Bräcke 1 024. Burlöv 1 025. Båstad 1 026. Dals-Ed 1 027. Danderyd 1 028. Degerfors 1 029. Dorotea 1 030. Eda 1 031. Ekerö 1 032. Eksjö 1 033. Emmaboda 1 034. Enköping 1 035. Eskilstuna 1 036. Eslöv 1 037. Essunga 1 038. Fagersta 1 039. Falkenberg 1 040. Falköping 1 041. Falun 1 042. Filipstad 1 043. Finspång 1 044. Flen 1 045. Forshaga 1 046. Färgelanda 1 047. Gagnef 1 048. Gislaved 1 049. Gnosjö 1 050. Gotland 1 051. Grums 1 052. Grästorp 1 053. Gullspång 1 054. Gällivare 1 055. Gävle 1 056. Göteborg 1 057. Götene 1 058. Habo 1 059. Hagfors 1 060. Hallsberg 1 061. Hallstahammar 1 062. Halmstad 1 063. Hammarö 1 064. Haninge 1 065. Haparanda 1 066. Heby 1 067. Hedemora 1 068. Helsingborg 1 069. Herrljunga 1 070. Hjo 1 071. Hofors 1 072. Huddinge 1 073. Hudiksvall 1 074. Hultsfred 1 075. Hylte 1 076. Håbo 1 077. Hällefors 1 078. Härjedalen 1 079. Härnösand 1 080. Härryda 1 081. Hässleholm 1 082. Höganäs 1 083. Högsby 1 084. Hörby 1 085. Höör 1 086. Jokkmokk 1 087. Järfälla 1 088. Jönköping 1 089. Kalix 1 090. Kalmar 1 091. Karlsborg 1 092. Karlshamn 1 093. Karlskoga 1 094. Karlskrona 1 095. Karlstad 1 096. Katrineholm 1 097. Kil 1 098. Kinda 1 099. Kiruna 1 100. Klippan 1 101. Kramfors 1 102. Kristianstad 1 103. Kristinehamn 1 104. Krokom 1 105. Kumla 1 106. Kungsbacka 1 107. Kungsör 1 108. Kungälv 1 109. Kävlinge 1 110. Köping 1 111. Laholm 1 112. Landskrona 1 113. Laxå 1 114. Leksand 1 115. Lerum 1 116. Lessebo 1 117. Lidingö 1 118. Lidköping 1 119. Lilla Edet 1 120. Lindesberg 1 121. Linköping 1 122. Ljungby 1 123. Ljusdal 1 124. Ljusnarsberg 1 125. Lomma 1 126. Ludvika 1 127. Luleå 1 128. Lund 1 129. Lycksele 1 130. Lysekil 1 131. Malmö 1 132. Malung 1 133. Mariestad 1 134. Markaryd 1 135. Mark 1 136. Malå 1 137. Mellerud 1 138. Mjölby 1 139. Mora 1 140. Motala 1 141. Mullsjö 1 142. Munkedal 1 143. Munkfors 1 144. Mölndal 1 145. Mönsterås 1 146. Mörbylånga 1 147. Nacka 1 148. Nora 1 149. Norberg 1 150. Nordanstig 1 151. Nordmalin 1 152. Norrköping 1 153. Norrtälje 1 154. Norsjö 1 155. Nybro 1 156. Nyköping 1 157. Nynäshamn 1 158. Nässjö 1 159. Ockelbo 1 160. Olofström 1 161. Orsa 1 162. Orust 1 163. Osby 1 164. Oskarshamn 1 165. Ovanåker 1 166. Oxelösund 1 167. Pajala 1 168. Partille 1 169. Perstorp 1 170. Piteå 1 171. Ragunda 1 172. Robertsfors 1 173. Ronneby 1 174. Rättvik 1 175. Sala 1 176. Salem 1 177. Sandviken 1 178. Sigtuna 1 179. Simrishamn 1 180. Sjöbo 1 181. Skara 1 182. Skellefteå 1 183. Skinnskatteberg 1 184. Skurup 1 185. Skövde 1 186. Smedjebacken 1 187. Sollefteå 1 188. Sollentuna 1 189. Solna 1 190. Sorsele 1 191. Sotenäs 1 192. Staffanstorp 1 193. Stenungsund 1 194. Stockholm 1 195. Storfors 1 196. Storuman 1 197. Strängnäs 1 198. Strömstad 1 199. Strömsund 1 200. Sundbyberg 1 201. Sundsvall 1 202. Sunne 1 203. Surahammar 1 204. Svalöv 1 205. Svedala 1 206. Svenljunga 1 207. Säffle 1 208. Säter 1 209. Sävsjö 1 210. Söderhamn 1 211. Söderköping 1 212. Södertälje 1 213. Sölvesborg 1 214. Tanum 1 215. Tibro 1 216. Tidaholm 1 217. Tierp 1 218. Timrå 1 219. Tingsryd 1 220. Tjörn 1 221. Tomelilla 1 222. Torsby 1 223. Torsås 1 224. Tranemo 1 225. Tranås 1 226. Trelleborg 1 227. Trollhättan 1 228. Tyresö 1 229. Täby 1 230. Töreboda 1 231. Uddevalla 1 232. Ulricehamn 1 233. Umeå 1 234. Upplands-Bro 1 235. Upplands-Väsby 1 236. Uppsala 1 237. Uppvidinge 1 238. Vadstena 1 239. Vaggeryd 1 240. Valdemarsvik 1 241. Vallentuna 1 242. Vansbro 1 243. Vara 1 244. Varberg 1 245. Vaxholm 1 246. Vellinge 1 247. Vetlanda 1 248. Vilhelmina 1 249. Vimmerby 1 250. Vindeln 1 251. Vingåker 1 252. Vårgårda 1 253. Vänersborg 1 254. Vännäs 1 255. Värmdö 1 256. Värnamo 1 257. Västervik 1 258. Västerås 1 259. Växjö 1 260. Ydre 1 261. Ystad 1 262. Åmål 1 263. Ånge 1 264. Åre 1 265. Årjäng 1 266. Åsele 1 267. Åstorp 1 268. Åtvidaberg 1 269. Älmhult 1 270. Älvdalen 1 271. Älvkarleby 1 272. Älvsbyn 1 273. Ängelholm 1 274. Öckerö 1 275. Ödeshög 1 276. Örebro 1 277. Örkelljunga 1 278. Örnsköldsvik 1 279. Östersund 1 280. Österåker 1 281. Östhammar 1 282. Östra Göinge 1 283. Överkalix 1 284. Övertorneå
VAR 246 COUNTY Loc 346 width 2 LAEN - County 25 01. Stockholm county 6 03. Uppsala county 7 04. Södermanland county 13 05. Östergötland county 11 06. Jönköping county 8 07. Kronoberg county 12 08. Kalmar county 1 09. Gotland county 5 10. Blekinge county 13 11. Kristianstad county 20 12. Malmöhus county 6 13. Halland county 15 14. Göteborgs and Bohus county 18 15. Älvsborg county 17 16. Skaraborg county 16 17. Värmland county 11 18. Örebro county 11 19. Västmanland county 15 20. Kopparberg county 10 21. Gävleborg county 7 22. Västernorrland county 8 23. Jämtland county 15 24. Västerbotten county 14 25. Norrbotten county
VAR 247 PART OF THE COUNTRY Loc 348 width 1 LAENGR - Part of the country 139 1. Götaland 91 2. Svealand 54 3. Norrland
VAR 248 POPULATION 1986 Loc 349 width 6 BEF86 - Population 1 January 1986 Source: The Swedish Local Government Year Book 1986 Valid-n=284 Min=3070 Max=659030 Mean=29430.1 St.Dev=51912.7
VAR 249 POPULATION 1984 Loc 355 width 6 BEF84 - Population 1 January 1984 Valid-n=284 Min=3215 Max=650952 Mean=29311.8 St.Dev=51403.1
VAR 250 POPULATION 1983 Loc 361 width 6 BEF83 - Population 1 January 1983 Valid-n=284 Min=3255 Max=649686 Mean=29322.1 St.Dev=51380.2
VAR 251 POPULATION 1986 - 4 GR Loc 367 width 1 BEF86GR - Population in January 1986, four groups 66 1. - 9 999 inhabitants 122 2. 10 000 - 24 999 inhabitants 78 3. 25 000 - 74 999 inhabitants 18 4. 75 000 inhabitants or more
VAR 252 POPULATION 1984 - 4 GR Loc 368 width 1 BEF84GR - Population in January 1984, four groups 66 1. - 9 999 inhabitants 122 2. 10 000 - 24 999 inhabitants 78 3. 25 000 - 74 999 inhabitants 18 4. 75 000 inhabitants or more
VAR 253 SHARE BELOW 15 YEAR 1986 Loc 369 width 2 BEF01586 - Share of the population below 15 years in 1986 13. 13 percent . . 29. 29 percent Kod: 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 Frek: 1 2 2 4 19 33 48 60 39 34 14 13 5 6 3 1
VAR 254 SHARE OVER 65 YEARS 1986 Loc 371 width 2 BEFPEN86 - Share of the population over 65 years in 1986 05. 5 percent . . 27. 27 percent Kod: 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Frek: 1 3 5 1 6 6 5 8 5 9 9 16 26 34 30 40 26 16 Kod: 23 24 25 26 27 Frek: 14 9 7 6 2
VAR 255 SHARE BELOW 15 YEAR 1984 Loc 373 width 2 BEF01584 - Share of the population below 15 years in 1984 13. 13 percent . . 30. 30 percent Kod: 13 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Frek: 3 5 13 33 31 60 50 32 24 7 7 7 6 1 4 1
VAR 256 SHARE OVER 65 YEARS 1984 Loc 375 width 2 BEFPEN84 - Share of the population over 65 years in 1984 05. 5 percent . . 26. 26 percent Kod: 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Frek: 2 6 2 4 4 6 8 7 5 11 8 24 31 31 40 27 23 13 Kod: 23 24 25 26 Frek: 14 11 2 5
VAR 257 SHARE BELOW 15 YEAR 1983 Loc 377 width 2 BEF01583 - Share of the population below 15 years in 1983 12. 12 percent . . 33. 33 percent Kod: 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Frek: 1 3 2 3 6 33 29 48 57 35 27 13 7 4 6 6 1 1 Kod: 31 33 Frek: 1 1
VAR 258 SHARE OVER 65 YEARS 1983 Loc 379 width 2 BEFPEN83 - Share of the population over 65 years in 1983 05. 5 percent . . 26. 26 percent Kod: 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Frek: 4 4 2 4 7 4 7 7 5 11 14 21 33 30 40 32 17 13 Kod: 23 24 25 26 Frek: 14 7 6 2
VAR 259 CHANGES OF POP 1976-1986 Loc 381 width 2 BEF7686 - Changes of population 1976-1986 (percentage) Valid-n=284 Min=-9 Max=39 Mean=2.8 St.Dev=8.4
VAR 260 TÄTORTSGRAD 1986 Loc 383 width 3 TAET86 - Tätortsgrad i percent 1986 Source: The Swedish Local Government Year Book 1986 029. 29 percent . . 100. 100 percent Kod: 29 32 34 35 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 47 48 Frek: 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 5 1 3 2 1 3 Kod: 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 Frek: 2 3 2 4 3 4 3 1 6 5 6 1 5 Kod: 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 Frek: 4 4 6 5 5 11 7 6 1 9 10 7 6 Kod: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 Frek: 5 8 6 6 9 3 14 7 6 7 7 4 7 Kod: 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 Frek: 3 5 4 2 6 4 2 3 4 4 5 3
VAR 261 TÄTORTSGRAD 1984 Loc 386 width 3 TAET84 - Tätortsgrad i procent 1984 029. 29 percent . . 100. 100 percent Kod: 29 32 34 35 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 47 48 Frek: 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 5 1 3 2 1 3 Kod: 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 Frek: 2 3 2 4 3 4 3 1 6 5 6 1 5 Kod: 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 Frek: 4 4 6 5 5 11 7 6 1 9 10 7 6 Kod: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 Frek: 5 8 6 6 9 3 14 7 6 7 6 4 7 Kod: 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 Frek: 4 5 4 2 6 4 2 3 4 4 5 3
VAR 262 TÄTORTSGRAD 1983 Loc 389 width 3 MD=999 TAET83 - Tätortsgrad i procent 1983 029. 29 percent . . 100. 100 percent 1 999. NA Kod: 29 32 34 35 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 47 48 Frek: 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 5 1 3 2 1 3 Kod: 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 Frek: 2 3 2 4 3 4 3 1 6 4 6 1 5 Kod: 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 Frek: 4 4 6 5 5 11 7 6 1 9 10 7 6 Kod: 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 Frek: 5 8 6 6 9 3 14 7 6 5 7 5 7 Kod: 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 999 Frek: 4 5 4 2 6 4 2 3 4 4 5 3 1 Kod: 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 999 Frek: 4 5 4 2 6 4 2 3 4 4 5 3 1
VAR 263 POL MAJ 1985 - 3 GROUPS Loc 392 width 1 Political majority in the municipal council 1985 Source: Allmänna valen 1985, del 2 128 1. Socialist majority 127 2. Bourgeois majority 29 3. Unclear majority (If neither the bourgeois block M+Fp+C+Kds nor the socialist block S+Vpk forms their own majority in the municipal council)
VAR 264 POL MAJ 1985 - 2 GROUPS Loc 393 width 1 MAKT85 - Political majority in 1985 145 1. Bourgeois 139 2. Social democratic
VAR 265 MAJORITY 1985 Loc 394 width 1 ROD85GR - Majority 1985. Dividing RODAND85 into two 127 1. Socialist majority 157 2. Bourgeois majority
VAR 266 LEFT MANDATES 1985 Loc 395 width 2 RODAND85 - Percent mandates - social democrats and left party communists 1985 18. 18 percent . . 76. 76 percent Kod: 18 20 24 26 27 28 29 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Frek: 1 1 2 1 8 1 6 2 4 4 5 3 2 10 1 15 2 12 Kod: 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 Frek: 1 11 6 10 11 9 12 16 1 16 5 13 12 5 5 4 7 8 Kod: 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 71 72 73 74 76 Frek: 3 14 2 5 2 5 2 2 3 3 5 2 1 2 1
VAR 267 LEFT MANDATES 1982 Loc 397 width 2 RODAND82 - Percent mandates - social democrats and left party communists 1982 20. 20 percent . . 78. 78 percent Kod: 20 23 24 26 27 29 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 Frek: 2 1 1 1 4 6 5 2 2 6 4 2 7 1 12 2 10 3 Kod: 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 Frek: 4 10 6 6 9 3 25 13 6 13 10 6 9 7 6 7 4 8 Kod: 62 63 64 65 66 67 69 70 71 72 73 74 76 78 Frek: 5 10 6 4 8 5 4 2 5 2 3 5 1 1
VAR 268 TAX RATE 1986 Loc 399 width 5 Tax rate 1986 Source: The Swedish Local Government Year Book 1986 Valid-n=284 Min=11 Max=29 Mean=16.5 St.Dev=1.7
VAR 269 TAX RATE 1985 Loc 404 width 5 Tax rate 1985 Valid-n=284 Min=10 Max=29 Mean=16.5 St.Dev=1.7
VAR 270 EXPEND PER CAPITA 1986 Loc 409 width 5 MD=99999 Expenditure per capita in 1986 Source: The Swedish Local Government Year Book 1986 36 99999. NA Valid-n=248 Min=13500 Max=39300 Mean=18478.2 St.Dev=3056.2
VAR 271 EXPEND PER CAPITA 1985 Loc 414 width 5 Expenditure per capita in 1985 Valid-n=284 Min=12800 Max=37400 Mean=17708.1 St.Dev=3377.9
VAR 272 EXPENDITURE 1986 Loc 419 width 5 KOMUTG86 - Municipality expenditure, SEK per capita according to budget 1986 Valid-n=284 Min=13800 Max=96000 Mean=19546.8 St.Dev=5726.6
VAR 273 EXPENDITURE 1984 Loc 424 width 5 KOMUTG84 - Municipality expenditure, SEK per capita according to budget 1984 Valid-n=284 Min=11200 Max=33000 Mean=16227.1 St.Dev=3023.5
VAR 274 EXPENDITURE 1983 Loc 429 width 5 KOMUTG83 - Municipality expenditure, SEK per capita according to budget 1983 Valid-n=284 Min=10900 Max=55000 Mean=15111.6 St.Dev=3594.2
VAR 275 LOCAL GOV EMPLOYEES 1985 Loc 434 width 3 KARB85 - Local government employees, annual workers/1 000 inhabitants incl teachers in 1985 Valid-n=284 Min=36 Max=112 Mean=53.2 St.Dev=9.0
VAR 276 LOCAL GOV EMPLOYEES 1984 Loc 437 width 3 KARB84 - Local government employees, annual workers/1 000 inhabitants in 1984 Valid-n=284 Min=6 Max=109 Mean=51.0 St.Dev=9.2
VAR 277 LOCAL GOV EMPLOYEES 1983 Loc 440 width 3 KARB83 - Local government employees, annual workers/1 000 inhabitants in 1983 Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=512 Mean=48.8 St.Dev=30.8
VAR 278 LIQUIDITY 1986 Loc 443 width 3 MD=999 Liquidity 1986 Source: Kommunaktuellt nr 27 1986 10 999. NA Valid-n=274 Min=-21 Max=88 Mean=13.8 St.Dev=10.1
VAR 279 LIQUID FUNDS 1986 Loc 446 width 5 LIKVID86 - Liquid funds in December 1986 SEK per capita Valid-n=284 Min=-1300 Max=10600 Mean=1573.2 St.Dev=1452.9
VAR 280 LIQUID FUNDS 1984 Loc 451 width 4 LIKVID84 - Liquid funds in December 1984 SEK per capita Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=6600 Mean=1791.2 St.Dev=1244.7
VAR 281 LIQUID FUNDS 1983 Loc 455 width 4 LIKVID83 - Liquid funds in December 1983 SEK per capita Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=7500 Mean=1825.0 St.Dev=1274.9
VAR 282 TAX REVENUES 1986 Loc 459 width 5 SKINT86 - Tax revenues 1986, SEK per capita Valid-n=284 Min=5824 Max=17412 Mean=8211.6 St.Dev=1161.7
VAR 283 TAX REVENUES 1984 Loc 464 width 5 SKINT84 - Tax revenues 1984, SEK per capita Valid-n=284 Min=4829 Max=14990 Mean=6784.9 St.Dev=1117.5
VAR 284 TAX REVENUES 1983 Loc 469 width 5 SKINT83 - Tax revenues 1983, SEK per capita Valid-n=284 Min=4354 Max=14011 Mean=6361.8 St.Dev=1103.9
VAR 285 LOC AUTH IMPOSITION 1987 Loc 474 width 4 2 decimal places KOMUTD87 - Primary local authority imposition 1987 exclusive parish tax Valid-n=284 Min=10.9 Max=30.5 Mean=16.4 St.Dev=1.7
VAR 286 LOC AUTH IMPOSITION 1986 Loc 478 width 4 2 decimal places KOMUTD86 - Primary local authority imposition 1986 exclusive parish tax Valid-n=284 Min=11.3 Max=29.75 Mean=16.4 St.Dev=1.7
VAR 287 LOC AUTH IMPOSITION 1985 Loc 482 width 4 2 decimal places KOMUTD85 - Primary local authority imposition 1985 exclusive parish tax Valid-n=284 Min=9.7 Max=29.2 Mean=16.4 St.Dev=1.7
VAR 288 LOC AUTH IMPOSITION 1984 Loc 486 width 4 2 decimal places KOMUTD84 - Primary local authority imposition 1984 exclusive parish tax Valid-n=284 Min=10.4 Max=30.04 Mean=16.4 St.Dev=1.9
VAR 289 LOC AUTH IMPOSITION 1983 Loc 490 width 4 2 decimal places KOMUTD83 - Primary local authority imposition 1983 exclusive parish tax Valid-n=284 Min=10.6 Max=29.2 Mean=16.4 St.Dev=1.7
VAR 290 TAX CHANGES 1986-1987 Loc 494 width 4 2 decimal places UTD8687 - Tax changes 1986-1987 (1987 minus 1986) Valid-n=284 Min=-1 Max=1.35 Mean=0.0 St.Dev=0.2
VAR 291 TAX CHANGES 1985-1986 Loc 498 width 4 2 decimal places UTD8586 - Tax changes 1985-1986 (1986 minus 1985) Valid-n=284 Min=-1.6 Max=1.6 Mean=0.0 St.Dev=0.3
VAR 292 FIN86: PERC TAX REVENUES Loc 502 width 2 FINSK86 - Financing 1986: Percent tax revenues 26. 26 percent . . 70. 70 percent Kod: 26 29 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 Frek: 1 1 2 1 3 5 2 14 7 17 9 13 18 21 20 16 17 21 Kod: 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 70 Frek: 22 6 15 13 16 12 3 4 3 1 1
VAR 293 FIN86: PERC TAX EQ GRANT Loc 504 width 2 FINB86 - Financing 1986: Percent tax equalisation grants 00. 0 percent . . 62. 62 percent Kod: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Frek: 35 5 22 10 12 24 23 25 13 18 17 8 20 9 6 9 6 5 Kod: 18 19 20 21 22 62 Frek: 9 4 1 1 1 1
VAR 294 FIN86: PERCENT FEES Loc 506 width 2 FINA86 - Financing 1986: Percent fees and compensations 03. 3 percent . . 36. 36 percent Kod: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Frek: 1 1 3 17 19 41 24 27 17 17 9 5 4 13 8 8 8 6 Kod: 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 30 32 33 34 36 Frek: 8 10 8 5 6 5 4 2 3 2 1 1 1
VAR 295 FIN86: PER OTH GOV GRANT Loc 508 width 2 FINOB86 - Financing 1986: Percent other government grants 08. 8 percent . . 31. 31 percent Kod: 8 11 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Frek: 2 1 2 1 2 10 20 30 40 33 30 29 28 19 17 5 5 8 Kod: 31 Frek: 2
VAR 296 FIN84: PERC TAX REVENUES Loc 510 width 2 FINSK84 - Financing 1984: Percent tax revenues 26. 26 percent . . 56. 56 percent Kod: 26 27 28 29 30 32 33 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Frek: 1 1 2 1 3 3 2 8 16 11 14 20 32 26 17 18 19 19 Kod: 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 54 55 56 Frek: 16 12 14 8 7 4 4 4 1 1
VAR 297 FIN84: PERC TAX EQ GRANT Loc 512 width 2 FINB84 - Financing 1984: Percent tax equalisation grants 00. 0 percent . . 23. 23 percent Kod: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Frek: 25 9 13 11 15 12 21 23 19 22 15 17 10 15 10 12 10 8 Kod: 18 19 20 21 22 23 Frek: 5 4 2 2 1 3
VAR 298 FIN84: PERCENT FEES Loc 514 width 2 FINA84 - Financing 1984: Percent fees and compensations 04. 4 percent . . 36. 36 percent Kod: 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Frek: 3 7 11 18 30 30 30 21 13 12 7 7 8 9 13 4 9 7 Kod: 22 23 24 25 26 27 29 30 32 34 36 Frek: 8 10 3 6 5 6 2 1 2 1 1
VAR 299 FIN84: PER OTH GOV GRANT Loc 516 width 2 FINOB84 - Financing 1984: Percent other government grants 00. 0 percent . . 33. 33 percent Kod: 0 1 2 4 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Frek: 1 1 2 1 1 1 3 6 7 10 23 34 39 40 23 38 17 12 Kod: 28 29 30 31 32 33 Frek: 9 3 6 4 2 1
VAR 300 FIN83: PERC TAX REVENUES Loc 518 width 2 FINSK83 - Financing 1983: Percent tax revenues 28. 28 percent . . 58. 58 percent Kod: 28 29 30 31 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 Frek: 2 2 1 1 1 6 2 9 12 24 18 16 25 22 26 26 17 22 Kod: 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 58 Frek: 13 9 11 5 4 3 3 1 2 1
VAR 301 FIN83: PERC TAX EQ GRANT Loc 520 width 2 FINB83 - Financing 1983: Percent tax equalisation grants 00. 0 percent . . 22. 22 percent Kod: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Frek: 20 11 17 8 15 15 22 27 22 12 20 20 9 14 16 9 9 6 Kod: 18 19 20 21 22 Frek: 4 1 3 3 1
VAR 302 FIN83: PERCENT FEES Loc 522 width 2 FINA83 - Financing 1983: Percent fees and compensations 03. 3 percent . . 46. 46 percent Kod: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Frek: 1 1 6 12 22 35 28 25 20 16 13 8 9 8 8 7 11 10 Kod: 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30 32 46 Frek: 4 5 8 6 10 5 1 1 2 1 1
VAR 303 FIN83: PER OTH GOV GRANT Loc 524 width 2 FINOB83 - Financing 1983: Percent other government grants 15. 15 percent . . 35. 35 percent Kod: 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Frek: 1 4 9 22 27 33 40 42 27 30 18 11 6 1 5 3 2 1 Kod: 34 35 Frek: 1 1
VAR 304 FIN82: PERC TAX REVENUES Loc 526 width 2 MD=99 FINBP82 - Financing 1982: Percent tax revenues 00. 0 percent . . 25. 25 percent 10 99. NA Kod: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Frek: 24 6 9 18 11 13 20 13 26 18 24 17 6 12 14 8 9 10 Kod: 18 19 20 21 22 23 25 99 Frek: 3 5 2 2 1 2 1 10
VAR 305 FIN82: PER OTH GOV GRANT Loc 528 width 2 MD=99 FINPO82 - Financing 1982: Percent other government grants 14. 14 percent . . 34. 34 percent 10 99. NA Kod: 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Frek: 1 2 2 4 11 19 26 36 35 33 28 22 20 14 8 4 2 3 Kod: 32 33 34 99 Frek: 1 1 2 10
VAR 306 EGEN SKATTEKRAFT 1986 Loc 530 width 3 Egen skattekraft, skattekr/inv 1986 Source: The Swedish Local Government Year Book 1986 Valid-n=284 Min=325 Max=719 Mean=422.4 St.Dev=50.7
VAR 307 EGEN SKATTEKRAFT 1985 Loc 533 width 5 2 decimal places EKRAFT86 - Egen skattekraft, skattekr/inv 1985 Valid-n=284 Min=325.38 Max=718.77 Mean=422.4 St.Dev=50.7
VAR 308 EGEN SKATTEKRAFT 1984 Loc 538 width 5 2 decimal places EKRAFT84 - Egen skattekraft, skattekr/inv 1984 Valid-n=284 Min=265.32 Max=623.11 Mean=352.1 St.Dev=47.0
VAR 309 EGEN SKATTEKRAFT 1983 Loc 543 width 6 EKRAFT83 - Egen skattekraft, kronor/invånare 1983 Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=571 Mean=317.9 St.Dev=60.3
VAR 310 EGEN SKATTEKR 1986-4 KL Loc 549 width 1 EKRA86GR - Egen skattekraft 1986, 4 klasser 69 1. - 387.99 73 2. 388 - 414.99 69 3. 415 - 444.99 73 4. 445 -
VAR 311 EGEN SKATTEKR 1984-4 KL Loc 550 width 1 EKRA84GR - Egen skattekraft 1984, 4 klasser 72 1. - 321.99 69 2. 322 - 344.99 71 3. 345 - 371.99 72 4. 372 -
VAR 312 TAX EQUAL GRANTS 1986 Loc 551 width 4 SKUTJ86 - Tax equalisation grants 1986, SEK/inhabitant Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=5320 Mean=1439.1 St.Dev=1087.6
VAR 313 TAX EQUAL GRANTS 1984 Loc 555 width 4 SKUTJ84 - Tax equalisation grants 1984, SEK/inhabitant Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=4483 Mean=1360.4 St.Dev=929.6
VAR 314 TAX EQUAL GRANTS 1983 Loc 559 width 4 SKATTB83 - Tax equalisation grants 1983, SEK/inhabitant Valid-n=284 Min=-1 Max=3939 Mean=1155.2 St.Dev=841.7
VAR 315 TAX EQ GRANTS 1986-4 CL Loc 563 width 1 SKUTJ86G - Tax equalisation grants 1986, SEK/inhabitant, 4 classes 71 1. 71 2. 71 3. 71 4.
VAR 316 OPERATING COSTS 1985 Loc 564 width 5 TKOSTC85 - Operating costs per capita 1985 Valid-n=284 Min=11390 Max=39021 Mean=17544.5 St.Dev=3178.1
VAR 317 OPERATING COSTS 1982 Loc 569 width 5 TKOSTC82 - Operating costs per capita 1982 Valid-n=284 Min=0 Max=24500 Mean=11001.8 St.Dev=2889.3
VAR 318 SKATTEKRAFT 1985 Loc 574 width 3 RINK86 - Skattekraft/invånare i procent av medelskattekraften 1985 071. 71 percent . . 156. 156 percent Kod: 71 73 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 Frek: 1 1 1 1 2 8 5 12 6 10 7 18 16 Kod: 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 Frek: 15 8 13 11 11 13 13 16 10 5 7 6 12 Kod: 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 110 111 113 119 Frek: 6 4 7 2 6 5 3 3 5 2 1 3 1 Kod: 121 123 126 130 135 147 156 Frek: 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
VAR 319 SKATTEKRAFT 1984 Loc 577 width 3 RINK84 - Skattekraft/invånare i percent av medelskattekraften 1984 068. 68 percent . . 160. 160 percent Kod: 68 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 Frek: 1 3 1 5 4 5 7 7 10 9 7 13 11 Kod: 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 Frek: 19 7 13 11 8 17 12 13 11 11 2 5 7 Kod: 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 Frek: 12 3 2 6 3 9 2 1 3 3 2 1 2 Kod: 110 111 112 113 120 122 123 124 128 138 142 147 160 Frek: 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Kod: 110 111 112 113 120 122 123 124 128 138 142 147 160 Frek: 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
VAR 320 SKATTEKRAFT 1983 Loc 580 width 3 MD=999 RINK83 - Skattekraft/invånare i percent av medelskattekraften 1983 068. 68 percent . . 193. 193 percent 1 999. NA Kod: 68 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 Frek: 1 1 5 5 3 6 7 8 12 6 8 10 23 Kod: 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 Frek: 11 9 11 10 14 19 9 14 6 7 6 8 8 Kod: 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 Frek: 5 2 5 7 5 4 2 1 4 2 3 1 1 Kod: 111 112 120 121 122 131 132 139 142 146 160 193 999 Frek: 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Kod: 111 112 120 121 122 131 132 139 142 146 160 193 999 Frek: 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
VAR 321 SKATTEKR/INV 1985 - 4 KL Loc 583 width 1 RINK86GR - Skattekraft/invånare 1985 i percent av medelskattekraften, 4 klasser 72 1. - 84 63 2. 85 - 89 75 3. 90 - 96 74 4. 97 -
VAR 322 GRUNDGARANTI 1986 Loc 584 width 3 GARAN86 - Grundgaranti, garanterad andel av medelskattekraften, 1986 Valid-n=284 Min=102 Max=135 Mean=106.4 St.Dev=7.7
VAR 323 GRUNDGARANTI 1984 Loc 587 width 3 GARAN84 - Grundgaranti, garanterad andel av medelskattekraften, 1984 Valid-n=284 Min=103 Max=136 Mean=107.4 St.Dev=7.7
VAR 324 GRUNDGARANTI 1983 Loc 590 width 3 GARAN83 - Grundgaranti, garanterad andel av medelskattekraften, 1983 Valid-n=284 Min=34 Max=206 Mean=107.5 St.Dev=10.6
VAR 325 GOVT OPERAT GRANTS 1983 Loc 593 width 4 DRIFTB83 - Government operating grants, SEK/inhabitants 1983 Valid-n=284 Min=-1 Max=5059 Mean=3116.7 St.Dev=903.0
VAR 326 FISC STRESS INCL NEED Loc 597 width 1 MD=9 FIST86GR - Fiscal stress incl NEED, 4 classes 49 1. - 1.04 37 2. 1.05 - 1.06 38 3. 1.07 - 1.08 46 4. 1.09 - 114 9. NA
VAR 327 TOTAL STATE GRANT 1986 Loc 598 width 1 GRANT86G - Total state grant 1986, according to Norman, 4 classes 71 1. 71 2. 71 3. 71 4.