SLOSH-study The Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health

This study is part of the collection REWHARD - RElations, Work and Health across the life-course - A Research Data infrastructure

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Hugo Westerlund - Stockholm University, Stress Research Institute

Description:

The Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) is a unique prospective study on work environment and health. SLOSH was initiated by the Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University in 2006 and aims to study the complex relationships between work organization, work environment, labour market participation and health.

Commissioned by Stress Research Institute, Statistics Sweden (SCB) mails self-completion questionnaires to the participants every second. Registry data are linked both retrospectively and prospectively.

SLOSH is based on the Swedish Work Environment Surveys of 2003 and 2005 (SWES). The first follow-up was conducted in March 2006, when all the 9,200 participants of the SWES 2003 were mailed self-completion questionnaires. In 2008, the second follow-up was realized, where also participants of the 2005 SWES were invited to participate. The core of the SLOSH therefore consists of a total of 18 915 persons. The third follow-up was conducted in 2010, which also included 2,553 participants from Stockholm and Västra Götaland who has responded to SWES 2007, a fourth

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Creator/Principal investigator(s):

Hugo Westerlund - Stockholm University, Stress Research Institute

Identifiers:

SND-ID: EXT 0098

Purpose:

SLOSH is a unique prospective study on work environment and health. It is expected to provide a basis for improvements of work environment and to contribute to a better understanding regarding work-related ill-health in Sweden and other countries.

Description:

The Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) is a unique prospective study on work environment and health. SLOSH was initiated by the Stress Research Institute at Stockholm University in 2006 and aims to study the complex relationships between work organization, work environment, labour market participation and health.

Commissioned by Stress Research Institute, Statistics Sweden (SCB) mails self-completion questionnaires to the participants every second. Registry data are linked both retrospectively and prospectively.

SLOSH is based on the Swedish Work Environment Surveys of 2003 and 2005 (SWES). The first follow-up was conducted in March 2006, when all the 9,200 participants of the SWES 2003 were mailed self-completion questionnaires. In 2008, the second follow-up was realized, where also participants of the 2005 SWES were invited to participate. The core of the SLOSH therefore consists of a total of 18 915 persons. The third follow-up was conducted in 2010, which also included 2,553 participants from Stockholm and Västra Götaland who has responded to SWES 2007, a fourth

... Show more..

Time period(s) investigated:

2006 — ongoing

Geographic spread:

Geographic location: Sweden

Unit of analysis:

Sampling procedure:

Probability: Simple random
Probability: Stratified

Ethics Review:

Stockholm

Funding:

FAS Centre for Global Health Research at the Medical Faculty of Umeå University

Swedish Research Council

Publications

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Leineweber C, Baltzer M, Magnusson Hanson LL, Westerlund H. Work-family conflict and health in Swedish working women and men: a 2-year prospective analysis (the SLOSH study). Eur J Public Health. 2013 Aug;23(4):710-6. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cks064. Epub 2012 Jun 8.
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Hébert S, Canlon B, Hasson D, Magnusson Hanson LL, Benka Wallén M, et al. Tinnitus severity is reduced with reduction of depressive mood – a prospective population study in Sweden. PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37733. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037733. Epub 2012 May 22.
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Fransson EI, Heikkilä K, Nyberg S, Zins M, Westerlund H, et al. Job Strain as a Risk Factor for Leisure-Time Physical Inactivity: An Individual-Participant Meta-analysis of up to 170,000 Men and Women. The IPD-Work Consortium. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Dec 15;176(12):1078-89. doi: 10.1093/aje/kws336. Epub 2012 Nov 9.
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Leineweber C, Westerlund H, Hagberg J, Svedberg P, Alexanderson K. Sickness presence is more than an alternative to sickness absence: results from the population-based SLOSH study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2012 Nov;85(8):905-14. doi: 10.1007/s00420-012-0735-y. Epub 2012 Jan 24.

Oxenstierna G, Elofsson S, Gjerde M, Hanson LM, Theorell T. Workplace Bullying, Working Environment and Health. Ind Health. 2012;50(3):180-8. Epub 2012 Mar 28.
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Theorell T, Osika W, Leineweber C, Magnusson Hanson LL, Bojner Horwitz E, et al. Is cultural activity at work related to mental health in employees? Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2013 Apr;86(3):281-8. doi: 10.1007/s00420-012-0762-8. Epub 2012 Mar 29.
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Fransson EI, Nyberg ST, Heikkila K, Alfredsson L, De Bacquer D, et al. Comparison of alternative versions of the job demand-control scales in 17 European cohort studies: the IPD-Work consortium. BMC Public Health 2012;12: 62.

Wallen MB, Hasson D, Theorell T, Canlon B, Osika W. Possibilities and limitations of the polar RS800 in measuring heart rate variability at rest. Eur J Appl Physio 2011; 112(3):1153-65. doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-2079-9.

Hasson D, Theorell T, Benka Wallén M, Leineweber C, Canlon B. Stress and prevalence of hearing problems in the Swedish working population. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11: 130.
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Magnusson Hanson LL, Akerstedt T, Naswall K, Leineweber C, Theorell T, et al. Cross-lagged relationships between workplace demands, control, support and sleep problems. Sleep 2011;34:1403-1410.

Oxenstierna G, Magnusson Hanson LL, Widmark M, Finnholm K, Stenfors C, et al. Conflicts at work: The relationship with workplace factors, work characteristics and self-rated health. Ind Health 2011;49: 501-510. Epub 2011 Jun 21.

Miyakawa M, Magnusson Hanson L, Theorell T, Westerlund H. Subjective social status and health measures and its predictors in Swedish men and women (the SLOSH study). Eur J Public Health. 2012;22(4):593-7. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr064

Hasson D, Theorell T, Westerlund H, Canlon B. Prevalence and characteristics of hearing problems in a working and non-working Swedish population. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2010;64(5):453-60

Leineweber C, Wege N, Westerlund H, Theorell T, Wahrendorf M, Siegrist J. How valid is a short measure of effort-reward imbalance at work? A replication study from Sweden. Occup Environ Med 2010; 67 (8):526-531. Epub 2010 Jun 23, DOI: 10.1136/oem.2009.050930

Magnusson Hanson LL, Theorell T, Bech P, Rugulies R, Burr H, Hyde M, Oxenstierna G, Westerlund H. Psychosocial working conditions and depressive symptoms among Swedish employees. International Archives of Occcupational and Environmental Health, 2009; 82(8):951-960. Epub 2009 Feb 24, DOI: 10.1007/s00420-009-0406-9.

Theorell T, Andreeva E, Leineweber C, Hanson Magnusson L, Oxenstierna G, Westerlund H (2009) Restructuring and Employee Health. In: Grassbauer M, Sakalauskas L, Zavadskas E.K (Eds.). 5th international Vilnius Conference, Knowledge-Based Technologies and OR Methodologies for Strategic Decisions of Substainable Development, pp. 331-336 - P2758

Magnusson Hanson LL, Theorell T, Oxenstierna G, Hyde M, Westerlund H. Demand, control, and social climate as predictors of emotional exhaustion symptoms in working Swedish men and women. Scand J Public Health, 2008;36(7):737-743

Nyberg A, Westerlund H, Magnusson Hanson LL, Theorell T. Managerial leadership is associated with self-reported sickness absence and sickness presenteeism among Swedish men and women. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2008;36:803-311

Kinsten A, Magnusson Hanson L, Hyde M, Oxenstierna G, Westerlund H, & Theorell T. Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH): a nationally representative psychosocial survey of the Swedish working population. Stockholm: Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 2007.

Nyberg ST, Heikkila K, Fransson EI, Alfredsson L, De Bacquer D, et al. Job strain in relation to body mass index: pooled analysis of 160,000 adults from 13 cohort studies. Journal of Internal Medicine. 2012; 272(1):65-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02482.x. Epub 2011 Dec 5.
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Odéen M, Westerlund H, Theorell T, Leineweber C, Eriksen HR, Ursin H. Expectancies, socioeconomic status, and self-rated health: Use of the simplified TOMCATS questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2013 Jun; 20(2):242-51. Epub ahead of print 2012 Feb 1.

Åkerstedt T, Garefeldt J, Richter A, Westerlund H, Magnusson Hanson LL, Sverke M, Kecklund G. Work and sleep- a prospective study of psychosocial work factors, physical work factors and work scheduling. Accepted SLEEP.

Magnusson Hanson LL, Chungkham HS, Ferrie J, Sverke M. Threats of dismissal and symptoms of major depression: a study using repeated measures in the Swedish working population. JECH, In press

Nyberg A, Leineweber C, Magnusson Hanson L. Gender differences in psychosocial work factors, work-personal life interface, and well-being among Swedish managers and non-managers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2015 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Griep Y, Hyde M, Vantilborgh T, Bidee J, De Witte H, Pepermans R. Voluntary work and the relationship with unemployment, health, and well-being: A two-year follow-up study contrasting a materialistic and psychosocial pathway perspective. J Occup Health Psychol. 2015 Apr;20(2):190-204. doi: 10.1037/a0038342. Epub 2014 Nov 17.

Hyde M, Hanson LM, Chungkham HS, Leineweber C, Westerlund H. The impact of involuntary exit from employment in later life on the risk of major depression and being prescribed anti-depressant medication. Aging Ment Health. 2015;19(5):381-9. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2014.927821. Epub 2014 Jun 19.

Fransson EI, Nyberg ST, Heikkilä K, Alfredsson L, et al.Job strain and the risk of stroke: an individual-participant data meta-analysis. Stroke. 2015 Feb;46(2):557-9. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.008019. Epub 2015 Jan 6.

Richter A, Schraml K, Leineweber C. Work-family conflict, emotional exhaustion and performance-based self-esteem: reciprocal relationships. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2015 Jan;88(1):103-12. doi: 10.1007/s00420-014-0941-x. Epub 2014 Mar 25.
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Magnusson Hanson LL, Chungkham HS, Åkerstedt T, Westerlund H. The role of sleep disturbances in the longitudinal relationship between psychosocial working conditions, measured by work demands and support, and depression. Sleep. 2014 Dec 1;37(12):1977-85. doi: 10.5665/sleep.4254.

Taloyan M, Leineweber C, Hyde M, Westerlund H. Self-rated health amongst male and female employees in Sweden: a nationally representative study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2014 Dec 21. [Epub ahead of print]

Bodin Danielsson C, Chungkham HS, Wulff C, Westerlund H. Office design's impact on sick leave rates. Ergonomics. 2014;57(2):139-47. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2013.871064. Epub 2014 Jan 27.
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Nyberg ST, Fransson EI, Heikkilä K, Ahola K, Alfredsson L, et al.; IPD-Work Consortium. Job strain as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes: a pooled analysis of 124,808 men and women. Diabetes Care. 2014 Aug;37(8):2268-75. doi:10.2337/dc13-2936.
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Madsen IE, Hanson LL, Rugulies R, Theorell T, Burr H, Diderichsen F, Westerlund H. Does good leadership buffer effects of high emotional demands at work on risk of antidepressant treatment? A prospective study from two Nordic countries. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2014 Aug;49(8):1209-18. doi: 10.1007/s00127-014-0836-x. Epub 2014 Feb 20.
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Brenner MH, Andreeva E, Theorell T, Goldberg M, Westerlund H,Leineweber C, Hanson LL, Imbernon E, Bonnaud S. Organizational downsizing and depressive symptoms in the European recession: the experience of workers in France, Hungary, Sweden and the United kingdom. PLoS One. 2014 May 19;9(5):e97063. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097063. eCollection 2014.
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Magnusson Hanson LL, Westerlund H, Leineweber C, Rugulies R, Osika W, Theorell T, Bech P. The Symptom Checklist-core depression (SCL-CD6) scale: psychometric properties of a brief six item scale for the assessment of depression. Scand J Public Health. 2014 Feb;42(1):82-8. doi: 10.1177/1403494813500591. Epub 2013 Aug 27.
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Hanson LL, Leineweber C, Chungkham HS, Westerlund H. Work-home interference and its prospective relation to major depression and treatment with antidepressants. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2014 Jan;40(1):66-73. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.3378. Epub 2013 Aug 21.

Theorell T, Hammarström A, Gustafsson PE, Magnusson Hanson L, Janlert U, Westerlund H. Job strain and depressive symptoms in men and women: a prospective study of the working population in Sweden. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2014 Jan;68(1):78-82. doi: 10.1136/jech-2012-202294. Epub 2013 Sep 19.
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Madsen IE, Hannerz H, Nyberg ST, Magnusson Hanson LL, et al.;IPD-Work Consortium. Study protocol for examining job strain as a risk factor for severe unipolar depression in an individual participant meta-analysis of 14 European cohorts. Version 2. F1000Res. 2013 Nov 5 [revised 2014 Feb 26];2:233. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.2-233.v2. eCollection 2013.
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Stenfors CU, Marklund P, Magnusson Hanson LL, Theorell T, Nilsson LG. Subjective cognitive complaints and the role of executive cognitive functioning in the working population: a case-control study. PLoS One. 2013 Dec 26;8(12):e83351. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083351. eCollection 2013.
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Chungkham HS, Ingre M, Karasek R, Westerlund H, Theorell T. Factor structure and longitudinal measurement invariance of the demand control support model: an evidence from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). PLoS One. 2013 Aug 12;8(8):e70541. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070541. eCollection 2013.
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Stenfors CU, Magnusson Hanson L, Oxenstierna G, Theorell T, Nilsson LG. Psychosocial working conditions and cognitive complaints among Swedish employees. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e60637. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0060637. Epub 2013 Apr 1.
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Magnusson Hanson LL, Madsen IE, Westerlund H, Theorell T, Burr H, Rugulies R. Antidepressant use and associations with psychosocial work characteristics. A comparative study of Swedish and Danish gainfully employed. J Affect Disord. 2013 Jul;149(1-3):38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.08.023. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Bodin Danielsson C, Wulff C, Westerlund H. Is perception of leadership influenced by office environment? Journal of Corporate Real Estate 2013;15(3/4):194-212.

Miyakawa M, Magnusson Hanson LL, Theorell T, Westerlund H. Subjective social status: its determinants and association with health in the Swedish working population (the SLOSH study). Eur J Public Health. 2012 Aug;22(4):593-7. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr064. Epub 2011 Jun 6.
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Taloyan M, Aronsson G, Leineweber C, Magnusson Hanson L, Alexanderson K, Westerlund H. Sickness Presenteeism Predicts Suboptimal Self-Rated Health and Sickness Absence: A Nationally Representative Study of the Swedish Working Population. PLoS ONE 2012;7(9): e44721. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044721

Theorell T, Nyberg A, Leineweber C, Magnusson Hanson LL, Oxenstierna G, Westerlund H. Non-listening and self centered leadership - relationships to socioeconomic conditions and employee mental health. PLoS ONE, 2012;7(9):e44119. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044119. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Heikkilä K, Nyberg ST, Fransson EI, Alfredsson L, et al.; for the IPD-Work Consortium. Job strain and tobacco smoking: An individual-participant data meta-analysis of 166 130 adults in 15 European studies. PLoS ONE, One. 2012;7(7):e35463.

Heikkilä K, Nyberg ST, Fransson EI, Alfredsson L, et al.; 1. for the IPD-Work Consortium. Job strain and alcohol intake: A collaborative meta-analysis of individual-participant data from 140 000 men and women. PLoS ONE, 2012;7(7):e40101.

Wallen MB, Hasson D, Theorell T, Canlon B. The correlation between the hyperacusis questionnaire and uncomfortable loudness levels is dependent on emotional exhaustion. Int J Audiol 2012;51: 722-729.

Hebert S, Canlon B, Hasson D. Emotional exhaustion as a predictor of tinnitus. Psychother Psychosom 2012; 81: 324-326.

Hasson D, Theorell T, Bergquist J, Canlon B. Acute Stress Induces Hyperacusis in Women with High Levels of Emotional Exhaustion. PloS one 2013; 8: e52945.

Canlon B, Theorell T, Hasson D. Associations between stress and hearing problems in humans. Hear Res 2013; 295: 9-15.

Leineweber C, Kecklund G, Theorell T, Åkerstedt T, Alexanderson K, Westerlund H. Inflytande över arbetstiden och sjuknärvaro/sjukfrånvaro [Work-time control and sickness absence/presenteeism]. Arbetsliv & Arbetsmarknad 2013; 4. Accepted June 2013.

Siegrist J, Dragano N, Nyberg ST, Lunau T, et al.; 1. for the IPD-Work Consortium. Validating abbreviated measures of effort-reward imbalance on work in 15 European Cohort studies: the IPD-Work consortium. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2014 Apr;87(3):249-56. doi: 10.1007/s00420-013-0855-z. Epub 2013 Mar 2.

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s).

Dataset EXT 0098-001

SLOSH - 2006

Description:

In March 2006 SCB mailed self-completion questionnaires (one for working, one for non-working persons) and a letter of invitation to all who had responded to SWES 2003, a total of 9,154 participants. Of these, 5,985 replied, i.e. 65.4 % of the study sample.

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2006 — 2006

Sample size: 9154

Non response size: 3169

Source of the data: Population group

Time period(s) investigated:

2006-03 — 2006-05

Number of individuals/objects:

5985

Response rate/participation rate:

65.4 %

Dataset EXT 0098-002

SLOSH - 2008

Description:

During 2008 SCB mailed questionnaires to all 18 915 respondents from either SWES 2003 or 2005 (excluding those who had actively declined participation)

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2008 — 2008

Source of the data: Population group

Number of individuals/objects:

11441

Response rate/participation rate:

61 %

Dataset EXT 0098-003

SLOSH - 2010

Description:

In 2010, the third follow-up was conducted which additionally included 2,553 participants from Stockholm and Västra Götaland who had responded to SWES 2007.

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2010 — 2010

Source of the data: Population group

Number of individuals/objects:

11525

Response rate/participation rate:

57 %

Dataset EXT 0098-004

SLOSH - 2012

Description:

During spring 2012, a fourth follow-up was conducted. The follow-up included those who participated in the Swedish Work Environment Surveys of 2003 and 2005 (SWES). The sample consisted of 17,409 individuals. A total of 9880 respondents answered to one of the two questionnaires that was sent out, with a response rate of 56,8 percent.
7,325 respondents answered the questionnaire for working persons, and 2,555 answered the questionnaire for non-working persons.

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2012 — 2012

Source of the data: Population group

Number of individuals/objects:

9880

Response rate/participation rate:

56,8%

Dataset EXT 0098-005

SLOSH - 2014

Description:

In 2014, a new data collection was conducted with a total of 20,316 respondents.

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2014 — 2014

Source of the data: Population group

Number of individuals/objects:

20316