Freelance '90

SND-ID: snd0275-1. Version: 1.0. DOI:


Creator/Principal investigator(s)

Lennart Weibull - University of Gothenburg, Department of Journalism Media and Communication

Research principal

University of Gothenburg - Department of Journalism Media and Communication rorId


The main purpose of this survey was to study the group of journalists who earn a living working as freelancer. Questions were asked about age, sex, marital status, housing, family size and composition, place of living, education and income. Other questions delt with ideological aspects on freelance work, the reason why one worked as a freelancer, and if it is easier or more difficult to fulfil certain criteria associated with the journalist rôle. How and to whom one sells material. What kind of material one sells, and if this is what one wants to produce. The position of freelancer on a political left-right scale and a scale measuring the green dimension, i.e. interest in environmental questions.

Data contains personal data



Method and outcome

Unit of analysis


Swedish freelance journalists

Time Method

Sampling procedure

Probability: Simple random
Urvalet gjordes från SJF:s frilanskatalog 1989.

Time period(s) investigated

1990-05-01 – 1990-05-01



Number of individuals/objects


Data format / data structure

Data collection
  • Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper
  • Time period(s) for data collection: 1990-05-01 – 1990-05-01
  • Data collector: University of Gothenburg, Department of Journalism Media and Communication
  • Source of the data: Population group
Geographic coverage

Geographic spread

Geographic location: Sweden

Administrative information

Responsible department/unit

Department of Journalism Media and Communication

Topic and keywords

Research area

Working conditions (CESSDA Topic Classification)

Social sciences (Standard för svensk indelning av forskningsämnen 2011)

Media (CESSDA Topic Classification)


Gunnarsson, T., & Yngvesson, T. (1990) Frilans 90. Göteborg: Department of Political Science.

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Published: 1997-09-01
Last updated: 2019-02-06