The National SOM Survey Cumulative Dataset

This study is part of the collection The National SOM survey

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Creator/Principal investigator(s):

University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute

Description:

In order to identify how the evolution of society affects Swedes’ attitudes and behaviour, the SOM Institute started its National SOM study in 1986. National SOM addresses three areas - society, opinions and mass media - and consists of a large number of questions related to politics, society, media and social background, but their areas of focus differ. Every year, the questionnaires are complemented with questions related to current events. Data is collected through postal questionnaires, and each survey is conducted under conditions as identical as possible to make the results from the different years comparable.
The SOM Institute Cumulative Dataset contains data from the National SOM surveys from 1986. The data contains a selection of questions frequently asked over the years, focusing on time series. A general rule is that questions should have been asked at least three times.

Purpose:

The main purpose is to establish time series that enable researchers to analyse how various changes in society affect people's attitudes and behaviour.

Subject area:

general health and well-being, media, information society, employment, unemployment, environment and conservation, political behaviour and attitudes, elections, international politics and organisations, social welfare policy, social behaviour and attitudes, cultural activities and participation, leisure, tourism and sport (CESSDA Topic Classification)
Social Sciences, Political Science, Media Studies (The Swedish standard of fields of research 2011)

Map:

Responsible department/unit:

University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute

Identifiers:

SND-ID: SND 0905

Alternative title:

Super-Riks-SOM

Description:

In order to identify how the evolution of society affects Swedes’ attitudes and behaviour, the SOM Institute started its National SOM study in 1986. National SOM addresses three areas - society, opinions and mass media - and consists of a large number of questions related to politics, society, media and social background, but their areas of focus differ. Every year, the questionnaires are complemented with questions related to current events. Data is collected through postal questionnaires, and each survey is conducted under conditions as identical as possible to make the results from the different years comparable.
The SOM Institute Cumulative Dataset contains data from the National SOM surveys from 1986. The data contains a selection of questions frequently asked over the years, focusing on time series. A general rule is that questions should have been asked at least three times.

Purpose:

The main purpose is to establish time series that enable researchers to analyse how various changes in society affect people's attitudes and behaviour.

Language:

English

Swedish

Time period(s) investigated:

1986 — 2018

Geographic spread:

Geographic location: Sweden

Lowest geographic unit:

Municipality

Highest geographic unit:

Country

Unit of analysis:

Population:

Individuals aged 16-85 years and residing in Sweden

Sampling procedure:

Probability: Simple random

Ethics Review:

Gothenburg — Ref. 130-15

Subject area:

general health and well-being, media, information society, employment, unemployment, environment and conservation, political behaviour and attitudes, elections, international politics and organisations, social welfare policy, social behaviour and attitudes, cultural activities and participation, leisure, tourism and sport (CESSDA Topic Classification)
Social Sciences, Political Science, Media Studies (The Swedish standard of fields of research 2011)

Publications

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Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2006) Du stora nya värld : trettiofyra kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2005. SOM report no. 39. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN: 91-89673-09-3.
Libris SOM Institute publications Swepub Till lärosätets (gu) databas
ISBN: 91-89673-09-3
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1988) SOM-undersökningen 1987 : genomförande, deltagande, huvudresultat. SOM report no 2. Göteborg: Department of Political Science.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2005) Lyckan kommer, lyckan går : trettio kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2004. SOM report no. 36. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-89673-05-9.
SOM Institute publications Libris Swepub Till lärosätets (gu) databas
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 91-89673-06-9

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1999) Ljusnande framtid : SOM-undersökningen 1998. SOM report no. 22. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-973670-1-X .
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISBN: 91-973670-1-X
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2003) Fåfängans marknad : SOM-undersökningen 2002. SOM report no. 33. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-89673-03-4.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 91-89673-03-4

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1993) Perspektiv på krisen : SOM-undersökningen 1992. SOM report no. 9. Göteborg: Department of Political Science and Department of Journalism and Mass Communication.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1998) Opinionssamhället : SOM-undersökningen 1997. SOM report no 20. Göteborg: SOM Institute : Univ. ISBN 91-972694-8-4.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISBN: 91-972694-8-4

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1996) Mitt i nittiotalet : SOM-undersökningen 1995. SOM report no. 16. Göteborg: SOM Insititute. ISBN 91-972694-3-3.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 91-972694-3-3

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2001) Land, Du välsignade? : SOM-undersökningen 2000. SOM report no. 26. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-973670-6-0.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 91-973670-6-0

Ohlsson, J., Oscarsson, H. & Solevid, M. (ed) (2016) Ekvilibrium : SOM-undersökningen 2015. Göteborg: SOM Institut. ISBN: 978-91-89673-35-9.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISBN: 9789189673359

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1990) Medier och opinion i Sverige : SOM-undersökningen 1989. SOM report no 5. Göteborg: Department of Political Science and Department of Journalism and Mass Communication.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0248-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2004) Ju mer vi är tillsammans : tjugosju kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2003. SOM report no. 34. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-89673-04-2.
Till lärosätets (gu) databas SOM Institute publications Libris Swepub
ISBN: 91-89673-04-2
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1989) Åttiotal : Svensk opinion i empirisk belysning. SOM report no 4. Göteborg: Department of Political Science.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1987) SOM-undersökningen 1986 : genomföranda, deltagare, huvudresultat. SOM report no 1. Göteborg: Department of Political Science.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2007) Det nya Sverige : trettiosju kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2006. SOM report 41. Göteborg: SOM institute. ISBN: 978-91-89673-11-3.
Till lärosätets (gu) databas Swepub SOM Institute publications Libris
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 978-91-89673-11-3

Weibull, L., Oscarsson, H. & Bergström, A. (eds.) (2012) I framtidens skugga : fyrtiotvå kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2011. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN: 978-91-89673-24-3.
Libris SOM Institute publications Till lärosätets (gu) databas Till lärosätets (gu) databas
ISBN: 978-91-89673-24-3

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1995) Det gamla riket : SOM-undersökningen 1994. SOM report no. 13. Göteborg: SOM Institute.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-478

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2008) Skilda världar : Trettioåtta kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2007. SOM report no. 44. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 978-91-89673-14-4.
Swepub Libris Till lärosätets (gu) databas SOM Institute publications
ISBN: 978-91-89673-14-4
ISSN: 0284-4788

Andersson, A., Carlander A., Lindgren A. & Oskarson M. (red) (2018). Sprickor i fasaden: Den nationella SOM-undersökningen 2017. Göteborg: SOM-institutet. ISBN: 978-91-89673-42-5
Link

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2010) Nordiskt ljus : 37 kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2009. SOM report no. 50. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 978-91-89673-19-9.
Libris SOM Institute publications Till lärosätets (gu) databas Swepub
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 978-91-89673-19-9

Björkqvist, Karin (1989) SOM-undersökningen 1988 : metod, frågeformulär, kodbok. SOM report no 3. Göteborg: Department of Political Science.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1991) Åsikter om massmedier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 1990. SOM report no 7. Göteborg: Department of Political Science and Department of Journalism and Mass Communication.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1994) Vägval : SOM-undersökningen 1993. SOM report no. 11. Göteborg: SOM Institute.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1997) Ett missnöjt folk? : SOM-undersökningen 1996. SOM report no 18. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-972694-5-X.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISBN: 91-972694-5-X
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1991) Politiska opinioner : SOM-undersökningen 1990. SOM report no 6. Göteborg: Department of Political Science and Department of Journalism and Mass Communication.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2002) Det våras för politiken : trettiotvå artiklar om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2001. SOM report no. 30. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 91-973670-9-5.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 91-973670-9-5

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2009) Svensk höst : Trettiofyra kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2008. SOM report no. 46. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN 978-91-89673-16-8.
Swepub SOM Institute publications Libris Till lärosätets (gu) databas
ISSN: 0284-4788
ISBN: 978-91-89673-16-8

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (1992) Trendbrott? : SOM-undersökningen 1991. SOM report no. 8. Göteborg: Department of Political Science and Department of Journalism and Mass Communication.
SOM Institute publications
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören & Weibull, Lennart (eds.) (2000) Det nya samhället : SOM-undersökningen 1999. SOM report no 24. Göteborg: SOM Insititute. ISBN 91-973670-3-6.
SOM Institute publications Libris
ISBN: 9789197367035
ISSN: 0284-4788

Holmberg, Sören, Weibull, Lennart & Oscarsson, Henrik (eds.) (2011) Lycksalighetens ö: fyrtioen kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2010. SOM report no. 52. Göteborg: SOM Institute. ISBN: 978-91-89673-21-2.
Till lärosätets (gu) databas Swepub Libris SOM Institute publications
ISBN: 978-91-89673-21-2

If you have published anything based on these data, please notify us with a reference to your publication(s).


If you are responsible for the catalogue entry, you can update the metadata/data description in DORIS.

Version 8.0:

2020-04-02 doi:10.5878/eq42-ds83

Data added : Data from National SOM 2018

Version 7.0:

2019-04-09 doi:10.5878/6ctk-2b56

Data added : Data from National SOM 2017

Variable(s) added : cc11aq – cc11as, ce900a – ce900b, ja170a – ja170d, ja196 ja197, ja300a – ja300k, jh10p, ka502t, unionm_open

Variable(s) removed : ja140c, ja140d

Version 6.0:

2018-04-16 doi:10.5878/003010

Data added : Data from National SOM 2016

Variable(s) added : ab200a-j, ga10ah, bb101a-g, ja12a-ja12b, cc11ap, ka901a, ed900h, le10f, fb212n, fc30b, fc30e

Version 5.0:

2017-06-09 doi:10.5878/002896

Data added : Data from National SOM 2015

Variable(s) added : cc11an, cc11ao

Version 4.0:

2016-07-07 doi:10.5878/002826

Data added : Data from National SOM 2014

Variable(s) added

Version 3.0:

2015-04-17 doi:10.5878/002635

Data added : Data from National SOM 2013

Variable(s) added

Version 2.0:

2014-04-24 doi:10.5878/001935

Variable(s) added : bb100a-l, fb212k-m, ga100a-g, jb100a-k, jb110a-t, je10j, je20k, je90k, jj100m-n, pinc2009, pinc2011

Variable(s) removed : bb10z, bb10aa, bb10ab, ga10e, ga10n, ga10o, ga10t, ga10y, ga10ad, ha101i-j, ha900l, ha901b-d, hb900d, mc101g-o,r-s

Data added : Data from National SOM 2012

Version 1.0:

2013-04-29 doi:10.5878/002091

The National SOM Survey Cumulative Dataset 1986-2018

Suggested citation:

University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute. University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute (2020). The National SOM Survey Cumulative Dataset 1986-2018. Swedish National Data Service. Version 8.0. https://doi.org/10.5878/eq42-ds83

Creator/Principal investigator(s):

University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute

Data format / data structure:

Numeric

Data collection:

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1986-10-14 — 1986-12-10

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Sample size: 2500

Number of responses: 1624

Non response size: 876

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1987-10-14 — 1988-02-10

Data collector: University of Gothenburg, SOM Institute

Sample size: 2500

Number of responses: 1672

Non response size: 828

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1988-10-12 — 1988-12-12

Data collector: Statistics Sweden

Sample size: 2500

Number of responses: 1643

Non response size: 857

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1989-10-26 — 1990-02-08

Data collector: IMU-Testologen AB

Sample size: 2500

Number of responses: 1578

Non response size: 922

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1990-10-16 — 1991-01-23

Data collector: IMU-Testologen AB

Sample size: 2500

Number of responses: 1582

Non response size: 918

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1991-10-15 — 1992-01-28

Data collector: IMU-Testologen AB

Sample size: 2500

Number of responses: 1573

Non response size: 927

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1992-10-20 — 1992-12-22

Data collector: SIFO-Ronneby

Sample size: 2800

Number of responses: 1889

Non response size: 911

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1993-10-15 — 1994-01-20

Data collector: SIFO-Ronneby

Sample size: 2800

Number of responses: 1857

Non response size: 943

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1994-09-30 — 1995-01-18

Data collector: Gallup

Sample size: 2800

Number of responses: 1704

Non response size: 1096

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1995-10-10 — 1996-01-25

Data collector: Temo

Sample size: 2900

Number of responses: 1777

Non response size: 1123

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1996-09-30 — 1997-01-28

Data collector: Gallup

Sample size: 2841

Number of responses: 1779

Non response size: 1062

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1997-10-06 — 1998-01-28

Data collector: Gallup

Sample size: 2800

Number of responses: 1754

Non response size: 1046

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1998-09-30 — 1999-01-27

Data collector: SIFO-Ronneby

Sample size: 5600

Number of responses: 3561

Non response size: 2039

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 1999-10-04 — 2000-01-18

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 5600

Number of responses: 3503

Non response size: 2097

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2000-10-13 — 2001-02-15

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3546

Non response size: 2454

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 402

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 2052

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2001-09-25 — 2002-02-12

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3638

Non response size: 2362

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 2040

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 592

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2002-09-17 — 2003-02-10

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3609

Non response size: 2391

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 475

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 1916

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2003-09-15 — 2004-02-17

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3675

Non response size: 2325

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 450

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 1876

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2004-09-13 — 2005-02-04

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3612

Non response size: 2388

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 441

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 1947

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2005-09-12 — 2006-02-14

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3499

Non response size: 2501

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 2080

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 421

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2006-09-08 — 2007-02-15

Data collector: ScandInfo Marketing Research

Sample size: 6050

Number of responses: 3336

Non response size: 2714

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 2221

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 493

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2007-09-13 — 2008-02-11

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3435

Non response size: 2565

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 2221

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 493

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2008-09-12 — 2009-02-10

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 6000

Number of responses: 3259

Non response size: 2761

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 2318

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 423

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2009-09-11 — 2010-02-09

Data collector: PFM Research

Sample size: 9000

Number of responses: 4926

Non response size: 4074

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 629

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 3445

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2010-09-29 — 2011-02-15

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 9000

Number of responses: 5007

Non response size: 3993

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 707

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 3286

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2011-09-16 — 2012-02-13

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 9000

Number of responses: 4720

Non response size: 4280

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 3567

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 713

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2012-09-26 — 2013-02-21

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 12000

Number of responses: 6298

Non response size: 5702

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 903

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 4799

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2013-09-13 — 2014-02-23

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 17000

Number of responses: 8406

Non response size: 8594

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 1127

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 7467

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2014-09-19 — 2015-03-13

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 13600

Number of responses: 6876

Non response size: 6724

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 5962

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 762

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire: paper

Time period(s) for data collection: 2015-09-18 — 2016-03-24

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 17000

Number of responses: 8261

Non response size: 8739

Cause of non response — No contact throughout the fieldwork period: 7832

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 907

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2016-09-28 — 2017-01-31

Data collector: Kinnmark

Sample size: 20400

Number of responses: 9828

Non response size: 10572

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 1033

Cause of non response — No contact throughout the fieldwork period: 9539

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2017-09-07 — 2017-12-31

Data collector: Institutet för kvalitetsindikatorer - Indikator

Sample size: 20400

Number of responses: 10812

Non response size: 9588

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 836

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 8752

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Mode of collection: Self-administered questionnaire

Time period(s) for data collection: 2018-09-25 — 2018-12-31

Data collector: Institutet för kvalitetsindikatorer - Indikator

Sample size: 21000

Cause of non response — Respondent unable to participate: 726

Cause of non response — No contact/refusal: 9479

Source of the data: Research data: Published

Time period(s) investigated:

1986 — 2018

Variables:

1422

Number of individuals/objects:

133222

Published: 2013-04-29
Last updated: 2020-09-03